Čo je doktor?

Angličtina tiežAnglicky

Čo je doktor? Aký Doktori sú tam? Ktorý z nich by ste mali ísť na? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

What is a doctor? What kind of doctors are there? Which one should you go to? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

Čo je doktor?

What is a doctor?

Čo je doktor?

What is a doctor?

Lekár je človek, ktorý je vyškolený na liečbu chorých ľudí. V USA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workershealthcare providers” alebo “medical providers.These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

A doctor is a person who is trained to treat sick people. In the USA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workers “healthcare providers” or “medical providers.” These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

Aký Doktori sú tam?

What kind of doctors are there?

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

1. Poskytovatelia primárnej zdravotnej starostlivosti

1. Primary care providers

2. Špecialisti
2. Specialists
3. Záchrannej služby

3. Emergency medical services

Ty vidíš za pomoc bude závisieť na váš zdravotný problém.

Who you see for help will depend on your health issue.

1. Poskytovatelia primárnej zdravotnej starostlivosti

1. Primary care providers

Poskytovatelia primárnej zdravotnej starostlivosti (PCPs) poskytnúť základné, každodennú starostlivosť a rozsah zdravotnej starostlivosti pre jednotlivcov a rodiny pre časté zdravotné problémy. PCP je zvyčajne prvý lekárske človek vidíte, keď máte problém.

Primary care providers (PCPs) provide basic, everyday care and a range of healthcare services to individuals and families for common medical problems. A PCP is usually the first medical person you see when you have a problem.

Kto môže byť primárnej starostlivosti?

Who can be a primary care provider?

Vaše PCP môže byť lekárom (tiež volal lekára v USA), Asistent vodiča lekár alebo zdravotná sestra praktického lekára. Všetci členovia vašej rodiny môže vidieť rovnaké PCP, alebo môžete vidieť niekoľko ľudí všetky založené na vaše miestne zdravotné stredisko. You may see the same PCP for many years.

Your PCP may be a doctor (also called a physician in the US), a physician’s assistant or a nurse practitioner. All members of your family may see the same PCP, or you may see a number of people all based at your local health center. You may see the same PCP for many years.

Tu nájdete niekoľko príkladov, Kedy by vidieť svojho praktického lekára:

Here are a few examples of when you would see your family doctor:

  • pre ročné zdravie check-hore
  • Ak váš syn alebo dcéra mala zápal stredného ucha
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care
  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care

Vyhľadanie primárnej starostlivosti?

How do I find a primary care provider?

Tam bude poskytovateľ primárnej starostlivosti v komunite. Väčšina spoločenstiev majú zdravotné strediská alebo zdravotnícke zariadenia. Môžete požiadať priateľov a susedov: “čo je lekár, ktorý môžete odporučiť?”. Presťahovanie kancelárie alebo mentor môže tiež pomôcť vám nájsť rodinného lekára. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

There will be a primary care provider in your community. Most communities have health centers or health clinics. You can ask friends and neighbors: “what is a doctor that you can recommend?”. Your resettlement office or mentor can also help you find a family doctor. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

Preventívna starostlivosť

Preventative care

Zdravotné poistenie môže ponúknuť preventívne zdravotné prínosy. Skúste použiť ich! Jedná sa o testy a iné programy, ktoré pomáhajú zabrániť vzniku zdravotných problémov. Patrí medzi ne dostať check-up na vaše zdravie, aj keď pociťujete nevoľnosť alebo si nevšimol nič zlé. A wide variety of health screenings (testy) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

Your health insurance may offer preventative health benefits. Try to use them! These are tests and other programs that help to stop you from developing health problems. They include getting check-ups on your health even if you do not feel sick or have not noticed anything wrong. A wide variety of health screenings (tests) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

2. Špecialisti

2. Specialists

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. Špecialista je poskytovateľom zdravotnej starostlivosti, ktorý sa zameriava na osobitný systém, alebo časť tela. Napríklad, dermatológ sa stará o pokožku, gastroenterológ sa stará o tráviacej sústavy, ortopéd stará pre kosti.

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A specialist is a healthcare provider who focuses on a specific body system or part of the body. For example, a dermatologist cares for the skin, a gastroenterologist cares for the digestive system, and an orthopedist cares for bones.

Tu nájdete niekoľko príkladov, kedy uvidíte špecialista:

Here are a few examples of when you would see a specialist:

  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak
  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak

Niektorí odborníci len liečbu detí alebo starších. Prečítajte si viac o rôznych types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Some specialists just treat children or elders. Learn more about the different types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Referrals to specialists

Referrals to specialists

Postúpenie je odporúčanie, ktoré vidíte iný poskytovateľ zdravotnej starostlivosti (špecialista, napríklad). Možno budete musieť požiadať vášho PCP o postúpenie pred vidíte špecialista. Špecialista môže požadovať, aby tento alebo vaša poisťovňa môže vyžadovať. Uistite sa, si skontrolovať váš zdravotné poistenie plán vidieť ak postúpenie sa požaduje pred vykonaním schôdzku s odborníkom. Týmto spôsobom si môžete byť istí, vaše poistenie pokryje návštevy.

A referral is a recommendation that you see another healthcare provider (a specialist, for instance). You may need to ask your PCP for a referral before you see a specialist. The specialist might require this or your insurance company might require it. Be sure you review your health insurance plan to see if a referral is required before making an appointment with a specialist. That way you can be sure your insurance will cover the visit.

3. Lekárskej starostlivosti

3. Emergency medical care

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

Walk-in kliniky a neodkladnej starostlivosti

Urgent care and walk-in clinics

Neodkladnej starostlivosti walk-in kliniky a často majú večerné a víkendové hodiny a zabezpečiť starostlivosť pre menšie zdravotné problémy bez objednania. Vziať na vedomie adresy, otvorené hodiny, a kontaktné informácie pre neodkladnej starostlivosti kliník blízko vášho bydliska.

Urgent care and walk-in clinics often have evening and weekend hours and provide care for minor medical problems without an appointment. Take note of the addresses, open hours, and contact information for urgent care clinics near to where you live.

Tu je niekoľko príkladov, kedy môžete navštíviť kanceláriu neodkladnej starostlivosti:

Here are a few examples when you might visit an urgent care office:

  • during a sporting event, váš syn zasiahne hlavu
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection
  • during a sporting event, your son hits his head
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection

Pohotovostné oddelenie nemocnice

Hospital emergency department

V nemocnici pohotovosť poskytuje starostlivosť pre život ohrozujúce a Urgentná zdravotná starostlivosť potrebuje. Väčšina núdzové oddelenia sú otvorené 24 hodín denne, hodín denne. Uistite sa, že viete, miesto a kontaktné informácie pohotovosť najbližšie k miestu vášho domova.

A hospital’s emergency department provides care for life-threatening and urgent healthcare needs. Most emergency departments are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Be sure you know the location and contact information of the emergency department nearest to your home.

Tu je niekoľko príkladov pre, keď si šla do nemocnice:

Here are a few examples for when you would go to the hospital:

  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg
  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg

Ak je to ísť na pohotovosť, stále budete musieť čakať na niekoľko hodín predtým, ako budete vidieť lekár, pokiaľ to nie je život ohrozujúce núdze.

If go to an emergency room, you may still have to wait for several hours before you will be seen by a doctor unless it is a life-threatening emergency.

Záchrannej služby

Emergency medical services

Je telefónne číslo volať rýchlu lekársku pomoc 911.

The phone number to call for emergency medical help is 911.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

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