Američka hrana

If you are new to the USA, you may want to learn about American food. You have probably noticed that there are many choices! Find out about American food and food at your children’s school. Learn how to introduce Americans to foods from your home country. See ways to handle cultural differences about food.

Group of neighbors around food table at block party
Foto: iStock/monkeybusinessimages

Prilagođavajući američki hrane

You may be surprised to see how many choices there are for food in the USA. There are many brands of food in all kinds of packages. Fruits and vegetables can be bought even when they are not in season. You will notice that restaurants serve food from many different cultures. Fast food is popular in the United States. It is easy to get a cheap meal quickly, and even to buy it without getting out of your car.

Unhealthy American food

Many American foods, posebno brze hrane, in the United States contain sugar or preservatives (ingredients put in food to make it last longer). Many fruits and vegetables are sprayed with pesticides, koji su to hemikalije koje se koriste na farmama koje održavaju insekte. Tvoje telo ne mogu se koristiti za ove vrste hrane pa ti možda osecam se bolesno isprva maja početi da se ugojim. Consuming unhealthful foods is a problem for many Americans, who get overweight and experience health issues. Iako možda uzbuđena da probam nove vrste hrane, možete odabrati da to učine postepeno, da bi se neka tvoje telo prilagoditi.

Restaurant food

If you are trying to eat healthfully and cheaply, you will want to avoid eating at restaurants often. Hrana servirana u restoranima tezi da bude manje zdrava i sadrži mnogo više kalorija, which are units that measure how much energy a food has. sladoled, na primer, Ima mnogo kalorija. Fruits and vegetables have fewer calories.

American views of immigrant food

Some Americans may not have tried the food you eat in your native country. U velikim gradovima, there are many ethnic restaurants and so people have more experience of foreign foods. U manjim gradovima, with less cultural variety, ljudi možda neće biti toliko iskusan.

Introduce new dishes

Većina Amerikanaca su probala nove vrste kuvanja i će biti radoznao da probam nove sudove. Many Americans participate in “potlucks,” which are social gatherings where everyone brings a dish to share. Potlucks happen at big gatherings or at casual dinners. Ovo može biti dobra prilika da upoznam druge sa hranom, oboje u školi i socijalne situacije. You can also invite people over for dinner and serve dishes from your culture. Some people may not be open to trying new food, Međutim, and it is important to respect that.

Food at your children’s school

Students in American schools do not receive breakfast except in some preschools for young children. Children eat before they go to school, although in some schools children can buy a small breakfast at the school cafeteria.

Lunch and snacks

At lunchtime, deca možete kupiti hranu ili da donose hranu od kuće. Packing lunches for your children is the best way to make sure that your children have healthy food, s obzirom da mnoge škole služe nezdrave hrane i pića љeжerno. Children in the USA also bring “snacks” to school. To su male količine hrane koje jedu tokom pauze između predavanja. Primjeri voća, orahe, Granola barovi, ili krekere.

Help with food costs

Ako tvoja porodica nema puno novca, Ponekad se škola obezbediće besplatno (ili jeftinije) obroka, uključujući doručak, za tvoje dete. Every school is different, so it is best to talk to your child’s teacher or the school secretary you have any questions.

Other children

There is a possibility that children may make fun of your child for eating unfamiliar food. Najmladji su ponekad boji nove stvari i mislim da je zadirkivao druge kako da se nosim sa svojim osecanjima.. Ti bi trebalo da razmislimo da vaše dete, Tako oni nisu iznenadila ili veoma uznemiren ako se to dogodi. Your child may choose to explain what the food is made out of, as some ethnic dishes contain similar ingredients to those eaten in the USA. Ako deca nisu zainteresovani, your child may choose to walk away from the situation. They may want to choose a different group of companions.

If children continue to make fun of your child’s choices of food, ni tvoje dete bi trebalo da razgovara sa nastavnikom o situaciji. Another strategy would be to talk to the teacher about organizing an activity in which food can become a teaching opportunity about culture. You could make a larger amount of the food for the class, and it would be discussed and shared

Polite ways to decline American food

If you are invited to someone’s home for a meal and cannot eat a certain food because of your religion or culture, you should feel comfortable explaining that to your host and hostess. Nije prikladno da biste to učinili, pre nego što odeš na disciplini. Većina Amerikanaca su veoma je pristojan drugih dijetama, a možda čak i da vam postavim pitanja da biste saznali više o tvoj način života. Ako si pojeo dovoljno, a ne želite li više hrane, it is not impolite to say, “No thank you, I am full,” even if the host offers it many times.

Taboo or hard-to-find foods

Some foods that you are used to eating in your home country are either not available or are taboo. Taboo means inappropriate or forbidden within a culture. Some types of meat, such as horse meat and some organs of animals, are not sold or eaten. Many Americans think eating baby or fetal animals is wrong. Insects also are not part of the traditional diet, but you can occasionally find them at some ethnic markets.

U Americi, dairy products are pasteurized (heated) to kill bacteria, and fresh milk and cheese that do not go through this process cannot be sold. Some fruits, such as mangosteen and askee, are not sold in the United States because they are considered unsafe.

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