当有人死亡时该怎么做

英语也不会说英语

请了解当有人在美国死亡时你须要怎么做。假如你的家人在另一个国家死亡或是病危,而你因而想要离开的话,请先了解应该怎么做。

Learn the steps you need to take when someone dies in the USA. Find out what to do if you wish to leave because a member of your family dies or is dying in another country.

candle - when someone dies

candle - when someone dies

在美国,大部分的人都是在医院或是养老院死亡的。护士跟医生都知道当有人死亡时要怎么处理。他们会借由问问题的方式来帮你做决定。美国人也许会说「过世」而不是「死亡」。当他们说到尸体时,他们也许会用「死者」、「死去的亲人」、或是「遗体」来代称。

In the USA, most people die in a hospital or nursing home. The nurses and doctors will know what to do when someone dies. They will ask questions to guide you and help you make decisions. Americans may say “passed away” or “passed” instead of “died.” They may use the words “the deceased” or “your loved one” or “remains” when they talk about the body.

当有人在家死亡时

When someone dies at home

假如某人是在家里病死的,你也许会有安宁病房的护理人员在帮助你。在你整理好情绪以前,你都不需要做任何事。宗教仪式、习俗、或准备,不论你需要多久都可以。护理人员可以宣告死亡时间以及填写相关表格。

If someone dies at home from illness, you may have a hospice or medical worker to help you. You do not need to do anything until you are ready. You can take the time you need for any religious ceremony, custom or preparations. The medical workers can make the official death pronouncement and fill in the forms.

当有人突然死亡

When someone dies suddenly

假如一个人突然死亡,你必须要打911,且回报说这里有人死亡。警员或急救人员就会前来。他们会告诉医疗检验人员。医疗检验人员就是检查遗体,然后理厘清死因的人员。如何处理突发的死亡事件

If a person dies suddenly, you will need to call 911 to report that there has been a death. A police officer or emergency worker will come. They will tell the medical examiner. A medical examiner is someone who looks at the body and figures out or confirms how the person died. You can read more about how to handle an unexpected death.

取得死亡证书

Getting a death certificate

医疗检验人员会起草一份死亡证书,并记录这起死亡。死亡证书会在一个礼拜或再多一点后寄达。许多政府官员会跟你要一份死亡证书的复印件。你可能会需要十份左右的死亡证书。如何取得更多的死亡证书

The medical examiner will start a death certificate to register the death. The death certificate will take a week or more to come. Many officials will ask you for a copy of death certificate. You will probably need 10 copies of the death certificate. You can read about how to order extra death certificates.

葬礼及火化

Funerals and cremation

遗体必须要被送往殡仪馆等待土葬。殡仪馆很昂贵。假如遗体将会被火葬(被火化且只剩骨灰),你就不需付殡仪馆的钱。当有人死亡时,遗体可以直接从医院或是你家被送往火葬场。

A dead body must go to a funeral home to be prepared for burial. Funeral homes are very expensive. If the body is to be cremated (burned with the ashes given to you), you do not need to pay for a funeral home. When someone dies, the body can go straight from the hospital or your home to a crematorium.

你不需要额外购买昂贵的棺木(用来土葬的箱子)。有许多适合火葬或土葬的木制或厚纸板制的棺木。你可以自行举办下葬仪式,或是选择一般的宗教仪式。

You do not need to buy an expensive casket (box for burial). There are simple wooden and cardboard caskets that are suitable for cremation and for burial. You may do your own funeral ceremonies or choose a religious service.

Things you will need to do when someone dies

Things you will need to do when someone dies

当有人死亡时你需要做的事:

When someone dies, it is hard to focus on what you need to do. It is good to have a list to things you will need to do soon:

  • 告诉雇主
  • 取得死亡证书及副本
  • 跟任何有提供理赔或补助的政府机关联络
  • 联络保险公司:医疗及人寿险公司,车子及房子保险
  • 联络有账户的银行
  • 列出一份待付账单的清单并取消任何没在使用的服务(电话等等)
  • 停用信用卡,这样才不会继续被收费
  • Tell the employer
  • Get copies of the death certificate
  • Contact any government departments who gave benefits, such as Social Security
  • Tell insurance companies: health and life insurance companies, car and house insurance
  • Contact any bank where there were accounts
  • Make a list of bills that need to paid and cancel any services (such as phone) not being used
  • Cancel credit cards so payments do not continue for services and other monthly payments

当有人死亡时该怎么做 当有人死亡后:一份待办清单(此份清单仅适用于华盛顿州,但可在别州作参考之用)

The state of Washington published a checklist of what to do after a death occurs that may be useful in any state to help you make your own list. You can also read more details about what to do after someone dies.

假如有人在其他国家死亡怎么办?

What if someone dies in another country?

你也许有家族成员住在其他国家。假如你的家人在另一个国家死亡或是病危,你可能会想要离开美国。重要:在离开美国前,请务必先了解可能的风险及因紧急事件而必须出国的规则。请阅读美国公民及移民服务局(移民局)出版的相关紧急出国规则

You probably have family members in other countries. When someone dies or is dying in another country, you may want to travel outside of the United States.

如有任何疑问,请咨询移民局相关人员。

IMPORTANT: Understand the risks and rules about emergency travel before you leave. Please read what the US Customs and Immigration Services (USCIS) says about emergency travel. If you are in any doubt, speak to someone at USCIS before you go.

如未携带正确的文件,你也许会被拒绝入境。移民局核发四种旅游文件:

You may not be allowed back in without the right documents. USCIS issues four types of travel documents:

  • 回美证(Advance parole)
  • 难民旅行证(Refugee travel document)
  • 再入境证(Re-entry permit)
  • 携带人身份证明文件(Carrier documentation)
  • Advance parole
  • Refugee travel document
  • Re-entry permit
  • Carrier documentation

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