Majukumu ya familia katika Marekani

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Upataji wa makazi mapya au uhamiaji ya Marekani inaweza kuwa na athari kubwa kwenye familia yako. Majukumu mabadiliko ya familia inaweza kuwa moja ya sehemu ngumu za kurekebisha maisha mapya. Uelewa kuhusu majukumu ya familia katika Marekani zinaweza kufanya iwe rahisi kukabiliana na mabadiliko.

Resettlement or immigration to the USA may have a major impact on your family. The changing family roles can be one of the hardest parts of adjusting to a new life. Understanding about family roles in the USA can make it easier to cope with the changes.

Three generations of a resettled refugee family, photo copyright Moody College by Lisa Krantz, CC.
Photo courtesy of Lisa Krantz, Creative Commons
Three generations of a resettled refugee family, photo copyright Moody College by Lisa Krantz, CC.
Photo courtesy of Lisa Krantz, Creative Commons

Majukumu ya kijinsia

Gender roles

Moja ya tofauti kubwa unaweza kuwa kukabiliana na nchini Marekani ni majukumu ya jinsia tofauti. Katika Marekani, wanawake mara nyingi kazi nje ya nyumba. Wanawake na wanaume kushiriki nyumbani. Wanawake na wanaume kuwatunza watoto. Wakati mwingine, kiume ya wakimbizi wanahisi kuwasumbua kwa sababu ni kutumika kusafisha nyumba au kupika chakula cha jioni. Lakini katika Marekani, kusaidia katika nyumba na watoto ni kuonekana kama sehemu muhimu ya kuwa mtu.

One of the biggest differences you may have to adapt to in the USA is different gender roles. In the USA, women often work outside of the house. Women and men share household chores. Both women and men take care of the children. Sometimes, male refugees feel frustrated because they are not used to cleaning the house or cooking dinner. But in the USA, helping out in the house and with the children is seen as an important part of being a man.

Unaweza kujifunza zaidi kuhusu women in the USA.

You can learn more about women in the USA.

Wazazi

Parents

Uzazi katika Marekani inaweza kuwa tofauti sana kuliko katika nchi yako nyumbani. Watoto wakimbizi na wahamiaji mara nyingi kurekebisha na kukabiliana na maisha katika Marekani kasi zaidi kuliko wazazi wao. Mara nyingi wanajifunza Kiingereza haraka zaidi kuliko wazazi wao pia. Hii inaweza kuwa ngumu kwako kama wazazi na kwa watoto wenu, hasa tangu inaweza unamtegemea watoto wako kukusaidia kupata na kutafsiri kwa ajili yenu.

Parenting in the USA may be very different than in your home country. Refugee and immigrant children often adjust and adapt to life in the United States much faster than their parents. They often learn English faster than their parents as well. This can be hard for you as parents and for your children, especially since you may depend on your children to help you get around and to translate for you.

Wamarekani wengi kuwapeleka watoto wao kwenye vituo vya daycare. Hii ina maana wao hutazamwa na mtu nje ya nyumbani. Kwa baadhi ya wakimbizi, Hii ni hali ya ajabu sana. Huenda daima umekuwa na watoto wako nyumbani na wewe au labda alikuwa babu ili kuwasaidia kuwatunza. Katika Marekani, majirani wengi kusaidia kila mmoja kushiriki gari ya mtoto. Kama unaweza kuishi karibu wakimbizi na wahamiaji wengine, Fikiria kuwataka kushiriki huduma ya mtoto.

Many Americans send their children to daycare centers. This means they are watched by someone outside of the home. For some refugees, this is a very strange situation. You may have always had your children at home with you or maybe you had grandparents to help take care of them. In the USA, many neighbors help each other share child car. If you live near other refugees and immigrants, think about asking them to share child care.

Mgeni wazazi wakati mwingine kuwa na wakati mgumu kwa sababu watoto wao tabia mabadiliko kutoka jinsi ilivyokuwa katika nchi yao nyumbani. Unaweza si kama baadhi ya tabia yao mpya, na unahitaji kujifunza kuhusu njia mpya za mzazi katika Marekani. Na bado, Ingawa inaweza kuwa vigumu, bado utaweza kupita katika sehemu za utamaduni wako watoto wenu wakati pia kuwasaidia kufanikiwa katika Marekani.

Newcomer parents sometimes have a hard time because their children’s behavior changes from how it was in their home country. You might not like some of their new behaviors, and you will need to learn about new ways to parent in the USA. And yet, although it may be hard, you will still be able to pass on parts of your culture to your children while also helping them succeed in the USA.

Unyanyasaji wa watoto

Child abuse

Watoto nchini Marekani na sheria za kuwalinda, ambayo ina maana kuwa ni kinyume cha sheria katika unyanyasaji watoto wenu. Sheria ya shirikisho Inafasili unyanyasaji kama kitu chochote ambacho husababisha madhara makubwa kwa watoto wako au huwaweka katika hatari. Unyanyasaji wa kimwili maana kitu chochote ambacho haikuwa ajali na inaweza mbalimbali kutoka bruise ndogo kwa majeraha makubwa kama mfupa uliovunjika. Majeraha kwa watoto ni dhuluma hata kama mzazi hakunuia kuumiza mtoto. Nidhamu ya kimwili, kama vile ya spanking mtoto chini, ni kuruhusiwa lakini haifai.

Children in America have laws to protect them, which means it is against the law to abuse your children. Federal Law defines abuse as anything that causes serious harm to your children or puts them in danger. Physical abuse means anything that was not an accident and can range from a small bruise to a serious injury like a broken bone. Injuries to children are abuse even if the parent did not mean to hurt the child. Physical discipline, such as spanking a child on the bottom, is allowed but not recommended.

Pia hauruhusiwi katika kihisia unyanyasaji mtoto wako. Unyanyasaji wa kihisia ina maanisha kitu fulani ambavyo vinaweza kuzuia mtoto kutoka kikamilifu kuendeleza. Unyanyasaji wa kihisia inaweza kujumuisha upinzani mara kwa mara, vitisho vya, au kukataa, pamoja na zuio upendo, msaada, au mwongozo.

You are also not allowed to emotionally abuse your child. Emotional abuse means something that can prevent a child from fully developing. Emotional abuse can include constant criticism, threats, or rejection, as well as withholding love, support, or guidance.

Mtoto kutelekezwa

Child neglect

Kutelekezwa mtoto ina maana kwamba mzazi kutoa kwa ajili ya watoto wao ’ s msingi inahitaji. Katika Marekani, hauruhusiwi kuondoka watoto wadogo nyumbani peke yake. Pia hauruhusiwi kuondoka watoto wadogo peke yake mbali na nyumbani, hata kama ni katika kigari cha mtoto, kwenye uwanja wa michezo, katika duka la, ofisi, Maktaba, au gari. Watoto wadogo lazima kusimamiwa Familykwa nyakati zote.

Child neglect means that a parent does not provide for their children’s basic needs. In the USA, you are not allowed to leave young children at home alone. You are also not allowed to leave young children alone away from home, even if they are in a stroller, on a playground, in a shop, office, library, or car. Young children must be supervised Familyat all times.

Kuachana ni sasa hufafanuliwa katika majimbo mengi kama aina ya kutelekezwa. Kwa ujumla, mtoto ni kuchukuliwa kutelekezwa kama mtoto hajui ilipo na mzazi wake au kama mtoto imekuwa itaachwa na aliyejeruhiwa.

Abandonment is now defined in many states as a form of neglect. In general, a child is considered abandoned if a child does not know where his parent is or if the child has been left alone and has been injured.

Unaweza kusoma zaidi kuhusu unyanyasaji wa watoto na kutelekezwa.

You can read more about child abuse and neglect.

Babu

Grandparents

Wageni wengi wakubwa na wakati mgumu kurekebisha maisha katika theUSA. Katika nchi nyingi duniani, wazee ni kutibiwa na mengi ya heshima. Watoto kuwasikiliza. Ni kuonekana kama vyanzo vya hekima katika jamii zao.

Many older newcomers have a hard time adjusting to life in theUSA. In many countries around the world, elders are treated with a lot of respect. Children listen to them. They are seen as sources of wisdom in their communities.

Katika Marekani, watu wengi thamani vijana juu ya umri. Mengi ya elimu kuwa wakimbizi Mzee si muhimu kama ilivyokuwa katika nchi yao nyumbani. Kwa mfano, wakimbizi wazee kujua mengi kuhusu kilimo au kuchunga ng'ombe lakini katika Amerika, familia yake wanaweza kufanya kazi katika majengo ya ofisi.

In the USA, many people value youth over age. A lot of the knowledge that elder refugees have is not as useful as it was in their home country. For example, an older refugee may know a lot about farming or tending to cows but in America, his family may work in office buildings.

Wakati mwingine, wakimbizi wazee kuanza kuhisi haina maana. Lakini kushiriki utamaduni wako na kuweka familia yako amefungwa kwa nchi yako nyumbani ni kazi muhimu sana kwa ajili yenu. Pia, Jaribu kukumbuka kwamba ingawa watoto wanaweza kutenda tofauti katika nyumba yao mpya, bado unaweza wanapenda wewe.

Sometimes, older refugees start to feel useless. But sharing your culture and keeping your family tied to your home country is a very important job for you. Also, try to remember that even though children may act differently in their new home, they still can love you.

Pia kuna mashirika baadhi mzuri nchini kote ambayo mkono refuges zamani. Unaweza kupata taarifa kwa ajili ya wazee na jinsi ya kupata kituo cha ngazi ya juu.

There are also some really good organizations around the country that support older refuges. You can find information for elders and how to find a senior center.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Rasilimali nyingine

Other resources

The information about child abuse and child neglect on this page comes from the US Government’s Children’s Bureau na vyanzo vingine aminifu. Imekusudiwa kwa ajili ya mwongozo na ni updated kama mara nyingi iwezekanavyo. USAHello kutoa ushauri wa kisheria, wala ni mojawapo ya nyenzo yetu lengo kuchukuliwa kama ushauri wa kisheria. Kama wewe ni kuangalia kwa mwanasheria huru au gharama nafuu au msaada wa kisheria, tunaweza kukusaidia Tafuta bure na huduma za kisheria ya gharama nafuu.

The information about child abuse and child neglect on this page comes from the US Government’s Children’s Bureau and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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