什么是一名医生?

英语也不会说英语

什么是一名医生? 什么样的医生在那里? 你应该去哪一个?? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

What is a doctor? What kind of doctors are there? Which one should you go to? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

什么是一名医生?

What is a doctor?

什么是一名医生?

What is a doctor?

医生是受过训练治疗病人的人。. 在美国, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workershealthcare providers” 或 “medical providers.These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

A doctor is a person who is trained to treat sick people. In the USA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workers “healthcare providers” or “medical providers.” These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

什么样的医生在那里?

What kind of doctors are there?

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

1. 初级保健提供者

1. Primary care providers

2. 专家
2. Specialists
3. 紧急医疗服务

3. Emergency medical services

你看到谁的帮助将取决于你的健康问题.

Who you see for help will depend on your health issue.

1. 初级保健提供者

1. Primary care providers

初级保健提供者 (螺杆泵) 提供基本, 日常护理和一系列医疗服务, 以个人和家庭为共同的医疗问题. 五氯酚通常是第一个医生, 你看到时, 你有一个问题.

Primary care providers (PCPs) provide basic, everyday care and a range of healthcare services to individuals and families for common medical problems. A PCP is usually the first medical person you see when you have a problem.

谁可以成为初级保健提供者?

Who can be a primary care provider?

你的五氯酚可能是医生 (也叫医生在美国), 医生的助手或护士执业. 你家的所有成员可能会看到相同的五氯酚, 或者你可能会看到很多人都是基于你的当地健康中心. You may see the same PCP for many years.

Your PCP may be a doctor (also called a physician in the US), a physician’s assistant or a nurse practitioner. All members of your family may see the same PCP, or you may see a number of people all based at your local health center. You may see the same PCP for many years.

这里有几个例子, 当你会看到你的家庭医生:

Here are a few examples of when you would see your family doctor:

  • 每年的健康体检
  • 如果你的儿子或女儿的耳朵感染了
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care
  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care

如何找到初级保健提供商?

How do I find a primary care provider?

将有一个初级保健提供商在您的社区. 大多数社区都有保健中心或保健诊所. 你可以问朋友和邻居: “什么是医生, 你可以推荐?”. 您的重新安置办公室或导师也可以帮助您找到一个家庭医生. Or you can look in 芬德你好 for healthcare providers.

There will be a primary care provider in your community. Most communities have health centers or health clinics. You can ask friends and neighbors: “what is a doctor that you can recommend?”. Your resettlement office or mentor can also help you find a family doctor. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

预防性护理

Preventative care

您的健康保险可提供预防性健康福利. 尝试使用它们! 这些测试和其他程序有助于阻止您开发健康问题. 他们包括对你的健康进行检查, 即使你不觉得生病或没有注意到任何错误. A wide variety of health screenings (测试) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

Your health insurance may offer preventative health benefits. Try to use them! These are tests and other programs that help to stop you from developing health problems. They include getting check-ups on your health even if you do not feel sick or have not noticed anything wrong. A wide variety of health screenings (tests) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

2. 专家

2. Specialists

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. 一位专家是医疗服务的提供者侧重于一个特定的身体系统或身体的一部分. 举个例子, 皮肤科医生照顾皮肤, 胃肠病学家关心的消化系统, 骨科医生关心的骨头.

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A specialist is a healthcare provider who focuses on a specific body system or part of the body. For example, a dermatologist cares for the skin, a gastroenterologist cares for the digestive system, and an orthopedist cares for bones.

这里有几个例子, 当你会看到一个专家:

Here are a few examples of when you would see a specialist:

  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak
  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak

有些专家只是治疗孩子或长辈. 了解更多关于不同 types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Some specialists just treat children or elders. Learn more about the different types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Referrals to specialists

Referrals to specialists

引用是你看到另一种医疗服务提供者的建议 (一位专家, 举个例子). 你可能需要问你的五氯酚的转诊之前, 你看到一个专家. 专家可能需要这个或您的保险公司可能需要它. 确保你检查你的健康保险计划, 看看是否需要转诊之前, 与专家预约. 这样, 你可以确定你的保险将覆盖访问.

A referral is a recommendation that you see another healthcare provider (a specialist, for instance). You may need to ask your PCP for a referral before you see a specialist. The specialist might require this or your insurance company might require it. Be sure you review your health insurance plan to see if a referral is required before making an appointment with a specialist. That way you can be sure your insurance will cover the visit.

3. 急救医疗服务

3. Emergency medical care

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

紧急护理和步行诊所

Urgent care and walk-in clinics

紧急护理和步行诊所通常有晚上和周末的时间, 并提供照顾轻微的医疗问题没有预约. 注意到地址, 营业时间, 和联系信息的紧急护理诊所附近的你住在哪里.

Urgent care and walk-in clinics often have evening and weekend hours and provide care for minor medical problems without an appointment. Take note of the addresses, open hours, and contact information for urgent care clinics near to where you live.

这里是几个例子,当你可能访问紧急医疗服务机构:

Here are a few examples when you might visit an urgent care office:

  • during a sporting event, 你儿子打他的头
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection
  • during a sporting event, your son hits his head
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection

医院急救部

Hospital emergency department

医院急诊科为危及生命提供护理和紧急医疗需要. 大多数的急症室是开放 24 一天一小时, 一周七天. 一定要知道离你家最近的急诊科的位置和联系信息.

A hospital’s emergency department provides care for life-threatening and urgent healthcare needs. Most emergency departments are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Be sure you know the location and contact information of the emergency department nearest to your home.

这里是为几个例子,当你去医院:

Here are a few examples for when you would go to the hospital:

  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg
  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg

如果去急诊室, 你可能还要等几个小时才能被医生看到, 除非这是一个危及生命的紧急情况。.

If go to an emergency room, you may still have to wait for several hours before you will be seen by a doctor unless it is a life-threatening emergency.

紧急医疗服务

Emergency medical services

需要紧急医疗帮助的电话号码是 911.

The phone number to call for emergency medical help is 911.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

了解更多信息

Learn more

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