Eron: Eron sizning talabalar va ularning madaniy orqa tushunish

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Eron qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Iranian refugee students: Cultural background profiles

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Eronliklar va afg'on qochqinlari Shiraz ularning Saadi mahallaning tozalash, Eron. Qochoqlar Foto
Eronliklar va afg'on qochqinlari Shiraz ularning Saadi mahallaning tozalash, Eron. Qochoqlar Foto
Iranians and Afghan refugees clean up their Saadi neighbourhood in Shiraz, Iran. Photo by UNHCR
Iranians and Afghan refugees clean up their Saadi neighbourhood in Shiraz, Iran. Photo by UNHCR

Eron xaritasi

Iran Map

til

Language

fors, ba'zi turk va turkiy lahjalari, va ingliz

Farsi, some Turkish and Turkic dialects, and English

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

Eron dunyodagi eng yosh aholiga ega, bilan taxminan 18 million maktab yoshidagi fuqarolari. Ta'lim majburiy va bepul bo'lib, maktabda fors o'rgatiladi. Bolalar ishtirok 5 boshlang'ich maktab yil, 3 keyin pastki o'rta va yil yozilish variant bor 3 Yuqori o'rta yil, va oldindan universitet bir yil. ta'lim tizimi, so'nggi o'n yil ichida bir necha marta isloh qilingan; Ayni paytda diqqat markazida bitirgach yosh eronliklar ish topish uchun tez imkon beradi, kasb-hunar ta'lim ustida. Ta'lim usullari doimo yangilanib va ​​qayta ko'rib chiqilmoqda. Har ikki shahar va qishloq maktablari texnologiyalar ko'proq ulangan bormoqda, kompyuter va Internet uchun eng ega foydalanish bilan. har ikki jins uchun ta'limdan teng bahramand Eron hukumati uchun ustuvor bo'lgan; hozirgi paytda 49 talaba aholining foiz ayol. 93 aholining foizi savodli bo'lgan. Bu raqam, ko'paytirildi 97 keksa fuqarolar o'rtasida foiz 15 va, har qanday gender tafovut holda. Eron talabalar ehtimol ilmiy o'zlashtirilgan bo'lish haqida qaratilgan va chaqqon bo'ladi, erta yoshdan boshlab ta'lim ahamiyatini o'rgatgan bo'lgan.

Iran has the world’s youngest population, with approximately 18 million school-age citizens. Education is mandatory and free and school is taught in Farsi. Children attend 5 years of primary school, 3 years of lower secondary and then have the option of enrolling in 3 years of upper secondary, and one year of pre-university. The education system has been reformed several times in the last decade; currently the focus is on vocational training that will allow young Iranians to find employment quickly after graduating. Teaching methods are constantly being updated and revised. Both urban and rural schools are becoming more connected to technology, with most having access to computers and the internet. Equal access to education for both genders is a priority for the Iranian government; currently 49 percent of the student population is female. 93 percent of the population is literate. This rate is increased to 97 percent among citizens aged 15 and up, without any gender discrepancy. Iranian students will likely be academically focused and enthusiastic about becoming assimilated, having been taught the importance of education from an early age.

qochqinlar talabalar Amerika ta'lim dunyoviy tabiat hayron bo'lishi mumkin, shuning uchun din Eron maktab o'quv bir qismi hisoblanadi. boshlang'ich maktab darajasida ingliz ko'rsatmasiga sifatini yaxshilash uchun hukumat tomonidan yaqinda surish bor edi. Ko'pchilik eronliklar xususiy topshirig'iga ingliz darslari to'ldirish. ularning yoshiga qarab, Kiruvchi talabalar ba'zi ingliz talablarga va tilini o'rganish uchun hursandchilik bo'lishi mumkin.

Religion is a part of the school curriculum in Iran so refugee students may be surprised by the secular nature of American education. There has been a recent push by the government to improve the quality of English instruction at the primary school level. Many Iranians supplement their English classes with private instruction. Depending on their age, incoming students may have some English proficiency and the enthusiasm to learn the language.

yaqin bor 60 Eronda universitetlar, va ba'zi Yaqin Sharqda eng nufuzli bo'lgan. muhandislik, ijtimoiy fanlar, ish, va huquqni o'rganish mashhur mavzular va yaqin 750,000 Eronliklar har yili kollejni bitiradi.

There are nearly 60 universities in Iran, and some are the most prestigious in the Middle East. Engineering, social sciences, business, and law are popular topics of study and nearly 750,000 Iranians graduate college each year.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

Ta'lim juda Eronda qadrli. Eronda o'qituvchilar yaxshi ta'lim va, underpaid da, ish joylaridan va ularning jamoalari ham hurmat. Eron ota-onalar, odatda o'z farzandlari bilan juda jalb bor, Bas, ularning bolaning o'qituvchi bilan munosabatlarni barpo haqida quvonchli bo'lishi ehtimoldan yiroq. Ba'zi Eron uylar multigenerational bo'ladi, Bas, maktab faoliyatida bobosi minnatdor jalb. Bu ko'p qochqinlar haydovchi qanday bilaman yoki avtomobil foydalanish imkoniyatiga ega emas yo'q, deb yodda tutish muhim hisoblanadi, Bas, maktab voqealar transport bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

Education is extremely valued in Iran. Teachers in Iran are well-educated and, though underpaid, are respected both in their places of work and their communities. Iranian parents are usually very involved with their children, so are likely to be enthusiastic about building a relationship with their child’s teacher. Some Iranian homes are multigenerational, so involving grandparents in school activities would be appreciated. It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge.

Eronliklar davlat odatda rasmiy va ijtimoiy normalar bilan chambarchas mos harakat qiling. Erkak qarindoshlar ayol qarindoshlari ustidan juda himoya bo'ladi, va yana an'anaviy oilalarda bu urg'ochi shaxsiy hayotiga doir savollar berish qo'pol ko'rib chiqilishi mumkin. Bu ish yoki shaxsiy masalalar haqida gapirib oldin bir necha marta uchrashadi shaxslar bir-biriga bilish uchun kutilmoqda. a aloqa tashkil etildi qadar o'qituvchi shaxsiy savollar so'rab saqlanishlari lozim.

Iranians are generally formal in public and try to conform closely to societal norms. Male relatives are very protective over female relatives, and in more traditional families it can be considered rude to ask questions about the private lives of females. It is expected that individuals will meet several times to get to know each other before business or personal matters are talked about. Teachers should abstain from asking personal questions until a rapport has been established.

Eronliklar qo'l berib yoki chakkangga o'pishib, bir-biriga salom. Ular juda muloyim va pasayishi maqtovlar va yordam qachon taklif. Ular har ikki og'zaki va sözsüz axborot vositalari amalda, tez-tez xalq mojaroni yoki xijolat kamaytirish maqsadida. O'qituvchilar buni yodda tutishga kerak, nima har doim aslida his yoki mo'ljallangan nima mos kelmasligi mumkin dedi, deb. Sovg'alar tez-tez almashildi etiladi.

Iranians greet each other by shaking hands or kissing on the cheek. They are extremely polite and decline compliments and help when offered. They practice both verbal and nonverbal communication, frequently in order to minimize public conflict or embarrassment. Teachers should keep this in mind, as what is said may not always match what is actually felt or intended. Gifts are exchanged frequently.

madaniyat, Gender va Oila

Culture, Gender and Family

Eron oilalar juda ahil va tez-tez maxsus. Ular, albatta, ular o'zlarini bo'lishi mumkin his o'z uyida doirasida bo'lib. Hayotining ko'p jihatlari, Eng xususiy eng umumiy uchun, bilan tartibga solinadi shariat, asrlar davomida rivojlanib o'tkazish musulmon kodi. shaharlashgan hududlarda ayollar so'nggi o'n yilliklar ichida ko'proq erkinliklar berilgan va eng ular kiyishni xohlaysiz nima kiyim tanlashingiz mumkin. ammo, Bunday ajratish nikoh kabi eskirgan amaliyoti hali qishloq joylarda mavjud. Ayollar qadar ovoz berish ruxsat yo'q edi 1963 va hali ham eng qilish kutilmoqda, agar hammasi emas, farzand va uy vazifalarini.

Iranian families are extremely close-knit and frequently private. It is within their home that they truly feel they can be themselves. Many aspects of their lives, from the most private to the most public, are governed by shariah, the Muslim code of conduct which has evolved over centuries. Women in urban areas have been given more freedoms in recent decades and most can choose what clothing they would like to wear. However, archaic practices such as arranged marriage still exist in rural areas. Women were not allowed to vote until 1963 and are still expected to do most, if not all, of the childrearing and home tasks.

Ko'pchilik uylar hali multigenerational bo'ladi, kichik yadro oilalarning yanada odatdagi bormoqda da. Eng musulmon, Eron oilalar otasi boshchiligidagi va kengaytirilgan oila tarmoqlari yaratish ustida joylashgan bor. ish, siyosiy, va ijtimoiy hayot oilaviy tarmoq tomonidan belgilanadi, va oila a'zolari strategik jamiyat hayotining turli sohalarida orqali taqsimlanadi. Qarindosh-urug'chilik salbiy madaniy tuzilishi, deb hisoblanadi emas.

Many homes are still multigenerational, although small nuclear families are becoming more usual. Most Muslim Iranian families are headed by the father and are centered on creating extended family networks. Business, political, and social life is determined by the family network, and family members are strategically distributed through various sectors of society. Nepotism is not considered to be a negative cultural construct.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

qochoq BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

SALOMATLIK

HEALTH

Eron AMERICANS

IRANIAN AMERICANS

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

Izohlari yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot yoki g'oyalar bo'lsa Eron talabalarga o'rgatish bilan baham ko'rish uchun, elektron pochta iltimos: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Iranian students, please email: info@usahello.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun saboq olish

Take our Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning kurs yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Eron talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Iranian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!