የአሜሪካ የትምህርት ሥርዓት ውስጥ ደረጃዎች ምንድን ናቸው?

እንግሊዝኛ ደግሞምንም እንግሊዝኛ

ወደ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ውስጥ, public school starts between the age of 4 ና 6 and continues until 16 ወደ 18 አመታት ያስቆጠረ. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

In the USA, public school starts between the age of 4 and 6 and continues until 16 to 18 years old. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

high school students

high school students

የአሜሪካ ህግ ስር, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. ትችላለህ find out the ages and number of years in your state.

Under US law, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. You can find out the ages and number of years in your state.

The education system in US public schools

The education system in US public schools

ቅድመ የልጅነት ትምህርት

Early childhood education

የቅድመ ትምህርት ትምህርት የተጋለጡ እየተደረገ ወጣት ልጆች ስለ ለመነጋገር ጥቅም ላይ የሚውል ቃል ነው. ልጅዎ አንድ ሕፃን እንኳ ጊዜ, ይህም ለእነርሱ ማንበብ መርዳት አስፈላጊ ነው, ከእነርሱ ጋር እዘምራለሁ እና እነሱን የመጀመሪያ ቋንቋ እና በእንግሊዝኛ ሁለቱም እንዲማሩ መርዳት. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (ናቸው “billingual”) ብቻ አንድ ቋንቋ የሚናገሩ ልጆች ይልቅ ጥቅሞች አላቸው. ቅድመ የልጅነት ትምህርት ማዕከሎች እና የመዋዕለ ሕፃናት ማዕከላት ልጆች ዕድሜያቸው አራት ወይም አምስት በኩል ሕፃናት ይገኛሉ.

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (are “billingual”) have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

ቅድመ ትምህርት

Preschool

ቅድመ ትምህርት ልጆችን ይረዳል (ዕድሜያቸው ከሦስት እና አራት) ማዳበር. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. ቅድመ ለ አንድ አማራጭ Head Start ይባላል. ዝቅተኛ ገቢ ካላቸው ቤተሰቦች የሚመጡ የቅድመ-ለሆናቸው ልጆች Head Start ፕሮግራሞች መከታተል ይችላሉ. Head Start, በመንግስት የሚካሄድ ዝቅተኛ ወጪ Preschool ነው. የ መፈለግ ይችላሉ Head Start ፕሮግራም ከእርስዎ አጠገብ.

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

የመጀመሪያ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት

Elementary school

ልጆች ብዙውን ጊዜ ህፃናት ጋር የአንደኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት ይጀምራሉ (K) እንዲሁም ዕድሜያቸው ከአምስት ላይ ክፍል አምስት ወይም ስድስት በኩል መቀጠል. እነዚህ ዕድሜ አስር ወይም አስራ አንድ አካባቢ የአንደኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት ለቀው. ልጆች በአንድ ክፍል ውስጥ አንድ አስተማሪ ብዙ ርዕሰ ጉዳዮች መማር.

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

መካከለኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት (በተጨማሪም መለስተኛ ሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት በመባል)

Middle school (also called junior high school)

የመካከለኛ ትምህርት ቤት ስምንት በኩል ተማሪዎች ኛ ስድስት የሚያስተምረው. እነሱም ዕድሜያቸው እስከ አሥር ዙሪያ ናቸው 14. የመካከለኛ ትምህርት ቤት ተማሪዎች አብዛኛውን በክፍል በክፍል መቀየር. እነሱም በአንድ የትምህርት ቀን ውስጥ የተለያዩ መምህራን ሊኖራቸው ይችላል. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

ሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት

High school

ተማሪዎች ዕድሜ መካከል የሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት 14 እና ብዙውን ጊዜ 17 ወይም 18. በ ክፍሎች ርዕሰ ያዘጋጃል. አንድ ተማሪ በአንድ ቀን ውስጥ በርካታ መምህራን ሊኖራቸው ይችላል. አንዳንድ ተማሪዎች የላቁ ክፍሎች ሊወስድ ይችላል. አንዳንድ ተማሪዎች ስራ ወይም ለኮሌጅ ለማዘጋጀት ዘንድ ክፍሎች ሊወስድ ይችላል. የሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤቶች ክለቦች አሏቸው, ተግባራት, ስፖርት, ሥራ-ጥናት ዝግጅት, ሌሎች እንቅስቃሴዎች.

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.

School placement in the American education system

School placement in the American education system

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

እነሱ ካምፕ ውስጥ ወይም አገር መሸሽ ሳሉ ብዙ ስደተኛ ተማሪዎች ትምህርት ቤት ያመለጡ ሊሆን ይችላል. እነዚህ ተመሳሳይ ዕድሜ የተለመደው አሜሪካዊ ተማሪ ይልቅ በተለያዩ የክፍል ደረጃዎች ላይ ሊሆን ይችላል. አንዳንድ ተማሪዎች በከፍተኛ-የክፍል ደረጃ ሊሆን ይችላል ነገር ግን ገና እንግሊዝኛ የማይናገሩ. እነርሱ የተሻለ እንግሊዝኛ እንዲማሩ ድረስ እነዚህ ተማሪዎች ከባድ ክፍሎች ውስጥ ችግር ሊኖረው ይችላል. በአሜሪካ ውስጥ ትምህርት ቤቶች አንዳንድ ጊዜ መጥፎ ክፍሎች ውስጥ ተማሪዎች ቦታ.

Many refugee students may have missed school while they were in camp or fleeing their country. They may be at different grade levels than a typical American student of the same age. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Those students may have trouble in harder classes until they learn English better. Schools in the US sometimes place students in the wrong grades.

How will schools place my child?

How will schools place my child?

ተማሪዎች የትምህርት ዓመት መጀመሪያ በፊት ወይም በትምህርት ዓመቱ ውስጥ በጣም መጀመሪያ ላይ አንዳንድ ሙከራዎች ሊወስድ ይችላል. የ ምርመራዎች በጽሑፍ ይሆናል. እነዚህ አንድ ጎልማሳ ተማሪ ጥያቄዎችን ያንብቡ ሊሆን ይችላል. እያንዳንዱ የትምህርት ቤት ወረዳ የተለየ ነው.

Students may take some tests before the start of the school year or at the very beginning of the school year. The tests might be written. They might have an adult read questions to a student. It is different for every school district.

ብለህ የምታስብ ከሆነ ልጅዎ የተሳሳተ ክፍል ውስጥ ከተቀመጠ, አንተ አስተማሪ ማነጋገር ይችላሉ, ዋና, ተፈትኖ እና ልጅዎ አስቀመጠ ማን ወይም የትምህርት ቤት ሰራተኛ.

If you think your child is placed in the wrong grade, you can talk to the teacher, principal, or the school staff who tested and placed your child.

  • ጠይቅ, "የእርስዎን ምክንያት ምን ነበር?"ትምህርት ቤቱ የእነሱን ውሳኔ ለመረዳት ሊረዳህ ይችላል.
  • የ ምደባ ስህተት ይመስለኛል ለምን እንደሆነ አብራራ. የእርስዎ ምክንያቶች ጋር ይስማማሉ ከሆነ እነርሱ ምደባ መለወጥ ይችላሉ.
  • Ask, “What was your reasoning?” The school can help you understand their decision.
  • Explain why you think the placement is wrong. They may be able to change the placement if they agree with your reasons.

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. እነዚህ የተለመዱ ምክንያቶች ናቸው:

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. These are common reasons:

  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • የወላጅ / ሞግዚት ምክሮች
  • መደበኛ የፈተና ውጤቶች, እንደ አስፈላጊነቱ
  • ፈቃደኛ መሆን ፈታኝ ሥራዎችን ማጠናቀቅ
  • የተማሪ ፍላጎት ወይም ተነሳሽነት
  • አስተማሪ ወይም አማካሪ ምክር
  • የተማሪ ሥራ ናሙናዎች
  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Parent/guardian recommendations
  • Standardized test scores, as appropriate
  • Willingness to complete challenging assignments
  • Student interest or motivation
  • Teacher or counselor recommendation
  • Samples of student work

Same grade, different level

Same grade, different level

የመካከለኛ እና ከፍተኛ ትምህርት ቤቶች ተመሳሳይ ክፍል ውስጥ በተለያየ ደረጃ የተማሩ ናቸው ክፍሎች አላቸው. አንዳንዶቹ ከባድ ናቸው እና አንዳንድ ቀላል ናቸው. የ ኮርሶች ስሞች አንዳንድ ጊዜ አስቸጋሪ ደረጃ ለመግለጽ. ቃላት የትምህርት ድስትሪክት ላይ ይለዋወጣል.

Middle and high schools have classes that are taught at different levels in the same grade. Some are harder and some are easier. The names of the courses sometimes describe the level of difficulty. The words change depending on the school district.

ቀላል ናቸው ወይም ቀላል እንግሊዝኛ ደረጃ የሚጠቀሙ ክፍሎች ለ ስሞች:

Names for classes that are easier or use easier English levels:

  • ማካተት
  • Basic skills
  • Inclusion
  • Basic skills

ወደ ክፍል አንድ አይነተኛ ደረጃ ክፍሎች ለ ስሞች:

Names for classes at a typical level for the grade:

  • መደበኛ
  • ያልሆነ-አከበሩን:
  • Regular
  • Non-honors

ከፍተኛ ወይም የላቀ ደረጃ ክፍሎች ለ ስሞች:

Names for classes at a higher or advanced level:

  • ያስከብረዋል
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (የ)
  • IB (ዓለም አቀፍ ባካሎሪያ)
  • Honors
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (AP)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)

ተጨማሪ እወቅ

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የእርስዎ ፍለጋ ጀምር
ይህ ገጽ ሊረዳህ ኖሯል? ሳቂታ ፊት አዎ መኮሳተር ፊት አይ
የእርስዎ ግብረ መልስ እናመሰግናለን!