What to do if you are stopped or arrested by police

It is important to know your rights if you are stopped by a police or immigration officer or if you are arrested by police. If you are questioned by law enforcement, be polite and respectful. Nikoli ne laži, trdijo, upreti, or run away.

Policijski avto v ZDA
Photo courtesy of Dave Conner/Wikimedia Commons

V ZDA, the police are generally good and want to help you. But you should know your rights. You have rights even if you are not a US citizen. You should know that law enforcement officers may briefly hold and question you if they suspect you were involved in a crime. They might do this even if there are not enough reasons to arrest you.

Your rights if you are stopped in a car or arrested by police while in a car

  • Imate pravico molčati in ne odgovoriti na vsa vprašanja.
  • When receiving a citation (a ticket for speeding, na primer) you must provide your driver’s license, zavarovanje, and vehicle registration if requested.
  • Uradnik lahko vas stopiti ven iz avta. You should do what they ask.
  • Police are not allowed to check the car unless there is “probable cause.”
  • You do not have the right to leave if the officer tells you to stay.
  • A pat down is typically a surface search done over your clothes. It can happen if the officer has a reason to believe there is something suspicious happening, ampak on ali ona ne more iti skozi žepe. V iskanje, they have a more thorough method where they might search under your clothes. So pravno dovoljeno, da zavrnejo oba.

Your rights if you are arrested by police or taken to a police station

  • If you are arrested by police, you have the right to remain silent and talk to a lawyer.
  • Smete narediti 3 telefonske klice v 3 ur pridobivanje aretirali.
  • Poveste lahko policija osnovne informacije o sebi, vendar ne več, dokler vaš odvetnik prispe.
  • Ne razpravljajo vaš status priseljencev z nikomer vendar vaš odvetnik.

Your rights if a police officer wants to search your home or car

  • Pregona ni dovoljeno iskati vaš dom brez vašega soglasja ali preiskavo. A warrant is a legal document that gives them permission to search. Če ste zdoma, policija lahko poiščete vaš dom, če nekaj drugega privoli, da.
  • Ne pustite, vnesite vaš dom, če imate nalog uradnik.
  • Nalog mora podpisati sodnik.
  • If an officer insists on entering without a warrant, do not resist. You can say that you do not allow it, nato takoj pokličite odvetnika.

The Supreme Court only allows a law enforcement officer to enter a house without knocking if they have “a reasonable suspicion”. This means that they think something illegal might be happening. They also think that showing they are there might be dangerous or might allow the suspect to destroy any evidence.

Za več informacij, ki vam pomaga razumeti vaše pravice, ti lahko read ourknow your rightsinformation. It was prepared in partnership with Church World Services, which offers low-cost legal services to immigrants.

Questions and answers about being detained or arrested by police

Here are some answers to questions you may have about being stopped or arrested.

Ali moram odgovoriti na vprašanja kazenskega pregona?

Imate ustavno pravico, da molči, tako da vam ni treba odgovoriti na vprašanja. Ne moraš govoriti vse uradniki ali kdo drug. It is a good idea to talk to a lawyer before answering any questions. Povej policist ne želite odgovoriti. Ampak vedno spoštljiv in vljuden čim bolj.

How should I behave if I am stopped in my car?

Try to move slowly and make sure you always keep your hands visible to the officer. Ne fizično upreti pat navzdol ali iskanje. Namesto rekel, “I do not consent to a search.” Ask the officer if you are free to leave, in če je direktor pravi, da, then leave calmly. Vendar, if the officer says no, you must stay. Nikoli ni pobegnil, and keep your hands visible all the time.

Kaj če jaz sem ravna slabo z uradniki kazenskega pregona?

Imate pravico, da od uradnika za njegovo sporočilo kot na primer njegovo ime in značko številko. Poskusite najti priče in če so ranjeni fotografirate čim prej. Pokliči odvetnika ali v pisarni varstvo lokalnih človekovih pravic.

Do I have to show my immigration documents if I am arrested by police?

Non-državljani, ki so 18 let ali starejši imeti dokumente z njimi ves čas. If you are undocumented and cannot show US immigration documents, izberete lahko, ne odgovoriti na vprašanja o vašem stanju. These questions might include “Are you a citizen?” or, “Where are you from?” Do not lie about your status, ampak namesto rekel, da ne želite odgovoriti.

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The information on this page comes from ACLU, Church World Services, and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, niti ne katerega koli od naših materialov, ki bodo kot pravni nasvet. Če iščete brezplačno ali poceni odvetnik ali pravni pomoči, Mi vam lahko pomaga Poiščite prosta in poceni pravne storitve.

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