Jinsi huquq va identifikatsiya

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Jinsi, odamlar, odatda, ular jins o'zgartirish, ularning identifikatsiya kartasi yoki haydovchilik guvohnomasini o'zgartirish istayman. Ba'zi davlatlarda, Buni qonuniy huquqiga ega. jinsi huquqlari haqida bilish va ID va tug'ilish sertifikat o'zgaruvchan.

Transgender people usually want to change their identification card or driver’s license when they change genders. In some states, you have the legal right to do this. Learn about transgender rights and changing your ID and birth certificate.

Two people smiling and looking into the camera- transgender rights
Foto: IStock / GustavoFrazao
Two people smiling and looking into the camera- transgender rights
Photo: IStock/GustavoFrazao

Trans odamlar bilan tug'ilgan jinsiy aloqa emas, bir jinsga mansub. Trans odamlar aniqlashni bo'lishi mumkin (ID) kartalari, moliyaviy va sog'liq yozuvlar, va boshqa hujjatlarni tekshirish, ularning ko'rinishi mos emas, deb. Bu hayot qiyin qilish mumkin. Trans odamlar "yolg'on" yoki jamoat vaziyatlarda "go'yo" bo'lsa so'radi mumkin. Shuni dastidan; shu sababdan, ko'p trans odamlar o'z ID o'z nomini va jinsiy aloqa o'zgartirishni tanlash.

Trans people belong to a gender that does not match the sex they were born with. Trans people might have identification (ID) cards, financial and health records, and other paperwork that do not match their appearance. This can make life difficult. Trans people may be asked if they are “lying” or “pretending” in public situations. Because of this, many trans people choose to change their name and sex on their ID.

davlat tomonidan Trans huquqlari davlat

Trans rights state by state

Har bir davlat trans huquqlari haqida o'z qonunlari bor. Ushbu huquqlar hali ham o'zgarmoqda yoki ko'p joylarda belgilangan qilinmoqda. Ba'zi davlatlar trans odamlar o'z Tug'ilgan sertifikat va ID o'zgartirish qilaylik. Ba'zi yo'q. Siz ko'ring xarita, bu shou davlat tomonidan Trans huquqlari.

Each state has its own laws about trans rights. These rights are still changing or being defined in many places. Some states let trans people change their birth certificate and ID. Some do not. You can look at a map that shows trans rights by state.

Ba'zi davlatlar kamsitishdan Trans xalqini himoya. Kamsitish odamlar, chunki ularning hisobga olish, adolatsiz munosabatda bo'lsa bo'ladi. Boshqa davlatlar kamsitish qonunlarini yo'q.

Some states protect trans people from discrimination. Discrimination is when people are treated unfairly because of their identity. Other states do not have discrimination laws.

Tug'ilgan sertifikat o'zgartirish qanday

How to change your birth certificate

masala identifikatorlar dalil kerak emas, deb Eng organlari Agar jarrohlik orqali jinsiy aloqa o'zgardi deb. Bu AQSh Davlat Departamenti o'z ichiga oladi, qaysi pasport va tug'ilish sertifikatlar beradi. o'rniga, Agar bor deb isbot keltiring uchun o'tishni boshlash uchun tibbiy davolash kerak bo'ladi. Bu sizning tashqi ko'rinishini o'zgartirish uchun gormon davolash yoki operatsiya o'z ichiga olishi mumkin. Siz shifokor bu dalil olishingiz mumkin. So'ngra mumkin Tug'ilgan sertifikat o'zgartirish uchun qanday o'rganish.

Most agencies that issue IDs do not need proof that you have changed your sex through surgery. This includes the US State Department, which issues passports and birth certificates. Instead, you will have to provide proof that you have had medical treatment to start your transition. This can include hormone therapy or surgery to change your outward appearance. You can get this proof from your doctor. Then you can learn how to change your birth certificate.

Sizning ID o'zgartirish qanday

How to change your ID

Ba'zi odamlar o'z ID o'z nomini o'zgartirish istagan. birinchi qadam sudlari bilan iltimosnoma to'ldirish uchun emas. (A ariza bir o'zgarish uchun so'raydi hujjat hisoblanadi). Bu, odatda, onlayn amalga oshirilishi mumkin. Siz nomi o'zgarishi haqida shakllarni to'ldirish qiladi va ularni bir sudya tomonidan ko'rib. Siz nomini o'zgartirish istagan Shuning haqida gapirish sudga borishni kerak bo'lishi mumkin. Bu jarayon uch oy yoki undan ko'p olishi mumkin.

Some people want to change their name on their ID. The first step is to fill out a petition with the courts. (A petition is a document that asks for a change). This can usually be done online. You will fill out forms about your name change and have them reviewed by a judge. You may need to go to court to talk about the reason you want to change your name. This process can take three months or more.

Agar tasdiqlangan bo'lsa, Agar alohida ID har bir turi uchun bir ofisiga murojaat qilish kerak bo'ladi. Masalan, Agar murojaat qilish kerak bo'ladi Motor transport vositalari bo'limi Sizning haydovchilik guvohnomasini o'zgartirish. Siz, odatda ismingiz har doim o'zgartirish uchun haq to'lash kerak. Bu yuz dollar mol bo'lishi mumkin.

When you are approved, you will need to contact an office for each type of ID separately. For example, you will need to contact the Department of Motor Vehicles to change your driver’s license. You usually need to pay a fee to change your name each time. This can cost hundreds of dollars.

Bu turli ID huquq va ehtiyojlarini tushunish qiyin bo'lishi mumkin. Lambda huquqiy va Tashíari tenglik uchun Milliy markazi Agar kerak materiallari va ma'lumotlar bilan ta'minlash mumkin.

It can be hard to understand different ID rights and needs. Lambda Legal and the National Center for Transgender Equality can provide you with the materials and information you need.

Sog'liqni saqlash huquqlari

Healthcare rights

Barcha jinsi odamlar ba'zi asosiy sog'liqni saqlash huquqlarga ega.

All transgender people have some basic healthcare rights.

kamsitish

Discrimination

Ular Trans, chunki bir kishi yoki joy kimnidir xizmat qilmaydi qachon, Bu kamsitish hisoblanadi. Shifokorlar va tanimoq mumkin emas kasalxonalar. Agar trans, chunki ular sizni o'girib mumkin emas. Agar istamayman Ular, shuningdek, tartib olish sizni majbur qila olmaydi.

When a person or place will not serve someone because they are trans, it is discrimination. Doctors and hospitals cannot discriminate. They cannot turn you away because you are trans. They also cannot force you to get procedures you do not want.

Maxfiylik

Privacy

Jinsi, odamlar shaxsiy huquqiga ega. Agar Trans bo'lsa, Sizning tibbiy yozuvlar va gender tenglik maxsus. Maxfiy ham ishlatiladi bir so'z. Bu hech kim sizning ruxsatingizsiz siz ma'lumotni baham mumkin, degan ma'noni anglatadi. Oilangiz bilan shaxsingizni almashish uchun emas, balki shifokorlar so'rashingiz mumkin, sizning ish, maktab, va har qanday boshqa shaxs. Agar kasalxonaga yoki klinikaga borib bo'lsa, Agar boshqa shifokorlar va xodimlari bilan shaxsingizni almashish uchun emas, balki sizning shifokor so'rashingiz mumkin.

Transgender people have the right to privacy. If you are trans, your medical records and gender identity are private. Confidential is a word that is also used. This means that no one can share your information without your permission. You can ask doctors not to share your identity with your family, your job, your school, and any other person. If you go to a hospital or clinic, you can ask your doctor not to share your identity with other doctors and staff.

Sug'urta qamrov

Insurance coverage

Agar trans, chunki sug'urta kompaniyalari sug'urta inkor eta olmaydi. milliy qonun sug'urta uchun murojaat Trans insonlarni qo'llab-quvvatlaydi. Agar trans, chunki Lekin siz sug'urta kafolatlangan emas. Korxonalar boshqa sabablarga ko'ra hech sizga aytishim mumkin.

Insurance companies can’t deny you insurance because you are trans. The national law supports trans people who apply for insurance. But you are not guaranteed insurance because you are trans. Companies can tell you no for other reasons.

Sug'urta kompaniyalari asosiy xizmatlarni qamrab kerak, qat'i nazar, gender nima. Masalan, Agar jinsi ayol bo'lsa,, Ular bir tartibda yo'q, deyish mumkin emas "erkaklar uchun." sug'urta kompaniyalari gormon davolash yoki gender-tasdiqlovchi operatsiyalarni qoplash uchun yo'q. Lekin Medicare bilan odamlar gormonlar va gender operatsiya uchun murojaat qilish ruxsat etiladi. Siz .. qila olasiz; siz ... mumkin haqida batafsil o'qish sug'urta, kamsitish, va qanday shikoyat.

Insurance companies have to cover basic services, no matter what your gender is. For example, if you are a transgender woman, they cannot say no to a procedure that is “for men.” Insurance companies do not have to cover hormone therapy or gender-affirming surgeries. But people with Medicare are allowed to apply for hormones and gender surgeries. You can read more about insurance, discrimination, and how to file a complaint.

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Learn more

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