美国的庇护: 2018 USCIS 流程的变更
美国有一个新的庇护程序. 开始于 2018, 美国公民身份和移民服务 (美国移民局) 改变了它的过程. 新申请人将首先接受听证. 已经在等待听证的人将不得不等待更长的时间.
There is a new process for asylum in the USA. Starting in 2018, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) changed its process. New applicants will receive their hearings first. People who are already waiting for a hearing will have to wait longer.
A new process for asylum in the USA started in 2018
更多 300,000 人们正在等待听到他们在美国的庇护申请. 这将需要很长的时间来处理所有这些申请和面试所有的申请人.
More than 300,000 people are waiting to hear about their asylum applications in the USA. It will take a long time to process all those applications and interview all the applicants.
为了解决这个问题, 美国公民身份和移民服务 (美国移民局) 改变了与庇护申请者面谈的程序。 2018. 它正在面试新的申请者, 并以相反的顺序在列表中重新开始工作。. 阅读移民局关于庇护面谈时间安排的信息.
To address the problem, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) changed its process for interviewing asylum applicants in 2018. It is interviewing new applicants first and working back through the list in reverse order. Read the USCIS information about asylum interview scheduling.
This is the new order:
- 第一优先级: 安排面试的申请人, 但是面试必须根据申请人的要求或移民局的需要重新安排。.
- 第二优先级: 已挂起的应用程序 21 天或更少.
- 第三优先级: 所有其他未决的肯定庇护申请将安排进行面谈, 从新的文件, 并返回到旧的档案.
- First priority: Applicants who were scheduled for an interview, but the interview had to be rescheduled at the applicant’s request or the needs of USCIS.
- Second priority: Applications that have been pending 21 days or less.
- Third priority: All other pending affirmative asylum applications will be scheduled for interviews starting with newer filings and working back towards older filings.
Why is USCIS making this change to asylum in the USA?
如果你申请庇护, 你可以申请工作许可 150 天后. 然后你可以工作, 直到你被接受或拒绝. 移民局说, 新的进程将减少申请避难的人数, 只是为了获得工作许可证. 如果新的申请人是先处理, 而不是等待多年, 移民局认为, 他们可能不会申请, 除非他们有一个良好的情况下. 这是因为当庇护申请者被拒绝时, 他们可能会被从美国删除
If you apply for asylum, you may apply for a work permit 150 days later. Then you can work until you are accepted or refused. USCIS says the new process will reduce the number of people applying for asylum just to get a work permit. If new applicants are dealt with first instead of waiting for years, USCIS believes they probably won’t apply unless they have a good case. This is because when asylum applicants are turned down, they may be removed from the USA
What if I have been waiting for my interview, and my case is urgent?
移民局表示, 将考虑在上述优先顺序之外安排面试的紧急请求. 请以书面形式向您的 移民局庇护办公室.
USCIS says it will consider urgent requests to be scheduled for an interview outside of the priority order listed above. Please submit any urgent interview scheduling requests in writing to your USCIS asylum office.
What about my family?
一些受庇护者已经等待了长达四年的批准, 所以他们可以带他们的孩子或配偶加入他们. 这将是非常困难的, 他们不得不等待更长的时间. 人权倡导者要求移民局为这些申请者找到一个公平的程序。. 如果您尚未与律师合作, 我们建议找个律师帮你.
Some asylees have been waiting for up to four years to be approved so they can bring their children or spouses to join them. It will be very hard for them to have to wait even longer. Human rights advocates are asking USCIS to find a fair process for these applicants. If you are not already working with a lawyer, we recommend finding a lawyer to help you.
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