如何成为一名健康信息技术员

英语也不会说英语

美国的医疗保健是一个庞大的行业. 每天, 医院和医生办公室提供数百万页关于病人的信息. 他们需要卫生信息技术人员来帮助他们理解和存储数据. 了解如何成为一名卫生信息技术人员.

Health care in the USA is a huge industry. Every day, hospitals and doctors’ offices produce millions of pages of information about their patients. They need health information technicians to help them understand and store the data. Find out how to become a health information technician.

Two people in white lab coats reading data from a gray machine - health information technician
索尔斯托克/I股票
Two people in white lab coats reading data from a gray machine - health information technician
SolStock/IStock

什么是卫生信息技术人员?

What is a health information technician?

保健技术人员阅读并归档医疗记录. 病历对人们的生活和健康很重要. 有技能的人组织和管理这些信息. 这份工作的名称是健康信息技术员 (打) 或医疗记录技术员.

Health care technicians read and file medical records. Medical records are important to people’s lives and health. Skilled people organize and manage this information. The name of this job is health information technician (HIT) or medical records technician.

关于工作

About the job

卫生信息技术人员的工作可以期待什么?

What can you expect in the job of health information technician?

卫生信息技术人员的职责

Duties of a health information technician

健康信息技术员的主要职责是保证病历的安全, 准确, 和最新. 医生, 护士, 医院经理, 和健康保险公司都需要正确的信息提供给他们. 几乎所有这些记录都保存在计算机上. 有几个是纸上谈兵, 这些文件可能需要扫描和归档.

The main duty of a health information technician is to keep medical records safe, accurate, and up to date. Doctors, nurses, hospital managers, and health insurance companies all need correct information to be available to them. Almost all these records are kept on computers. A few are on paper, and these papers may need to be scanned and filed.

hit 确保所有其他卫生工作者 (如医生, 护士和医疗技术人员) 完整的医疗记录. hit 必须了解和使用用于不同医疗程序的代码.

HITs make sure that all other health workers (such as doctors, nurses and medical technicians) complete medical records. HITs must understand and use the codes used for different medical procedures.

观看有关 HIT 工作的视频

Watch a video about the job of an HIT

车间

Workplace

大多数 hit 在医院工作. 他们还可以在诊所和医生办公室工作. 一些 hit 在家工作. hit 也可能为健康保险公司工作, 为政府, 或在医学研究.

Most HITs work in hospitals. They may also work in clinics and doctors’ offices. Some HITs work from home. HITs may also work for health insurance companies, for the government, or in medical research.

卫生信息技术人员薪金

Salary for health information technicians

在 2017, hit 的平均工资约为 $39,000 每年. 但年薪可以超过 $70,000 在一些大城市有经验的工人或低至 $25,000 为农村地区的入门级工人服务.

In 2017, the average pay for HITs was about $39,000 per year. But annual salary can be more than $70,000 for experienced workers in some big cities or as low as $25,000 for entry-level workers in rural areas.

关于此人

About the person

什么样的人能成为一个好的卫生信息技术人员?

What kind of person makes a good health information technician?

你应该具备的素质

Qualities you should have

  • 注重细节 • HIT 工作充满了小细节,必须准确
  • 良好的道德 – 医疗记录是保密的
  • 分析信息的能力 • HIT 数据包括复杂的医疗信息和法规
  • attention to detail – HIT work is full of small details and must be accurate
  • good ethics – medical records are confidential an
  • ability to analyze information – HIT data includes complex medical information and regulations

你将需要的技能

Skills you will need

  • 计算机技能
  • 对医学术语的理解
  • 对法律程序的理解
  • 保健费用和支付知识
  • 医学编码系统培训
  • computer skills
  • understanding of medical terms
  • understanding of legal procedures
  • knowledge of health care costs and payments
  • training in medical coding systems

获得合格

Get qualified

什么培训, 认证和经验做卫生信息技术人员需要?

What training, certification and experience do health information technicians need?

卫生信息技术人员培训

Training for health information technicians

最常见的培训是健康信息管理课程. 本课程应获得认证 (批准) 由卫生信息学和信息管理教育认证委员会提交 (cahiim). 一个 CAHIIM- 经认可的课程将给你一个副学士学位. 这个课程通常需要两年时间. 您可以通过 卡希姆数据库.

The most common training is a course in Health Information Management. This course should be accredited (approved) by the Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education (CAHIIM). A CAHIIM- accredited course will give you an associate’s degree. The course usually takes two years. You can find an accredited course near you through the Cahim database.

在 cahiim 数据库上, 从下拉菜单中选择您的状态. 取消选择除"健康信息管理"之外的所有程序 : 副学士学位。如果你只想在网上学习, 取消选择"基于园区"。然后选择"搜索"。

On the CAHIIM database, select your state from the dropdown menu. De-select all programs except “Health Information Management : Associate Degree.” If you only want to study online, de-select “Campus Based.” Then choose “Search.”

如果你所在的州没有程序, 尝试相邻的状态. 有 109 在线课程在此数据库和更多基于校园的课程.

If no programs come up in your state, try a neighboring state. There are 109 online courses on this database and many more campus-based courses.

健康信息技术人员认证

Certification for health information technicians

对于不同类型的 hit, 有几种认证. 有些是专门用于编码系统或癌症记录. 最一般的认证是注册健康信息技术员 (rhit) 认证. 申请 rhit, 你需要完成一个 cahiim- 经认可的课程.

There are several certifications for different types of HIT. Some are specifically for coding systems or for cancer records. The most general certification is the Registered Health Information Technician (RHIT) certification. To apply for RHIT, you need to complete a CAHIIM- accredited course.

经验

Experience

经验很重要, 太. 举个例子, 如果你在医生办公室做过接待员, 你就会学会管理信息. 医疗人员可能有医疗代码方面的经验. 这些以前的工作可以帮助你成为一个没有大学课程的健康信息技术员. 您可能仍需要认证.

Experience is important, too. For example, if you have worked as a receptionist in a doctor’s office, you will have learned to manage information. A medical clerk may have experience with medical codes. These previous jobs may help you become a health information technician without a college course. You will probably still need certification.

了解更多信息

Learn more

其他资源

Other resources

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