Motnje hranjenja

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Motnje hranjenja so težave z jedjo, ker imate slabe misli o vašem telesu. Lahko greste skozi ekstremne spremembe teže. Lahko jeste premalo ali preveč. Te motnje povzročajo resno telesno bolezen.

Eating disorders are problems with eating because you have bad thoughts about your body. You may go through extreme weight changes. You may eat too little or too much. These disorders cause serious physical illness.

Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders

Telesna slika pomeni, kako se počutite o vašem telesu in kako mislite, da vaše telo izgleda. Z motnjo prehranjevanja, naredite velike spremembe vaše prehranjevalne navade zaradi vaše telesne slike. Vedno poskušate nadzorovati svojo težo. Na primer, lahko jeste zelo malo vsak dan, ker se počutite, kot da ste maščobe, tudi če niste. Vsaka oseba ima lahko motnje hranjenja. toda, več žensk ima motnjo prehranjevanja kot moški.

Body image means how you feel about your body and how you believe your body looks. With an eating disorder, you make big changes to your eating habits because of your body image. You always try to control your weight. For example, you may eat very little every day because you feel like you are fat even when you are not. Any person can have eating disorders. But, more women have an eating disorder than men.

Simptomi motenj hranjenja

Symptoms of eating disorders

Obstajajo različne vrste motenj hranjenja. Nekatere motnje prehranjevanja so:

There are different types of eating disorders. Some eating disorders are:

Anoreksija nervoze

Anorexia nervosa

Anoreksija nervoze je, ko ste prelahki, vendar še vedno poskušajo izgubiti težo. Prelahki pomeni, da ne tehtajo dovolj za vašo višino in starost. Če imate anoreksijo nervoze:

Anorexia nervosa is when you are underweight but you still try to lose weight. Underweight means you do not weigh enough for your height and age. If you have anorexia nervosa:

  • Lahko prenehate jesti.
  • Lahko se izvaja preveč.
  • Lahko jemljete zdravila, tako da greste na stranišče veliko.
  • Morda mislite, da niste dobra oseba zaradi tega, kako mislite, da vaše telo izgleda.
  • Vi ste prestrašeni, da pridobijo težo, čeprav ste prelahki.
  • You may stop eating.
  • You may exercise too much.
  • You may take medicine so you go to the bathroom a lot.
  • You may think you are not a good person because of how you think your body looks.
  • You are scared to gain weight even though you are underweight.

Bulimia nervoze

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia nervoze je, ko včasih jeste veliko hrane in se počuti, kot da ne morete nadzorovati, kaj jeste. Ko jeste veliko hrane, se počutite, kot da se morate znebiti hrane. Če imate bulimijo nervoze:

Bulimia nervosa is when you sometimes eat a lot of food and it feels like you cannot control what you eat. After you eat a lot of food, you feel like you must get rid of the food. If you have bulimia nervosa:

  • Preveč razmišljaš o svoji telesni formi in teži..
  • Imate čas, ko jeste veliko hrane in nato poskusite izgubiti veliko teže po.
  • Lahko se boste bruhali (bruhati) ko jeste veliko hrane.
  • Lahko se izvaja preveč po zaužitju veliko hrane.
  • Lahko prenehate jesti za dolgo časa po zaužitju preveč hrane.
  • You think too much about your body shape and weight.
  • You have times when you eat a lot of food and then try to lose a lot of weight after.
  • You may make yourself vomit (throw up) after you eat a lot of food.
  • You may exercise too much after eating a lot of food.
  • You may stop eating for a long time after eating too much food.

Popivanje jedo

Binge eating

Binge jedo, ko jeste preveč hrane in se počutite, kot da ne morete ustaviti. Jeste preveč hrane vsaj 2 krat vsak teden za 6 mesecev. Ponavadi se počutiš žalostno., Sram, in kriv, ko jeste.

Binge eating is when you eat too much food and you feel like you cannot stop. You eat too much food at least 2 times every week for 6 months. You usually feel sad, ashamed, and guilty after you eat.

Razlogi za motnje hranjenja

Reasons for eating disorders

Obstaja veliko razlogov, lahko imate eno od teh motenj prehranjevanja. Nekateri razlogi so:

There are many reasons you can have one of these eating disorders. Some of the reasons are:

  • Imate težave doma in z družino.
  • Drugi ljudje vam povem, da ste predebeli ali ne izgledaš dobro.
  • Čutite pritisk drugih ljudi, da izgubijo težo. Na primer, Če ste model ali plesalec, ljudje vam lahko povedo, da morate izgubiti težo.
  • Imate nizko samozavest. Low self-esteem is when you do not think you are a good person or when you do not believe you are able to do anything.
  • You have anxiety. Anxiety is when you feel nervous a lot even when there is no reason to feel nervous.
  • You have family members who have an eating disorder or another mental health challenge.
  • You have problems at home and with your family.
  • Other people tell you that you are too fat or you do not look good.
  • You feel pressure from other people to lose weight. For example, if you are a model or dancer, people might tell you that you need to lose weight.
  • You have low self-esteem. Low self-esteem is when you do not think you are a good person or when you do not believe you are able to do anything.
  • You have anxiety. Anxiety is when you feel nervous a lot even when there is no reason to feel nervous.
  • You have family members who have an eating disorder or another mental health challenge.

Eating disorders are serious. If you do not find help, you might damage your body badly. Most people do not need medication but some people need to talk to a therapist or psychologist for many years.

Eating disorders are serious. If you do not find help, you might damage your body badly. Most people do not need medication but some people need to talk to a therapist or psychologist for many years.

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