开始找工作

英语也不会说英语

man filling out an application for his job search

Are you ready to start looking for a job? There are things you can do to prepare for your job search. Learn how to prepare your information and find out where to look for jobs.

首先,做好找工作的准备!

man filling out an application for his job search

你准备好学习如何找工作吗?你该做的第一件事就是开始思考拥有的工作技能。过去做过哪些工作和活动可以帮助找工作?美国是否接受现有的认证?这些准备将帮助了解现在最可能成功获得的工作类型。

Gather information for your job search

收集你找工作所需的所有信息并写下来,然后你就准备好可以开始找工作了。

The first thing you should do is start thinking about the job skills you have. What experience do you have that will help you in your job search? Can your certifications from another country be used in the USA? What days, hours, and times you are willing to work? Thinking about these things ahead of time will prepare you to start your job search.

找工作时你将需要这些信息

Gather together all the information you will need. You will use this information to fill out paper job applications or apply for jobs online. You will also need it to write your resume and cover letters.

你的工作经历

Here is the information you will need to gather:

过去做过什么工作?你有哪些工作技能?回答这些问题将帮助了解在美国申请哪些工作。例如,如果过去曾担任过机械师,那么可能会再次找到一样的工作。如果从事过医疗工作,可能需要了解如何获得认证或考虑重返学校。

Your work history

写下你过去的所有工作和工作经验。列出你所做过的每项工作的信息,包括:

What kind of work have you done in the past? What kind of job skills do you have? Answering these questions will help you know what type of jobs you can apply for in the United States. For example, if you worked as a mechanic in the past, you may be able to find work as a mechanic again. If you worked in medicine, you can research how to get a certification.

  • 工作所在的城市及国家
  • 公司名称
  • 你做的工作种类
  • 工作时的职责
  • 何时开始工作、何时离职
  • 薪水
  • 为何离职

Write down all of your past jobs and any work experience you have. Make a list of information for each job you have done, including:

你的工作技能

  • The city and country where you worked
  • The company name
  • The type of work you did
  • Your responsibilities on the job
  • When you started and ended the job
  • How much you were paid
  • Why you left the job

任何你做得好的事情都可以是工作技能。比如说,如果你能说多种语言,在职场上那将是一份重要的技能。

Your work skills

如果你想想你的工作技能,以及你所拥有过的工作种类,你就可以用你的技能来申请新的工作。

Your skills are anything you know how to do. If you think about your job skills as well as the types of jobs you have had, you will realize that you can apply for new types of jobs if you have the right skills.

从两方面思考你的技能,并把它们写下来:

Think about your skills in two areas, and write them down:

1.一般工作技能适用于很多种工作。这些包括守时、友善、与他人合作的能力、安全工作的能力、以及强的学习能力这些技能通常称为“软实力”因为不用上学就能拥有它们

1. General job skills are ones that apply to many jobs. They include things like being

2.与工作相关的技能包括开堆高机的能力、精确计量的能力、开卡车的能力、准备法律文件的能力、或者使用软件的能力这些技能通常称为“硬实力”因为你必须受过正是教育或训练才能取得这些技能

on time, being friendly, the ability to work with other people, being able to work safely and

再想想机械师:一位机械师能精准的进行计量并且安全地使用工具。这些技能也在其他的工作中能用得上。例如,你可以在建筑或甚至烹饪中使用这些工作技能

being able to learn quickly. These types of skills are sometimes called “soft skills.”

过去曾受的教育

2. Work-related skills include things such as being able to operate a forklift, measure

你将必须提供关于你的教育背景的信息,包括就读的学校的名称、地点、在学日期、是否毕业、及所过的任何特殊培训。

accurately, drive a truck, prepare legal documents or operate software. These types of skills are sometimes called “hard skills.”

在你本国的教育系统可能与美国的教育系统不同。例如,不同的国家可能需要不同数量的学分才能完成高中学业,大学系统的成绩可能这里的不同。有时,必须将的信息套进为美国本土求职者设计的样板文档中

Can you apply your skills in other areas?

你可以考虑让世界教育服务评鉴你的学位。这个组织将审视过去的教育,并解释与美国教育相似的方面。这项服务有时可能很昂贵。大多数雇主都不会要求这项评估,所以最好等到你了解是否需要才购买

Think about a mechanic again: a mechanic has the skills of measuring accurately and using tools safely. These are job skills that are needed in other jobs, too. For example, you can use these job skills in construction and even cooking.

如果你曾就读的学校或大学在的国家是有名的,请务必在简历上写你的学校名称。你可以说菲律宾技术学院被认为是全国最好的学校之一。

Your past education

即使没有完成高中学业或上大学,也应该写出你在过去所受过的任何其他培训。例如,许多难民在营地或重新安置后会接受领导课程或社区健康培训。你应该记下你所做的任何训练。

You will need to give information about your educational background. This includes names and locations of schools you attended, start and finish dates and whether you graduated.

一定要写下你能说的每种语言。使用多种语言的能力在找工作的过程中可以是很有价值的

The educational system in your native country may be different from the American system – a different numbers of grades to complete high school, for example. The university system may have different levels of achievement than those you will find here. Sometimes you will have to “fit” your information into documents that are designed for native-born jobseekers.

联络方式

You might have gone to a school that was famous or hard to get into. Make sure to write that under the school’s name on the resume. You can say something like, “The Technological Institute of the Philippines is considered one of the best schools in the country.”

你需要知道所有能联络上你的方式,包括如何在你的申请书上写你的名字、中间名、还有姓氏,你的电话号码地址、及电邮。在你的简历上,不用提供的个人信息包括生日、年龄、或婚姻状况,但你可能会需要把这些信息写进申请表格中

Your training

证明你有资格在美国工作

Even if you did not finish high school or go to college, you should include any other training you have completed when you list your past education. For example, many refugees have taken leadership classes or community health training in camp or after resettlement. You should write down any training you have taken.

需要提供有关你在美国工作的资格的信息,必须证明法律允许你做工作。需要向雇主提供的社会安全号码,还可能需要接受背景调查,向雇主证明你不曾在美国犯下任何罪行。

Your languages

有关可以工作的数和天数

If you speak more than one language, that is an important asset in your job search. Make sure to also write down every language you speak besides English. Do not write down English. Employers will assume you speak English from reading your resume.

写下你可以工作的日子数、和时间。例如,你晚上可以工作吗?你能在周末工作吗?如果需要,是否愿意出差

推荐

Professional references

推荐人是愿意说你是好雇员的人。在美国,工作推荐人通常是曾与你合作或工作过的人。如果你是刚到美国,或许很难提供推荐人,因为推荐你的不在美国。如果推荐人和你的雇主可以使用相同的语言,可以使用外国的推荐人。如果推荐人雇主说英语,或者都说索马里语,你则能使用这些推荐人

Professional references are people who will say you are a good worker. It can be hard to supply references when you first arrive. Maybe most or all of your past job references are in another country. You can use an overseas reference if your reference and your employer can speak the same language. If your reference speaks English and your employer speaks English, or if they both speak Somali, you may be able to use your overseas employer as a reference.

的雇主可能会接受居住外的推荐人。但是,让美国居民帮助推荐你找工作会比较好,例如你当志工时认识的人。如果没有人,可以个案经理辅导员当你的推荐人。通常,朋友或家人不能作为求职时的推荐人

无论谁当推荐人,你会需要提供他们的全名、职称、雇主、电话号码、与电邮。还必须说出你与他们的关系。你可以在RCO网站上找到模板作为参考请记住在模板上使用你自己的信息。如果你需要的推荐人比模板上的要少,则可以删除不需要的部分

Your contact information

求职中的人際網絡

You will need to know all of your contact information, including how to format your first, middle and last names in applications, your phone number, address, and email address. In your resume, you will not need to include personal information such as your date of birth, age, or marital status. You might need to share that information in applications. Read resume tips and find a resume template.

建立你的专业人际网路是很重要的。这意味着联系可能推荐你的人或能帮助你找工作的人。比如说,在你的第一个工作里,有空的话多认识你的同事。以下是接触他人并建立你的人际网络的方法

Proof that you are allowed to work

参与社区中的招聘会

You will need to prove you are legally allowed to work in the USA. You must give your social security number to your employer. You may also have to complete a background check and prove to your employer you have not committed any crimes.

许多公司会举办招聘会说明工作机会、指出他们要找那些员工、以及你该如何申请他们的工作。参与招聘会的时候,一定要带着你的简历对你喜欢的公司代表自我介绍,解释你正在找什么工作,并给他们关于你的资料

What comes next in a job search?

注册在线求职工具

Once you have gathered your information, there are other things you can do to help you in your job search.

在求职网站上填报你的个人资料,就能让人搜寻到你的专业信息。求职时最多人使用的网站包括 LinkedIn CareerBuilder Indeed GlassdoorZipRecruiter还有Idealist

Job search networking

加入志工行列

It is important that you build a professional network. This means connecting with people who may give your references or help you find jobs. In your first job, for example, get to know the people who work with you when you can.

空闲时间的话,加入当地的志工组织。在帮助他人的同时,将能够运用自己的技能或开发新技能。你将在职业生涯中因为新的技能获益,并且将有更多机会了解美国文化。还将创造新的人际网络,而新认识的人可能在你需要推荐人时帮你说话。

You can attend job fairs in your community. Companies often hold events where they can tell you about the job openings they have, the kind of employee they are looking for, and how you can apply. When going to a job fair, make sure you bring copies of your resume with you. Introduce yourself to the representatives of the companies you like, explain what type of job you are looking for, and give them your information.

你可以在脸书的活动网页上找到附近的求职社交活动看看LinkedIn寻找最近有哪些交流机会,或者在Eventbrite还有 Meetup网站上注册并或得最新的消息。

You can find networking events in your area by visiting the Facebook events page, checking LinkedIn for upcoming networking opportunities, or signing up for updates on Eventbrite and Meetup. You can also read more about networking events.

难民中心在线提供更多工作和职业内容

Sign up for online job search tools

Create a professional presence online by creating a profile on job search websites. The most popular tools for your job search are LinkedIn, CareerBuilder, Indeed, and Glassdoor. You can read more about how to look for job opportunities.

Join volunteer efforts

在线学习免费的专业英语

When you have time, volunteer at a local organization. You will be able to use your skills or develop new ones while you help others. The skills you gain will benefit you in your career search, and you will have the chance to learn more about American culture. You will also create contacts who might be able to speak on your behalf when you need a job reference. Read more about volunteering and internship jobs.

Get your degree evaluated

You may want to consider having your degree evaluated. To do this, you submit your credentials to a transcript evaluation company. The company will look at your past education and say if your degree or certification is valid to use in the USA . This service can sometimes be expensive.

Most employers will not ask for an evaluation. It is best to wait until you learn if this is common for the jobs you are looking for. Read more about how to get your foreign transcripts or diploma evaluated.

Learn more

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