LGBT huquqlari va qonun

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida, LGBT kishilar muayyan huquqlarga ega. Ba'zi huquqlari qaerda yashashingizga bog'liq. ish LGBT huquqlari haqida o'qing, uy-joy huquqlari, va anti-Bezorilik qonunlar. LGBT kishilar uchun huquqiy muhofaza qilish to'g'risida bilib.

In the United States, LGBT people have specific rights. Some rights depend on where you live. Read about LGBT rights at work, housing rights, and anti-bullying laws. Find out about legal protection for LGBT people.

A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
IStock / FG savdo
A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
IStock/FG Trade

LGBT Lezbiyen uchun turadi, gay, biseksual, va jinsi yoki Transeksüel. haqida o'qing LGBT va yana ta'riflar, Bunday g'alati bo'lib, so'roq va Gey. kamsitish chunki yoshi boshqacha muomala bildiradi, jins, gender, yoki jinsiy. Bu LGBTQ hamjamiyatning xalqiga qarshi tanimoq uchun AQShda qonunga zid. Lekin har bir kishi qonunlar quyidagilar, va LGBT hamjamiyati tomon munosabat mamlakat bo'ylab barcha farq qiladi. Bu muhim ahamiyatga ega qonunlar sizning davlat qanday bilaman.

LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender or transsexual. Read about LGBT and more definitions, such as queer, questioning and intersex. Discrimination means being treated differently because of your age, sex, gender, or sexuality. It is against the law in the USA to discriminate against people from the LGBTQ community. But not everyone follows the laws, and attitudes toward the LGBT community are different all over the country. It is important to know what the laws are in your state.

ish LGBT huquqlari

LGBT rights at work

Sizning ish beruvchi emas, balki mumkin LGBT bo'lish uchun sizlarga qarshi ajratmoq. Barcha xodimlar quyidagi huquqlarga ega:

Your employer cannot discriminate against you for being LGBT. All employees have the following rights:

  • Sizning ish beruvchi siz LGBT yo'qmi haqida gapirish sizni majbur qila olmaydi.
  • Sizning ish beruvchi sizni haqorat yoki sizning shaxsingiz haqida hazil qilish mumkin emas.
  • Sizning ish beruvchi sizga ko'proq ishni qilish yoki LGBT, chunki sizni jazolaydi mumkin emas.
  • Sizning ish beruvchi LGBT bo'lish uchun olov olmaydi.
  • Your employer cannot force you to talk about whether you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot insult you or make jokes about your identity.
  • Your employer cannot make you do more work or punish you because you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot fire you for being LGBT.

Bu asosiy huquqlari Beyond, davlat va xususiy xodimlari uchun turli huquqlari bor. Xalq xodimlari County uchun ishlaydi, Davlat, yoki milliy hukumat - mahalliy davlat maktabda masalan. Xususiy xodimlari korxonalar uchun ish, Bunday fabrikalarda yoki do'konlar sifatida.

Beyond these basic rights, there are different rights for public and private employees. Public employees work for the county, state, or national government – for example at a local public school. Private employees work for businesses, such as factories or stores.

Qonunlar o'z shaxsi uchun olov bo'lib kelgan davlat xodimlarini himoya. Lekin siz bir xususiy kompaniya ishga, agar, ish turli qoidalar va ta'qib haqida harakatlar bo'lishi mumkin. Agar ishini boshlash, Agar savollaringiz bo'lsa, sizning inson resurslari bo'limi bilan gaplashish. Ular xususiy sizning savol va ma'lumotlarni saqlaydi.

Laws protect public employees from being fired for their identity. But if you work at a private company, your job might have different rules and actions about harassment. When you start your job, talk to your human resources department if you have questions. They will keep your questions and information private.

OIV bilan xodimlar

Employees with HIV

LGBT jamiyatda odamlar to'g'ri odamlardan ko'ra OIV stavkalari yuqori. OIV immun tizimini hujum yuqumli virus hisoblanadi. Bu OITS deb nomlangan kasallik sabab bo'lishi mumkin. OIV bilan Odamlar shifokor borish va ular charchagan bo'lsangiz tanaffus olish uchun vaqt kerak. Siz tayinlash borib qaratilmoqda vaqt off olishi mumkin. yaxshi his emas, agar sizga yordam so'rab mumkin. Sizning xo'jayin ha aytish kerak emas.

People in the LGBT community have higher rates of HIV than straight people. HIV is a contagious virus that attacks your immune system. It can lead to an illness called AIDS. People with HIV need time to go to the doctor and to take breaks if they are tired. You can take paid time off to go to appointments. You can ask for help if you are not feeling well. Your boss does not have to say yes.

Agar OIV bo'lsa, Eng ish o'rni xususiy vaziyatga tutish kerak. Agar ijobiy OIV bo'lsa, ular ish tashqarida boshqa xodimlar yoki odamlarni olmayman. Ammo, sizning ish bor bo'lsa, dan kam 15 odamlar, Boshlig'ingiz bu xususiy tutish kerak emas.

If you have HIV, most workplaces have to keep your status private. They cannot tell other employees or people outside of work if you are HIV positive. But if your work has less than 15 people, your boss does not have to keep this private.

Agar OIV chunki Sening xo'jayin sizni olov olmaydi. Agar siz ishni qilish uchun juda kasal bo'lsa, lekin ular sizlarni olov mumkin. Bu barcha davlat va xususiy xodimlari uchun haq.

Your boss cannot fire you because you have HIV. But they can fire you if you are too sick to do your job. This is true for all public and private employees.

hujjatsiz xodimlari

Undocumented employees

Agar hujjatsiz bo'lsa, Agar bor bir xil Boshqa LGBT xodimlari sifatida huquqlari. Ish joyida kamsitishni nazorat agentligi sizning fuqaroligi qarash mumkin emas. Agar kamsitish xabar bo'lsa, siz ish beruvchi sizni jazolaydi mumkin emas. Bu qonun. Lekin ish beruvchi immigratsiya xizmatlari bilan sizni hisobot mumkin. Bu yo'l qo'yilmaydi, Lekin ba'zan u sodir. ish hujjatsiz huquqlari haqida ko'proq ma'lumot olishingiz.

If you are undocumented, you have the same rights as other LGBT employees. The agency that monitors workplace discrimination cannot look at your citizenship. Your employer cannot punish you if you report discrimination. This is the law. But your employer might report you to immigration services. This is not allowed, but sometimes it happens. Find more information on undocumented rights at work.

uy-joy bilan LGBT huquqlari

LGBT rights in housing

atrofida 50% Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida LGBT kishilar ular bo'lar, deb aytish uy-joy izlayotgan paytda nisbatan kamsitish. Uy-joy huquqlari har bir davlatning ham bir xil emas.

About 50% of LGBT people in the United States say that they have been discriminated against when looking for housing. Housing rights are not the same in every state.

hozirgi paytda, 20 davlatlar va District of Columbia jinsi kamsitish to'xtatish qo'llab-quvvatlash qonunlar. Agar ijaraga yoki o'sha davlatlarda mulkni sotib bo'lsa:

Currently, 20 states and the District of Columbia support laws that stop transgender discrimination. If you rent or buy property in those states:

  • Odamlar sening jinsi yoki jinsiy orientatsiyasi haqida so'rarlar mumkin emas.
  • Agar jinsi yoki buzuq, chunki odamlar sizni o'girib mumkin emas.
  • Agar jinsi yoki buzuq, chunki odamlar tark sizni majbur qila olmaydi. Agar ijara yoki shartnoma bo'lsa, Agar qolish uchun qonuniy emas.
  • People cannot ask about your gender or sexual orientation.
  • People cannot turn you away because you are transgender or gay.
  • People cannot force you to leave because you are transgender or gay. If you have a lease or contract, it is legal for you to stay.

uyli

Homelessness

LGBT odamlar boshpanasiz bo'lishi ham ehtimoldan yiroq. Siz boshpanasiz bo'lsa, sen yolg'iz emassan. bir boshpana kechada qolish uchun Siz ko'ring. LGBT uy-joy va boshpana ularning manzillari nashr mumkin. Bu erda yashayotgan odamlar xavfsizligini himoya qilish uchun emas. Sizning Yaqin LGBT jamoa markazi Agar ro'yxatda bo'lmasa bir boshpana topishga yordam berishi mumkin. Ular, shuningdek, sizga yana uzoq muddatli uy-joy topishga yordam berishi mumkin.

LGBT people are more likely to be homeless. If you are currently homeless, you are not alone. You can look for a shelter to stay in overnight. LGBT housing and shelters might not publish their addresses. This is to protect the safety of people living there. Your nearest LGBT community center may help you find a shelter that is not listed. They may also help you find more long-term housing.

xavfsiz joyi favqulodda yordam va xavfsizligini kerak yoshlar uchun milliy dastur. Xavfsiz joyda LGBT kishilar favqulodda kishidandir "xavfsiz joylar», deb tashkilotlari teglar. Joylar kutubxonalar bo'lishi mumkin, olov stantsiyalari, ijtimoiy xizmatlar, va yana. Ular xavfsiz sizni ushlab qolish va sizga yordam beradi. Ular sizning muammo bilan sizga yordam olmasa, Ular kim boshqa biror topasiz.

Safe Place is a national program for young people who need emergency help and safety. Safe Place labels organizations as ‘Safe Places’ where LGBT people can go in an emergency. Places can be libraries, fire stations, social services, and more. They will keep you safe and help you. If they can’t help you with your problem, they will find someone else who can.

Anti-Bezorilik qonunlar

Anti-bullying laws

Bezorilik ta'qib haqida gapirish uchun ishlatiladigan umumiy so'z. Bezorilik o'rtacha narsalarni va istalmagan jismoniy aloqada har qanday deb o'z ichiga oladi. kimdir onlayn o'rtacha yoki tahdid xabarlar yuboradi qachon kiberhujum emas. Bu, odatda, Facebook kabi ijtimoiy media orqali sodir bo'ladi.

Bullying is a common word used to talk about harassment. Bullying includes saying mean things and any kind of unwanted physical contact. Cyberbullying is when someone sends mean or threatening messages online. This usually happens through social media such as Facebook.

Bezorilik har qanday yoshdagi odamlarga ro'y va AQShda jiddiy masala mumkin. In 21 davlatlar va District of Columbia, Chunki ularning jinsi yoki jinsiy kimnidir qo'rqitmoqchi qonunga zid. kimdir sizning ish joyida sizni bezorilik bo'lsa, Manager aytib.

Bullying can happen to people of any age and is a serious issue in the USA. In 21 states and the District of Columbia, it is against the law to bully someone because of their gender or sexual orientation. If someone is bullying you in your workplace, tell your manager.

bolangiz maktabda ulushini kuch bilan o'zlashtirib bo'lsa, Agar ularning ustoz bilan gaplashish kerak. Bezorilik noqonuniy qaerda davlat yashamaydi mumkin. Lekin, hatto, bunday qonunlar holda, maktablar, ularning talabalar va xodimlar himoya kerak. Maktab rasmiylari qo'rqitmoqchi suhbatlashamiz. muammo jiddiy bo'lsa, urmoq, ehtimol jazoga oladi.

If your child is being bullied at school, you should talk to their teacher. You might not live in a state where bullying is illegal. But even without such laws, schools must protect their students and employees. School officials will talk to the bully. If the problem is serious, the bully will probably get punished.

huquqiy himoya

Legal protection

Huquqiy tashkilotlar kamsitish tajribali odamlar uchun ishlarni olib. umumiy tashkilotlar va LGBT tashkilotlari bor. LGBT tashkilotlari muayyan ehtiyojlarini qo'llab-quvvatlash va LGBT hamjamiyat uchun ish ko'p.

Legal organizations take cases for people who have experienced discrimination. There are general organizations and LGBT organizations. LGBT organizations support specific needs and do a lot of work for the LGBT community.

Lambda Huquqiy eng katta milliy LGBT huquqiy yordam tashkilotdir. Lamda huquqiy ning qo'llab-quvvatlash byurosiga Sizning ishni ko'rib chiqish va mahalliy vakillari sizni ulashingiz mumkin.

Lambda Legal is the biggest national LGBT legal aid organization. Lamda Legal’s helpdesk can review your case and connect you to local representatives.

ACLU huquqlari suiiste'mol qilinmoqda odamlarga bepul huquqiy yordam beradi. ACLU LGBT huquqlari uchun dasturlar bor va ta'qib qilingan LGBT odamlarni ifodalaydi. Agar huquqiy yordam kerak bo'lsa, eng yaqin ACLU o'rnini topish.

The ACLU gives free legal help to people whose rights are being abused. The ACLU has programs for LGBT rights and represents LGBT people who have been harassed. If you need legal help, find your nearest ACLU location.

Ko'proq ma'lumot olish

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