志愿服务和实习工作是无报酬的工作, 可以帮助你获得工作场所的经验. 它们在美国很流行. 了解为什么志愿者和实习工作可以是重要的职业步骤，以及如何找到这些工作.
Volunteering and internship jobs are unpaid work that helps you get experience in the workplace. They are popular in the USA. Learn why volunteer and internship jobs can be important career steps and how to find these jobs.
你可能会发现很奇怪，这么多人在美国免费工作. 但是实习和志愿服务可以帮助你结识人和获得技能. 他们经常导致有报酬的工作.
You may find it strange that so many people work for free in the USA. But internships and volunteering can help you meet people and gain skills. They often lead to paid jobs.
Why should I be an intern or volunteer?
志愿者和实习工作可能是重要的职业变动. 他们可能不会支付, 但他们会给你宝贵的经验，并可能导致有偿就业.
Volunteer and internship jobs can be important career moves. They may not pay, but they will give you valuable experience and may eventually lead to paid employment.
Volunteer and internship jobs give you experience of workplaces in the USA
您将了解美国人和工作场所. 你会看到人们在美国穿衣和工作如何. 你可以很友好, 问好, 并提问, 公司的人会很高兴你帮助他们. 他们会想帮你. 举个例子, 当你申请有报酬的工作时，他们可以给你一份工作参考.
You will learn about American people and workplaces. You will see how people in the US dress and behave at work. You can be friendly, say hello, and ask questions, and the people at the company will be glad you are helping them. They will want to help you. For example, they can give you a job reference when you apply for paid jobs.
Volunteer and internship jobs will help with getting a paid job
您可能长时间无法工作, 现在你可能试图得到一个有偿的工作. 志愿工作和实习工作表明雇主你是一个勤奋的人. 它告诉雇主，你正在开发新的技能，你是认真的找工作.
You may have been unable to work for a long time, and now you may be trying to get a paid job. Volunteering and internship jobs show employers you are a hard worker. It tells employers that you are developing new skills and that you are serious about getting a job.
Volunteer and internship jobs will teach you new skills
您将学习有用的工作技能, 例如如何在团队中工作以及如何与人交谈. 询问您的经理您是否想练习某项技能或帮助某一项目. 您的经理可能会说"不". 然而, 向你表明你有兴趣是好事. 他们会知道你很乐意帮忙，将来可能会问你.
You will learn useful work skills, such as how to work in a team and how to talk to people. Ask your manager if you want to practice a certain skill or help with a certain project. Your manager might say no. However, it is good to show you are interested. They will know that you are happy to help and might ask you in the future.
You will gain confidence from being a volunteer or intern
在一个有着不同文化的新国家开始工作可能很可怕. 志愿服务和实习工作让你有机会练习和犯错误，而你学习. 如果你犯了错, 大多数人不会不高兴. 他们知道你还在学习，你没有得到报酬.
It can be frightening to start work in a new country with a different culture. Volunteering and internship jobs give you a chance to practice and make mistakes while you learn. If you make a mistake, most people will not be upset. They know you are still learning and you are not getting paid.
What are internship jobs like?
实习工作就像培训. 实习的人被称为实习生. 大多数实习生是学生或年轻人, 但有些是成年人. 实习生花几个月时间学习职业. 作业将在设定的日期结束. 你将像有报酬的工作一样接受面试, 你可能需要签一份合同. 有些实习生得到一点钱，但从来没有一个完整的薪水.
Internship jobs are like training. A person who does an internship is called an intern. Most interns are students or young people, but some are adults. Interns spend a few months learning about a career. The job will end on a set date. You will be interviewed for the job just like a paid job, and you may have to sign a contract. Some interns get a little money but never a full salary.
每个实习都有不同的责任. 参见 实习职位描述 显示了实习生是团队的重要组成部分.
Every internship has different amounts of responsibility. See an internship job description that shows how an intern is an important part of the team.
Examples of internships are:
- 在销售公司: 与客户交谈，了解营销
- 在 IT 公司中: 数据输入和 学习新的计算机程序
- 在美容院: 洗头发，清洁和学习造型
- In sales companies: talking to customers and learning about marketing
- In IT companies: data entry and learning about new computer programs
- In beauty salons: washing hair and cleaning and learning about styling
How to find internship jobs
What are volunteer jobs like?
志愿者免费给予他或她的时间和技能. 志愿者的规则通常较少. 举个例子, 志愿者通常会决定每周工作多少小时. 志愿服务工作通常不用于规定时期, 但你可以决定什么时候要停止. 请参阅 志愿者职位描述 这是为人们帮助清洁和维护公园.
A volunteer gives his or her time and skills for free. There are usually fewer rules for volunteers. For example, volunteers will often decide how many hours to work every week. Volunteering jobs are not usually for a set period, but you can decide when you want to stop. See a volunteer job description that is for people to help clean and maintain a park.
Examples of volunteering are:
- 在库中: 帮助整理书籍, 准备活动, 帮助儿童和其他访客
- 在动物收容所: 喂养和锻炼动物, 清洗, 办公工作
- 在国家公园: 清理垃圾, 教游客关于公园
- In libraries: helping sort books, preparing for events, helping children and other visitors
- In animal shelters: feeding and exercising animals, cleaning, office work
- In national parks: cleaning up garbage, teaching visitors about the park
How to find volunteer jobs
成为志愿者是很容易的. 社区中的许多地方需要你的帮助. 如果有一个地方你想做志愿者, 打电话给他们，问. 即使他们以前没有志愿者, 他们可能有兴趣.
It is easy to become a volunteer. Many places in the community need your help. If there is a place you want to volunteer, call them and ask. Even if they have not had volunteers before, they might be interested.