你准备好开始找工作了吗？? 你可以做一些事情来准备求职. 了解如何准备您的信息，并找出在哪里找工作.
Are you ready to start looking for a job? There are things you can do to prepare for your job search. Learn how to prepare your information and find out where to look for jobs.
Gather information for your job search
你应该做的第一件事就是开始思考你的工作技能。. 你有什么经验，这将有助于你的求职? 您来自其他国家/地区的认证能否在美国使用? 什么天, 小时, 和你愿意去工作的时间? 提前考虑这些事情将让你做好开始找工作的准备.
The first thing you should do is start thinking about the job skills you have. What experience do you have that will help you in your job search? Can your certifications from another country be used in the USA? What days, hours, and times you are willing to work? Thinking about these things ahead of time will prepare you to start your job search.
Here is the information you will need to gather:
Your work history
你过去做过什么工作? 你有什么样的技能? 回答这些问题将帮助你知道什么样的工作你可以申请在美国. 举个例子, 如果你在过去工作作为一名机械师, 您可能能够再次找到像机修工的工作. 如果你在医学上工作, 你可以研究如何获得认证.
What kind of work have you done in the past? What kind of job skills do you have? Answering these questions will help you know what type of jobs you can apply for in the United States. For example, if you worked as a mechanic in the past, you may be able to find work as a mechanic again. If you worked in medicine, you can research how to get a certification.
写下所有你过去的工作和你有任何的工作经验. 列出的每个作业的信息你做了, 包括:
Write down all of your past jobs and any work experience you have. Make a list of information for each job you have done, including:
- The city and country where you worked
- The company name
- The type of work you did
- Your responsibilities on the job
- When you started and ended the job
- How much you were paid
- Why you left the job
Your work skills
你的技能就是你知道如何去做的. 如果你考虑你的工作 技能 以及 类型 你有过工作, 你会意识到，你可以申请新的类型的工作，如果你有正确的技能.
Your skills are anything you know how to do. If you think about your job skills as well as the types of jobs you have had, you will realize that you can apply for new types of jobs if you have the right skills.
Think about your skills in two areas, and write them down:
1. 一般工作技能 是适用于许多工作. 其中包括诸如
1. General job skills are ones that apply to many jobs. They include things like being
2. 与工作相关的技能 包括诸如能够操作叉车之类的东西, 措施
2. Work-related skills include things such as being able to operate a forklift, measure
Can you apply your skills in other areas?
再想想一个机械师: 机修工已经准确地测量和安全地使用工具的技能. 这些都是在其他工作岗位需要的工作技能, 太. 举个例子, 你可以使用这些工作技能在建筑, 甚至烹饪.
Think about a mechanic again: a mechanic has the skills of measuring accurately and using tools safely. These are job skills that are needed in other jobs, too. For example, you can use these job skills in construction and even cooking.
Your past education
您将需要提供有关您的教育背景的信息. 这包括你参加的学校的名称和地点, 开始日期和完成日期，以及您是否毕业.
You will need to give information about your educational background. This includes names and locations of schools you attended, start and finish dates and whether you graduated.
你们祖国的教育制度可能与美国的制度不同——完成高中的年级数量不同, 举个例子. 大学系统可能有不同的成就水平, 你会发现在这里. 有时，您必须将您的信息"适合"到专为本地出生的求职者设计的文档中.
The educational system in your native country may be different from the American system – a different numbers of grades to complete high school, for example. The university system may have different levels of achievement than those you will find here. Sometimes you will have to “fit” your information into documents that are designed for native-born jobseekers.
你可能去过一所名校或很难进入的学校. 一定要把学校的名字写在简历上. 你可以说一些像, "菲律宾技术学院被认为是该国最好的学校之一."
You might have gone to a school that was famous or hard to get into. Make sure to write that under the school’s name on the resume. You can say something like, “The Technological Institute of the Philippines is considered one of the best schools in the country.”
即使你没有完成高中学业或去上大学, 当你列出你过去的教育时, 你应该包括你已经完成的任何其他训练。. 举个例子, 许多难民已采取领导类或社区健康训练营地或后重新安置. 你应该写下你已经采取任何培训.
Even if you did not finish high school or go to college, you should include any other training you have completed when you list your past education. For example, many refugees have taken leadership classes or community health training in camp or after resettlement. You should write down any training you have taken.
如果您说多种语言, 这是求职的重要资产. 除了英语，一定要写下你讲的每一种语言. 不要写下英语. 雇主会认为你在阅读简历时会说英语.
If you speak more than one language, that is an important asset in your job search. Make sure to also write down every language you speak besides English. Do not write down English. Employers will assume you speak English from reading your resume.
专业的参考是人谁会说你是一个好工人. 当你第一次到达时, 它可能很难提供参考。. 也许你大部分的或所有过去的工作证明是在另一个国家. 如果您的参考和您的雇主能讲同一语言, 您可以使用海外参考. 如果您引用的英语说得和你的雇主会说英语, 或者, 如果他们都说索马里, 您可以使用您的海外雇主作为参考.
Professional references are people who will say you are a good worker. It can be hard to supply references when you first arrive. Maybe most or all of your past job references are in another country. You can use an overseas reference if your reference and your employer can speak the same language. If your reference speaks English and your employer speaks English, or if they both speak Somali, you may be able to use your overseas employer as a reference.
Your contact information
You will need to know all of your contact information, including how to format your first, middle and last names in applications, your phone number, address, and email address. In your resume, you will not need to include personal information such as your date of birth, age, or marital status. You might need to share that information in applications. Read resume tips and find a resume template.
Proof that you are allowed to work
您需要证明您合法获准在美国工作. 你必须把你的社会保险号给你的雇主. 您可能还必须完成背景调查，并证明您的雇主您没有犯罪.
You will need to prove you are legally allowed to work in the USA. You must give your social security number to your employer. You may also have to complete a background check and prove to your employer you have not committed any crimes.
What comes next in a job search?
Once you have gathered your information, there are other things you can do to help you in your job search.
Job search networking
建立专业网络非常重要. 这意味着与可能提供您的推荐人或帮助您找到工作的人建立联系. 在第一份工作中, 举个例子, 了解与您一起工作的人.
It is important that you build a professional network. This means connecting with people who may give your references or help you find jobs. In your first job, for example, get to know the people who work with you when you can.
你可以参加您所在社区的招聘会. 公司经常举行的活动, 他们可以告诉你的职位空缺, 他们有, 他们正在寻找的员工类型, 以及如何应用. 去招聘会的时候, 一定要带上你的简历复印件。. 向你喜欢的公司的代表介绍你自己, 解释你要找的工作类型, 给他们你的信息.
You can attend job fairs in your community. Companies often hold events where they can tell you about the job openings they have, the kind of employee they are looking for, and how you can apply. When going to a job fair, make sure you bring copies of your resume with you. Introduce yourself to the representatives of the companies you like, explain what type of job you are looking for, and give them your information.
Sign up for online job search tools
Join volunteer efforts
当你有时间, 当地组织的志愿者. 当你帮助别人的时候, 你将能够使用你的技能或开发新的技巧。. 你获得的技能将使你在求职中受益。, 你将有机会了解更多关于美国文化. 您还将创建在需要工作参考时可以代表您发言的联系人。. 阅读更多关于 志愿工作和实习工作.
When you have time, volunteer at a local organization. You will be able to use your skills or develop new ones while you help others. The skills you gain will benefit you in your career search, and you will have the chance to learn more about American culture. You will also create contacts who might be able to speak on your behalf when you need a job reference. Read more about volunteering and internship jobs.
Get your degree evaluated
您可能需要考虑评估您的学位. 要做到这一点, 您向成绩单评估公司提交您的凭据. 公司将查看您过去的教育情况，并说明您的学位或认证是否适用于美国 . 此服务有时会很贵.
You may want to consider having your degree evaluated. To do this, you submit your credentials to a transcript evaluation company. The company will look at your past education and say if your degree or certification is valid to use in the USA . This service can sometimes be expensive.
大多数雇主不会要求评估. 最好等到您了解这是否常见于您正在寻找的工作. 阅读有关如何 评估您的外国成绩单或文凭.
Most employers will not ask for an evaluation. It is best to wait until you learn if this is common for the jobs you are looking for. Read more about how to get your foreign transcripts or diploma evaluated.