อะไรคือค่าใช้จ่ายสาธารณะและกฎใหม่จะส่งผลต่อฉันอย่างไร?

Are you applying for a US visa, an extension to a visa, a green card, or change of status? This page will help you understand the new public charge rule. It will tell you what has changed and how that change may affect you. This page was updated on October 11, 2019.

US Dept of State sample US visa

 

Public charge update October 11, 2019: On October 11, a US federal judge decided to stop the new “public charge” rule.

Judge George Daniels of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York said the administration probably did not have the authority to make this new rule. The judge wrote that the administration did not explainwhy they are changing the public charge definition, why this new definition is needed now, or why the definition set forth in the rule — which has absolutely no support in the history of U.S. immigration law — is reasonable.”

The new rule was also stopped by federal judges in California and Washington.

What does this mean for immigrants applying for green cards or immigration visas?

This means the public charge rule will not go into effect on October 15. We will update this page when there is more information or news.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Even though the public charge rule has been stopped, you will still need to meet some requirements to come to the USA or to change your status in the USA. You may need to show you can cover your health expenses and other expenses. คุณสามารถอ่าน advice from CLINIC about how these requirements affect your application.

What happened before?

On August 12, 2019, the Department of Homeland Security announced that it is making a new rule. The rule was published on August 14 and was due to become law on October 15th.

ใครหรือสิ่งที่เป็นค่าใช้จ่ายสาธารณะ?

หลายคนในสหรัฐอเมริกาได้รับความช่วยเหลือจากรัฐบาลสำหรับความต้องการพื้นฐาน. Public charge is the term used for a person who is receiving government help, which is sometimes calledpublic benefits.

What are public benefits?

ผลประโยชน์สาธารณะ are money and other help that is paid for using US taxes, or public money. These benefits can take many different forms. A public benefit can mean cash for low-income families. But it can also mean benefits that are not cash. Public benefits include SNAP (แสตมป์อาหาร), housing vouchers or other housing assistance, and healthcare paid for by the government, such as Medicaid. They may cover long-term care, for example in a home for disabled or elderly people.

สิ่งที่ไม่ “Inadmissibility on Public Charge Grounds” หมายถึงอะไร?

Inadmissibility means not allowed. Grounds are reasons for something. So “Inadmissibility on Public Charge Grounds” means a person may not be allowed to come to the USA if there is reason to believe he or she will rely on public benefits. It also means people already in the USA may be denied a change of status, a green card, or an extension to their visa if they receive or have received public benefits or if officials think they will receive them in the future.

How has this changed with the new rule?

ในอดีต, “public charge inadmissibility” was based on cash benefits. ตอนนี้, inadmissibility will be based on non-cash public benefits, เกินไป, such as food stamps and other benefits listed above.

Some public benefits will ไม่ be included in the new rule: ตัวอย่างเช่น, school lunches, children’s health insurance, Headstart, emergency medical care and disaster relief will ไม่ be included. You can read more details in this summary from CLINIC. นอกจากนี้คุณยังสามารถอ่าน ข้อมูลจาก USCIS เกี่ยวกับการ การเปลี่ยนแปลงใหม่.

Are any benefits allowed before a person is considered a public charge?

Some amount of public benefits are allowed. But you cannot receive more than 12 months total benefits in a 36-month period. Each benefit counts separately. So if you receive rental assistance as well as food stamps in the same month, that counts as two months of benefits.

What else affects the decision about whether someone is or will be a public charge?

DHS officers can look at other facts to decide (make a determination) about your case. Officers will consider your health and age. They also look at your education and income. If you have private health insurance, that will count in your favor. If you are unemployed, that will count against you.

Applicants filing for a change of status will be asked to make a declaration of self-sufficiency (Form I-944). This form says the applicant can support himself or herself without public benefits.

Who does the new rule apply to?

The new rule applies to non-US citizens who are applying to come to the USA. It also includes people already in the United States who apply to change their status or extend their stay. It may apply to you if you are listed on someone’s else benefits, even you are not getting benefits directly yourself.

Who does the rule ไม่ นำไปใช้?

The rule does not apply to US citizens or legal permanent residents (ผู้ถือใบเขียว). It does not apply to refugees, to asylees, and Afghanis and Iraqis with special immigrant visas.

The rule does not apply if your application is received by USCIS before October 15, 2019.

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