Kakšne so stopnje v izobraževalni sistem ZDA?

Tudi angleškiNe angleško

V ZDA, javne šole, ki se začne v starosti med 4 in 6 in nadaljuje do 16 za 18 let. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

In the USA, public school starts between the age of 4 and 6 and continues until 16 to 18 years old. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

high school students

high school students

Under US law, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. ti lahko find out the ages and number of years in your state.

Under US law, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. You can find out the ages and number of years in your state.

The education system in US public schools

The education system in US public schools

Predšolske vzgoje

Early childhood education

Zgodnje izobraževanje je izraz, ki govori o mladi otroci izpostavljeni izobraževanje. Tudi, ko vaš otrok je otroka, To je pomembno, da se glasi, da jih, pojejo z njimi in bi jim pomagali naučijo tako vaš prvi jezik in angleščina. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (arebillingual”) imajo več prednosti kot otroci, ki govorijo le en jezik. Zgodnje otroštvo izobraževanje klubi in daycare centri so na voljo za dojenčke z otroci starosti štiri ali pet.

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (are “billingual”) have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

Predšolski

Preschool

Vrtec pomaga otrokom (starosti treh in štirih) razvoj. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. Ena od možnosti za predšolske se imenuje startal. Predšolskih otrocih iz družin z nizkimi dohodki lahko udeležijo zagon programov. Startal je poceni predšolski, upravlja vlada. Iščete lahko na Zagon programa blizu vas.

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

Osnovna šola

Elementary school

Otroci ponavadi začnejo osnovna šola z vrtcem (K) na starost petih in še do razreda pet ali šest. Zapustijo osnovni šoli v starosti deset ali enajst. Otroci se naučijo veliko predmetov iz enega učitelja v enem razredu.

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

Srednji šoli (imenuje tudi srednji šoli)

Middle school (also called junior high school)

Srednji šoli uči študente razrede šest do osem. So okoli starosti desetih do 14. Dijaki srednjih šol navadno stikalo iz učilnice v učilnico. Imajo lahko veliko različnih učiteljev v šoli nekega. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

Srednji šoli

High school

Študentje obiskujejo srednjo šolo v starosti od 14 in običajno 17 ali 18. Razredov razporejeni podložniki. Študent lahko imajo mnogi učitelji v enem dnevu. Nekateri učenci lahko napredne razrede. Nekateri učenci lahko učili, da jih pripraviti za delo ali za kolidž. Srednjih šolah so klubi, dejavnosti, šport, Work-Study ureditev, in drugih dejavnosti.

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.

School placement in the American education system

School placement in the American education system

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

Mnogi študenti begunca zamudili šole medtem, ko so bili v kampu ali bežijo svoje države. Lahko so na različne razreda ravneh kot tipičen ameriški študent iste starosti. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Ti učenci imajo težave v težje razredov dokler se učijo angleško bolje. Šole v ZDA včasih kraj študentov v narobe razredih.

Many refugee students may have missed school while they were in camp or fleeing their country. They may be at different grade levels than a typical American student of the same age. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Those students may have trouble in harder classes until they learn English better. Schools in the US sometimes place students in the wrong grades.

How will schools place my child?

How will schools place my child?

Študenti lahko traja nekaj testov pred začetkom šolskega leta ali na začetku šolskega leta. Preskusov zapišejo. Morda imajo odrasli berejo vprašanja študent. To je drugačen za vsako šolsko okrožje.

Students may take some tests before the start of the school year or at the very beginning of the school year. The tests might be written. They might have an adult read questions to a student. It is different for every school district.

Če menite, da vaš otrok se postavi v narobe razred, lahko govorite, da učitelj, glavni, ali šolsko osebje, ki testirajo in dajo otroku.

If you think your child is placed in the wrong grade, you can talk to the teacher, principal, or the school staff who tested and placed your child.

  • Vprašajte, "Kaj je tvoj obrazložitev?"Šola vam lahko pomagajo razumeti svojo odločitev.
  • Pojasnite, zakaj menite, da postavitev je narobe. Jih lahko spremenite postavitev, če se strinjajo z vašo razlogov.
  • Ask, “What was your reasoning?” The school can help you understand their decision.
  • Explain why you think the placement is wrong. They may be able to change the placement if they agree with your reasons.

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. To so pogosti razlogi:

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. These are common reasons:

  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Starš/skrbnik priporočila
  • Standardizirane preskusne rezultate, kot primerno
  • Pripravljenost za dokončanje zahtevne naloge
  • Študent obresti ali motivacija
  • Učitelj ali svetovalec priporočilo
  • Vzorci študentskega dela
  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Parent/guardian recommendations
  • Standardized test scores, as appropriate
  • Willingness to complete challenging assignments
  • Student interest or motivation
  • Teacher or counselor recommendation
  • Samples of student work

Same grade, different level

Same grade, different level

Middle and high schools have classes that are taught at different levels in the same grade. Nekateri so težje in nekateri so lažje. Imena tečaji včasih opis ravni zahtevnosti. Besede, ki se spreminjajo glede na šolskem okolišu.

Middle and high schools have classes that are taught at different levels in the same grade. Some are harder and some are easier. The names of the courses sometimes describe the level of difficulty. The words change depending on the school district.

Names for classes that are easier or use easier English levels:

Names for classes that are easier or use easier English levels:

  • Vključitev
  • Basic skills
  • Inclusion
  • Basic skills

Names for classes at a typical level for the grade:

Names for classes at a typical level for the grade:

  • Redno
  • Non-priznanja
  • Regular
  • Non-honors

Names for classes at a higher or advanced level:

Names for classes at a higher or advanced level:

  • Priznanja
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (AP)
  • IB (Mednarodna matura)
  • Honors
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (AP)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)

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