Refugee resettlement in the United States of America

英语也不会说英语

美国重新安置如何运作? 当你在美国是难民时会发生什么? 了解以难民身份抵达美国,并找到有助于您了解美国生活的信息.

How does resettlement in America work? What happens when you are a refugee in the USA? Learn about arriving in the USA as a refugee and find information that will help you understand about life in America.

在美国定居

Resettlement in America

抵达美国

Arriving in the United States

当你第一次抵达美国, 你将可能会到机场迎接由志愿者从您重新安置机构. 他们会带你到你的新家. 帮助你组织仅有极少量的钱,你找个地方住. 所以你的家可能是小公寓. 它可能只有几件事情. 美国家庭可能捐赠家居用品, 如床和桌子, 为你的公寓.

When you first arrive in the United States, you will probably be greeted at the airport by volunteers from your resettlement agency. They will take you to your new home. The organization that is helping you only has a small amount of money to find you a place to live. So your home might be small apartment. It might only have a few things in it. American families probably donated household items, such as a bed and table, for your apartment.

您必须学习如何使用公寓中的新项目,例如, 你的冰箱, 微波炉和洗衣机. 您的安置机构志愿者将向您展示如何. 你会发现食物是不同的, 但你可以 了解食物和吃 在美国.

You will have to learn how to use the new items in your apartment – for example, your fridge, microwave and washing machine. Your resettlement agency volunteer will show you how. You will find that food is different, but you can learn about food and eating in the USA.

你的个案

Your caseworker

在你到达之后, 您将分配到社会工作者. 这个人会帮助您适应美国. 你的个案可能会很忙,帮助其他家庭, 太. 你社会工作者必须遵循的许多规则的重新安置难民. 它是重要的是保持良好的关系与你的个案.

After you arrive, you will be assigned to a caseworker. This person will help you adjust to the USA. Your caseworker will probably be very busy helping other families, too. Your caseworker must follow the many rules of refugee resettlement. It is important to maintain a good relationship with your caseworker.

你将不得不完成大量的文书工作. 这项文书作业是你需要去收钱. 根据所处的状态,你住在, 您将收到少量的钱为你的家人. 这可能被称为现金援助难民或它可能调用贫困家庭临时援助. 你将可能还会收到一种叫做"粮票"或管理单元. 这是花钱买杂货. 您可以了解有关 您可能获得的好处 以及 公共福利,特别是针对难民的福利.

You will have to complete a lot of paperwork. This paperwork is required for you to receive money. Depending on what state you live in, you will receive a small amount of money for your family. This might be called Refugee Cash Assistance or it might be called Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. You will probably also receive something called “food stamps” or SNAP. This is to pay for groceries. You can learn more about the benefits you might receive as well as public benefits especially for refugees.

医学考试

Medical exams

在你的家庭中的每个人都会有去体检. 你来美国之前你可能医疗检查过. 你和你的孩子可能要接种疫苗,以防止你的疾病. 您可以了解有关 美国的医疗保健. 如果你有一个医疗问题, 你应该在头八个月看医生,你在美国, 因为你有很好的医疗保险.

Everyone in your family will have to get medical examinations. You probably had a medical exam before you came to America. You and your children may have to get vaccinations to prevent you from getting diseases. You can learn more about healthcare in the USA. If you have a medical problem, you should see a doctor during the first eight months you are in the USA, because you have good medical insurance.

注册您的孩子在学校

Enrolling your children in school

如果你有孩子, 你必须为他们登记在学校. 你可以阅读这个页面上 公立学校 要了解更多关于美国学校. 大多数的州要求儿童年龄 5 自 18 去上学.

If you have children, you must enroll them in school. You can read this page on public schools to learn more about US schools. Most states require children ages 5 to 18 to attend school.

你可能想要, 或需要, 年轻的孩子送到幼儿园. 也有说领先和早期领先的孩子们太年轻,不适合学校的免费程序.

You may want, or need, to send younger children to preschool. There are also free programs called HeadStart and early Headstart for children who are too young for school.

找一份工作

Finding a job

你重新安置机构和个案经理会帮助你找到一份工作. 作为一个难民, 你可以在你的护照上显示入境盖章立即开始工作. 美国重新安置计划的目标是"自给自足"。这意味着政府要你,只要你能找到一份工作. 可能会要求你参加你提供的第一份工作. 你可能不想要这份工作. 很重要的是要记住,你可以继续寻找更好的工作. 您可以 了解有关找工作或找到更好工作的更多详细信息.

Your resettlement agency and case manager will help you get a job. As a refugee, you can start working immediately by showing the entry stamp on your passport. The goal of the US resettlement program is “self-sufficiency.” This means the government wants you to get a job as soon as you can. You will probably be required to take the first job you are offered. You might not want to have this job. It is important to remember that you can keep looking for a better job. You can learn more about finding a job or getting a better job.

获取社会安全号码

Getting a Social Security number

你也要申请 社会安全号码. 你的个案可能会帮助你做这. 这是一个数字,表明你可以住在美国. 当你工作时, 一些你的钱是从你的薪水作为税收和一些社会保障.

You also have to apply for a Social Security number. Your caseworker will probably help you do this. This is a number that shows you can live in the USA. When you work, some of your money is taken out of your paycheck as taxes and some for social security.

学习如何驾驶

Learn how to drive

你需要学会如何乘公共汽车或 如何驾驶. 在美国, 你必须通过测试及赚取你的驾驶执照,驾驶. 你也要为你的车, 你的车的保险, 和维护成本.

You will need to learn how to take the bus or how to drive. In the US, you must pass a test and earn your driver’s license in order to drive. You also have to pay for your car, insurance for your car, and the cost of maintenance.

学习英语

Learn English

它是非常重要的是你集中精力学习英语. 这可能是最重要的事情,你能如何帮助您的家庭获得成功. 你重新安置机构,很可能会替你签订英语课. 你也可以 在线英语课 或在你的社区中找到类在其他地方. 它也是重要的尝试,以帮助你的孩子学习自己的母语.

It is very important that you focus on learning English. This is probably the most important thing you can do to help your family succeed. Your resettlement agency will probably sign you up for English classes. You can also take English classes online or find classes at other places in your community. It is also important to try to help your kids learn your native language.

适应美国文化

Adjust to American culture

在这段期间, 你也将学会适应 美国文化. 你可能会面临 文化冲击. 它是重要的你要记住你文化是宝贵和你随身携带更多的资产到美国. 你可以帮助你的文化教美国人.

During all of this time, you will also be learning to adapt to American culture. You may face culture shock. It is important that you remember you culture is valuable and that you bring lots of assets with you to the United States. You can help teach Americans about your culture.

一年后, 获得绿卡

After one year, get a green card

一年后你已经抵达美国, 你可以申请永久居留 (一个 格林卡). 你的个案可能将帮助你将.

One year after you have arrived in the US, you can apply for permanent residency (a green card). Your caseworker will probably help you apply.

在一年后, 你可能会止步看到你个案工作者. 但, 还有很多的其他组织和个人,可以帮助你在美国. 如果你需要在你的社区中查找程序的帮助, 您可以在 芬德你好 查找您附近的资源和服务.

After the first year, you will probably stop seeing your case worker. But, there are still lots of other organizations and people that can help you in the US. If you need help finding programs in your community, you can search in FindHello to find resources and services near you.

搬到一个新城市

Moving to a new city

有时, 难民决定他们不喜欢他们被重新安置的城市和他们想要移动到一个新的城市. 虽然可以产生效益的如果你可以靠拢,向家人或朋友或者什么地方有一份好工作, 它也可以很难. 它是重要的是知道,当你移动, 你不必重新申请您的好处. 如果你正在考虑搬到一个新的地方, 请阅读这个页面上 搬到一个新的城市 在移动之前.

Sometimes, refugees decide they do not like the city they were resettled and they want to move to a new city. While there can be benefits to this if you can move closer to family or friends or somewhere with a good job, it can also be very hard. It is important to know that when you move, you have to reapply for your benefits. If you are thinking about moving to a new place, please read this page on moving to a new city before you move.

完成高中学业并赢得 GED 文凭

Finish high school and earn a GED diploma

你第一年后, 为了得到更好的工作, 您可能还需要完成你的教育, 特别是如果您没有完成高中在您的国家. 我们有一个免费的在线课程,以帮助您赢得您的 高中文凭. 您还可以了解有关 大学和其他教育的机会 在美国.

After your first year, in order to get a better job, you may also need to finish your education, especially if you did not finish high school in your country. We have a free online class to help you earn your high school diploma. You can also learn more about college and other educational opportunities in the USA.

带家人到美国

Bring your family to the USA

你可能还想申请要给美国带来其他家庭成员. 在一般情况下, 您需要申请做这你来到美国的第一个两年内. 阅读关于家庭团聚 或与您的个案工作者讨论.

You may also want to apply to bring other family members to the USA. In general, you need to apply to do this within the first two years you come to the USA. Read about family reunification or talk to your caseworker about it.

了解更多信息

Learn more

其他资源

Other resources



本页面上的信息来自 难民专员办事处 和其他受信任的来源. 它用于指导,并尽可能频繁地更新. 美国你好不提供法律意见, 也不是任何拟采取法律咨询作为我们材料. 如果您正在寻找免费或低成本的律师或法律帮助, 我们可以帮助您 寻找免费和低成本的法律服务.

The information on this page comes from UNHCR and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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