如何申请庇护

英语也不会说英语

本页包含有关什么是庇护以及如何在美国申请庇护的信息.

This page has information about what asylum is and how to apply for asylum in the USA.

庇护申请人 2018
照片: 赫克托·席尔瓦–海关和边防保护
Asylum Applicants 2018
Photo: Hector Silva – Customs and Border Protection

重要通知: 美国的庇护规则正在改变,你可能无法在美国-墨西哥边境申请庇护. 阅读寻求庇护者的最新更新.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: the US asylum rules are changing and it may not be possible for you make a claim for asylum at the US-Mexico border. Read the latest updates for asylum seekers.

什么是避难所?

What is asylum?

庇护是当你得到美国政府的保护, 因为你不能安全地返回你的祖国. 每年都有人来美国寻求保护, 因为他们受到迫害或担心他们会因为以下原因而遭受迫害:: 竞赛, 宗教, 国籍, 在一个特定的社会群体中的成员, 或政治见解.

Asylum is when you receive protection from the United States government because you cannot safely return to your home country. Every year people come to the USA seeking protection because they have suffered persecution or fear that they will suffer persecution due to: race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.

本页面旨在帮助您了解更多有关庇护和帮助您找到资源, 如果你需要申请庇护. 本页面不打算作为法律建议.

This page is meant to help you understand more about asylum and to help you find resources if you need to apply for asylum. This page is not intended as legal advice.

如何申请庇护?

How do I apply for asylum?

申请庇护, 你需要在美国, 当你申请. 如果您到达美国以有效的签证或方式进入美国, 您可以进入美国, 然后提交您的庇护申请. 大部分时间, 你必须在抵达美国一年内申请庇护, 虽然你可以要求豁免.

To apply for asylum, you need to be in the United States when you apply. If you arrive to the United States with a valid visa or way to enter the United States, you can enter the United States and then submit your asylum application. Most of the time, you must apply for asylum within one year of arriving in the United States, although you can ask for an exemption.

庇护程序的信息图在美国
在美国的庇护程序概述由人权第一
Infographic of the asylum process in the USA
Overview of the asylum process in the USA courtesy of Human Rights First

如果我在美墨边境?

What if I am on the US-Mexico border?

美国政府试图阻止人们在美国寻求庇护. 寻求庇护者被关押在难民营或拘留中心. 孩子们被从父母那里带走了。. 阅读美国边境寻求庇护者的最新情况.

The US administration is trying to stop people from seeking asylum in the USA. Asylum seekers are being held in camps or detention centers. Children have been taken away from their parents. Read updates for asylum seekers on the US border.

为了在美国获得庇护, 它可以帮助您的案例,如果你有证据证明你被迫害或虐待, 和你的政府没有保护你. 更多的证据,你有更好的机会,你要赢你庇护案能够留在美国. 一定要永远说真话, 否则,您可以立即有你否认的情况. 你还需要非常具体的细节. 它是重要的是花时间记住到底发生了什么, 确切日期. 如果你犯了错, 政府可能认为你在撒谎.

In order to get asylum in the USA, it helps your case if you have evidence to prove you were persecuted or abused, and that your government did not protect you. The more evidence you have the better chance you have to win your asylum case to be able to stay in the United States. Be sure to always tell the truth, otherwise you could immediately have your case denied. You also need to be very specific about the details. It is important to spend time remembering exactly what happened, on the exact date. If you make a mistake, the government may think you are lying.

这里是证据的你可以使用来支持您的庇护案件类型:

Here are types of evidence that you can use to support your asylum case:

  • 身份证明文件 (即. 您的护照, 出生证书, 学生识别卡, 户籍管理, 国民身份证, 或政党会员卡)
  • 前往美国,与你的家庭成员的身份证明文件
  • 结婚证和孩子的出生证明
  • 学术记录 (即. 学校记录, 证书, 和文凭)
  • 从住院治疗或治疗不当在母国致医疗记录
  • 监狱或法庭记录
  • 任何草案庇护申请或您可能已经创建的誓章
  • 已与美国政府的任何部分提交任何文档
  • 你认为的任何其他文件可能很重要
  • Identity documents (i.e. your passport, birth certificate, student identification card, household registry, national identity card, or political party membership card)
  • Identity documents of family members who traveled to the United States with you
  • Marriage certificate and birth certificates for children
  • Academic records (i.e. school records, certificates, and diplomas)
  • Medical records from hospitalization or treatment due to mistreatment in home country
  • Jail or court records
  • Any draft asylum applications or affidavits that you may have created
  • Any document that has been filed with any part of the United States government
  • Any other documents that you think might be important

如果你不能使这些文件与你,当你逃离你的家乡, 没关系. 你可以在这页上阅读更多关于证明你的庇护案件没有文件.

If you were not able to bring these documents with you when you fled your home country, that is okay. You can read more later on this page about proving your asylum case without documents.

我们网站上的更多资源

More resources on our website

你在美国/墨西哥边境的两边, 不知道下一步该怎么办?? 你在寻找住房吗, 法律支持, 食品, 与申请庇护的帮助? 你在下 18? 以下是一些组织, 它们可能能够帮助您为您的案例提供基本必需品和建议.

Are you on either side of the United States/Mexico border and not sure what to do next? Are you looking for shelter, legal support, food, and help with claiming asylum? Are you under 18? Here are some organizations that may be able to help provide you with basic necessities and advice for your case.

资源和信息, 以帮助您知道您在边境的权利, 并作为一个移民在美国.

Resources and information to help you know your rights at the border and as an immigrant in the USA.

访问我们的法律资源页面, 以找到免费或低成本的法律帮助.

Visit our legal resources page to find free or low-cost legal help.

使用我们的本地资源查找器查找您附近的资源和服务. 首先输入您的语言. 然后进入你的城市. 然后选择 “重新安置和庇护。”

Use our local resource finder to find resources and services near you. First enter your language. Then enter your city. Then choose “resetttlement and asylum.”

帮助你申请庇护的其他资源

Other resources to help you apply for asylum

一种易读, 一步一步解释大量的庇护申请过程的准备工作信息.

An easy to read, step-by-step explanation with a lot of information on preparing for the asylum application process.

申请庇护的程序, 由美国公民及移民服务局解释. 查看 I-589 申请庇护和扣缴的去除. 研究中的应用. 你需要到美国一年之内把它填好.

The asylum process, explained by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. View the I-589 Application for Asylum and Withholding of Removal. Study the application. You need to fill it out within one year of arriving to the United States.

你可能有很多问题. 这里有一些为寻求保护在美国的人问的问题的答案.

You might have many questions. Here are some answers for questions asked by people seeking protection in the United States.

难民署关于如何申请庇护的网页有英文本, 法语, 西班牙语和阿拉伯语.

The UNHCR pages about how to apply for asylum are in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

了解更多关于寻求庇护, 扣缴的去除, 联合国反酷刑公约 》, 申请庇护过程, 如何在移民拘留寻求庇护, 特别移民少年身份, 和临时保护的身份.

Learn more about asylum, withholding of removal, the United Nations Convention against torture, the process for applying for asylum, how to seek asylum while in immigrant detention, special immigrant juvenile status, and temporary protected status.

关于如何整理庇护案件文件的介绍.

A presentation about how to put together documents for an asylum case.

在庇护面谈中会发生什么?

What happens during the asylum interview?

在此视频中, 律师假装是庇护官员, 问的问题通常会在面试中问你. 这将帮助你准备你自己的答案,他们会问你的问题.

In this video, a lawyer pretends to be an asylum officer and asks questions that would normally be asked to you during an interview. This will help you prepare your own answers to the questions they will ask you.

如果我没有证据证明我被害了我怎么才能赢我的避难案?

How can I win my asylum case if I don’t have proof I was harmed?

这段视频是关于如何赢得庇护案件, 即使你没有证据证明你受到了伤害. 可以做的是如果你能证明是图案或损害在贵国的实践.

This video is about how to win an asylum case even if you don’t have proof that you were harmed. It can be done if you can demonstrate that there is a pattern or practice of harm in your country.



申请庇护 — — 赢得您的案例

Applying for asylum – winning your case

在此视频中, 前移民和归化局检察官卡尔·舒斯特曼谈到你如何通过精心准备赢得你的庇护案件.

In this video, former Immigration and Naturalization Service Attorney Carl Shusterman talks about how you can win your asylum case through careful preparation.



在美国可以提出庇护案件的几种方式

Several ways an asylum case can be made in the USA

这段视频有更多关于你如何在美国申请和获得庇护资格的信息.

This video has more information about how you could apply and qualify for asylum in the United States.

知道你的权利!

Know your rights!

这些手册旨在提供基本信息, 让移民了解他们在美国享有的权利。. 在移民程序或如果他们被逮捕和拘留国土安全部法律. 这些手册中的信息不应被视为法律咨询, 和被拘留的移民和他们的亲人鼓励寻求合格的法律意见,从国家移民司法中心或另一个可信的组织.

These manuals are intended to provide basic information to give immigrants an understanding of their rights under U.S. law during immigration proceedings or if they are arrested and detained by the Department of Homeland Security. The information in these manuals should not be considered legal advice, and detained immigrants and their loved ones are encouraged to seek qualified legal advice from the National Immigrant Justice Center or another credible organization.

如果你没有律师

If you do not have a lawyer

如果已为您排除或驱逐出境的命令, 你仍然有机会申请庇护, 即使你不有一个律师.

If there has been an order issued for your removal or deportation, you still have a chance for applying for asylum, even if you do not have a lawyer.

这里有一些准则为申请庇护没有律师:

Here are some guidelines for filing for asylum without a lawyer:

LGBTQ 社区信息

Information for the LGBTQ community

知道你权利 LGBTQ 寻求庇护者 是一个文件的人谁是害怕返回自己的祖国, 因为他们是女同性恋, 男同, 双性恋或变性人 (LGBT) 和 (或) 由于他们的艾滋病毒状况. 您还可以在 西班牙语, 法语阿拉伯语.

Know Your Rights LGBTQ Asylum Seekers is a document for people who are afraid to return to their home countries because they are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) and/or due to their HIV status. You can also read the document in Spanish, French and Arabic.

你可能有防御反对被驱逐出境,如果你担心你会伤害或折磨如果你被驱逐到你的家乡. 国家移民司法中心是可用来提供法律顾问,并提供法律专业人员转介. 你可以联系国家移民司法中心在其免费电话号码: (312) 263-0901.

You may have a defense against deportation if you fear you will be harmed or tortured if you are deported to your home country. The National Immigrant Justice Center is available to provide legal counsel and provide legal referrals. You can contact the National Immigrant Justice Center at its toll free number: (312) 263-0901.

申请难民地位或政治庇护在美国: 进程和帮助的组织

Applying for refugee status/political asylum in the United States: processes and organizations that help

以下是一些有用的信息和援助资源.

Here are some helpful resources for information and assistance.

ASHN 工程与主机为寻求庇护者提供住房和社会支持. 主机包括一组房子在巴尔的摩和个人在家园中打开一个房间. 主机和更大的 ASHN 社区向客户端提供的社会支持.

ASHN works with hosts to provide shelter and social support for asylum seekers. Hosts include a group house in Baltimore and individuals who open a room in their homes. Hosts and the larger ASHN community provide social support to clients.

电话: 443-850-0627. 提供一个培育社区和寻求庇护者和庇护的许多服务, 包括案例管理, 就业培训, 英语课, 健康和营养编程周一到周四. 另外, 敬畏向寻求庇护的妇女提供过渡住房. 服务区: 巴尔的摩

Tel: 443-850-0627. Provides a nurturing community and many services to asylum seekers and asylees, including case management, employment training, English classes, wellness and nutrition programming Monday-Thursday. Additionally, AWE provides transitional housing to women seeking asylum. Service area: Baltimore

他们无偿法律代理程序匹配好的律师与寻求庇护者需要帮助,否则不会能够负担得起高质量的法律代表.

Their pro bono legal representation program matches good lawyers with asylum-seekers who need help and would not otherwise be able to afford high-quality legal representation.

电话: 410-230-2700. 全国组织为移民和难民宣传工作与在美国的很多其他团体的编程. 他们专注于难民重新安置和社会融合, 为寻求庇护者拘留的替代品, 家庭团聚和寄养为无人陪伴的移民青年. 服务区: 全国.

Tel: 410-230-2700. National organization for migrant and refugee advocacy and programming that works with many other groups in the U.S. They focus on refugee resettlement and community integration, alternatives to detention for asylum seekers, family reunification and foster care for unaccompanied migrant youth. Service area: Nationwide.

电话: 1-888-373-7888 或者"帮助"或"信息"可以随意漫谈到文本 (233733). 国家, 连接贩卖受害者的免费热线, 专业人员, 和社区成员对信息和转介, 以及对培训和技术援助资源. 服务区: 全国.

Tel: 1-888-373-7888 or text “HELP” or “INFO” to BeFree (233733). A national, toll-free hotline that connects trafficking victims, professionals, and community members to information and referrals, as well as resources for training and technical assistance. Service area: Nationwide.

西北移民权利项目提供服务的社区教育, 影响诉讼, 直接的法律服务, 对家庭暴力和其他罪行的幸存者的支持, 寻求庇护, 家庭服务, 对儿童的支持 & 青年, 公民身份, 延期的行动 & DACA, 和拘留和驱逐的防御.

Northwest Immigrant Rights Project offers services in community education, impact litigation, direct legal services, support for survivors of domestic violence and other crimes, asylum, family services, support for children & youth, citizenship, Deferred Action & DACA, and detention and deportation defense.

此页显示可用的免费或降低价格法律服务在世界各国. 查看您所在国家/地区的法律服务.

This page shows the free or reduced priced legal services available in countries all over the world. Check for legal services in your country.

反欺诈警告

Anti-fraud warning

阅读此信息来保护自己的人不是真正的律师! 还有人会假装帮助你,使他们能够保持你的钱. 了解如何能认出它们,保护自己! 移民法律资源中心 (ILRC) 为保护您免受欺诈而提供的信息. 您可以 阅读和下载英文信息. 或者你可以 阅读和下载西班牙语信息.

Read this information to protect yourself from people who are not real lawyers! There are people who will pretend to help you so they can keep your money. Learn how to recognize them and protect yourself! The Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) made information to protect you from fraud. You can read and download the information in English. Or you can read and download the information in Spanish.

了解更多信息

Learn more

其他资源

Other resources



本页面上的信息来自 难民专员办事处, 美国移民局 和其他受信任的来源. 它用于指导,并尽可能频繁地更新. 美国你好不提供法律意见, 也不是任何拟采取法律咨询作为我们材料. 如果您正在寻找免费或低成本的律师或法律帮助, 我们可以帮助您 寻找免费和低成本的法律服务.

The information on this page comes from UNHCR, USCIS and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

本页是否帮助您? 笑脸 是啊 皱眉脸 没有
感谢您的反馈!