2019 - AQSh immigratsiya va boshpana bir yil
This week, The Nyu-York Tayms published its “Year in Pictures” for 2019.
I couldn’t help noticing how many of the photos showed migrants, muhojirlar, and refugees. The powerful images made me think of the many changes and new rules in US immigration there have been this year for migrants, muhojirlar, asylum seekers and refugees hoping to come to the USA.
It is hard to remember and understand all of the changes. Some rules were blocked or overturned by judges in US courts. Others are in place at our borders. Here is a summary of US immigration and asylum in 2019.
Asylum seekers at the US-Mexico border
Many people from Central and South America come to the US-Mexico border with hopes of getting asylum. Most of them are refused, but the US administration policy is to make it hard for people even to ask for asylum. Here are some of the new rules or changes to the asylum system:
• A system called “metering” means that the USA only takes a small number of asylum applications every day. Thousands of people wait at the border with no way to know when and if they will be allowed to apply.
• The United States can say no to asylum seekers from Central and South America who traveled through Mexico, unless they have been refused asylum in another country along the way.
• Most asylum seekers who are allowed to apply will be sent back to Mexico to wait for their hearing. Others are put into detention centers in the USA. Most are families, and children may be separated in some cases.
• The USA has made agreements with Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras to send asylum seekers to those countries. The USA has also made an agreement with Mexico that Mexican law officers will jail or deport migrants before they get to the US border.
Har yil, the president of the United States decides the number of refugees that can come to the USA from other countries. The UN Refugee Agency estimates that there are about 26 million refugees in the world. The US president has proposed to Congress that we admit 18,000 of them in 2020.
US immigration visas and American citizenship
• The US government is introducing new rules and fees for immigrants applying for visas, work permits, va fuqarolik. The citizenship application fee will go up by more than $500. USCIS also plans to increase application fees for family-based petitions, adjustment of status, boshpana, and travel documents. You can see a full list of the proposed increases on the CLINIC website. The government is also trying to end fee waivers that allow low-income immigrants to apply without paying fees.
• The government is fighting a ban on its public charge rule. Two courts said in December that the ban on the rule should be lifted, but for now it is still in place. The public charge rule would make it harder for immigrants to come to the USA to join their families, or to get a green card if they are already here.
The US House of Representatives has passed two bills that would offer a path to citizenship: one for DACA holders and one for agricultural workers. But it is not likely these bills will be passed by the US Senate.
The Supreme Court heard three DACA cases in November 2019. The Court will make a ruling in June 2020 on those cases. The decision will affect the status of the 700,000 uchun 800,000 DACA holders in the USA.
TPS and DED holders
The TPS program protects about 317,000 people from 10 countries who are now living in the USA. The US administration has decided to end all TPS programs in the next two years. noyabr oyida, TPS for El Salvador, Gaiti, Gonduras, Nepal, Nikaragua, and Sudan was extended until January 2021. TPS for Syria will now expire on March 31, 2021. TPS for Somalia, Yemen and South Sudan are all due to expire in 2020.
The DED program protects an estimated 3,600 people from Liberia who are living in the USA. DED Liberiya is set to expire on March 20, 2020. But some good news: Liberian DED holders may get a chance to apply for US citizenship if the defense authorization bill is approved by the US Senate next week.