American Food

If you are new to the USA, you may want to learn about American food. You have probably noticed that there are many choices! Find out about American food and food at your children’s school. Learn how to introduce Americans to foods from your home country. See ways to handle cultural differences about food.

Group of neighbors around food table at block party
Foto: iStock/monkeybusinessimages

Prispôsobenie sa americká kuchyňa

You may be surprised to see how many choices there are for food in the USA. There are many brands of food in all kinds of packages. Fruits and vegetables can be bought even when they are not in season. You will notice that restaurants serve food from many different cultures. Fast food is popular in the United States. It is easy to get a cheap meal quickly, and even to buy it without getting out of your car.

Unhealthy American food

Many American foods, najmä rýchleho občerstvenia, in the United States contain sugar or preservatives (ingredients put in food to make it last longer). Many fruits and vegetables are sprayed with pesticides, ktoré sú chemikálie používané na farmách, ktoré udržujú hmyz preč. Vaše telo nesmie viesť k týchto druhov potravín, takže môžete cítiť zle na prvom mieste, alebo môže začať na priberanie na váhe. Consuming unhealthful foods is a problem for many Americans, who get overweight and experience health issues. Hoci môžete byť nadšený vyskúšať nové potraviny, môžete tak urobiť postupne, aby sa vaše telo prispôsobiť.

Restaurant food

If you are trying to eat healthfully and cheaply, you will want to avoid eating at restaurants often. Jedlo podávané v reštauráciách býva menej zdravé a obsahuje mnoho viac kalórií, which are units that measure how much energy a food has. Zmrzlina, napríklad, má veľa kalórií. Fruits and vegetables have fewer calories.

American views of immigrant food

Some Americans may not have tried the food you eat in your native country. Vo veľkých mestách, there are many ethnic restaurants and so people have more experience of foreign foods. V menších mestách, with less cultural variety, ľudia nemusia byť tak skúsený.

Introduce new dishes

Väčšina Američanov sú otvorené, sa snaží nové typy varenia a bude zvedavý, vyskúšať nové jedlá. Many Americans participate in “potlucks,” which are social gatherings where everyone brings a dish to share. Potlucks happen at big gatherings or at casual dinners. Môže to byť dobrá príležitosť predstaviť ostatným, aby vaše jedlo, v škole a sociálnych situáciách. You can also invite people over for dinner and serve dishes from your culture. Some people may not be open to trying new food, Avšak, and it is important to respect that.

Food at your children’s school

Students in American schools do not receive breakfast except in some preschools for young children. Children eat before they go to school, although in some schools children can buy a small breakfast at the school cafeteria.

Lunch and snacks

At lunchtime, deti môžete kúpiť jedlo alebo priniesť jedlo z domu. Packing lunches for your children is the best way to make sure that your children have healthy food, pretože mnoho škôl nezdravých potravín a sladkých nápojov. Children in the USA also bring “snacks” to school. Sú to malé množstvo jedla, ktoré jedia počas prestávok medzi triedami. Príklady zahŕňajú ovocie, orechy, Granolového Bary, alebo sušienky.

Help with food costs

Ak vaša rodina nemá veľa peňazí, niekedy škola poskytne zadarmo (alebo je to lacnejšie) lístok, vrátane raňajok, pre vaše dieťa. Every school is different, so it is best to talk to your child’s teacher or the school secretary you have any questions.

Other children

There is a possibility that children may make fun of your child for eating unfamiliar food. Mladšie deti sú niekedy strach z nových vecí a myslím, že škádlení ostatnými je správny spôsob, ako riešiť svoje pocity. Ste mali prehovoriť na vaše dieťa o tom, Takže nie sú prekvapení, alebo veľmi rozrušený Ak sa to stane. Your child may choose to explain what the food is made out of, as some ethnic dishes contain similar ingredients to those eaten in the USA. Ak deti nemajú záujem, your child may choose to walk away from the situation. They may want to choose a different group of companions.

If children continue to make fun of your child’s choices of food, vy alebo vaše dieťa mali hovoriť s učiteľmi o situácii. Another strategy would be to talk to the teacher about organizing an activity in which food can become a teaching opportunity about culture. You could make a larger amount of the food for the class, and it would be discussed and shared

Polite ways to decline American food

If you are invited to someone’s home for a meal and cannot eat a certain food because of your religion or culture, you should feel comfortable explaining that to your host and hostess. Je vhodné urobiť pred odchodom na podujatie. Väčšina Američanov sú veľmi úctivý iných diéty, a môžu dokonca požiadať otázky sa dozviete viac o svoj životný štýl. Ak ste zjedli dost a nechcem žiadne ďalšie potraviny, it is not impolite to say, “No thank you, I am full,” even if the host offers it many times.

Taboo or hard-to-find foods

Niektoré potraviny, ktoré ste zvyknutí jesť vo vašej domovskej krajine sú buď k dispozícii alebo sú tabu. Taboo means inappropriate or forbidden within a culture. Niektoré druhy mäsa, such as horse meat and some organs of animals, nie sú predávané alebo jesť. Many Americans think eating baby or fetal animals is wrong. Insects also are not part of the traditional diet, but you can occasionally find them at some ethnic markets.

V Amerike, dairy products are pasteurized (heated) to kill bacteria, and fresh milk and cheese that do not go through this process cannot be sold. Niektoré druhy ovocia, napríklad mangosteen a askee, are not sold in the United States because they are considered unsafe.

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