Is trying to get asylum in Canada a safe choice for you and your family? Learn about the risks before you decide to leave the USA.
An uncertain future in the USA
一些难民, 庇护, 和其他移民感到不确定, 他们在美国的未来. 许多人在美国已经多年了. 他们有家庭, 房子和工作. 他们觉得不安全, 但回到他们的原籍国可能是危险的.
Some refugees, asylees, and other immigrants are feeling uncertain about their future in the United States. Many have been in the USA for years. They have families, houses and jobs. They do not feel safe, but it may be dangerous to go back to their country of origin.
还, 国土安全部正计划为数千人结束 TPS. 许多 TPS 持有人将不得不离开美国, 否则将被驱逐出境.
Also, the Department of Homeland Security is planning to end TPS for thousands of people. Many TPS holders will have to leave the United States or they will be deported.
Leaving to try to get asylum in Canada
在美国的移民一直在离开, 试图在加拿大寻求庇护. 他们相信在那里获得庇护会更容易.
Migrants in the USA have been leaving to try to get asylum in Canada. They believe it will be easier to get asylum there.
但大多数从美国官方边境进入加拿大的人不能在加拿大提出难民申请. 这是因为两国之间达成了一项协议. 因此, 成千上万的移民正在非正式地越过边境. 他们希望一旦入境就申请庇护.
But most people who enter Canada at an official border from the United States cannot make a refugee claim in Canada. This is because of an agreement between the two countries. So thousands of migrants are crossing the border unofficially. They hope to apply for asylum once they are inside the country.
Crossing into Canada
你听到和看到的许多事情可能会让你相信, 在加拿大获得庇护很容易. 但要获得庇护是非常困难的. 而非正式抵达加拿大也有风险 ".
Many things you hear and read may lead you to believe that it will be easy to get asylum in Canada. But it is very difficult to get asylum. And there are risks to arriving unofficially in Canada.
在你做任何决定之前, 观看下面的视频, 并阅读此页从加拿大政府约 在加拿大申请庇护--会发生什么?
Before you make any decisions, watch the video below and read this page from the Canadian government about claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?
Please watch this video from the Canadian government.
What else should I know about applying for asylum in Canada?
加拿大素有对移民开放和富有同情心的美誉. 其领导人表示欢迎难民. 加拿大似乎为新来者提供了巨大的机会. 所有这些对一些移民来说都是事实, 但对其他人来说, 现实可能是不同的:
Canada has a reputation for being open and compassionate to migrants. Its leaders have said they welcome refugees. Canada seems to offer great opportunities to newcomers. All of this is true for some migrants, but the reality for others may be different:
许多移民没有资格获得庇护. 如果你不符合条件, 你很可能会被驱逐回你的原籍国, 例如海地或萨尔瓦多. 你不可能被允许回美国.
即使你被允许申请庇护, 你要等很久才能审理你的案子. 加拿大移民系统有积压的 40,000 例. 可能要过两年才能做出决定. 当你等待, 然而, 你会得到福利和工作许可.
- Many people will not be allowed to stay
Many migrants do not qualify for asylum. If you don’t qualify, you will probably be deported back to your country of origin, for example Haiti or El Salvador. It is unlikely that you will be allowed back to the United States.
- There is a long wait for a decision
Even if you are allowed to claim asylum, you will wait a long time before your case is heard. Canadian immigration system has a backlog of 40,000 cases. It could be two years before you get a decision. While you wait, however, you will get benefits and permission to work.
Who does qualify for asylum in Canada?
加拿大政府已经 具体要求 一个人被认为是难民. 如果你没有遇到他们, 你将被要求离开或被删除. 政府没有针对来自美国的 tps 持有人的特别计划.
The Canadian government has specific requirements for a person to be considered a refugee. If you do not meet them, you will be asked to leave or be removed. The government has no special programs for TPS holders coming from the US.
Legal entry from the United States
对某些人来说, 它可以申请庇护在加拿大从美国合法抵达. 这是因为有四种类型的异常:
For some people, it is possible to claim asylum in Canada arriving legally from the US. This is the because there are four types of exceptions:
- Family member exceptions
- Unaccompanied minors exception
- Document holder exceptions
- Public interest exceptions
阅读有关这些异常的信息 加拿大政府关于难民的网页. 其中一个例外可能适用于您.
Read about these exceptions on the Canadian government page about refugees. One of the exceptions may apply to you.
The information on this page comes from the Canadian government and other trusted sources. It is meant to educate newcomers about the risks of going to Canada. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.