What is mental health? Mental health means how healthy your mind and thoughts are. Mental health affects how you think and feel. Learn about mental health problems and different kinds of mental illnesses. Understanding what mental health and mental illness are will help you know what to do if you or someone you know are suffering with mental health problems.
在美国，人们将心理健康视为一个人整体健康的一部分。 他们知道很多人都有心理健康问题。 美国人探讨心理健康问题并寻求改善方法。
In the USA, people see mental health as part of the overall health of a person. They know that many people have mental issues. Americans are not embarrassed to talk about mental health. They look for ways to get better.
心理疾病就像身体疾病。 许多心理健康问题并不严重。 但有些非常严重，会遭受巨大的痛苦。 自己或任何家庭成员因心理问题寻求帮助， 都不应该感到尴尬或害怕。 医疗专业人员可以提供咨询，药物和其他治疗。
As with physical illnesses, many mental problems are not serious. But also like physical illness, some mental illnesses and disorders are very serious. They can cause terrible suffering.
What causes mental illness and disorders?
Mental illness and disorders can have many causes. They include:
- Genetics (the health history of your family)
- A stressful job or home life
- Difficult life events
- The hormones and chemicals in your brain
How do mental disorders show?
症状是由于疾病而产生的感觉和行为。 有许多不同的心理疾病症状。 最常见的症状是悲伤，恐
Symptoms are the feelings and behaviors you have because of an illness. Disorder means something that is not working in the usual way. There are many different mental disorders and many different symptoms.
惧，愤怒，困惑和不寻常的行为。 患有严重的心理疾病会使常见症状反应增强。 人们无法继续日常生活。 他们可能不知道什么是真实的或不真实的。
The most common symptoms are sadness, fear, anger, confusion, and unusual behavior. With serious mental health disorders, all of the common symptoms are stronger. People are not able to carry on with everyday life. They may not know what is real or not real.
Types of mental illnesses and disorders
The illnesses on this list are some of the most common mental health problems.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is called PTSD for short. PTSD is a natural emotional reaction to a terrible or stressful event.
Many people can experience mild depression. Mild depression is when you feel sad or you do not feel like doing anything. If this last for more than two weeks, you may have major depression.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder is stronger than normal anxiety. Everyone is anxious sometimes. But anxiety becomes a disorder when it happens almost all the time.
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. It affects the way you see the world and the way you behave.
Adjustment disorder happens when people do not recover from a big change or difficult experience. Doctors often find refugees and immigrants have an adjustment disorder.
Bipolar disorder is shown by extreme mood swings. Extreme mood swings are when you go from feeling very sad to feeling very happy to the point of being manic.
Eating disorders happen when you have problems with eating because you have bad thoughts about your body. You may eat too much or too little and go through extreme weight changes.
Substance use disorders are also called “substance abuse.” They happen when you drink too much alcohol or take too many drugs. Your use of drugs and alcohol hurts your body and affects your life in bad ways.