ish Ayollar

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Deyarli AQShda yarim ishchi kuchi ayollar tashkil etadi. Lekin ish ayol muammolarni bo'lishi mumkin. Bu ba'zi bir muhim muammolar uchun tayyor bo'lishi uchun muhim ahamiyatga ega. ish haqi tengsizlik haqida nima qilish kerak o'rganish, okumamakta, jinsiy zo'ravonlik va homiladorlik kamsitish.

Almost half the workforce in the USA is made up of women. But women at work can have problems. It is important to be prepared for some important issues. Learn what to do about the wage gap, sexism, sexual harassment and pregnancy discrimination.

a woman giving a presentation - women at work

a woman giving a presentation - women at work

Erkaklar ko'proq pul qilish va ish ayollarga nisbatan ko'proq tez-tez yordam olish. ayollar kam rahbarlari va Prezidentlar bor. yuqori 500 Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida kompaniyalar, faqat 5 rahbarlarining foizi ayollar.

Men make more money and get promoted more often than women at work. There are fewer managers and presidents who are women. Of the top 500 companies in the United States, only 5 percent of the leaders are women.

ish ayollar uchun ish haqi GAP

The wage gap for women at work

A ish haqi GAP ko'p erkak va ayollar qanday o'rtasidagi farq. ish Ayollar ko'pincha haqida to'lanadi 20% erkaklarga nisbatan kamroq. Ular tez-tez shu ishni qilish uchun kamroq to'lanadi. A ish haqi GAP chunki mavjud:

A wage gap is a difference between how much men and women make. Women at work are often paid about 20% less than men. They often get paid less for doing the same job. A wage gap exists because:

  • Qo'shimcha erkaklar yuqori maoshli ish bilan ishlash, Bunday tibbiyot va qonun sifatida
  • Ayollar ba'zan bolalar g'amxo'rlik qilish ishlarini to'xtatish kerak
  • ish Ayollar ko'tarish uchun so'rash kamroq
  • More men work in higher paying jobs, such as medicine and law
  • Women sometimes have to stop work to take care of children
  • Women at work are less likely to ask for raises

ish haqi tengsizlik haqida video tomosha

Watch a video about the wage gap

Agar ish haqi tengsizlik haqida nima qila olasiz?

What you can do about the wage gap

professional ish o'rinlari uchun, Agar ishga qabul paytida ko'proq pul so'rash mumkin. Agar bir zam loyiq deb his qachon siz ham ko'proq so'rab mumkin.

For professional jobs, you can ask for more money when you get hired. You can also ask for more when you feel that you deserve a raise.

Rahbarlar ish joyida ayollar erkaklar kabi yaxshi emas, deb o'ylayman mumkin. ammo, ular uni tushunib, hatto, bu aytish yoki mumkin emas. Agar ish katta to'lov bo'shliqni ko'rsangiz, Sizning menejeri yoki inson resurslari bo'limi bilan gaplashish. Agar menejeri bo'lsangiz, Sizning ish boshqa rahbarlari bilan gaplashib. ish ishonch hosil ayollarni qilish haqida gapirish aksiyalarni va ishga uchun bir xil imkoniyat bor. behush qiyshiq ta'lim taklif. ta'lim o'qituvchilar bu turi uchun har bir kishi xuddi shunday munosabatda.

Managers may think women in the workplace are not as good as men. However, they may not say this or even realize it. If you see a big pay gap where you work, talk to your manager or Human Resources Department. If you are a manager, talk to other leaders at your job. Talk about making sure women at work have the same chances for promotions and hiring. Suggest an unconscious bias training. This type of training teachers to treat everyone the same way.

okumamakta

Sexism

Okumamakta boshqacha erkak va ayollarni davolash, degan ma'noni anglatadi. Bu hech kimga sodir bo'lishi mumkin, lekin, odatda,, Bu ish bir ayol salbiy tarzda muomala qilinmoqda, degan ma'noni anglatadi.

Sexism means treating men and women differently. It can happen to anyone, but usually, it means that a woman at work is being treated in a negative way.

cinsiyetçilik misollar

Examples of sexism

  • Agar ayol, chunki targ'ib qilinmoqda emas
  • Erkaklar Agar uchrashuvlar gapira tugatganingizdan yashamasligini
  • xo'jayini tomonidan "asal" va "sevgilisi" kabi nomlar bilan ataladi etilmoqda
  • Not being promoted because you are a woman
  • Men not letting you finish speaking in meetings
  • Being called names like “honey” and “sweetheart” by your boss

Nima siz cinsiyetçilik haqida qilishingiz mumkin

What you can do about sexism

Agar imkoningiz bo'lsa, sizni bezovta bo'lgan shaxsga gapirish. Agar noqulay ekanligini ularga ayt va ularni to'xtatish uchun kerakli. Ular quloq va ular amaldagi yoki aytayotgan narsa to'xtatish mumkin. ular eshitmaslar yoki ularga gapirish uchun qo'rqib bo'lsa, Sizning xo'jayin aytib. Har bir firma, to'xtatish yoki cinsiyetçiliğinin jazolash bir xil yo'l bor. Ehtimoldan xoli emas, Inson resurslari bo'limi aytaman siz xo'jayin (Shuningdek, HR deb nomlanuvchi). Ular cinsiyetçi shaxs bilan gaplashish bo'ladi va sizlarni o'z ichiga olishi mumkin. Boshlig'ingiz afzalroq bir bo'lsa, HR to'g'ridan-to'g'ri borish.

If you can, talk to the person who is bothering you. Tell them that you are uncomfortable and want them to stop. They might listen and stop what they are doing or saying. If they do not listen or you are scared to talk to them, tell your boss. Every company has a different way to stop or punish sexism. Most likely, your boss will tell the human resources department (also known as HR). They will talk to the person who is being sexist and may include you. If your boss is the one discriminating, go directly to HR.

Jinsiy shilqimlik

Sexual harassment

Jinsiy zo'ravonlik, har qanday e'tibor bo'ladi, til, yoki jismoniy Foydalanuvchi bilan aloqa yoqtirmayman deb. hech kim jinsiy zo'ravonlik okay hech qachon. Ayollar eng keng tarqalgan erkaklar tomonidan jinsiy zo'ravonlik, boshdan. Jinsiy zo'ravonlik, noqonuniy hisoblanadi.

Sexual harassment is any attention, language, or physical contact that you do not like. Sexual harassment by anyone is never okay. Women most commonly experience sexual harassment by men. Sexual harassment is illegal.

jinsiy zo'ravonlik, misollar

Examples of sexual harassment

  • Agar noqulay qilish qarash yo'l haqida Comments
  • Agar yoqtirmayman deb tegib, shu jumladan, havola etdi
  • jinsiy hujjatlarini amaldagi odamlar suratga yoki video almashish
  • Comments about the way you look that make you uncomfortable
  • Touching that you do not like, including hugging
  • Sharing pictures or videos of people doing sexual acts

Nima haqida, albatta, mumkin jinsiy shilqimlik

What you can do about sexual harassment

cinsiyetçilik uchun bir xil jarayonni rioya. shaxs va keyin xo'jayin yoki inson resurslari bo'limi bilan gaplashish. ish ayollarning jinsiy zo'ravonlik jiddiy muammo hisoblanadi. Inson resurslari sizni ta'qib kishini jazolashga qaror qabul qilishi mumkin. odam ishdan mumkin. Sizning kompaniyangiz sizga yordam qilmasa, Agar advokat topish uchun kerak bo'lishi mumkin.

Follow the same process as for sexism. Talk to the person and then your boss or human resources department. Sexual harassment of women at work is a serious problem. Human resources may decide to punish the person harassing you. The person could be fired. If your company does not help you, you may need to find a lawyer.

Homiladorlik kamsitish

Pregnancy discrimination

Homiladorlik kamsitish, chunki uning homiladorlik yoki tug'ish bo'yicha boshqacha bir ayolni davolash degan ma'noni anglatadi. Homiladorlik kamsitish bilan kompaniya yuridik emas 15 xodimlari yoki undan ko'p.

Pregnancy discrimination means treating a woman differently because of her pregnancy or childbirth. Pregnancy discrimination is not legal in companies with 15 employees or more.

homiladorlik kamsitish misollar

Examples of pregnancy discrimination

  • keyin u istaydi off bir homilador ayol majbur ko'proq vaqt qabul qilish
  • ofisida ko'krak suti nasos va nasos uchun shaxsiy oraliq qilish emas, balki uchun birovni otishib
  • Agar ilgari surish homilador ayolni inobatga emas
  • Forcing a pregnant woman to take more time off then she wants
  • Firing someone for pumping breast milk in the office and not making a private space for pumping
  • Not considering a pregnant woman for a promotion

Nima haqida, albatta, mumkin homiladorlik kamsitish

What you can do about pregnancy discrimination

Sizning ish beruvchilar ko'krak suti nasos uchun joy taqdim qilmasangiz, Buning uchun ulardan so'rab. ular, albatta, agar, siz ishonadigan bir hamkasbiga gapirish. Ular o'z vakolatxonasini bo'lsa, Agar u yerda yurishi mumkin, agar so'rash. Eng ish homiladorlik off uch oy taklif. Agar qayta ishga kelishni istayman va agar siz off ko'proq vaqt talab majbur, Inson resurslari bo'limi bilan gaplashish. qaytib keladi, balki sizning tanlov emas edi, deb tushuntiring. Bundan tashqari, boshqa har qanday homiladorlik bilan bog'liq kamsitish uchun HR bilan gaplashish.

If your employers do not provide space for pumping breast milk, ask them to do so. If they do not, talk to a coworker who you trust. If they have their own office, ask if you can pump there. Most workplaces offer three months off for pregnancy. If you want to come back to work and you are forced to take more time off, talk to the human resources department. Explain that not coming back was not your choice. Also talk to HR for any other pregnancy-related discrimination.

ish Ayollar muvaffaqiyatli bo'lishi mumkin!

Women at work can succeed!

Ayollar Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida ish kuchining qariyb yarmi. Bu sizga iqtisodiyotning juda muhim ahamiyatga ega, degan ma'noni anglatadi. Siz maxsus muammolarga duch kelishi mumkin, lekin ish ayollar hali ham muvaffaqiyatli bo'lishi mumkin. Agar ayol kamsitishga ekanligini ko'rishingiz bo'lsa, u hech narsa aytish qo'rqib bo'lishi mumkin. iloji bo'lsa va siz buni uchun xavfsiz bo'lsa yordam berish uchun taklif qilish. Bu ishda ayol bir-biriga yordam berish muhim ahamiyatga ega.

Women are almost half of the workforce in the United States. This means you are a very important part of the economy. You may face special challenges, but women at work can still succeed. If you see that a woman is being discriminated against, she may be afraid to say anything. Offer to help if possible and if it is safe for you to do so. It is important that women at work help each other.

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