工人’ 权利

英语也不会说英语

You have certain rights to protect you at work. 在美国, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Read to learn more about workersrights in the USA.

You have certain rights to protect you at work. In the USA, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Read to learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.

Workers' rights - woman worker

Workers' rights - woman worker

The government in the USA has workers’ 权利法, 说你必须赚多少钱. 关于你能工作多少小时, 你的雇主如何对待你, 也有法律规定. 你的雇主必须提供一个安全和健康的地方,为你工作. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

The government in the USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

最低工资标准

Minimum wage

联邦政府为全国制定法律. 州政府在他们的州制定法律. 联邦政府和每个州都有固定的最低工资标准. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. 联邦最低工资标准是 $7.25 每小时. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 每小时. 您可以 learn more about workers’ 权利和支付在许多语言.

The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 per hour. You can learn more about workers’ rights and pay in many languages.

国家最低工资

State minimum wage

有时国家最低工资是高于联邦最低工资. 举个例子, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 每小时. 在这些州, 雇主必须付给工人更高的金额. 您可以 find the minimum wage in your state.

Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount. You can find the minimum wage in your state.

最低工资和小费

Minimum wage and tips

提示是客户的钱, 感谢你的服务 ". Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. 如果你在餐馆或工作中工作, 你会得到超过 $30 1个月, 那么你可以被雇用为一个 “小费的员工。” 必须至少向雇员支付工资 $2.13 每小时加上他们的提示. 提示必须超过 $5.12 每小时,你仍然挣的联邦最低工资 $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees 在这里.

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.

同等工资

Equal wages

在一些国家中, 男人和女人的工资不同. 然而, 我们 法律 不允许这样做. 如果你和同事做的是一样的工作, 你必须得到同样的报酬. 你也应该得到同样的加班费, 休假时间, 和奖金. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

歧视

Discrimination

歧视法鼓励雇主雇用不同背景的人, 并对每个人一视同仁. 雇主不雇用你是违法的, 因为:

Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:

  • 性别
  • 竞赛
  • 宗教
  • disability: 有身体问题或疾病
  • 年龄: 正在被 40 或旧
  • 民族血统: 你从哪里来
  • gender
  • race
  • religion
  • disability: having physical problems or an illness
  • age: being 40 or older
  • national origin: where you come from

您可以阅读更多关于 laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

You can read more about laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

工伤

Work injuries

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. 如果你在工作中受伤, 马上告诉你的经理是非常重要的. 你还需要找医生来治疗你的伤势. 工人’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. 你的一些待遇和工资可以由你的公司支付.

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

隐私权

Right to privacy

你的公司不允许看你的个人物品. 你的钱包, 袋, 储物柜, 公文包是给你的. 如果您收到有您姓名的邮件, 你的经理是不允许看的.

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

如果您使用计算机进行工作, 你的老板被允许看你的电子邮件. 如果您使用手机, 一些公司被允许听你的电话和留言. 这对每个公司来说都不一样. 你永远不应该对你的公司说或写负面的东西.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

不公平的终止

Unfair termination

不公平的终止意味着你因为非法原因被解雇了. 如果你认为你因为歧视而失去了工作, 工伤, 或骚扰, 你应该考虑和律师谈谈. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ 权利. 您可以 find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ rights. You can find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

如果你认为非法的事情发生在你的工作场所, 告诉你的雇主. 如果你的雇主不能帮忙, 写下正在发生的事情. 您以后可能需要此信息.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

工作场所安全

Workplace safety

您的雇主必须确保您的工作场所是安全的, 没有危险. 危险是会伤害你的东西, 如化学品或不安全的工具或设备. 有时, 你的工作需要你做一些不安全的事情. 举个例子, 建筑工人可能要爬上高楼. 根据法律规定, 雇主必须告诉你在工作场所的潜在危险. 他们还必须用你能理解的语言来训练你. 如果你觉得或看到一些不安全的东西, 你的经理不知道, 告诉他们. Find information about safety rights at work.

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them. Find information about safety rights at work.

了解更多信息

Learn more



本页面上的信息来自 美国政府 and other trusted sources. 它用于指导,并尽可能频繁地更新. 美国你好不提供法律意见, 也不是任何拟采取法律咨询作为我们材料. 如果您正在寻找免费或低成本的律师或法律帮助, 我们可以帮助您 寻找免费和低成本的法律服务.

The information on this page comes from the US government and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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