什么是一名医生? 什么样的医生在那里? 你应该去哪一个？? 了解要访问哪些类型的医生或保健提供者.
What is a doctor? What kind of doctors are there? Which one should you go to? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.
What is a doctor?
医生是受过训练治疗病人的人。. 在美国, 有很多种医生和其他医务工作者. 美国人打电话给医务工作者 “医疗保健提供商” 或 “医疗服务提供者。” 这些是当你生病或受伤时帮助你的人.
A doctor is a person who is trained to treat sick people. In the USA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workers “healthcare providers” or “medical providers.” These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.
What kind of doctors are there?
There are three types of medical providers you may need:
1. Primary care providers
Who you see for help will depend on your health issue.
1. Primary care providers
初级保健提供者 (螺杆泵) 提供基本, 日常护理和一系列医疗服务, 以个人和家庭为共同的医疗问题. 五氯酚通常是第一个医生, 你看到时, 你有一个问题.
Primary care providers (PCPs) provide basic, everyday care and a range of healthcare services to individuals and families for common medical problems. A PCP is usually the first medical person you see when you have a problem.
Who can be a primary care provider?
你的五氯酚可能是医生 (也叫医生在美国), 医生的助手或护士执业. 你家的所有成员可能会看到相同的五氯酚, 或者你可能会看到很多人都是基于你的当地健康中心. 您可能会看到相同的五氯苯酚多年.
Your PCP may be a doctor (also called a physician in the US), a physician’s assistant or a nurse practitioner. All members of your family may see the same PCP, or you may see a number of people all based at your local health center. You may see the same PCP for many years.
Here are a few examples of when you would see your family doctor:
- for a yearly health check-up
- if your son or daughter had an ear infection
- when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
- if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
- for preventative care
How do I find a primary care provider?
将有一个初级保健提供商在您的社区. 大多数社区都有保健中心或保健诊所. 你可以问朋友和邻居: “什么是医生, 你可以推荐?”. 您的重新安置办公室或导师也可以帮助您找到一个家庭医生. 或者你可以看看 芬德你好 医疗保健提供商.
There will be a primary care provider in your community. Most communities have health centers or health clinics. You can ask friends and neighbors: “what is a doctor that you can recommend?”. Your resettlement office or mentor can also help you find a family doctor. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.
您的健康保险可提供预防性健康福利. 尝试使用它们! 这些测试和其他程序有助于阻止您开发健康问题. 他们包括对你的健康进行检查, 即使你不觉得生病或没有注意到任何错误. 各种健康检查 (测试) 可免费使用. 了解大多数健康保险计划涵盖哪些筛查.
Your health insurance may offer preventative health benefits. Try to use them! These are tests and other programs that help to stop you from developing health problems. They include getting check-ups on your health even if you do not feel sick or have not noticed anything wrong. A wide variety of health screenings (tests) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.
您的初级保健提供者可能会将您送到某些伤害和疾病的专科医生那里. 一位专家是医疗服务的提供者侧重于一个特定的身体系统或身体的一部分. 举个例子, 皮肤科医生照顾皮肤, 胃肠病学家关心的消化系统, 骨科医生关心的骨头.
Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A specialist is a healthcare provider who focuses on a specific body system or part of the body. For example, a dermatologist cares for the skin, a gastroenterologist cares for the digestive system, and an orthopedist cares for bones.
Here are a few examples of when you would see a specialist:
- 你有胃病, 您的 PCP 会派您进行测试
- you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
- a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
- your son or daughter has not started to speak
有些专家只是治疗孩子或长辈. 了解更多关于不同 医生的类型 你可能会在美国相遇.
Some specialists just treat children or elders. Learn more about the different types of doctors you might meet in the USA.
Referrals to specialists
引用是你看到另一种医疗服务提供者的建议 (一位专家, 举个例子). 你可能需要问你的五氯酚的转诊之前, 你看到一个专家. 专家可能需要这个或您的保险公司可能需要它. 确保你检查你的健康保险计划, 看看是否需要转诊之前, 与专家预约. 这样, 你可以确定你的保险将覆盖访问.
A referral is a recommendation that you see another healthcare provider (a specialist, for instance). You may need to ask your PCP for a referral before you see a specialist. The specialist might require this or your insurance company might require it. Be sure you review your health insurance plan to see if a referral is required before making an appointment with a specialist. That way you can be sure your insurance will cover the visit.
3. Emergency medical care
如果家里有人在一天晚些时候或周末生病怎么办？? 如果你有一个严重的问题，需要立即照顾? 可能无法与您的 PCP 预约. 但还有其他地方可以立即得到帮助:
What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:
Urgent care and walk-in clinics
紧急护理和步行诊所通常有晚上和周末的时间, 并提供照顾轻微的医疗问题没有预约. 注意到地址, 营业时间, 和联系信息的紧急护理诊所附近的你住在哪里.
Urgent care and walk-in clinics often have evening and weekend hours and provide care for minor medical problems without an appointment. Take note of the addresses, open hours, and contact information for urgent care clinics near to where you live.
Here are a few examples when you might visit an urgent care office:
- 在体育赛事期间, 你儿子打他的头
- during a sporting event, your son hits his head
- you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection
Hospital emergency department
医院急诊科为危及生命提供护理和紧急医疗需要. 大多数的急症室是开放 24 一天一小时, 一周七天. 一定要知道离你家最近的急诊科的位置和联系信息.
A hospital’s emergency department provides care for life-threatening and urgent healthcare needs. Most emergency departments are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Be sure you know the location and contact information of the emergency department nearest to your home.
Here are a few examples for when you would go to the hospital:
- your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
- your wife is going into labor
- your husband has broken his leg
如果去急诊室, 你可能还要等几个小时才能被医生看到, 除非这是一个危及生命的紧急情况。.
If go to an emergency room, you may still have to wait for several hours before you will be seen by a doctor unless it is a life-threatening emergency.
Emergency medical services
The phone number to call for emergency medical help is 911.
美国有良好的紧急医疗服务体系. 它包括由训练有素的医疗救护人员和救护车护理，将人们送往医院. 紧急医疗服务通常与警察或消防部门合作. 有时它们由医院或私营公司经营.
The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.