AQShda ayollar erkaklar bilan teng bo'lgan. Lekin erkaklar va xotin-qizlar hayoti tajriba turli bo'lgan ko'pgina yo'llari bor. Xotin-qizlar huquqlari haqida o'qing, kiyim, va ayollarning abuse. ish ayollar tajribalar haqida ma'lumot oling, uyda va ega bo'lgan bolalar bilan.
Women in the USA are equal to men. But there are many ways in which men and women’s life experiences are different. Read about women’s rights, clothing, and abuse of women. Learn about women’s experiences at work, in the home and with having children.
ayollar endi davolanadi yo'li haqida qaraganda juda farq qiladi 50 yillar avval. Orqaga keyin, Bolalar va erkaklar mehnat borib bilan ayollar uyda qoldi. 1960 va 1980 yillar orasida, ayollar teng munosabatda bo'lishi jang. Ular cinsiyetçilik e'tibor olib, qaysi erkaklar qaror qilingan davolash. Ayollar norozilik ko'chalarda yurish. Ular abort va zo'rlash haqida muhim qonunlarini o'zgartirish jang. Ular yaratgan va ayollar bo'lib, ularning tajribasi haqida san'at va musiqa bilan o'rtoqlashdi. Bu xotin-qizlar ozodligi harakati deb atalgan. Bu AQShda qanday muomala ayol o'zgardi.
The way women are treated now is very different than it was about 50 years ago. Back then, women stayed at home with the children and men went to work. Between the late 1960s and early 1980s, women fought to be treated equally. They brought attention to sexism, which is the preferred treatment of men. Women marched in the streets in protest. They fought to change important laws about abortion and rape. They created and shared art and music about their experience as women. This was called the Women’s Liberation Movement. It changed how women were treated in the USA.
Amerika jamiyatida, ayollar Teng va erkaklar bilan bir xil huquqlarga ega. Ayollar erkaklar bilan bir xil ish o'rinlari bo'lishi mumkin. Ayollar beri Qo'shma Shtatlarda ovoz berish ega bo'lgan 1920. Ayollar saylangan mansabdor bo'lib xizmat qilishi mumkin va mulkdor mumkin. Ular harbiy xizmat qilishi mumkin. Lekin hali ham rahbarlik lavozimlarida ayollar etishmaydi. Ayollar tashkil qilish 51% aholining. Lekin bir ayol prezidenti hech. faqat 19% Kongress (federal hukumat bir qismi) va 21% qonunchilar (siyosiy rahbar bir turi) ayollar. Bu xotin-qizlar huquqlari uchun zararli bo'lishi mumkin. Ba'zan ayollar salomatligi va shaxsiy qarorlar tegishli qarorlar asosan erkaklar tomonidan amalga oshiriladi.
In American society, women are equals and have the same rights as men. Women can have the same jobs as men. Women have been able to vote in the United States since 1920. Women can serve as elected officials and can own property. They can serve in the military. But there is still a lack of women in leadership positions. Women make up 51% of the population. But a woman has never been president. Only 19% of Congress (a part of the federal government) and 21% of legislators (a type of political leader) are women. This can be harmful to women’s rights. Sometimes decisions that affect women’s health and personal choices are made by mostly men.
Women at work
Amerika ayollar ishchi kuchining ham muhim ahamiyatga ega. Ular qilish deyarli 50% ishchilar. Ayollar ish o'rinlari barcha turdagi ish. faqat erkaklar uchun yoki faqat ayollar uchun hech qanday ish o'rinlari bor. Siz ayol xo'jayin bo'lishi mumkin. Ular oldin ishda mas'ul bir ayol bor edi hech qachon, agar bu ayrim qochoqlar va muhojirlar uchun qiyin. Lekin AQShda ish olish, Agar holatiga muvofiq bo'lishi kerak. Bu bosh murabbiyi murojaat etishlari kerak bo'lgan kim bo'lsa, degan ma'noni anglatadi va ish uchun intervyu. Agar juda yaxshi emas, balki bir xo'jayin bo'lsa, Ular bir erkak yoki ayol, chunki u emas, lekin ular zarur malakasi etishmasligi sababli.
American women are an important part of the workforce. They make up almost 50% of the workers. Women work in all types of jobs. There are no jobs that are only for men or only for women. You may have a female boss. This is difficult for some refugees and immigrants if they have never had a woman in charge at work before. But to get a job in the USA, you must be qualified for the position. This means whoever is the boss had to apply and interview for the job. If you have a boss who is not very good, it is not because they are a man or a woman, but because they lack the necessary skills.
ammo, Bu ayollar erkaklar bilan to'la tengligini bor, degani emas. erkak kompaniyasi direktorlar qaraganda ancha kam ayol kompaniyasi direktorlari bor. Ayollar odatda erkaklarga qaraganda kamroq pul. Bu ular bir xil ish bilan ishlayotgan bo'lsa ham rost. Ayollar ba'zan ular loyiq reklama aktsiyalari olish yo'q.
However, this does not mean women have complete equality with men. There are far fewer female company directors than male company directors. Women usually earn less than men. This is true even when they are working in the same job. Women sometimes do not get the promotions they deserve.
Ko'pchilik Amerika ayollar ham ish-hayot balansi bilan kurash. Masalan, Ular, shuningdek, ularning oila e'tibor olganda qiyin, bir vaqt ish bor. haqida ko'proq o'qing ish ayollar.
Many American women also struggle with work-life balance. For example, they have a difficult time working while also taking care of their families. Read more about women at work.
Women at home
Amerika erkaklar va ayollar odatda xonadonida vazifalarni va ishlarini baham. oilada, uyda tashqarida erkak va ayol kuch, ham ish. AQShda uylari haqida yarmida, ikkala ota-onalar to'la ish kuni mehnat. Uyda, onasi va otasi tez-tez, ham kir yuvish, ovqatlarni, pishirish, va bolalar g'amxo'rlik. haqida ko'proq o'qing AQShda voyaga.
American men and women typically share duties and chores in the household. In a family, the man and the woman might both work outside of the home. In about half of the homes in the USA, both parents work full-time jobs. At home, the mother and father often both do laundry, dishes, cooking, and take care of the children. Read more about parenting in the USA.
Ayollar uchun Bolalar uchun bo'lsa, Ular ish off vaqt olish. Bu homiladorlik va tug'ish ta'tillari deb ataladi. Eng ayollar olish 3 ishdan ta'tilga oylari. Ba'zi kompaniyalar xodimlarning ish haqi bir qismini to'lash. ularning homiladorlik va tug'ish ta'tillari tugaganidan keyin, Amerika ayollar qayta ishga borish. Ular tez-tez uchun to'lov bola parvarishlash ularning chaqaloqlar va bolalar, ular ishlayotgan uchun.
When women have children, they get time off of work. This is called maternity leave. Most women get 3 months of unpaid leave from work. Some companies pay employees a part of their salary. After their maternity leave is over, American women go back to work. They often pay for childcare for their babies and children while they work.
Abuse of women
Ba'zi amerikalik ayollar, shuningdek, ularning hamkorlar zo'ravonlik yoki suiste'mol duch. ayollar uchdan haqida ular suiiste'mol qilingan, deb aytish. Bu ko'proq bo'lishi mumkin, kabi ko'plab ayollar qo'rqib yoki suiiste'mol haqida gapirish qiyin bo'ladi. ayollarga nisbatan İstismarını va zo'ravonlik, erkaklar, yoki bola noqonuniy. kimdir noto'g'ri hukm qilingan bo'lsa, Ular qamoqqa borib mumkin. haqida ma'lumot oling AQSh qonunlari.
Some American women also face domestic violence or abuse from their partners. About a third of women say that they have been abused. It may be more, as many women are scared or embarrassed to talk about abuse. Abuse of and violence against women, men, or children is illegal. If someone is convicted of abuse, they might go to jail. Learn about US laws.
Agar munosabatlarga va turmush o'rtog'ingiz tomonidan suiiste'mol qilinmoqda bo'lsa, Siz qo'ng'iroq qilishingiz Milliy Ichki zo'ravonlik Hotline yordam uchun 24 soat, bir kun,. Siz nom berish shart emas.
If you are in a relationship and being abused by your partner, you can call the National Domestic Violence Hotline for help 24 hours a day. You do not have to give your name.
AQShda ayollar boshqa madaniyatlarda ayollar boshqacha kiyinish mumkin. ular may, masalan, shim kiyish yoki ular teri ko'rsatadi kiyim kiyish mumkin. AQShda, kiyim aniqlash bir ayol yomon aks ettirmaydi kiygan. Bu, shuningdek, ayolning xarakteri haqida hech narsa degani emas. Ayollar ko'pincha do'konlarda kiyim sotib. Ular ularga o'zlarini ekishga emas va ularni professional tikilgan yo'q. Ushbu maxsus kunlar uchun faqat sodir. Odatda ayollar hamyonbop kiyim va bir necha yil ichida ularni almashtiring.
Women in the USA may dress differently from women in other cultures. They may, for example, wear pants or they may wear clothing that shows their skin. In the USA, wearing revealing clothing does not reflect poorly on a woman. It also does not mean anything about the woman’s character. Women usually buy clothes from stores. They do not sow them themselves and do not have them sewn professionally. This happens only for special occasions. Women usually affordable clothes and replace them within a few years.
Bosh, AQShda kiyim uslubi tasodifiy emas. Ko'pchilik ayollar va erkaklar eng kun jinsi kiyish. Ba'zi ayollar ish yoki maxsus marta tashqarida kiyinish emas. AQShda Ba'zi ish juda ham kundalik, ayniqsa, shaharlarda. ba'zan, yosh odamlar ham ishlash terlemeleri yoki maktab kiyish mumkin.
Overall, the clothing style in the USA is casual. Many women and men wear jeans most days. Some women do not dress up outside of work or special occasions. Some workplaces in the US are casual too, especially in cities. Sometimes, younger people may even wear sweats to work or school.