Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida xilma-xilligi

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Turli millatlarga mansub turli narsalar qorishmasini anglatadi. Bu turlicha barcha turdagi odamlarni bildiradi, turli yosh, va turli e'tiqod bilan. Lekin amerikaliklar ko'pincha so'z foydalanish xilma-xilligi turli irqiy, odamlarni nazarda uchun. Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida xilma-xilligi, bugungi kunda haqida ma'lumot oling.

Diversity means a mixture of different things. It means people of all kinds from different backgrounds, of different ages, and with different beliefs. But Americans often use word diversity to mean people of different races. Learn about diversity in the United States today.

irq

Race

Agar AQSh ko'chib qachon, Agar ko'p irqiy, odamlarni uchrashadi. muddatli poyga odatda insonning teri rangi yoki etnik kelib murojaat uchun ishlatiladi.

When you move to the USA, you will meet people of many races. The term race is generally used to refer to a person’s skin color or ethnic background.

oq rang, non-ispan xalq AQShda ko'p bo'ladi. Boshqa irqiy, odamlarni tez-tez deyiladi “kamsonli.” Latinolar va program amerikaliklar ikkinchi eng katta guruh bo'ladi, Afrika amerikaliklar va osiyolik tomonidan ta'qib. Boshqa Amerika irqiy guruhlar Mahalliy amerikaliklar bor, Alaska shaxslarga, Native Footbridge, va Tinch okeani orollari. Ko'plab amerikaliklar aralash irq bor.

White, non-Hispanic people are the majority in the USA. People of other races are often called “minorities.” Hispanics and Latino Americans are the second largest group, followed by African Americans and Asians. Other American racial groups are Native Americans, Alaskan Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders. Many Americans are of mixed race.

Irqi, chunki, bu mamlakatda qullikdan dahshatli tarixi AQShda bir bahsli mavzu. Afro-amerikaliklar tarixi bilan zulm qilingan, va Barak Obama birinchi qora tanli prezident etib saylandi juda muhim tarixiy on edi.

Race is a controversial topic in the USA because of the terrible history of slavery in this country. African Americans have been oppressed through history, and it was a very important historical moment when Barack Obama was elected as the first black president.

ularning irqi asoslangan xalqiga qarshi ajratib berish noqonuniy bo'lsa-da, haqiqat AQShda irqchilik bilan ko'plab muammolar hamon mavjud, deb.

While it is illegal to discriminate against people based on their race, the reality is that there are still many problems with racism in the USA.

Ba'zi odamlar irqi haqida gapirganda noqulay his. Bu turli irq odamlarni chaqirish uchun nima bilish, ba'zan qiyin. Masalan, Afrika merosi ayrim amerikaliklar, afrikalik amerikaliklarga sifatida belgilangan bo'lishi kabi, lekin boshqalar shartlarini afzal qora yoki rangi shaxs. Shu Janubiy va Markaziy Amerika xalqining haq. Ba'zi o'zlari ispan mumkin, Ba'zi Latino yoki Latina deb atalishga kabi, va boshqalar oq aytish yoki boshqa muddatini afzal mumkin. Agar negadir o'z irqi jihatidan kishini tasvirlab kerak bo'lsa, va siz tasvirlab qanday bilmasangiz, Agar so'rashingiz mumkin.

Some people feel uncomfortable talking about race. It is sometimes hard to know what to call people from different races. For example, some Americans of African heritage like to be defined as African Americans, but others prefer the terms black or person of color. The same is true of people from South and Central America. Some may consider themselves Hispanic, some like to be called Latino or Latina, and others may say white or prefer another term. If you need to describe someone in terms of their race for some reason, and you are unsure how to describe, you can ask them.

Siz uni g'alati siz tez-tez poygasi talab qilinadi, deb topish mumkin. Agar hujjatlar to'ldirish bo'lsa, Agar Osiyo yo'qmi, deydi bir katagiga talab qilinishi mumkin, qora, ispan, oq rang, Bu savolga uchun etc.The asosiy sababi hukumat dasturlari etarlicha ozchiliklarning ehtiyojlarini qondirish yo'qligini nazorat qilish uchun bo'ladi. Agar javob berish istamasangiz, Siz har doim bo'sh savol tark yoki deydi qutisini nazorat mumkin “javob uchun emas, balki tanlang” yoki “javob uchun qaror.”

You may find it strange that you are often asked your race. If you are filling out paperwork, you may be asked to check a box that says whether you are Asian, black, Hispanic, white, etc.The primary reason for this question is to monitor whether government programs are adequately meeting the needs of minorities. If you do not want to answer, you can always leave the question blank or check the box that says “Choose not to reply” or “Prefer not to reply.”

Agar ish joyida irqchilik yuborsangiz, uy-joy izlayotgan paytda, yoki har qanday boshqa vaqtda, Siz .. qila olasiz; siz ... mumkin bizga elektron pochta va biz sizga yordam berish uchun bir manba sizni murojaat qilishga harakat qiladi. yoki, Agar shunchaki savol bor yoki madaniy tajriba haqida bizga aytib bo'lsangiz,, shuningdek, bizga elektron pochta uchun bilishadi.

If you experience racism in the workplace, when looking for housing, or at any other time, you can email us and we will try to refer you to a resource to help you. Or, if you simply have questions or want to tell us about a cultural experience, please feel free to email us as well.

immigratsiya

Immigration

AQSh ba'zan bir deb ataladi “salat shar” yoki “pot erish.” Bu bir mamlakatda yashayotgan ko'plab mamlakatlardan kelgan odamlar va fon bor, degan ma'noni anglatadi. tarixan, AQSh deb ataladi “muhojirlar bir millat,” Evropa muhojirlar birinchi 1600 yilda keldi uzoq oldin Shimoliy Amerikada yashayotgan hindular bor edi-da.

The USA is sometimes referred to as a “salad bowl” or “melting pot.” This means there are people from many different countries and backgrounds living in one country. Historically, the USA is called “a nation of immigrants,” although there were Native Americans living in North America long before European immigrants first arrived in the 1600s.

Bugun, Ba'zi amerikaliklar muhojirlar haqida salbiy fikr bor. Bu fikrlarning eng qo'rquv yoki noto'g'ri idrok asoslangan. Ko'chmanchilar AQSh uchun juda ko'p kuchli va foyda taklif. ham, muhojirlar qarshi o'ylaydigan etiladi amerikaliklar turli irq qarshi qo'rquv yoki pasayishiga ega.

Today, some Americans have negative opinions about immigrants. Most of these opinions are based in fear or mistaken perceptions. Immigrants offer many strengths and benefits to the USA. Also, Americans who are prejudiced against immigrants have fear of or bias against different races.

keksa

The elderly

AQShda, katta shaxslar ham bor 65 va katta. Da 65, Amerikaliklar ish to'xtatish va bir pensiya olish mumkin, yoki kichik pensiya ish haqi, hukumatdan.

In the US, older individuals are those 65 and older. At 65, Americans can stop working and receive a pension, or small retirement salary, from the government.

katta amerikaliklar ko'pincha yolg'iz yoki muassasalarida yashash, chunki Amerika boshqa ko'plab mamlakatlar ko'ra farq qiladi. atrofida 29% Amerikaliklar ustidan 65 yolg'iz yashaydi., va 47% ayollar foizi ustidan 75 yolg'iz yashash. Boshqa ko'plab katta uy-joy yoki qariyalar uylarida yashayotgan.

America is different than many other countries because older Americans often live alone or in institutions. About 29% of Americans over 65 live alone., and 47% percent of women over 75 live alone. Many others live in senior housing or nursing homes.

Siz amerikaliklar kabi his qilishi mumkin, ayniqsa, Amerika yoshlar, Sizning madaniyatida muomala kabi oqsoqollar bir xil tarzda keksa hurmat emas. AQShda, Bu ba'zan bir deb ataladi “avlod farq.” Yosh va keksa odamlar turli fikrlar bo'lishi mumkin, Ular boshqa mamlakatlarda kabi, lekin Amerika ommaviy axborot markazida yoshlik istagi.

You may feel like Americans, especially American youth, do not respect the elderly in the same way as elders as treated in your culture. In the USA, this is sometimes referred to as a “generation gap.” Young and old people may have different opinions, like they do in other countries, but American media tends to focus on youth.

Elder amerikaliklar ko'pincha moliyaviy va sog'liq qiyinchiliklarga duch. Bu qiyinchiliklar ham katta muhojirlar va qochoqlar uchun to'g'ridir. Agar oqsoqol bo'lsa, Agar qabul qilingan ko'ra siz AQSh siz uchun ko'proq e'tibor beradi deb o'ylagan bo'lishi mumkin. Lekin siz AQShda o'zingizni qo'llab-quvvatlash uchun ish topish uchun kerak bo'lishi mumkin, kabi ko'plab qariyalar, albatta. Lekin qariyalar yordam berish uchun maxsus dasturlar bor, va siz bir topish uchun yordam kerak bo'lsa,, bizga elektron pochta.

Elder Americans often face financial and health difficulties. These difficulties are true for older immigrants and refugees too. If you are an elder, you may have thought the USA would provide more care for you than you are receiving. But you may need to find work to support yourself in the USA, as many seniors do. But there are special programs to help seniors, and if you need help to find one, email us.

kamsitish

Discrimination

Kamsitish chunki shaxsiy fon yomon muomala bo'lsa bo'ladi. Odamlar turli sabablarga ko'ra nisbatan kamsitish mumkin, Bunday ularning irq sifatida, teri rangi, gender, yosh, yoki din. Kamsitish AQShda noqonuniy hisoblanadi. Bu odamlar qat'iy nazar, ularning fon nima shu imkoniyatlar teng muomala va berilishi kerak, degan ma'noni anglatadi. Masalan, bir ish keksa kamsitilishiga ruxsat emas. Hatto bir kishi eski bo'lsa, Ular ishni aks holda malakali bo'lsa, ular bir yosh kishi sifatida bir ish topish uchun shu imkoniyat bo'lishi kerak. The AQSh teng ish imkoniyati komissiyasi kamsitish ko'p har xil turdagi ta'riflaydi. Agar iymon bo'lsa siz bir ish uchun qo'llash kamsitishga qilindi, Agar faylni mumkin kamsitish zaryad. Bu tizim orqali o'z yo'lini ishlashni bir ishi uchun yillar kerak bo'ladi, Sizning shikoyat ko'rib chiqilmoqda esa shunday boshqa ish topish uchun rejalashtirish.

Discrimination is when you are treated badly because of your personal background. People can be discriminated against for many reasons, such as their race, skin color, gender, age, or religion. Discrimination is illegal in the USA. This means people must be treated equally and given the same opportunities no matter what their background is. For example, a business is not allowed to discriminate against the elderly. Even if a person is old, they must have the same chance to get a job as a younger person if they are otherwise qualified to do the work. The US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission describes many different types of discrimination. If you believe you have been discriminated against when applying for a job, you can file a charge of discrimination. It can take years for a case to work its way through the system, so plan to find other work while your complaint is being considered.

noo'rin xatti-

Inappropriate behavior

Agar yangi madaniyatni o'rganish bo'lsa, ba'zan siz tomon kimningdir xatti-chunki madaniy farq yoki bo'lsa bilish qiyin bo'lishi mumkin shaxs faqat qo'pol yoki yomon tarzda yo'l. Agar noqulay his vaziyatda hech bo'lsa, ularning xatti to'xtatish uchun boshqa kishini so'rang. kimdir sizga noqulay qiladi, bir xatti davom etsa, yordam uchun ishonchli Amerika do'st so'rang.

When you are learning a new culture, it can sometimes be hard to know if someone’s behavior towards you is because of a cultural difference or if the person is just being rude or behaving in a bad way. If you are ever in a situation where you feel uncomfortable, ask the other person to stop their behavior. If someone continues a behavior that makes you uncomfortable, please ask a trusted American friend for help.

emas, balki haqiqat - bu Amerika madaniyati haqida umumlashma bor, faqat g'oyalar yaxshiroq amerikalik siz uchun ishlatiladi nima uchun boshqacha tarzda harakat qilishi mumkin nima tushunishga yordam uchun. Amerika yo'llari va madaniyat boshqa yo'llar ko'ra emas, balki yaxshi yoki yomon bo'ladi - boshqacha faqat.

These are generalizations about American culture – not facts, just ideas to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way that is different to what you are used to. American ways and culture are not better or worse than other ways – just different.

Ko'proq ma'lumot olish

Learn more

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