什么是虐待儿童?

英语也不会说英语

在美国,有一系列儿童保护法律法规防止儿童受到伤害。阅读本文,学习有关虐待儿童,保护儿童的知识,以及家长应遵守的规则。

In the USA there are child protection laws to stop people hurting children. Learn about child abuse, child protection, and the rules parents must follow.

what is child abuse - child reading

what is child abuse - child reading

虐待儿童指一切伤害儿童的行为。美国的儿童保护法规定,如果有人虐待自己的孩子,美国政府将会把孩子带走。

Child abuse means anything that harms children. If someone abuses their children, child protection laws in the USA say that the government must take the children away.

虐待儿童包括在肉体和精神上伤害儿童,以及对儿童做出残忍的行为。它也指在照顾儿童方面的疏失。虐待儿童包括对儿童的性行为。

Child abuse includes hurting children and being cruel to them. It also means not taking good care of them. Child abuse includes sexual acts with children.

法律规定禁止以下行为:

Here are some things that the law says are not allowed:

  • 十二岁以下的儿童无人陪伴
  • 打、扔或摇晃儿童
  • 触摸或伤害儿童的生殖器(性器官)
  • 把儿童置于危险之中
  • Do not leave children alone if they are younger than 12 years old
  • You must not hit, throw, or shake children
  • Do not touch or harm children’s genitals (sexual parts)
  • You must not put your child in danger

儿童保护 - 使用安全带法律规定家长必须做到:

child protection - using seatbeltsHere are some things the law says you must do:

  • 乘车出行,所有儿童都应使用安全带,幼儿应使用安全座椅
  • 送孩子上学
  • 教孩子安全过马路
  • 告诉孩子如何保持清洁健康
  • 让孩子佩戴自行车头盔(本条在某些州的法律上有明文规定)
  • Use seatbelts for all children and child car seats for young children
  • Send your children to school
  • Teach your child to cross the street safely
  • Show your children how to stay clean and healthy
  • Make your child wear a bicycle helmet (a law in some states)

儿童服务

Child services

在美国,有相关政府部门负责儿童保护。他们的名称是“儿童保护服务局”(Child Protective Services), 或“家庭服务局”(Family Services),或者就叫“儿童服务局”(Child Services)。

There are government departments in charge of child protection. They may be called Child Protective Services or Family Services, or just Child Services.

如果有人怀疑你虐待儿童,他们可以向儿童服务局举报你。医生和教师一旦怀疑有儿童受到虐待,必须举报其家长。

If someone believes you are abusing a child, they may call Child Services and report you. Doctors and teachers must report parents if they suspect abuse.

如果我被举报虐待儿童,接下来会发生什么?

What happens if I am reported for child abuse?

儿童服务局官员将开始着手调查。如果官员们认为孩子目前没有处于紧急危险的环境中,他们就会告诉你应该做出哪些改变。一位社工将会与你沟通,并帮助你改善情况。除此之外,你可以获取以下资源:

Child Services officers will start an investigation. If they do not think there is immediate danger, Child Services will tell you what changes you must make. You will have a social worker. The social worker will help you to make changes. You may receive:

  • 辅导
  • 儿童教育课程
  • 有关健康的服务,如戒毒戒酒治療(涉毒、酗酒)
  • 针对孩子提供的帮助,如一对一辅导,导师服务或者心理咨询
  • 解决住房问题,以及获取其他福利
  • Counseling
  • Parenting classes
  • Health-related services, such as treatment for substance abuse treatment (problems with drugs and alcohol)
  • Help for your children, such as tutoring, mentoring or counseling
  • Help with housing and other benefits

如果我的孩子被带走,会发生什么?

What if my child is taken away?

如果儿童服务局认为你的孩子处于危险之中,他们会把孩子带走,并把情况诉诸法院。

If Child Services thinks your child is in danger, they will take your child away. They will refer your case to a court of law.

被带离家长的孩子将由寄宿家庭看管。他们可能会与寄宿家庭本身的成员,或者和陌生人住在一起。你需要提升自己作为家长的能力,并保证家庭环境的安全,才能把孩子接回家。

Children taken from their parents go to a foster home. This is a temporary home with other family members or with strangers. You will need to show that you can be a better parent and make your home safe before your children can come home.

你是受到虐到的孩子吗? 你认识的某个孩子需要帮助吗? 请致电美国儿童虐待热线 800-422-4453。

Are you a child who is being abused? Or does a child you know need help? Call 800-422-4453

该热线为24小时服务,全年无休。热线配备超过200种语言的译员,即使你不会说英语也无须担心。你不用把自己的身份告知工作人员,他们也不会向你询问。他们的职责是建议你下一步应如何。拨打 1-800-422-4453 再按 1 就能与热线工作人员对话了。

The National Child Abuse Hotline is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Hotline counselors have translators who speak more than 200 languages to help children. The hotline counselors don’t know who you are, and you don’t have to tell them. But they will help you decide what to do. Call 1-800-422-4453 – then push 1 to talk to a hotline counselor.

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