Чӣ тавр ба оғоз намудани фаъолияти соҳибкорӣ

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Have you ever wanted to learn how to start a business? Owning and running is a business a great way to be independent. You will also become more engaged in your community.

Have you ever wanted to learn how to start a business? Owning and running is a business a great way to be independent. You will also become more engaged in your community.

Чӣ тавр ба як бизнес: Маълумот барои гуреза ва муҳоҷирони соҳибкорон

How to make a business: Information for refugee and immigrant entrepreneurs

Here are ten steps to help you if you decide to start a business of your own.

Here are ten steps to help you if you decide to start a business of your own.

Чӣ тавр ба як бизнес: Маълумот барои гуреза ва муҳоҷирони соҳибкорон1. Пайдо андешаи шумо

How to make a business: Information for refugee and immigrant entrepreneurs1. Find your idea

Оғози бо фикри бузург! It’s important to come up with an original idea. Another reason to start a business is if you see a demand or need that is not being met. Conducting market research will tell you if there is a demand for your product or service. Gather information about the industry, ба мизоҷон, and the best places for you to start. Examples of market research are surveys, сўњбатњо, равона гурӯҳҳои.

Start with a great idea! It’s important to come up with an original idea. Another reason to start a business is if you see a demand or need that is not being met. Conducting market research will tell you if there is a demand for your product or service. Gather information about the industry, the customers, and the best places for you to start. Examples of market research are surveys, interviews, and focus groups.

2. Assess and improve your skills

2. Assess and improve your skills

Before you learn how to start a business, ask yourself: маҳорати худро чӣ ном доранд? Шумо чӣ мехоҳед кор? Шумо бояд ба тиҷорат рафта, на танҳо барои пул, Пас чидани як минтақа, ки ба шумо доранд, таваҷҷӯҳ зоҳир. Then honestly assess if you have the necessary skill sets to run a company. Do you have enough knowledge and experience? Агар шумо, you can dive into the work and learn more as you go along. Лекин, агар шумо ягон малака ва ё дониши кофӣ нест,, there are resources to help you. You can go to your local library to borrow books on business administration, you can take online classes, and you can join entrepreneurship events.

Before you learn how to start a business, ask yourself: what are your skills? What do you like doing? You shouldn’t go into business just to make money, so pick an area that you have an interest in. Then honestly assess if you have the necessary skill sets to run a company. Do you have enough knowledge and experience? If you do, you can dive into the work and learn more as you go along. But if you don’t have any skills or enough knowledge, there are resources to help you. You can go to your local library to borrow books on business administration, you can take online classes, and you can join entrepreneurship events.

3. Навиштани бизнес-наќшаи

3. Write a business plan

A business plan is a guide that outlines your goals and how you plan to achieve them. It is essential because it identifies the key elements of your plan. If you need funds to get started, you can show your business plan to people who may be willing to support you financially. Learn how to write a business plan.

A business plan is a guide that outlines your goals and how you plan to achieve them. It is essential because it identifies the key elements of your plan. If you need funds to get started, you can show your business plan to people who may be willing to support you financially. Learn how to write a business plan.

4. Чидани ном ва маҳалли ҷойгиршавии

4. Pick a name and location

Номи шумо кӯмак карда метавонад, ту ба намоз биистанд аз ҳазорҳо дигар соҳибкорон. Як роҳе, ки шумо истода наметавонад берун аст, ки ба интихоби ном, ки осон аст, барои одамон ба хотир. Баъзе номҳо мебошанд осон ба ёд, зеро онҳо мизоҷон мегӯям, маҳз он чӣ мекунед, (масалан, Бозори Dover моҳӣ). Дигарон бошанд, шояд истодаанд, чунки онҳо ҳастанд, кӯтоҳ ва snappy мебошанд (масалан, Amazon).

Your name can help you stand out from thousands of other businesses. One way you can stand out is to choose a name that’s easy for people to remember. Some names are easy to remember because they tell customers exactly what they do (eg Dover Fish Market). Others may stand out because they are they are short and snappy (eg Amazon).

Шумо инчунин метавонед шиори интихоб, ё tagline, ки метавонад пешниҳоди фурӯши худ беназир (беьамто). USP is a strategy you can use to distinguish you from everybody else. Бояд беҳамто ба шумо, ва шумо, то тавонанд онро исбот намояд ва ба он. Он бояд як ибора кӯтоҳ, ки одамон метавонанд ёд мекунанд ва бояд ба манфиати, ки муштариён ба даст хоҳад давлат бошад,.

You can also choose a slogan, or tagline, which can be your unique selling proposition (USP). USP is a strategy you can use to distinguish you from everybody else. It should be unique to you, and you have to be able to prove it and execute it. It must be a short phrase that people can remember and should state the benefit that the customers will get.

You also need to find the right location. Дар баъзе мавридҳо, the cheapest location may be the best so that you save money at first. Дар њолатњои дигар, шумо наҷот намеёбанд, агар шумо дар як макони сарвазир доранд, ки одамон ба осонӣ шумо мебинед.

You also need to find the right location. In some cases, the cheapest location may be the best so that you save money at first. In other cases, you won’t succeed unless you are in a prime location where people can see you.

5. Интихоби сохтори бизнеси худ

5. Choose your business structure

Якчанд намуди бизнес дар Иёлоти Муттаҳида вуҷуд дорад. Онҳо талабот ва сохтори гуногун доранд. The most common ones are sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and limited liability company. All of them have pros and cons. The important thing is to understand what your needs are and choosing the right structure to fit your needs. Маълумоти бештар дар бораи сохторҳои соҳибкорӣ.

There are several types of businesses in the United States. They have different requirements and structure. The most common ones are sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and limited liability company. All of them have pros and cons. The important thing is to understand what your needs are and choosing the right structure to fit your needs. Learn more about business structures.

6. Ба Реестри бизнеси худ

6. Register your business

якчанд чиро, ки шумо шояд лозим аст, ки ба қайд бизнеси худ ҳастанд:

There are several things you may need to do to register your business:

  • Ба Реестри номи бизнеси худ бо давлати Шумо, Пас аз он шахси ҳуқуқӣ мегардад ва (дар аксари ҳолатҳо) дигарро, ки дар давлат аз фаъолият таҳти ҳамин ном бас. Learn how to register your business.
  • Apply барои федералӣ ва давлат кунед Рақамҳои андоз ID. Шумо ин рақамҳо ба пардохти андоз бояд. рақами ID андоз федералии Шумо инчунин рақами мушаххаси Корфармо худ даъват (A) ва аз ҷониби ширкати IRS дода мешавад. рақами ID андоз давлатӣ ту ин аст, ки барои пардохти андозҳо давлат ва аз тарафи давлати худ дода мешавад. (воќеие як рақами ID давлатӣ лозим нест.) Get your business ID numbers.
  • Many businesses need литсензия ва иҷозатномаҳо to operate legally. Learn about state and federal permits and licenses.
  • Оё ба шумо лозим барои ҳифзи номи ширкати шумо, молҳо, ё хадамот? Ту метавонӣ молњ ин, то ягон кас каси дигар дар Иёлоти Муттаҳида онҳоро истифода мебарад,. Шумо ҳамчунин бояд тафтиш, то боварӣ ҳосил ки шумо номи trademarked аз тарафи бизнес дигар истифода намебаред,. Learn about trademarks.
  • Register your business name with your state, so it becomes a legal entity and (in most cases) will stop others in the state from doing business under the same name. Learn how to register your business.
  • Apply for your federal and state tax ID numbers. You will need these numbers to pay taxes. Your federal tax ID number is also called your Employer Identification Number (EIN) and is issued by the IRS. Your state tax ID number is for paying state taxes and is issued by your state. (Sole proprietors do not need a state ID number.) Get your business ID numbers.
  • Many businesses need licenses and permits to operate legally. Learn about state and federal permits and licenses.
  • Do you need to protect the name of your company, goods, or services? You can trademark these so nobody else in the United States uses them. You should also check to make sure you are not using a name trademarked by another business. Learn about trademarks.

7. Finance your new venture

7. Finance your new venture

Дарёфти пул маблағгузорӣ бизнеси худ мушкилоти бузург барои соҳибкори аст. Шумо метавонед истифодаи захирањои монанди пасандозҳои худ, ё сармоягузории аз оила ва дӯстон. Ё шумо метавонед барои гирифтани қарз аз бонк истифода бурда. Ин нуқтаи ки дар он шумо пайдо канораи рости барои кӯмак ба идора ояндаи молиявии шумо ва кушодани суратҳисоби бонкӣ бизнес аст,. Ту метавонӣ read basic information about banks ва learn about loans.

Finding the money to finance your business is a big challenge for an entrepreneur. You may be able to use resources such as your savings, or investment from family and friends. Or you may apply for a loan from a bank. This is the point at which you find the right bank to help manage your financial future and open a business bank account. You can read basic information about banks and learn about loans.

8. Кушодани бизнеси худ

8. Open your business

Вобаста ба бизнеси худ, шумо метавонед ба идораи лозим аст, мағозаи, factory space, or other type of premises. Шумо бояд қарор агар шумо харидорӣ ё шартномаи иҷораи фазо барои бизнеси худ.

Depending on your business, you may need an office, store, factory space, or other type of premises. You may need to decide if you will purchase or lease the space for your business.

You will need to work hard to set up everything so it is appealing to your customers. Шумо ҳатто метавонед мардикор як касбї ба шумо кӯмак мерасонад, то тарҳи мағозаи ё худ.

You will need to work hard to set up everything so it is appealing to your customers. You may even hire a professional to help you to design your store or office.

Мизоҷон дар ҷустуҷӯи таҷрибаи вақте ки онҳо рафта, харид ва ё ҳатто ба идораи. Лекин агар шумо танҳо сар, он аст, ҳатто муҳимтар ба хизматрасонӣ ба мизоҷон бузург.

Customers are looking for an experience when they go shopping or even to an office. But if you are just starting out, it is even more important to have great customer service.

9. Пайдо кардани одамони дурустро интихоб

9. Find the right people

Чӣ гуна ќувваи Оё ба шумо лозим аст меорад кори шумо ба ҳаёт? аъзоёни оила, дӯстони, and business partners can be a great asset when you are starting out. You may need a hiring process to find more employees. If you take the time to get the right people, он дивиденд барои бизнеси худ пардохт.

What kind of workforce do you need to bring your business to life? Family members, friends, and business partners can be a great asset when you are starting out. You may need a hiring process to find more employees. If you take the time to get the right people, it will pay dividends for your business.

10. Маркетинг ва фурўши

10. Marketing and sales

The basic purpose of business is to create something of value and give it to people in exchange for money. Маркетинг ва фурӯши танҳо воситаҳои нақлиёти муошират ва расонидани, ки арзиши ба муштариёни худ ҳастанд. If you deliver your products or services with excellence, тафовут, ва хизматрасонӣ ба мизоҷон хуб, you will gain customers and make a success of your business!

The basic purpose of business is to create something of value and give it to people in exchange for money. Marketing and sales are just the vehicles of communicating and delivering that value to your customers. If you deliver your products or services with excellence, distinction, and good customer service, you will gain customers and make a success of your business!

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