Kolumbiya: Sizning kolumbiyalik talabalar va ularning madaniy orqa tushunish

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Kolumbiya qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Colombian refugee students: Cultural background profiles

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Evropa komissiyasi DG ECHO / Boris Heger surati
Evropa komissiyasi DG ECHO / Boris Heger surati
Photo by European Commission DG ECHO/ Boris Heger
Photo by European Commission DG ECHO/ Boris Heger

Kolumbiya xaritasi

Colombian Map

til
Language
Ispaniya va ingliz

Spanish and English

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

Boshlang'ich maktab Kolumbiyada majburiy va bepul. Maktablar deyarli barcha jamoalar mavjud, shahar maktablari yaxshi taklif etamiz da, yana o'qituvchilar, va yana zamonaviy binolarda o'tkaziladi. atrofida 85% bolalar yoshdagi 6-12 asosiy maktabga. O'rta maktab bepul emas, Bas, kambag'al diyorlaridan bolalar ishtirok etish uchun tez-tez olmaydi. umumta'lim maktablarining so'ng, talabalar besh yillik universitet dasturlari ishtirok mumkin yoki texnik maktabga borishni afzal mumkin 2 uchun 3 yil. bolalar kiyim kiyish Boshlang'ich va o'rta maktab vakolat ijtimoiy sinflar o'rtasidagi farqni kamaytirish uchun. Kolumbiya bolalar ular maktabda rozi nima kiyish bepul ekanligini bilib, hayron bo'lishi mumkin.

Primary school is mandatory and free in Colombia. Schools are available in nearly all communities, although urban schools offer better supplies, more trained teachers, and are held in more modern buildings. About 85% of children ages 6–12 attend primary school. Secondary school is not free, so children from poorer homes are frequently unable to attend. After secondary schools, students can attend five-year university programs or can opt to go to technical school for 2 to 3 years. Primary and secondary schools mandate that children wear uniforms to lessen the distinction between social classes. Colombian children may be surprised to learn that they are free to wear what they please at school.

In 1975, Kolumbiya deb nomlangan o'qitish usuli amalga Yangi maktab (Yangi Maktab), qaysi o'quv jarayoniga o'rtasida bolalarni joylashtirish aratilgan, asosan, ularni ega ko'ra, birinchi navbatda, ularning ustoz tinglab bilib. Talabalar kichik guruhlarda o'rganish va o'z suratini ko'chib o'tishga ruxsat etiladi. Dastur asosiy sifatida ko'rilmoqda muvaffaqiyat-u orqali ishlatiladi 20,000 maktablar va xalqaro kengaydi 17 mamlakatlar. U.S Kolumbiya talabalar. guruh muhitda rivojlantirish uchun mumkin bo'lgan va guruh muhokama bahramand bo'ladi.

In 1975, Colombia implemented a method of teaching called Escuela Nueva (New School), which focuses on placing children in the middle of the learning process, rather than having them learn primarily by listening to their teacher. Students learn in small groups and are allowed to move at their own pace. The program is seen as a major success—it is used in over 20,000 schools and has expanded internationally to 17 countries. Colombian students in the U.S. are likely to thrive in group environments and will enjoy group discussion.

Maktab tez-tez peshin atrofida tugaydi, Bas, Kolumbiya bolalar Amerika maktab kunning uzunligi uchun ishlatiladi bo'lmaydi. o'qituvchilar kuni tushdan keyin interaktiv faoliyatini rejalashtirish uchun tavsiya bo'lishi mumkin, e'tiborni saqlab yordam berish uchun.

School frequently ends around noon, so Colombian children will not be used to the length of the American school day. It may be advisable for teachers to plan interactive activities for the afternoon, to help maintain focus.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

ijtimoiy masalalar bilan shug'ullangan bo'lsa Ayollar odatda rahbarlari, cherkov vazifalari, va ta'lim, shuning uchun, ehtimol, maktab vazifalari ishtirok chaqqon bo'ladi. O'qituvchilar kolumbiyalik ota-bobolarimiz, ota-ona maslahat qo'mitalari yoki PTA haqida ishtirokchilari bo'lib taklif mumkin, Ular o'z oilalari doirasida davlat boshqaruvi yoki qaror qabul rollari tez-tez bo'lib. Bu ko'p qochqinlar haydovchi qanday bilaman yoki avtomobil foydalanish imkoniyatiga ega emas yo'q, deb yodda tutish muhim hisoblanadi, Bas, maktab voqealar transport bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

Women are usually the leaders when engaging with social issues, church functions, and education so will likely be enthusiastic about participating in school functions. Teachers may consider suggesting that Colombian fathers become participants on parent advisory committees or PTA, as they are frequently in governance or decision-making roles within their families. It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge.

Oila Colombians uchun katta ahamiyatga ega va oqsoqollar uchun katta hurmat bor, muhim oila qarorlar qabul qilish kutilmoqda kim. oila katta a'zolari maktab vazifalarini kelsa, Ular e'tirof va birinchi salom lozim. oilalarning ichida, eng qadimgi bola odatda eng nufuzini va e'tibor qabul, Bas, o'qituvchilar, yosh aka-ukalaringizni qo'shimcha dalda berish uchun g'amxo'rlik kerak.

Family is of utmost importance to Colombians and there is great respect for elders, who are expected to make important family decisions. If older members of the family come to school functions, they should be acknowledged and greeted first. Within families, the oldest child usually receives the most prestige and attention, so teachers should take care to give additional encouragement to younger siblings.

Colombians juda do'stona, lekin dastlabki uchrashuvlar rasmiy bo'lish istagi. birinchi marta birovni yig'ilish qachon, Bu ko'z bilan aloqa qilish esa qo'llarini silkitardi o'rinli bo'ladi. Colombians bilvosita kommunikatorlar bo'ladi, Bas, u so'zlar almashildi qilinmoqda o'rniga o'z tana tili va nuqtai ehtiyot bo'lish muhimdir. O'qituvchilar birinchi Birjalar davomida juda ko'p to'g'ridan-to'g'ri va shaxsiy savollar berish emas, balki ehtiyot bo'lish kerak, Bas, deb jinoyat yoki xijolat sabab emas. gapirganimizda Colombians tirik bo'lib, ularning ovozini ko'tarib mumkin. lekin bu tajovuz yoki hayajonlanganidan, deb talqin qilinmasligi lozim.

Colombians are very friendly, but initial meetings tend to be formal. When meeting someone for the first time, it is appropriate to shake hands while making eye contact. Colombians are indirect communicators, so it is important to be mindful of their body language and context rather than the words being exchanged. Teachers should be careful to not ask too many direct and personal questions during the first exchanges, so as not to cause offense or embarrassment. Colombians can become animated and raise their voice when speaking. but this should not be interpreted as aggression or agitation.

Colombians Shimoliy amerikaliklar vaqti bir xil ma'no bor, va tayinlash uchun kech ko'rsatish uchun me'yor emas, Ular ish-tegishli bo'lsa ham,. O'qituvchilar Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida hanuz, istiqboliga yinelendiğini kerak, vaqt o'sha Amerika hissini tushuntirib tadbir asoslangan emas va ularning kech qolish salbiy boshqalarga ta'sir qilishi mumkin.

Colombians have a different sense of time from North Americans, and it is the norm to show up late to appointments, even if they are business-related. Teachers should iterate the expectation of punctuality in the United States, explaining that American sense of time is not event-based and their tardiness may affect others adversely.

madaniyat, Gender va Oila

Culture, Gender and Family

qishloq oilalari bir necha avlodlar bilan yashashga mumkin shaharlashgan hududlarda Uy odatda atom oilasini o'z ichiga. Har ikki boshqa oila a'zolariga yaqin yashaydi va tez-tez bir-biriga tashrif moyil.

Households in urban areas usually contain the nuclear family while rural families may live with several generations. Both tend to live close to other family members and visit each other frequently.

Gender roli aniq Kolumbiyada belgilangan, erkak tez-tez moliyaviy oila ta'minlash bilan. yuqori va o'rta sinflarda, ayollar uyda qolish uchun uni tez-tez uchraydi, esa quyi sinflarda va qishloq joylarda, ayollar zarur ish chiqib mumkin.

Gender roles are clearly defined in Colombia, with the male frequently providing for the family financially. In upper and middle classes, it is more common for women to stay at home, while in lower classes and in rural areas, women may work out of necessity.

ayollarga nisbatan zo'ravonlik muammo emas. notijorat tashkiloti Profamilia tomonidan yaqinda milliy o'rganish ko'ra, 37 turmush qurgan ayollar foizi jismoniy erlari tomonidan suiiste'mol lekin kamdan-kam hollarda amalga gapirish etildi.

Violence against women is an issue. According to a recent national study by the non-profit organization Profamilia, 37 percent of married women have been physically abused by their husbands but rarely speak out.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

BRYCS resurslari

BRYCS RESOURCES

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

qochoq BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

ARM qochoq TA'LIM Paketi

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

Kolumbiya AMERICANS

COLOMBIAN AMERICANS

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

Izohlari yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot yoki g'oyalar bo'lsa kolumbiyalik talabalarga o'rgatish bilan baham ko'rish uchun, elektron pochta iltimos: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Colombian students, please email: info@usahello.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun saboq olish

Take our Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning kurs yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Kolumbiya talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Colombian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!