Jinsi ya kuwa fundi wa habari za afya

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Huduma ya afya katika Marekani ni sekta kubwa. Kila siku, hospitali na ofisi za madaktari kuzalisha mamilioni ya kurasa za habari kuhusu wagonjwa wao. Wanahitaji maelezo ya afya mafundi ili kuwasaidia kuelewa na kuhifadhi data. Kujua jinsi ya kuwa teknolojia ya habari ya afya.

Health care in the USA is a huge industry. Every day, hospitals and doctors’ offices produce millions of pages of information about their patients. They need health information technicians to help them understand and store the data. Find out how to become a health information technician.

Two people in white lab coats reading data from a gray machine - health information technician
Solhisa/IStock
Two people in white lab coats reading data from a gray machine - health information technician
SolStock/IStock

Teknolojia ya habari kuhusu afya ni nini??

What is a health information technician?

Huduma za afya. Rekodi za tiba ni muhimu kwa maisha ya watu na afya. Watu wenye ujuzi kupanga na kudhibiti taarifa hii. Jina la kazi hii ni teknolojia ya habari za afya (HIT) au teknolojia ya matibabu ya rekodi.

Health care technicians read and file medical records. Medical records are important to people’s lives and health. Skilled people organize and manage this information. The name of this job is health information technician (HIT) or medical records technician.

Kuhusu kazi

About the job

Unaweza kutarajia nini katika kazi ya teknolojia ya habari za afya?

What can you expect in the job of health information technician?

Majukumu ya teknolojia ya habari za afya

Duties of a health information technician

Jukumu kuu la teknolojia ya habari za afya ni kuweka rekodi za matibabu salama, sahihi, na hadi tarehe. Madaktari, wauguzi, mameneja wa hospitali, na makampuni ya bima ya afya wote wanahitaji habari sahihi ya kupatikana kwao. Rekodi hizi karibu wote huwekwa katika tarakilishi. Wachache wako kwenye karatasi, na karatasi hizi zinaweza kuhitaji kuchunguzwa na kufunguliwa.

The main duty of a health information technician is to keep medical records safe, accurate, and up to date. Doctors, nurses, hospital managers, and health insurance companies all need correct information to be available to them. Almost all these records are kept on computers. A few are on paper, and these papers may need to be scanned and filed.

HITs kuhakikisha kwamba wafanyakazi wengine wote wa afya (kama vile madaktari, wauguzi na mafundi wa matibabu) rekodi kamili za matibabu. HITs lazima kuelewa na kutumia Codes kutumika kwa taratibu mbalimbali matibabu.

HITs make sure that all other health workers (such as doctors, nurses and medical technicians) complete medical records. HITs must understand and use the codes used for different medical procedures.

Kuangalia video kuhusu kazi ya HIT

Watch a video about the job of an HIT

Mahali pa kazi

Workplace

Wengi HITs kazi katika hospitali. Wanaweza pia kufanya kazi katika kliniki na ofisi za madaktari. Baadhi HITs kazi kutoka nyumbani. HITs inaweza pia kufanya kazi kwa makampuni ya bima ya afya, kwa serikali, au katika utafiti wa matibabu.

Most HITs work in hospitals. They may also work in clinics and doctors’ offices. Some HITs work from home. HITs may also work for health insurance companies, for the government, or in medical research.

Mshahara wa habari za afya mafundi

Salary for health information technicians

Katika 2017, kulipa wastani kwa HITs ilikuwa kuhusu $39,000 kwa mwaka. Lakini mshahara wa kila mwaka unaweza kuwa zaidi ya $70,000 kwa wafanyakazi wenye uzoefu katika miji mikubwa au chini kama $25,000 wafanyakazi wa ngazi za mashinani katika maeneo ya vijijini.

In 2017, the average pay for HITs was about $39,000 per year. But annual salary can be more than $70,000 for experienced workers in some big cities or as low as $25,000 for entry-level workers in rural areas.

Kuhusu mtu

About the person

Ni aina gani ya mtu hufanya teknolojia nzuri ya habari za afya?

What kind of person makes a good health information technician?

Sifa unapaswa kuwa

Qualities you should have

  • makini kwa undani – Kazi ya KUGONGA ni kamili ya maelezo madogo na lazima iwe sahihi
  • maadili mema – rekodi za matibabu ni siri
  • uwezo wa kuchambua taarifa – Data ya HIT ni pamoja na maelezo tata ya matibabu na kanuni
  • attention to detail – HIT work is full of small details and must be accurate
  • good ethics – medical records are confidential an
  • ability to analyze information – HIT data includes complex medical information and regulations

Ujuzi unahitaji

Skills you will need

  • ujuzi wa kompyuta
  • ufahamu wa masharti ya matibabu
  • kuelewa taratibu za kisheria
  • maarifa ya gharama za afya na malipo
  • mafunzo katika mifumo ya coding ya matibabu
  • computer skills
  • understanding of medical terms
  • understanding of legal procedures
  • knowledge of health care costs and payments
  • training in medical coding systems

Kupata sifa

Get qualified

Mafunzo gani, Cheti na uzoefu wa habari za afya?

What training, certification and experience do health information technicians need?

Mafunzo kwa mafundi wa habari za afya

Training for health information technicians

Mafunzo ya kawaida ni kozi katika usimamizi wa taarifa za afya. Kozi hii inapaswa kuwa na vibali (Kupitishwa) na Tume ya kibali cha hisa afya na elimu ya usimamizi wa habari (CAHIIM). A CAHIIM- shaka ya vibali nitakupa shahada ya washirika. Kozi kwa kawaida huchukua miaka miwili. Unaweza kupata kozi ya vibali karibu na wewe kwa njia ya Orodha ya cahim.

The most common training is a course in Health Information Management. This course should be accredited (approved) by the Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education (CAHIIM). A CAHIIM- accredited course will give you an associate’s degree. The course usually takes two years. You can find an accredited course near you through the Cahim database.

Kwenye Hifadhidata ya CAHIIM, kuchagua hali yako kutoka kwenye orodha ya kushuka. De-Teua programu zote isipokuwa "usimamizi wa taarifa ya afya : Kiwango cha ushirika. " Ikiwa unataka tu kujifunza mtandaoni, de-Chagua "Chuo cha msingi." Kisha chagua "Tafuta."

On the CAHIIM database, select your state from the dropdown menu. De-select all programs except “Health Information Management : Associate Degree.” If you only want to study online, de-select “Campus Based.” Then choose “Search.”

Ikiwa hakuna mipango kuja katika hali yako, kujaribu hali jirani. Kuna 109 online kozi juu ya database hii na wengi zaidi chuo-msingi kozi.

If no programs come up in your state, try a neighboring state. There are 109 online courses on this database and many more campus-based courses.

Vyeti kwa mafundi wa habari za afya

Certification for health information technicians

Kuna kutunukiwa kadhaa kwa ajili ya aina mbalimbali za HIT. Baadhi ni mahsusi kwa mifumo ya coding au kwa rekodi za kansa. Vyeti vya jumla ni teknolojia ya habari ya afya iliyosajiliwa (RHIT) vyeti. Kuomba RHIT, unahitaji kukamilisha CAHIIM- kozi ya vibali.

There are several certifications for different types of HIT. Some are specifically for coding systems or for cancer records. The most general certification is the Registered Health Information Technician (RHIT) certification. To apply for RHIT, you need to complete a CAHIIM- accredited course.

Uzoefu

Experience

Uzoefu ni muhimu, pia. Kwa mfano, kama umefanya kazi kama mapokezi katika ofisi ya daktari, umejifunza kudhibiti habari. Karani wa matibabu anaweza kuwa na uzoefu na Codes za matibabu. Kazi hizi za awali zinaweza kukusaidia kuwa fundi wa habari za afya bila kozi ya Chuo. Labda bado unahitaji vyeti.

Experience is important, too. For example, if you have worked as a receptionist in a doctor’s office, you will have learned to manage information. A medical clerk may have experience with medical codes. These previous jobs may help you become a health information technician without a college course. You will probably still need certification.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Rasilimali nyingine

Other resources

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