Hayvon qonunlar va hayvon qoidalari

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Amerikaliklar hayvonlar uchun yirtqich saqlab va hayvonot bog'lari qurish juda ko'p pul sarflash. Ularning fermer xo'jaliklari va fermalari oziq-ovqat ishlab chiqarish uchun hayvonlarni yuksaltirish. Va ko'p amerikaliklar ularning uy hayvonlari, deb o'ylayman,, Odatda Mushuklar va itlar, ularning oila qismi sifatida. ammo, Sizning hayvonlar sizdan tortib olish jarima yoki oldini olish uchun amal qilish kerak, ayrim chorvachilik va uy hayvonlari uchun qoidalari bor.

Americans spend a lot of money to preserve wilderness for animals and build zoos. Their farms and ranches raise animals to produce food. And many Americans think of their pets, usually cats and dogs, as part of their families. However, there are some livestock and pet rules you need to follow to avoid fines or getting your animals taken away from you.

Dogs as pets, photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec.
Matt Stenovec fototuhfasi
Dogs as pets, photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec.
Photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec

Bu erda AQShda Hayvonlar bilan amal qilish, ayrim qoidalari bor.

Here are some rules to follow with animals and pets in the USA.

Uy hayvonlari uchun kvartiralar Qoidalar

Pet rules in apartments

Ko'pchilik xona rahbarlari yoki uy hayvonlarini ruxsat yo'q egalari. Ular, albatta, agar, Ular rioya qilish zarur maxsus uy hayvonlari uchun qoidalar bo'lishi mumkin yoki ular mol-mulk hayvonlarni qaytarmoqchi katta xavfsizlik depozit yoki qo'shimcha ijara haq beradi. har qanday bir kuchukcha olish oldin, sizni ijaraga qo'ygan bilan tekshirish. Ba'zi bir mushukni beradi, emas, balki bir it, Boshqalar kichik itlar beradi. Ba'zi Kafesli qush beradi, bir tipratikan, oltin baliq bir tank, bir chumoli xo'jalik, yoki hatto o't ilon, emas, balki bir it yoki mushuk. har qanday zaharli yoki yomon hayvonlar qabul qilinmaydi. hayvonlarini tutish bo'yicha ijaraga qo'ygan odamning qoidalarini buzish sizning shartnoma bekor va uy yo'qotadi olib kelishi mumkin.

Many apartment managers or landlords do not allow pets. If they do, they may have specific pet rules you must follow or they will charge a large security deposit or extra rent to discourage animals on their property. Before getting a pet of any kind, check with your landlord. Some will allow a cat, but not a dog, Others will allow small dogs. Some will allow a caged bird, a hedgehog, a tank of gold fish, an ant farm, or even a grass snake, but not a dog or cat. Poisonous or vicious animals of any kind are not acceptable. Violating a landlord’s rules on keeping pets can void your contract and result in the loss of your home.

Agar hayvonlar kompaniyasi bahramand bo'lsa, lekin uyda ularni ushlab qolish uchun ruxsat yo'q, hayvon boshpana ko'ngilli ko'rib yoki hayvonga piyoda sifatida kichik biznes boshlash, murabbiy yoki tozalash xizmatlari.

If you enjoy the company of animals, but aren’t allowed to keep them in your home, consider volunteering for an animal shelter or starting a small business as an animal walker, trainer or groomer.

Hayvon naslchilik ko'p joylarda cheklangan bo'ladi, Bas, siz it yoki mushuk kirgizib, avval mahalliy hukumat bilan tekshirish chaqaloqlarni bor; uy hayvonlari sotish, shuningdek, ayrim joylarda tartibga solinadi. uyda oziqlangan do'konlar haqida ko'proq mavjud, boshpanalar va quyida mehroblar.

Animal breeding is restricted in many locales, so check with your local government before letting your dog or cat have babies; the sale of pets is also regulated in some areas. There is more about pet shops, shelters and sanctuaries below.

terapiya, Xizmat ko'rsatish va yordam hayvonlar

Therapy, service and assistance animals

AQShda Ba'zi odamlar ularga yordam berish uchun hayvonlarni bor, shu jumladan:

Some people in the USA have animals to assist them, including:

  • ko'r va kar va itlarga otlarni hidoyat
  • “hushyor” soqchilik va diabet bilan odamlar uchun itlar
  • nogironlar shaxsiy parvarish uchun maymun yordamchilari
  • quyonlar kabi yupatish uy hayvonlari, qushlar, Mushuklar, va itlar tashvish qarshi kurash
  • himoya qilish yoki watch itlar (va hatto to'ng'iz) boshqa xavflardan himoya qilish uchun
  • guide dogs and horses for the blind and deaf
  • “alert” dogs for people with seizures and diabetes
  • monkey assistants for personal care of the disabled
  • comfort pets like rabbits, birds, cats, and dogs to combat anxiety
  • protection or watch dogs (and even pigs) to guard against other risks

shifoxonalarda it ko'rib hayron bo'lmang, shifokorlar’ Ofislar, qariyalar uylari, xarid qilish markazlari, aeroportlar va bog'lar. Eng juda nozik bo'ladi, lekin birinchi işleyicisine ruxsat olmasdan bir itni arzanda hech qachon.

Don’t be surprised to see dogs in hospitals, doctors’ offices, nursing homes, shopping malls, airports and parks. Most are quite gentle, but never pet a dog without first getting permission from the handler.

Agar shifokor sizga bir davolash yoki yordam uyda oziqlangan uchun belgilangan bo'lsa, va bu plastmas parvarishlash o'qitildi, uy egasi odatda uni qabul qilishi kerak. Lekin siz hayvon isbot rasmiy hujjatlar bilan shug'ullanishadi malakali va xavfsiz saqlash uchun zarur bo'lgan lozim, va u yana kimga tahdid hech qachon kerak.

If a doctor has prescribed for you a therapy or assistance pet, and you have been trained in the care of that pet, the landlord usually has to accept it. But you must have official paperwork proving the animal is qualified and required to keep you safe, and it must never be a threat to anyone else.

Politsiya va qutqaruv xodimlari tez-tez yo'qolgan odamlarni topish yoki xavfli vaziyatlarni nazorat qilish itlar va otlarni foydalanish. Agar ko'rganingizda kimdir itga yoki ot bilan ishlash, u har qanday buyruq itoat va to'xtatish yoki tarzda qabul qilish uchun eng yaxshi bo'lgan.

Police and rescue personnel often use dogs and horses to find lost people or to control dangerous situations. When you see someone working with a dog or horse, it is best to obey any orders and not interrupt or get in the way.

Litsenziyalash va boshqa uy hayvonlari uchun qoidalar

Licensing and other pet rules

Eng jamoalar sog'lom hayvonlarni tutish uchun talab uyda oziqlangan qoidalar bor. Ular it va mushuk kabi hamroh hayvonlar Quturgan emlash va litsenziyaga bo'lishini so'rarlar, Bas, ular kasallik-ochiq, deb hisoblangan va bo'sh yugurib topgan bo'lsa qaytib mumkin. Ba'zi shaharlar neutered kerak hayvonlarini talab, yoki “belgilangan,” Bas, ular qayta olmaydi. Katta miqdordagi jarimalar zaryadlangan mumkin va bu talablarga rioya etilmagan bo'lsa hayvonlar sizlardan uzoq olib.

Most communities have pet rules that require you to keep animals healthy. They ask that companion animals like dogs and cats be vaccinated for rabies and licensed, so they can be presumed disease-free and returned if found running loose. Some cities require pets to be neutered, or “fixed,” so they cannot reproduce. Large fines can be charged and animals taken away from you if these requirements are not met.

Qonun jamiki yovvoyi hayvonlar issiqdan boshpana bo'lishi kerak deydi, sovuq, yomg'ir va qor. Batafsil ma'lumot olish uchun politsiya bo'limi yoki hayvon nazorat idorasi bilan tekshiring. Agar farq bo'lsangiz, siz uyda oziqlangan yo'qolgan, mahalla tekshirish, politsiya yoki hayvon nazorat qo'ng'iroq, xabarnomalarni qo'yish, va monitor “topilgan uy hayvonlari uchun” veb-saytlari.

The law says pets must have shelter from the heat, cold, rain and snow. Check with your police department or animal control office for details. If you notice your pet is missing, check the neighborhood, call police or animal control, put up notices, and monitor “found pet” websites.

Sizning uyda oziqlangan politsiya tomonidan to'plangan bo'lsa, Agar u ro'yxatga olish va emlash sertifikatlar ishlab chiqarish bilan seniki bo'ladi isbotlash kerak bo'ladi, va siz bir muhim jarima to'lash kerak mumkin, ba'zan ko'p $100, orqaga sizning plastmas olish. Agar bir necha kun ichida sizning plastmas da'vo qilmasangiz, uyda oziqlangan halok bo'lishi mumkin (ötenazi, “pastga qo'ymoq” yoki “uyqu”).

If your pet is collected by police, you will have to prove it is yours by producing registration and vaccination certificates, and you may have to pay a considerable fine, sometimes as much as $100, to get your pet back. If you do not claim your pet within a few days, the pet may be killed (euthanized, “put down” or “put to sleep”).

Qishloq joylarda, uyda oziqlangan litsenziyalash talab qilinishi mumkin emas, lekin barcha registri va turlari odamzod hayvonlar hali emlanmoqda kerak, nazorat yoki mavjud. hayvon yopiq chiqib oladi va bir voqea sodir bo'lgan sabab bo'lsa,, hayvonning egasi barcha zarar uchun to'lov ayblangan mumkin. Bu otlar va sigir kabi yirik hayvonlar bilan, ayniqsa jiddiy, Lekin hatto kichik hayvonlar haydovchilar farq va buzilish olib kelishi mumkin. Haydash va yo'lida bir hayvonni duch bo'lsa, g'ildirak to'g'ri tutish va pastga sekin. Signal va hayvon urdi, agar yo'l chetiga ko'chib. Quyida bu haqida ko'proq o'qing, ostida “Chorvachilik qishloq xo'jalik hayvonlarini.”

In rural areas, pet licensing might not be required, but domesticated animals of all sizes and types still must be vaccinated, supervised or contained. If an animal gets out of an enclosure and causes an accident, the animal’s owner can be charged with paying for all the damages. This is particularly serious with large animals like horses and cows, but even smaller animals can cause drivers to swerve and crash. If you are driving and encounter an animal in your path, keep the wheel straight and slow down. Signal and move to the side of the road if you hit an animal. Read more about this below, under “Livestock and farm animals.”

Uy hayvonlari uchun xarajatlar

Pet expenses

Bu kısırlaştırma to'lash uchun eng yaxshi bo'lgan, emlashlar va old litsenziyalash. Ana xarajatlar, odatda, ko'p haqida ishlatish $400, hayvon hajmi va jinsi qarab. Shundan so'ng o'rtacha plastmas uchun oziqlantirish va parvarish qilish qiymati haqida $600 yiliga. arzon hayvon qabul targ'ib arzon veterinariya shifoxonalari va mavsumiy hodisalar uchun, atrofida xarid.

It is best to pay for neutering, vaccinations and licensing up front. Those costs typically run about $400, depending on the size and sex of the animal. Thereafter the cost of feeding and caring for the average pet is about $600 per year. Shop around for low-cost veterinary clinics and seasonal events that promote low-cost animal adoption.

Yaxshi uy hayvonlari uchun protokoli

Good pet protocol

Har bir inson, hayvonlar sevadi yoki uylarda yashovchi va avtomobillar bilan mingan ulardan rozi. Ba'zi odamlar qo'rqib yoki ularga allergiya. uyingizga mehmonlar Siz chorva bor va ular kelmasdan oldin, ular har qanday muammo bo'lsa, so'rab xabar bering. Bu mehmonlar tashrif qachon boshqa xonada hayvonlarni qo'yish muloyim bo'ldi, va uy hayvonlari musofirlarni yoqtirmagan bo'lsa, Bu ikki barobar tavsiya etiladi. Ko'p odamlar xavfsizlik uchun it saqlashga, Bas, bir taklifnoma holda kimnidir ziyorat qilish taxmin emas. siz yoki yana kimdir itga chaqqan bo'lsa, tezkor tibbiy olish va ular xalq salomatligi uchun mumkin bo'lgan xavf qarshi himoya mumkin, shuning uchun politsiya xabar.

Not everyone likes animals or approves of them living in homes and riding in cars. Some people are afraid of or allergic to them. Let guests to your home know you have pets and ask if they have any problems before they arrive. It’s polite to put animals in another room when guests are visiting, and if the pets dislike strangers, it’s doubly recommended. Many people keep dogs for security, so don’t presume to visit someone without an invitation. If you or someone else is bitten by a dog, get prompt medical attention and report it to police so they can guard against a potential threat to public health.

Eng jamoalar boshqalarga bezovta, va o'z himoyasi uchun ularni oldini olish uchun qachon uyda yoki hovlida tashqarida mushuk va it, ham kısıtlanır yoki og'ir bo'lishi talab.

Most communities require both dogs and cats be leashed or restrained when outside the home or yard to prevent them from bothering others and for their own protection.

Uy hayvonlari uchun jarohatlari va suiiste'mol qoidalari

Pet rules for injuries and abuse

Sizning uyda oziqlangan mashina urib bo'lsa, bezovta chorvachilik, nazorat qilib yurib paytida yoki kimnidir chaqqan, Politsiya jamoatchilikni himoya qilish uchun, uni o'ldirish uchun bo'lishi mumkin. Ba'zan bir jarohat hayvon tibbiy xizmat uchun to'lash uchun hech kim yo'q bo'lsa pastga qo'yiladi. Ehtimol, har qanday zarar va xarajatlar uchun haq olinadi. A qochqin hayvon ham bir koyot yoki boshqa o'lja hayvon qurboni bo'lishi mumkin, yoki uni xabar, hech kim tomonidan qabul qilingan.

If your pet has been hit by a car, bothered livestock, or bitten someone while wandering unsupervised, the police may have to kill it to protect the public. Sometimes an injured animal is put down if there is no one to pay for medical care. You probably will be charged for any damages and expenses. A runaway pet can also become the victim of a coyote or other prey animal, or taken in by someone who never reports it.

Companion hayvonlar suiiste'mol kerak, zarar yoki AQShda jarohat, va u jiddiy jinoyat hayvonga bilan jinsiy aloqa qilish deyarli hamma joyda. ko'p chorva egalari tomonidan ta'qib yaxshi qoida Agar siz farzandingiz imkon bo'lmadi bir hamrohi hayvon uchun hech narsa hech qachon. Yana bir fikr siz och bo'lsa, deb tushunib iborat, chanqagan, issiq yoki sovuq, Sizning hamroh uyda oziqlangan, ehtimol,, ham, Bas, siz bir plastmas uchun uzaytirilishi kerak o'zingiz uchun baribir yupatish bilan ta'minlash.

Companion animals must not be abused, hurt or injured in the USA, and it is a serious crime nearly everywhere to have sex with an animal. A good rule followed by many pet owners is never to do anything to a companion animal that you would not do to a child. Another consideration is to realize that if you are hungry, thirsty, hot or cold, your companion pet probably is, too, so whatever comfort you provide for yourself should be extended to a pet.

Chorvachilik qishloq xo'jalik hayvonlarini

Livestock and farm animals

Ko'p turli hayvonlar AQShda fermer va fermalari ustidan tiriltiriladigan, shu jumladan sigirlar, otlar, qo'y, echki, cho'chqalar, tovuq, quyon, tuyaqush, llamas, bizon, va baliq va qisqichbaqasimonlar. Eng hayvonlar oziq-ovqat ishlab chiqarish uchun saqlanadi, lekin ba'zi ta'lim yoki lazzatlanish uchun saqlanadi. Hayvonlar halok va egan mumkin emas qaerda Boshqalar boshpana yoki pana yashaydi.

Many different animals are raised on farms and ranches in the USA, including cows, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, rabbits, ostriches, llamas, bison, and fish and shellfish. Most animals are kept to produce food, but some are kept for education or pleasure. Others live in refuges or shelters where the animals cannot be killed and eaten.

hayvonlarni eyish

Eating animals

Eng amerikaliklar go'sht yiyiciler, lekin gacha 10% aholining ham diniy kuchli bo'lishi, faqat eb-sabzavot uchun atrof-muhit va sog'liqni saqlash sabablari. Ba'zi odamlar hech baliq va parranda, lekin eb “qizil” go'sht (sigir mol go'shti yoki tona, cho'chqa cho'chqa, Qo'zi va qo'y qo'y yoki). Ba'zi shahar-egalari tuxum uchun tovuq tutish, qaerda ruxsat.

Most Americans are meat eaters, but up to 10% of the population either have strong religious, environmental or health reasons for eating only vegetables. Some people will eat fish and poultry but no “red” meat (beef or veal from cows, pork from pigs, or lamb and mutton from sheep). Some city-dwellers keep chickens for eggs, where allowed.

Tufayli ko'plab qochqinlar orasida echki go'shti uchun afzal uchun, echki fermer xo'jaliklari, bir qator tashkil etildi. ot go'shti, odatda, AQShda ustiga nur bo'ladi eb, va u otni taom eng jamoalar noqonuniy hisoblanadi, it, mushuk, yoki har qanday boshqa hayvon odatda yoki an'anaviy bir plastmas yoki hamroh saqlab. tabiatda qo'lga kabutarlar yoki squirrels taom OK bo'lishi mumkin, lekin bir jamoat bog'ida, bunday hayvonlarni qo'lga hech qachon.

Due to the preference for goat meat among many refugees, a number of goat farms have been established. Eating horse meat is generally frowned upon in the USA, and it is illegal in most communities to eat horse, dog, cat, or any other animal generally or traditionally kept as a pet or companion. Pigeons or squirrels caught in the wild may be OK to eat, but never catch such animals in a public park.

Ferma hayvonlari

Farm animals

Qishloq joylarda, Agar sigirlar yoki qo'y farovonligini chorva piyoda va mashinalarda odamlar tomonidan yo'llar bo'ylab ko'chib ko'rishingiz mumkin, itlar, ularning yonida ish bilan. Bu podalar yo'l huquqiga ber. To'xtatish va cho'ponlar sizni orqali to'lqin uchun kutish, va asta-sekin davom. Sizning shoxi Makao qilmang yoki bir vahima olib kelishi mumkin. bir olomon xususda bo'lsa, ushlab Windows o'rab, bir cho'pon iti uning ishni qilish uchun mashina ustiga tutdi bo'lsa va juda hayron bo'lma.

In rural areas, you may see herds of cows or sheep being being moved along roads by people on foot and in vehicles, with dogs working at their sides. Give these herds the right of way. Stop and wait for the herders to wave you through, and proceed slowly. Don’t honk your horn or you could cause a stampede. If stuck in a throng, keep your windows rolled up, and don’t be too surprised if a sheepdog climbs over your car to do its job.

Fermerlar uzoq ularning don va urug 'olib sichqon tutish, mushuk bog'liq bo'lishi. Ilonlar ham sichqon eyishni (eng ona ilonlar Mushuklar ardoqlagan emas-da), Bas, bir xo'jalik mushuk, ham sichqon va ilon uzoq tutish mumkin. Bu ishonch ham xo'jalik Mushuklar qilish uchun eng yaxshi bo'lgan (yoki “ovchi mushuk” Ular ba'zan deyiladi sifatida) emlandi va neutered etiladi.

Farmers have long depended on cats to keep mice out of their grains and seeds. Snakes also like to eat mice (though most native snakes are not fond of cats), so a farm cat can keep away both mice and snakes. It is best to make sure even farm cats (or “mousers” as they are sometimes called) are vaccinated and neutered.

Racing va jangovar

Racing and fighting

otlar va itlar, har ikki sport burdi etiladi, lekin faqat bir necha shtatlarda. Juda ko'p odamlar bu poygasi tikish odamlar uchun hayvonlarga shafqatsiz va xavfli, deb o'ylayman, Bas, ular hukumatlar tomonidan tartibga solinadi. Nowhere emas Dogfighting qonuniy, va qattiq jinoiy jazolar xavfi hayvonlarni va odamlarni qo'yib qo'lga qilganlar uchun mavjud. Xo'roz urishtirish Luiziana va Nyu-Meksiko tashqari hamma joyda noqonuniy, va u keng, hatto u erda mavjud emas.

Both horses and dogs are raced for sport, but only in a few states. Many people think this is cruel to the animals and risky for the people betting on the races, so they are regulated by governments. Nowhere is dogfighting legal, and severe criminal penalties exist for those caught putting animals and people at risk. Cock-fighting is illegal everywhere except Louisiana and New Mexico, and it is not widely supported even there.

ekzotik jonivorlar

Exotic animals

Yigirma Shtatlari ekzotik hayvonlar taqiqlash uy hayvonlari uchun qoidalar bor, Bunday ulkan sudraluvchilarni sifatida, etc yo'lbarslar. In Ular huquqiy bo'lgan joylar, bu “exotics” ruxsat va litsenziya ega bo'lishi kerak va diqqat bilan tabiiy muhit ichiga olish yoki mavjud hayvonlar va ularning egalari uchun muammolarni yaratish, ularni oldini olish uchun nazorat qilinadi. Birma Pito'n, masalan, kollektorlar, AQSh olib va ​​ozod yoki qochib, mahalla hayvonlarini va mahalliy yovvoyi hayotni eb ma'lum qilindi.

Twenty states have pet rules that ban exotic animals, such as large reptiles, tigers etc. In the places where they are legal, these “exotics” must have permits and licenses and be carefully supervised to prevent them from getting into the natural environment or creating problems for existing animals and their owners. Burmese pythons, for example, brought into the USA by collectors and released or escaped, have been known to eat neighborhood pets and local wildlife.

bir kuchukcha sotib olish

Buying a pet

Ba'zi do'konlar hayvonni sotish, asosan itlar, Mushuklar, kichik kemiruvchilar va qushlar, balki baribir oxirgi moda bo'ladi. shafqatsiz sharoitida o'stirilgan qilinmoqda ba'zi yangi uy hayvonlari kino yoki boshqa trend tomonidan yaratilgan injiqligi qondirish uchun. Ayni paytda jamiki yovvoyi hayvonlar g'amxo'rlik uylar yo'qligi uchun yotoqxona pastga qo'yish qilinmoqda. Agar kuchukcha bo'lsangiz, mahalliy hayvon boshpana ketadi haqida o'rniga hayvon do'konga deb o'ylayman.

Some shops sell pets, mostly dogs, cats, small rodents and birds, but also whatever is the latest fashion. Some new pets are being bred in cruel conditions to satisfy the latest whim created by a movie or other trend. Meanwhile pets are being put down in shelters for lack of caring homes. If you want a pet, think about going to your local animal shelter instead of to a pet shop.

Shoular va ko'rgazmalar

Shows and exhibitions

ularning Mushuklar faxrlanishadi AQShda Ba'zi odamlar, itlar, ekzotik qushlar, va otlar, ularning hayvonlarni ko'rsatish uchun muntazam ravishda kutib. Ular sevimli mashg'ulotlariga targ'ib uyushmalar va jurnallar bor. O'quvchilar faol qishloq xo'jalik hayvonlarini va chorvachilik ko'rsatgan ishtirok mumkin. Ko'p odamlar deb nomlangan musobaqalarda o'z Ov va qo'y-yon mahsuloti sifatida g'amxo'rlik itlar iqtidorini namoyish qilmoqchiman “sud.” Agar borish, Boshqalar hayvonlar atrofida muomala qanday tomosha, va eng egalari hayvonlarni tegib musofirlarni istamayman e'tibor.

Some people in the USA who are really proud of their cats, dogs, exotic birds, and horses meet regularly to show their animals. They have associations and magazines promoting their hobby. Students can be actively involved in showing farm animals and livestock. Many people like to demonstrate the talent of their hunting and sheep-herding dogs at competitions called “trials.” If you go, watch how others behave around the animals, and notice that most owners do not want strangers touching their animals.

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