心理健康

英语也不会说英语

什么是心理健康?心理健康意味着你的思想和思想是多么健康。心理健康影响你的思考和感觉。了解心理健康问题和不同类型的精神疾病。了解什么是心理健康和精神疾病将有助于你知道,如果你或你认识的人患有心理健康问题,该怎么做。

What is mental health? Mental health means how healthy your mind and thoughts are. Mental health affects how you think and feel. Learn about mental health problems and different kinds of mental illnesses. Understanding what mental health and mental illness are will help you know what to do if you or someone you know are suffering with mental health problems.

mental health problems

mental health problems

在美国,人们将心理健康视为一个人整体健康的一部分。 他们知道很多人都有心理健康问题。 美国人探讨心理健康问题并寻求改善方法。

In the USA, people see mental health as part of the overall health of a person. They know that many people have mental issues. Americans are not embarrassed to talk about mental health. They look for ways to get better.

心理疾病就像身体疾病。 许多心理健康问题并不严重。 但有些非常严重,会遭受巨大的痛苦。 自己或任何家庭成员因心理问题寻求帮助, 都不应该感到尴尬或害怕。 医疗专业人员可以提供咨询,药物和其他治疗。

As with physical illnesses, many mental problems are not serious. But also like physical illness, some mental illnesses and disorders are very serious. They can cause terrible suffering.

什么会导致心理健康问题?

What causes mental illness and disorders?

心理健康问题可能有很多原因。 他们包括:

Mental illness and disorders can have many causes. They include:

  • 遗传(您家人的健康史)
  • 环境
  • 压力大的工作或家庭生活
  • 艰难的生活事件
  • 大脑中的激素和化学物质
  • Genetics (the health history of your family)
  • Environment
  • A stressful job or home life
  • Difficult life events
  • The hormones and chemicals in your brain

心理健康问题如何表现?

How do mental disorders show?

症状是由于疾病而产生的感觉和行为。 有许多不同的心理疾病症状。 最常见的症状是悲伤,恐

Symptoms are the feelings and behaviors you have because of an illness. Disorder means something that is not working in the usual way. There are many different mental disorders and many different symptoms.

惧,愤怒,困惑和不寻常的行为。 患有严重的心理疾病会使常见症状反应增强。 人们无法继续日常生活。 他们可能不知道什么是真实的或不真实的。

The most common symptoms are sadness, fear, anger, confusion, and unusual behavior. With serious mental health disorders, all of the common symptoms are stronger. People are not able to carry on with everyday life. They may not know what is real or not real.

心理健康问题的类型

Types of mental illnesses and disorders

这份名单上的疾病是一些最常见的心理健康问题。 单击链接以了解更多信息。

The illnesses on this list are some of the most common mental health problems.

创伤后应激障碍简称PTSD。PTSD 是对一个可怕的或有压力的事件的自然情绪反应。

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is called PTSD for short. PTSD is a natural emotional reaction to a terrible or stressful event.

许多人可能经历轻度抑郁症。轻度抑郁症是当你感到悲伤或你不想做任何事情。如果这持续超过两个星期,你可能会有严重的抑郁症。

Many people can experience mild depression. Mild depression is when you feel sad or you do not feel like doing anything. If this last for more than two weeks, you may have major depression.

广义焦虑症比正常焦虑强。每个人都有焦虑。但是焦虑在几乎总是发生的时候就变成了一种紊乱。

Generalized Anxiety Disorder is stronger than normal anxiety. Everyone is anxious sometimes. But anxiety becomes a disorder when it happens almost all the time.

精神分裂症是一种严重的精神疾病。它会影响你看待世界的方式和你的方式。

Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. It affects the way you see the world and the way you behave.

当人们没有从大的变化或困难的经历中恢复过来时,就会发生适应障碍。医生经常发现难民和移民有适应障碍。

Adjustment disorder happens when people do not recover from a big change or difficult experience. Doctors often find refugees and immigrants have an adjustment disorder.

双极性障碍表现为极端的情绪波动。极端的情绪波动是当你从感觉非常悲伤到感觉非常快乐到狂躁。

Bipolar disorder is shown by extreme mood swings. Extreme mood swings are when you go from feeling very sad to feeling very happy to the point of being manic.

饮食失调发生在你吃饭时,因为你对你的身体有不好的想法。你可能会吃得太多或太少,经历极端的体重变化。

Eating disorders happen when you have problems with eating because you have bad thoughts about your body. You may eat too much or too little and go through extreme weight changes.

物质使用障碍也被称为”药物滥用”。你吸毒和酗酒会伤害你的身体,以不好的方式影响你的生活。

Substance use disorders are also called “substance abuse.” They happen when you drink too much alcohol or take too many drugs. Your use of drugs and alcohol hurts your body and affects your life in bad ways.

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