Ameriška hrana

Če ste novi v ZDA, boste morda želeli izvedeti več o ameriški hrane. Verjetno ste opazili, da obstaja veliko možnosti! Preberite več o ameriški hrani in hrani na vaši otroški šoli. Naučite se, kako uvesti Američani za živila iz vaše matične države. Oglejte si načine za obravnavanje kulturnih razlik v živilih.

Skupina sosedov okoli hrane miza na blok stranke
Fotografija: iStock/monkeybusinessimages

Prilagajanje ameriški hrani

Morda boste presenečeni, da vidite, koliko izbire obstajajo za hrano v ZDA. Obstaja veliko blagovnih znamk hrane v vseh vrstah paketov. Sadje in zelenjava lahko kupite tudi, če niso v sezoni. Opazili boste, da restavracije služijo hrane iz različnih kultur. Fast hrana je priljubljena v Združenih državah Amerike. To je enostavno dobiti poceni obrok hitro, in celo kupiti, ne da bi dobili iz vašega avtomobila.

Nezdrava ameriška hrana

Veliko ameriških živil, zlasti hitre hrane, v Združenih državah vsebujejo sladkor ali konzervansov (sestavine, dana v hrani, da bi trajala dlje). Veliko sadja in zelenjave so poškropiti s pesticidi, ki so kemikalije, ki se uporabljajo na kmetijah, ki vodijo žuželke stran. Vaše telo se ne sme uporabljati za te vrste živil, tako da boste morda počutili slabo na prvi ali lahko začnete, da pridobijo težo. Uživanje nezdrava živila je problem za mnoge Američane, ki dobijo prekomerno telesno težo in izkušnje z zdravstvenimi težavami. Čeprav boste morda navdušeni, da preizkusite nova živila, se lahko odločite, da to storite postopoma, da bi se telo prilagodil.

Restavracija hrana

Če poskušate jesti healthfully in ceneje, boste želeli, da bi se izognili jedo v restavracijah pogosto. Hrana služil v restavracijah kaže, da je manj zdrava in vsebuje veliko več kalorij, so enote, ki merijo, koliko energije ima živilo. Sladoled, na primer, ima veliko kalorij. Sadje in zelenjava imata manj kalorij.

Ameriški pogledi na priseljensko hrano

Nekateri Američani morda niso poskusili hrano jeste v vaši domovini. V velikih mestih, Obstaja veliko etničnih restavracij in tako ljudje imajo več izkušenj tujih živil. V manjših mestih, z manj kulturno raznolikost, ljudje morda ne bodo tako izkušeni.

Uvajanje novih jedi

Večina Američanov so odprti za težaven nove vrste kuhanja in bo radoveden, da preizkusite nove jedi. Mnogi Američani sodelujejo v "potlucks,", ki so družabni zbori, kjer vsakdo prinaša jed deliti. Potlucks zgodilo na velikih srečanjih ali na priložnostne večerje. This may be a good opportunity to introduce others to your food, both in school and social situations. You can also invite people over for dinner and serve dishes from your culture. Some people may not be open to trying new food, vendar, and it is important to respect that.

Food at your children’s school

Students in American schools do not receive breakfast except in some preschools for young children. Children eat before they go to school, although in some schools children can buy a small breakfast at the school cafeteria.

Lunch and snacks

At lunchtime, children can either buy their food or bring food from home. Packing lunches for your children is the best way to make sure that your children have healthy food, since many schools serve unhealthy foods and sugary drinks. Children in the USA also bring “snacks” to school. These are small amounts of food that they eat during breaks between classes. Examples include fruits, nuts, granola bars, or crackers.

Help with food costs

If your family does not have a lot of money, sometimes the school will provide free (or cheaper) meals, including breakfast, for your child. Every school is different, so it is best to talk to your child’s teacher or the school secretary you have any questions.

Other children

There is a possibility that children may make fun of your child for eating unfamiliar food. Younger children are sometimes afraid of new things and think that teasing others is the right way to deal with their feelings. You should talk to your child about this, so they are not surprised or very upset if this happens. Your child may choose to explain what the food is made out of, as some ethnic dishes contain similar ingredients to those eaten in the USA. If the children are not interested, your child may choose to walk away from the situation. They may want to choose a different group of companions.

If children continue to make fun of your child’s choices of food, you or your child should talk to the teacher about the situation. Another strategy would be to talk to the teacher about organizing an activity in which food can become a teaching opportunity about culture. You could make a larger amount of the food for the class, and it would be discussed and shared

Polite ways to decline American food

If you are invited to someone’s home for a meal and cannot eat a certain food because of your religion or culture, you should feel comfortable explaining that to your host and hostess. It is appropriate to do this before you go to the event. Most Americans are very respectful of others diets and may even ask you questions to learn more about your lifestyle. If you have eaten enough and do not want any more food, it is not impolite to say, “No thank you, I am full,” even if the host offers it many times.

Taboo or hard-to-find foods

Some foods that you are used to eating in your home country are either not available or are taboo. Taboo means inappropriate or forbidden within a culture. Some types of meat, such as horse meat and some organs of animals, are not sold or eaten. Many Americans think eating baby or fetal animals is wrong. Insects also are not part of the traditional diet, but you can occasionally find them at some ethnic markets.

V Ameriki, dairy products are pasteurized (heated) to kill bacteria, and fresh milk and cheese that do not go through this process cannot be sold. Some fruits, such as mangosteen and askee, are not sold in the United States because they are considered unsafe.

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