美国是一个民主国家, 这意味着公民投票决定谁代表他们. 通过使用您的投票, 你有一个发言权, 在选择谁将代表你在你的社区, 在你的状态, 在国家政府. 了解谁可以投票. 了解在哪里, 如何, 为什么要投票.
The USA is a democracy, which means citizens vote to decide who represents them. By using your vote, you have have a say in choosing who will represent you in you community, in your state, and in the national government. Read about who can vote. Learn where, how, and why to vote.
Voting is an important part of being a citizen in the USA.
Who can vote
在你获得公民身份之前, 你不能投票. 投票, 公民必须是 18 年岁. 他们必须登记才能在本州投票. 如果你是被定罪的罪犯, 你就不能投票. 如果你假装是公民, 这样你就可以投票了 ", 你将被逮捕, 并可能被监禁.
You cannot vote until you get your citizenship. To vote, citizens must be 18 years old. They must register to vote in their state. You cannot vote if you are a convicted criminal. If you pretend to be a citizen so you can vote, you will be arrested and may be imprisoned.
Register to vote
登记投票意味着把你的名字列入你所在社区的选民名单. 您将通过在线或邮件注册. 如果你移动, 你必须用你的新地址重新登记.
Registering to vote means putting your name on the list of voters in your community. You will register online or by mail. If you move, you must register again with your new address.
Where to vote
投票地点称为投票站. 投票站通常位于公共设施，如学校, 教会, 或体育馆. 您可以使用 定位器以查找您当地的投票站.
The place where you vote is called a polling station. Polling stations are usually located in public facilities such as schools, churches, or sports halls. You can use a locator to find your local polling station.
如果你知道你将无法亲自投票, 你可以要求缺席投票. 缺席投票也被称为邮寄选票, 因为你在家里填写选票并邮寄. 对于选举期间外出的人或因其他原因无法前往投票站的人来说, 这是一个很好的选择.
If you know that you will not be able to vote in person, you can request an absentee ballot. An absentee ballot is also called a mail-in ballot because you fill the ballot out at home and mail it. This is a good option for people who are away during the election or for people who cannot get to the polling place for other reasons.
How to vote
如果这是你第一次投票, 你需要带上居住证明, 以表明你住在你的家里. 这可以是身份证, 或公用事业账单, 银行对账单或检查与您的地址在它. 如果你以前投票过, 你不需要带居住证明.
If it is your first time voting, you will need to bring proof of residence to show that you live in your home. This can be an ID card, or a utility bill, bank statement or check with your address on it. If you have voted before, you do not need to bring proof of residence.
志愿者会问你的名字, 并向你展示你可以用哪个摊位投票. 投票亭是一个小的圈地. 它允许你在投票时拥有隐私. 如果你不会说英语, 你可以带人到摊位来帮你投票. 在一些国家中, 你可以用你的语言进行投票. 你会收到一份报纸, 上面有候选人的名字和有关法律的信息. 你必须用钢笔填写表格来做出选择. 当您完成, 你将关闭你的选票, 并把它放进一个盒子里.
A volunteer will ask you your name and show you which booth you can use to vote. A voting booth is a small enclosure. It allows you to have privacy while you are voting. If you cannot speak English, you can bring someone into the booth to help you vote. In some states, you may be able to get a ballot in your language. You will be handed a paper with the names of the candidates and information about laws. You will have to make your choices by filling in a form with a pen. When you are done, you will close your ballot and put it into a box.
Types of elections
初选是政党为下一次大选选择候选人的竞争. 获胜的候选人在大选中与其他政党的获胜候选人赛跑. 在美国, 两大政党是民主党和共和党. 在一些国家中, 只有在政党登记的选民才能在初选中投票.
A primary is a competition in which political parties choose their candidates for the next general election. The winning candidate runs in the general election against the winning candidate from the other political party or parties. In the USA, the two major political parties are the Democratic party and the Republican party. In some states, only voters registered with a political party can vote in primaries.
在大选中, 选民在初选的获胜者之间作出选择. 全国选举每两年在11月举行一次. 总统选举每四年11月举行一次.
In a general election, voters choose between the winners of the primary elections. A national election is held in November every two years. The presidential election is held in November every four years.
地方选举是选民选举议员, 法官, 市长, 和其他地方官员. 一个州的每个地区都有不同的地方选举日期. 您可以 查找您的州和地方选举信息.
Local elections are when voters choose council members, judges, mayors, and other local officials. Every region of a state has different dates for local elections. You can find your state and local election information.
Why should I vote?
投票是改变社区的最佳方式之一. 这是你分享你意见的机会. 您可以帮助选择代表为您的城市和国家做出决定.
Voting is one of the best ways to make a difference in your community. It is your chance to share your opinion. You can help choose representatives to make decisions for your city and country.