Šta je doktor?

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Šta je doktor? Kakvu vrstu doktori su tamo? Koji bi trebalo da idete u? Saznajte koju vrstu lekara ili zdravstvenog dobavljača da posetite.

What is a doctor? What kind of doctors are there? Which one should you go to? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

Šta je doktor?

What is a doctor?

Šta je doktor?

What is a doctor?

Doktor je osoba koja je trenirana da tretira bolesnih ljudi. U USA, Postoji mnogo vrsta lekara i drugih medicinskih radnika. Amerikanci zovu medicinske radnike “Dobavljači zdravstvenih usluga” ili “medicinskih usluga.” Ovo su ljudi koji ti pomažu kada si bolestan ili povređen.

A doctor is a person who is trained to treat sick people. In the USA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workers “healthcare providers” or “medical providers.” These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

Kakvu vrstu doktori su tamo?

What kind of doctors are there?

Imate tri tipa medicinskih provajdera koji će vam trebati:

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

1. Dobavljači usluga primarne nege

1. Primary care providers

2. Specijalisti
2. Specialists
3. Hitne medicinske usluge

3. Emergency medical services

Ko te vidi za pomoć će zavisiti od tvoje zdravstveno pitanje.

Who you see for help will depend on your health issue.

1. Dobavljači usluga primarne nege

1. Primary care providers

Dobavljači usluga primarne nege (PCPs) pružaju osnovne, svakodnevnu negu i opseg zdravstvenih usluga pojedincima i porodicama za uobičajene medicinske probleme. Na PCP je obično prva medicinska osoba koju vidite kada imate problem.

Primary care providers (PCPs) provide basic, everyday care and a range of healthcare services to individuals and families for common medical problems. A PCP is usually the first medical person you see when you have a problem.

Ko može biti dobavljača za primarne nege?

Who can be a primary care provider?

Tvoj PCP može da bude doktor (naziva se i doktor u Americi.), Pomoćnik ili opљte prakse. Svim članovima tvoje porodice mogu li da vidim istu PCP, ili možda ćete videti veliki broj ljudi sve zasnovano na tvoj lokalni zdravstveni centar. Možda ćete videti isti PCP već mnogo godina.

Your PCP may be a doctor (also called a physician in the US), a physician’s assistant or a nurse practitioner. All members of your family may see the same PCP, or you may see a number of people all based at your local health center. You may see the same PCP for many years.

Evo nekoliko primera kada vidite vašeg porodičnog ljekara:

Here are a few examples of when you would see your family doctor:

  • za godišnje zdravlje sistematski
  • Ako tvoj sin ili kci Imam infekciju uha
  • Kada se ne osećaš dobro ali to nije hitan slučaj
  • Ako je potrebno da dobijete imunizacije da podnesu zahtev za državljanstvo
  • za preventativnu negu
  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care

Kako da pronađem dobavljača za primarne nege?

How do I find a primary care provider?

Će biti primarne nege dobavljača usluga u vašoj zajednici. Većina zajednica imaju zdravstvenih centara ili klinika. Pitaj prijatelje i komšije: “Šta je doktor koji vam može preporučiti?”. Naseljavanje kancelariji ili mentor može pomoći i naći doktora porodica. Ili možete pogledati FindHello za pružaoce zdravstvenih usluga.

There will be a primary care provider in your community. Most communities have health centers or health clinics. You can ask friends and neighbors: “what is a doctor that you can recommend?”. Your resettlement office or mentor can also help you find a family doctor. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

Preventivna nega

Preventative care

Tvoje zdravstveno osiguranje može da ponudi preventivno zdravstvene povlastice. Pokušajte da ih koristite.! Ovo su testovi i druge programe koje pomažu da ne razvija zdravstvenih problema. Među njima su se pregledi na tvoje zdravlje čak i ako ti nije muka ili nisam primetila nešto nije u redu. Širok spektar zdravstvenih projekcija (testovi) su dostupni besplatno. Saznaj koje projekcije su pokrivene većinom planova zdravstvenog osiguranja.

Your health insurance may offer preventative health benefits. Try to use them! These are tests and other programs that help to stop you from developing health problems. They include getting check-ups on your health even if you do not feel sick or have not noticed anything wrong. A wide variety of health screenings (tests) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

2. Specijalisti

2. Specialists

Vaša glavna usluga za brigu može vas uputiti specijalima za odredjene povrede i bolesti. Specijalista je zdravstveni dobavljač koji se fokusira na određene telo sistema ili deo tela. Na primer, dermatolog je briga za kožu, u gastroenterologist je briga za probavni sistem, i ortoped je briga za kosti.

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A specialist is a healthcare provider who focuses on a specific body system or part of the body. For example, a dermatologist cares for the skin, a gastroenterologist cares for the digestive system, and an orthopedist cares for bones.

Evo nekoliko primera kada vidite specijalistu:

Here are a few examples of when you would see a specialist:

  • Imaš stomačne probleme, a tvoj PCP te šalje na test
  • krtica na koži je promenio oblik ili boju
  • Vaš sin ili kćerka nisu počeli da pričaju
  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak

Neki stručnjaci kažu samo tretirati decu i starije. Saznajte više o različitim vrste lekara Možda ćete se sresti u Americi.

Some specialists just treat children or elders. Learn more about the different types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Posrednici za specijaliste

Referrals to specialists

Uputnica je preporuka da vidite nekog drugog dobavljača u zdravstvu (specijalista, na primer). Možda ćete morati da pitati tvog PCP za dalja uputstva pre nego što te kod specijaliste. Specijalista može da zahteva ovo ili osiguranja može da zahteva to. Biti sigurni da pregledate svoje zdravstveno osiguranje plan da vidim ako je potrebno uputnica je pre nego što zakazano kod specijaliste. Tako možete biti sigurni tvoje osiguranje će pokriti posete.

A referral is a recommendation that you see another healthcare provider (a specialist, for instance). You may need to ask your PCP for a referral before you see a specialist. The specialist might require this or your insurance company might require it. Be sure you review your health insurance plan to see if a referral is required before making an appointment with a specialist. That way you can be sure your insurance will cover the visit.

3. Hitnu medicinsku negu

3. Emergency medical care

Šta ako neko u vašoj porodici postane bolestan kasnije ili tokom vikenda? Šta ako imate ozbiljan problem, koji zahteva momentalnu negu? Zakazivanje sa vašim PCP-om možda nije moguće. Ali postoje i druga mesta za neodložnu pomoć:

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

Hitno brigu i skloniљte klinikama

Urgent care and walk-in clinics

Hitno negu skloniљte klinike često sati uveče i vikend i da pružaju negu za manje medicinske probleme bez zakazivanja. Uzima u obzir adrese, Otvorite sati, i kontakt informacije za hitno negu klinika blizu gde živiš.

Urgent care and walk-in clinics often have evening and weekend hours and provide care for minor medical problems without an appointment. Take note of the addresses, open hours, and contact information for urgent care clinics near to where you live.

Evo nekoliko primera kada posećujete kancelariju urgentnom:

Here are a few examples when you might visit an urgent care office:

  • tokom sportske manifestacije, Tvoj sin ga udari po glavi
  • Imaš veoma lošu kašlju i misliš da si možda infekcija
  • during a sporting event, your son hits his head
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection

Hitno odelenje bolnice

Hospital emergency department

U bolnicu je hitno ministarstvo inostranih poslova osigurava negu za opasne po život i treba hitno zdravstvenu zaštitu. Većina hitno odeljenja su otvorena 24 sati dnevno, sedam dana u nedelji. Budi siguran u lokaciju i kontakt informacije na urgentnom najbliћi svoj dom.

A hospital’s emergency department provides care for life-threatening and urgent healthcare needs. Most emergency departments are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Be sure you know the location and contact information of the emergency department nearest to your home.

Evo nekoliko primera za kada idete u bolnicu:

Here are a few examples for when you would go to the hospital:

  • vaše dete ili beba ima veoma visoku temperaturu za vikend
  • Tvoja žena ide u rad
  • Vaš muž je slomio nogu
  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg

Ako idi u hitnu, Ti i dalje morati čekati nekoliko sati, dok će da ideš kod doktora osim ako nije opasno po život hitno.

If go to an emergency room, you may still have to wait for several hours before you will be seen by a doctor unless it is a life-threatening emergency.

Hitne medicinske usluge

Emergency medical services

Telefonski broj za hitne medicinske pomoći je 911.

The phone number to call for emergency medical help is 911.

Amerika ima dobar sistem za urgentne medicinske usluge. To uključuje brigu od obučenih medicinskih i ambulantnih kola, da uzmu ljude u bolnice. Hitne medicinske usluge često rade sa odeljenjima i policijom i vatrogasne službe. Ponekad ih vode bolnice ili privatne kompanije.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

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