Komunikasi di AS

Inggris ogéTaya basa Inggris

Communication is how we share information and ideas with other people. We do it by speaking, by writing, and even with our hands, face, and bodies. In a new country, we need to learn new ways of communicating. Here are some tips to help you communicate in the USA.

Communication is how we share information and ideas with other people. We do it by speaking, by writing, and even with our hands, face, and bodies. In a new country, we need to learn new ways of communicating. Here are some tips to help you communicate in the USA.

 

 

communication between cultures

communication between cultures

During your first months in the USA, there will be many times when you do not understand people and situations. This is very difficult, but it is also normal. Try not to be discouraged! Communication will get better with time. You will get used to the new culture and start to understand the language.

During your first months in the USA, there will be many times when you do not understand people and situations. This is very difficult, but it is also normal. Try not to be discouraged! Communication will get better with time. You will get used to the new culture and start to understand the language.

basa

Language

When you arrive in a new country, not knowing the language makes everything difficult. Here are some useful things to know about communicating with Americans.

When you arrive in a new country, not knowing the language makes everything difficult. Here are some useful things to know about communicating with Americans.

salah harti

Misunderstandings

Salila sababaraha bulan kahiji anjeun di Amérika Serikat, Anjeun meureun bakal salah harti kavling mahluk. Ieu normal tur teu lepat anjeun. Coba pangalusna anjeun janten positif - lamun batur mucunghul kurang ajar atawa hartosna, remind yourself that it may be because of a cultural difference. Do not assume they are a bad or rude person.

During the first several months you are in the United States, you will probably misunderstand lots of things. This is normal and not your fault. Try your best to be positive – if someone appears rude or mean, remind yourself that it may be because of a cultural difference. Do not assume they are a bad or rude person.

Mun anjeun teu ngartos hal anu disebut Anjeun, ménta baé ka ngulang naon ceuk maranehna. Atawa menta aranjeunna ngomong deui leuwih saukur. Ulah sieun tetep nanyakeun.

If you don’t understand something that is said to you, ask the person to repeat what they said. Or ask them to say it again more simply. Do not be afraid to keep asking.

jejer sénsitip

Sensitive topics

Loba Amerika anu sénsitip ngeunaan subjék tangtu. Salaku conto:

Many Americans are sensitive about certain subjects. For example:

They may be “sacara politis bener.” Being politically correct means trying not to say things that will offend a particular group of people. Salaku conto, many Americans do not tolerate racist or sexist jokes. correctness Ieu mantuan pikeun nyieun hiji masarakat inklusif. But it will cause problems if others are disrespectful.

They may be “politically correct.” Being politically correct means trying not to say things that will offend a particular group of people. For example, many Americans do not tolerate racist or sexist jokes. This correctness helps to create an inclusive society. But it will cause problems if others are disrespectful.

Paling Amerika teu resep ngobrol ngeunaan beurat maranéhanana, umur maranéhanana, atanapi sabaraha duit sakitu. Lamun ngomong hiji hal ngeunaan beurat batur urang, kumaha heubeul aranjeunna, atanapi kumaha euyeub atawa goréng aranjeunna, aranjeunna bisa jadi kesel.

Most Americans do not like to talk about their weight, their age, or how much money they make. If you say something about someone’s weight, how old they are, or how rich or poor they are, they might be upset.

Jalma oge bisa jadi teu hayang ngabejaan nu mana maranéhna bade atanapi dimana maranéhna hirup. Lamun nanya ka batur, “Badé angkat kamana?” aranjeunna bisa pikir anjeun gaduh niat goréng.

People also may not want to tell you where they are going or where they live. If you ask someone, “Where are you going?” they may think you have a bad intention.

There are some topics that are easier to talk about without having a communication problem. wewengkon anu ilahar di sakuliah budaya téh barudak jeung olahraga. Mun anjeun gaduh waktu teuas diajak ngobrol batur, talk about these topics!

There are some topics that are easier to talk about without having a communication problem. Common areas across cultures are children and sports. If you are having a hard time talking to someone, talk about these topics!

obrolan leutik

Small talk

Most Americans will talk “obrolan leutik” sareng anjeun. Aranjeunna baris ménta kumaha anjeun atanapi ngobrol ngeunaan cuaca. This is considered polite. Lamun batur nyebutkeun, “Kumaha damang?” baé lianna ampir sok nyebutkeun,”alus,” “dengda,” atawa “OKÉ,” malah lamun anjeunna atanapi baé hanjelu atawa unwell.

Most Americans will talk “small talk” with you. They will ask how you are or talk about the weather. This is considered polite. If someone says, “How are you?” the other person almost always says,”Good,” “Fine,” or “OK,” even if he or she is sad or unwell.

Mangga jeung hatur nuhun

Please and thank you

Di AS, urang nyebutkeun “Punten” lamun maranéhna ménta hal na “hatur nuhun” lamun maranéhna nampa hal atawa batur mantuan aranjeunna. Amerika condong hatur batur malah pikeun hal saeutik. Lamun batur nahan panto muka keur anjeun, éta sopan ngomong hatur nuhun. Lamun batur méré Anjeun kado mangrupa, Anjeun ogé kedah nyebutkeun hatur nuhun.

In the USA, people say “please” when they ask for something and “thank you” when they receive something or someone helps them. Americans tend to thank others even for little things. If someone holds a door open for you, it is polite to say thank you. If someone gives you a gift, you should also say thank you.

Inggris minangka basa kadua

English as a second language

Learning English is one of the most important things you can do to help you adjust to life in the USA. If you do not speak much English, Anjeun tiasa milarian kelas bébas online tur di masarakat Anjeun. You can find ways to learn English online or in your local community.

Learning English is one of the most important things you can do to help you adjust to life in the USA. If you do not speak much English, you can find free classes online and in your community. You can find ways to learn English online or in your local community.

One of the best ways to learn a new language is to immerse yourself in it and to listen to it a lot. Coba ngadangukeun na latihan Inggris saloba Anjeun tiasa. carana ngucapkeun, atawa nyebutkeun hal neuleu, mangrupa salah sahiji bagian paling hese tina diajar basa anyar. nada anjeun sarta nu kecap nu ngantebkeun ogé masalah. Anjeun bisa ngarasa frustasi sabab anjeun nyebutkeun hal neuleu, tapi Amerika teu bisa ngarti anjeun. Henteu sakabéh Amerika anu dipaké pikeun accents asing.

One of the best ways to learn a new language is to immerse yourself in it and to listen to it a lot. Try to listen and practice English as much as you can. Pronunciation, or saying things correctly, is one of the most difficult parts of learning a new language. Your tone and which words you emphasize also matter. You might feel frustrated because you are saying something correctly, but Americans cannot understand you. Not all Americans are used to foreign accents.

komunikasi nonverbal

Nonverbal communication

Nalika kami dina paguneman kalayan jalma séjén, urang komunikasi di dua cara penting: verbally (using words) and nonverbally. Nonverbal communication means the way we use our body to communicate. It includes:

When we are in a conversation with other people, we communicate in two important ways: verbally (using words) and nonverbally. Nonverbal communication means the way we use our body to communicate. It includes:

  • facial expressions
  • hand gestures
  • kontak panon
  • posture (how we stand or sit)
  • tone of voice
  • facial expressions
  • hand gestures
  • eye contact
  • posture (how we stand or sit)
  • tone of voice

Sababaraha urang nganggap komunikasi nonverbal anu leuwih penting batan kecap sabenerna urang sebutkeun. Eta mantuan urang mutuskeun lamun maranéhna resep jeung amanah batur.

Some people think nonverbal communication is more important than the actual words we say. It helps people decide if they like and trust others.

budaya béda ngagunakeun tipena béda komunikasi nonverbal. Di dieu sababaraha cara Amerika make komunikasi nonverbal:

Different cultures use different types of nonverbal communication. Here are some of the ways Americans use nonverbal communication:

kontak panon

Eye contact

Paling Amerika nyieun kontak panon salila paguneman penting. Mun anjeun teu nyieun kontak panon, people may think you are lying or something is wrong. Jalma anu kasampak langsung kana panon anjeun anu mindeng diteuteup salaku hiji leuwih dipercaya, pinter, sarta jenis. Lamun datangna ti budaya hiji tempat urang ulah ngungkaban panon silih urang, ieu bisa jadi pohara teuas for nu maneh mun.

Most Americans make eye contact during important conversations. If you do not make eye contact, people may think you are lying or something is wrong. People who look directly into your eyes are often viewed as more trustworthy, intelligent, and kind. If you come from a culture where people do not look into each other’s eyes, this may be very hard for you to do.

Smiling

Smiling

Americans smile a lot to be polite and to show that everything is okay. Lamun anjeun papanggih batur anyar, aranjeunna nyangka anjeun seuri di aranjeunna.

Americans smile a lot to be polite and to show that everything is okay. When you meet someone new, they expect you to smile at them.

sikep

Posture

Lamun nangtung nepi lempeng, jalma condong masihan anjeun leuwih hormat.

If you stand up straight, people tend to give you more respect.

nyabak

Touch

Paling Amerika ngocok leungeun nalika aranjeunna papanggih. Kadang-kadang jalma bakal nangkeup silih lamun maranéhna geus nyaho silih. Mun anjeun ngarasa leungeun oyag uncomfortable, anjeun teu kudu ngocok leungeun.

Most Americans shake hands when they meet. Sometimes people will hug each other if they already know each other. If you feel uncomfortable shaking hands, you do not have to shake hands.

angkasa

Space

Di AS, jalma kudu leuwih “spasi pribadi.” Ieu ngandung harti lamun keur diajak ngobrol batur, aranjeunna meureun bakal nangtung sahenteuna kaki a jauh ti anjeun.

In the USA, people have more “personal space.” This means if you are talking to someone, they will probably stand at least a foot away from you.

alesan

Arguments

Jalma di Amérika Serikat diajar “tatih” pikeun aqidah maranéhna. Ieu ngandung harti lamun batur disagrees sareng anjeun, aranjeunna bisa ngajawab kalayan anjeun coba ngabuktikeun titik maranéhna. Ieu tiasa pisan uncomfortable lamun datangna ti budaya anu peunteun “nyimpen raray.” Di sababaraha nagara, jadi meunang hiji argumen bisa hartosna geus leungit nyanghareupan.

People in the United States are taught to “stand up” for their beliefs. This means if someone disagrees with you, they may argue with you to try to prove their point. This can be very uncomfortable if you come from a culture that values “saving face.” In some countries, getting into an argument may mean you have lost face.

Amerika ngajawab teu kaluar tina anger atawa tarung, tapi pikeun nembongkeun maneh naha maranéhna yakin maranéhna bener. Arguing is generally accepted as part of the conversation, iwal mun keur diomongkeun pisan loudly (screaming) atawa ngagunakeun basa goréng atawa kurang ajar. Siswa diwenangkeun komo wanti mun satuju jeung guru maranéhanana. Barudak bisa ngajawab kalawan kolotna. Pagawe tiasa satuju jeung bos maranéhna, tapi sopan. sakapeung, especially in American politics, jalma ngajawab jadi loba nu nganggur tiasa neangan rengse!

Americans argue not out of anger or to fight, but to show you why they believe they are correct. Arguing is generally accepted as part of the conversation, unless you are speaking very loudly (screaming) or using bad or rude language. Students are allowed and even encouraged to disagree with their teachers. Children may argue with their parents. Workers can disagree with their bosses, but politely. Sometimes, especially in American politics, people argue so much that nothing can get done!

Mun anjeun ngarasa uncomfortable dina argumen, éta oke kana ngajelaskeun yén anjeun teu ngarasa arguing nyaman. Tapi, Anjeun bisa jadi kudu diajar ngabejaan jalma nu teu satuju ku aranjeunna atanapi sejenna maranéhna bisa pikir anjeun satuju jeung naon anu maranehna nyebutkeun.

If you feel uncomfortable in an argument, it is okay to explain that you do not feel comfortable arguing. However, you may need to learn to tell people that you disagree with them or else they might think you agree with what they say.

ocon

Humor

Hiji bagian tina komunikasi anu tiasa pisan teuas lamun anjeun nyaluyukeun ka budaya anyar nyaeta humor. Anjeun bisa nyieun lulucon yen urang sabudeureun ulah ngarti. Atawa jalma bisa nyieun lulucon nu teu ngarti. Kusabab humor mangrupakeun budaya, malah sakapeung lamun ngartos lulucon anu, Anjeun bisa jadi teu pikir éta lucu.

One part of communication that can be very hard when you are adjusting to a new culture is humor. You might make a joke that people around do not understand. Or someone might make a joke that you do not understand. Since humor is cultural, sometimes even if you understand the joke, you might not think it is funny.

guyonan

Jokes

Loba Amerika resep ngabejaan guyonan. sakapeung, guyonan tiasa lucu jeung dulur laughs. sakapeung, guyonan tiasa karasa. Salaku conto, batur bisa ngabejaan lulucon anu dumasar kana lomba atawa gender. Ieu jalma na guyonan henteu sacara politis bener! Lamun batur ngabejaan lulucon anu offends Anjeun, Anjeun sopan bisa disebutkeun anjeun manggihan eta karasa atawa cucungah jeung nanya aranjeunna teu ngabejaan ka maneh naon guyonan langkung nanaon anu.

Many Americans like to tell jokes. Sometimes, jokes can be funny and everyone laughs. Sometimes, jokes can be offensive. For example, someone might tell a joke based on race or gender. These people and jokes are not politically correct! If someone tells a joke that offends you, you can politely say you find it offensive or disrespectful and ask them not to tell you any more jokes of that kind.

satir

Satire

Freedom of speech is protected by the United States Constitution. Kusabab ieu, the American media can make jokes about things that people in other countries may not joke about. Salaku conto, there are some US newspapers that are “lulucon” koran - aranjeunna nulis warta yén aya satirical atawa lucu, tapi teu bener. Salaku conto, kertas koran satirical AS disebut Bawang wrote hiji carita ngeunaan Présidén Koréa Kalér. Éta cenah ieu milih teh lalaki paling ganteng di dunya. Sababaraha urang di Koréa Kalér sarta Cina sangka carita éta leres. Tapi carita éta ngan lulucon a.

Freedom of speech is protected by the United States Constitution. Because of this, the American media can make jokes about things that people in other countries may not joke about. For example, there are some US newspapers that are “joke” newspapers – they write news that is satirical or funny, but not true. For example, a US satirical newspaper paper called the Onion wrote a story about the President of North Korea. They said he was voted the most handsome man in the world. Some people in North Korea and China thought the story was true. But the story was just a joke.

komedi

Comedies

Di AS, some people like to watch comedies on television. They might also like to watch professional comedians on TV or in theaters and clubs. sakapeung, American comedies and comedians can be offensive.

In the USA, some people like to watch comedies on television. They might also like to watch professional comedians on TV or in theaters and clubs. Sometimes, American comedies and comedians can be offensive.

Pranks

Pranks

Sababaraha Amerika resep trik silih. di Amérika, aya libur disebut April Fools’ Dinten. Ieu dina dinten munggaran April. Dina poe ieu, loba jalma resep coba maén trik. Salaku conto, batur jam gawé bisa nyieun anjeun percanten hal bener lamun teu. Jalma nelepon guyonan ieu “pranks” atawa “narik leg Anjeun.”

Some Americans like to trick each other. In America, there is a holiday called April Fools’ Day. It is on the first day of April. On this day, many people like to try to play tricks. For example, someone at work might make you believe something is true when it is not. People call these jokes “pranks” or “pulling your leg.”

Kontrak sarta pasatujuan

Contracts and agreements

Dina AS, written contracts and verbal agreements are important.

In the US, written contracts and verbal agreements are important.

Pasatujuan nu ilaharna verbal. Salaku conto, batur bisa menta maneh mun hal anjeun nyebutkeun enya atawa henteu. Ieu hiji perjangjian. di Amérika, pasatujuan verbal umumna dicokot pisan serius. sakapeung, mun anjeun ngadamel perjangjian verbal, Anjeun ogé bisa ngocok leungeun. Oyag leungeun mangrupakeun simbol nu duanana bade minuhan perjanjian.

Agreements are typically verbal. For example, someone may ask you to do something and you say yes or no. This is an agreement. In America, verbal agreements are generally taken very seriously. Sometimes, when you make a verbal agreement, you may also shake hands. Shaking hands is a symbol that you are both going to fulfill the agreement.

One problem with verbal agreements is that sometimes people can misunderstand. Salaku conto, you may make a verbal agreement with someone that you will meet them at 5 pm that day. tapi, meureun aranjeunna ngartikeun jeung pamikiran nu dimaksud dinten salajengna.

One problem with verbal agreements is that sometimes people can misunderstand. For example, you may make a verbal agreement with someone that you will meet them at 5 pm that day. But, maybe they misunderstood and thought you meant the next day.

Lamun satuju kana hal, hal anu penting pikeun Amerika nu boh nu minuhan perjangjian yén atanapi nu ngantep éta nyaho maneh teu tiasa ngalengkepan perjanjian. This is true even for something small. Salaku conto, lamun batur miwarang anjeun gaduh dahar beurang jeung anjeun nyebutkeun enya, Anjeun kudu boh buka siang atawa anjeun kedah nyauran aranjeunna sarta ngabejaan aranjeunna teu bisa datang saméméh éta waktu keur dahar beurang di.

If you agree to something, it is important to Americans that you either fulfill that agreement or that you let them know you can’t complete the agreement. This is true even for something small. For example, if someone asks you to have lunch and you say yes, you should either go to lunch or you should call them and tell them you can’t come before it is time for the lunch.

Kontrak anu pasatujuan nu nangtang naon dua tulisan (atawa leuwih) jalma satuju kana. Lamun anjeun mindahkeun kana hiji apartemen nu asup ngajakan a. Sawaktos anjeun ngawitan proyek, Anjeun bisa nampa hiji kontrak pagawean. Lamun meuli mobil dina kiridit, Anjeun bisa asup hiji perjangjian injeuman. Sakabéh ieu kontrak.

Contracts are written agreements that state what two (or more) people agree to. When you move into an apartment you sign a lease. When you start a job, you may receive an employment contract. If you buy a car on credit, you might sign a loan agreement. All of these are contracts.

Lamun asup kontrak, Anjeun meureun boga kawajiban légal pikeun minuhan kontrak yen. Ku kituna éta pohara penting nu maca eta taliti. Mun kontrak teh dina basa Inggris, Anjeun meureun hoyong menta tulung narjamahkeun eta. Pikeun kontrak basajan, you can ask a friend or you can surélék urang and we will try to help you understand the contract. Lamun masalah duit, gawe, atanapi layanan légal, Anjeun meureun hoyong ngagunakeun penerjemah profésional atawa menta caseworker anjeun nasihat.

If you sign a contract, you probably have a legal obligation to fulfill that contract. So it is very important that you read it carefully. If the contract is in English, you may want to ask for help translating it. For a simple contract, you can ask a friend or you can email us and we will try to help you understand the contract. If it concerns money, work, or legal services, you may want to use a professional translator or ask your caseworker for advice.

Di handap ieu mangrupakeun Generalisasi ngeunaan budaya Amérika - teu fakta, just ideas to help you better understand why an American may be acting a way that is different to what you are used to. American ways and culture are not better or worse than other ways – just different.

These are generalizations about American culture – not facts, just ideas to help you better understand why an American may be acting a way that is different to what you are used to. American ways and culture are not better or worse than other ways – just different.

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