የምግብ አገልግሎት ስራዎች

እንግሊዝኛ ደግሞምንም እንግሊዝኛ

Learn about the food service industry and different kinds of food service jobs. Read about the different career paths you can take in the food and restaurant industries. Find out what training you need and where to start your job search. Learn about newcomers who start their own food service businesses.

Learn about the food service industry and different kinds of food service jobs. Read about the different career paths you can take in the food and restaurant industries. Find out what training you need and where to start your job search. Learn about newcomers who start their own food service businesses.

The food service industry often has available jobs

The food service industry often has available jobs

የምግብ አገልግሎት አንዳንዴ በወጥ ኢንዱስትሪ ይባላል, ምግብ ንግድ, ወይም የእንግዳ. ተለክ 14 million people work in the food service industry, and many jobs are easy to get into. አሜሪካውያን ወጥተው ያላቸውን ቤተሰብ እና ጓደኞች ጋር ይበላ ዘንድ በመሄድ ያስደስተኛል ምክንያቱም የምግብ አገልግሎት ኢንዱስትሪ እያደገ ነው.

Food service is sometimes called the catering industry, the restaurant business, or hospitality. More than 14 million people work in the food service industry, and many jobs are easy to get into. The food service industry is growing because Americans enjoy going to out to eat with their family and friends.

Which food service job?

Which food service job?

Here are some jobs and careers you can consider in the food service industry:

Here are some jobs and careers you can consider in the food service industry:

  • Food service assistant – food service assistants prepare and serve food and drinks to customers in all kinds of places from cafeterias to expensive restaurants. እንዲሁም ደረሰኞችን ጋር ለመርዳት እና ንጹሕና ሥርዓታማ ወጥ መጠበቅ አለባቸው.
  • Restaurant cook – a restaurant cook is someone who prepares and cooks meals in cafes or small restaurants. እነሱም ሙሉ ምግብ ማብሰል ወደ ንጥረ መግዛት ጀምሮ ሁሉንም ነገር ማድረግ. ተለቅ ምግብ ቤቶች ውስጥ, እነሱ ማዘጋጀት ፍራፍሬዎችና አትክልቶች እና ሌሎች በርካታ ተግባራት ጋር በዕድሜ ቀማሚዎችና መርዳት.
  • አሳላፊ ወይም አሳላፊ – waiting tables involves describing the menu, ትዕዛዞች በመውሰድ, እንዲሁም በማገልገል ምግብ. ይህ የህዝብ ጋር ግንኙነት የሚዘምን ማን በወጪ ስብዕና ያለው ሰው ጥሩ ስራ ነው. አሜሪካ ውስጥ, አገልጋዮች ምክሮች እንዲሁም ክፍያ ያገኛሉ. ፈልግ how to be a restaurant server.
  • ከብት አረደ – a butcher cuts meat professionally for stores and restaurants. ሉካንዳ ማዘጋጀት, ዋጋ, እና ስጋ ለማሳየት. እነዚህ ማተኮር እና እጅ ላይ ተግባራት ላይ ትኩረት ማድረግ መቻል አለበት.
  • አለቃ - chef is another name for a trained professional cook. የወጥ ቤት የምግብ አሰራሮች በመከተል እና ማብሰያ ዕቃዎች ዱካ ለመጠበቅ የሚሆን ዝርዝር ላይ ጥሩ ትኩረት ሊኖረው ይገባል. አንዳንድ የወጥ ወጦች ወይም የተጠበሰ ምግብ ልዩ. ኬክ የወጥ ኬኮች እና ጣፋጮች ልዩ. አንድ sous ሼፍ አስፈጻሚ ሼፍ ስር የሚሰራ ሲሆን ብዙ ተግባራት ጋር ያግዛል ሰው ነው.
  • አስተናጋጅ ወይም ጋባዧ – a host or hostess handles reservations and greets customers. The take customers to their tables, ከእነሱ አንድ ምናሌ የሚሰጥ ሲሆን በአጠቃላይ እነሱን ምቾት እንዲሰማቸው ያደርጋል. ማስተናገድ ግቤት-ደረጃ ስራ ነው, እና ቀጣሪዎች ታላቅ ተሞክሮ ይልቅ ወዳጃዊ እና አስተማማኝ ሰው እየፈለገ ይሆናል.
  • ምግብ ቤት አስተዳዳሪ – a restaurant manager is someone who manages the whole restaurant and makes sure everything runs smoothly. እነዚህ ሠራተኞች በበላይነት, ትዕዛዝ አቅርቦቶች, አንዳንድ ደንበኞች እና እጀታ የገበያ እና የገንዘብ ለመቋቋም. ፈልግ እንዴት አንድ ምግብ ቤት ለማስተዳደር ለመሆንr.
  • Food service assistant – food service assistants prepare and serve food and drinks to customers in all kinds of places from cafeterias to expensive restaurants. They also have to help with bills and keep the kitchen clean and tidy.
  • Restaurant cook – a restaurant cook is someone who prepares and cooks meals in cafes or small restaurants. They do everything from buying ingredients to cooking complete meals. In larger restaurants, they help the senior cooks with preparing fruits and vegetables and many other tasks.
  • Waitress or waiter – waiting tables involves describing the menu, taking orders, and serving food. It’s a good job for someone with an outgoing personality who likes dealing with the public. In the United States, servers receive tips as well as pay. Find out how to be a restaurant server.
  • Butcher – a butcher cuts meat professionally for stores and restaurants. Butchers prepare, price, and display the meat. They must be able to concentrate and pay close attention to the tasks at hand.
  • Chef chef is another name for a trained professional cook. Chefs must have excellent attention to detail for following recipes and keeping track of cooking supplies. Some chefs specialize in sauces or grilled food. Pastry chefs specialize in cakes and desserts. A sous chef is someone who works under an executive chef and assists with many duties.
  • Host or hostess – a host or hostess handles reservations and greets customers. The take customers to their tables, gives them a menu and generally makes them feel comfortable. Hosting is an entry-level job, and employers will be looking for a friendly and reliable person rather than great experience.
  • Restaurant manager – a restaurant manager is someone who manages the whole restaurant and makes sure everything runs smoothly. They oversee staff, order supplies, sometimes deal with customers and handle marketing and finances. Find out how to become a restaurant manager.

የፖርትላንድ ውስጥ ምግብ ቤት ባለቤት ያዳምጡ, ኦሬጎን, talk about her experience

Listen to a restaurant owner in Portland, Oregon, talk about her experience

የምግብ አገልግሎት ለእኔ ትክክለኛ ስራ ነው?

Is food service the right job for me?

የምግብ አገልግሎት መስራት እናንተ ማሟላት እንዲሁም የተለያየ አስተዳደግ ካላቸው ሰዎች ጋር ለመግባባት ያስችላቸዋል. ወደ ሥራ ምናልባት የበዛበት አንዳንድ ጊዜ, እና አንዳንድ ደንበኞች ለማስተናገድ አስቸጋሪ ሊሆን ይችላል. በዚህ ሙያ ውስጥ ሰዎች ጥሩ ባሕርያት ግፊት እና አዎንታዊ አመለካከት ስር አሪፍ ናቸው መጠመዳቸው. እርስዎ በትምህርት ዙሪያ ስራዎን መርሐግብር እንዲችሉ ብዙ የምግብ አገልግሎት ስራዎች ተጣጣፊ ሰዓታት ይሰጣሉ, ቤተሰብ, ሌሎች እንቅስቃሴዎች. ትችላለህ take the self-assessment test at careeronestop.org to see if the job suits you.

Working in food service will allow you to meet and interact with people of different backgrounds. The work maybe hectic sometimes, and some customers may be difficult to handle. Staying cool under pressure and a positive attitude are good qualities for people in this career. Many food service jobs offer flexible hours so you can schedule your work around school, family, and other activities. You can take the self-assessment test at careeronestop.org to see if the job suits you.

የት መጀመር ማድረግ?

Where do I start?

አብዛኛዎቹ ሰዎች የምግብ አገልግሎት ልምድ እንዲያገኙ, በተለይ ምግብ ቤቶች ውስጥ, ከታች ጀምሮ እና ቀስ በቀስ ያላቸውን መንገድ በመስራት በማድረግ. የምግብ አገልግሎት ስለ መልካም ነገር ሥልጠና ወይም ልምድ የሌላቸው በርካታ ሥራዎች ውስጥ ማግኘት ይችላሉ ነው. ወዲያውኑ ሥራ ካስፈለግዎ ስለዚህ, አብዛኛውን ጊዜ በኢንዱስትሪው ውስጥ የሚፈልሰው ሠራተኞች የሚሆን አንድ ጥያቄ አለ; ምክንያቱም አንድ ጥሩ ምርጫ ነው. ነገር ግን የማብሰያ ፍቅር ከሆነ, ወይም አመራር ቦታ መግባት እፈልጋለሁ, መጀመሪያ አንዳንድ ማረጋገጫ ወይም ተሞክሮ ማግኘት ይኖርብዎታል.

Most people gain experience in food service, especially in restaurants, by starting at the bottom and gradually working their way up. The good thing about food service is that you can get into many jobs without training or experience. So if you need a job right away, it’s a good choice because there is usually a demand for unskilled workers in the industry. But if you love cooking, or would like to get into a management position, you will need to get some certifications or experience first.

Training and skills

Training and skills

የመግቢያ ደረጃ ስራዎች ለ, እንደ ምግብ አገልግሎት ረዳት ሆኖ, dishwashing, እና ሠንጠረዦች በመጠበቅ ላይ, ምንም የተለየ ስልጠና ያስፈልጋል, አብዛኞቹ ቀጣሪዎች ያላቸውን አዲስ ሰራተኞች ወደ ላይ-ወደ-የሥራ ላይ ስልጠና ይሰጣል. Gaining a የሁለተኛ ደረጃ ትምህርት ቤት ዲፕሎማ will help you get the job. You can also get other training and credentials that will help.

For entry level jobs, such as food service assistant, dishwashing, and waiting tables, no particular training is required, Most employers will give on-the-job training to their new staff. Gaining a high school diploma will help you get the job. You can also get other training and credentials that will help.

የምግብ ደህንነት ስልጠና እና የምስክር ወረቀት

Food safety training and certificates

የምግብ አገልግሎት ውስጥ ሥራ ለማግኘት አንድ ጥሩ የመጀመሪያ እርምጃ አስተማማኝ የምግብ አያያዝ እውቅና ለማግኘት ነው. እርስዎ የምግብ ደህንነት ደንቦችን መረዳት መሆኑን እና በደህና ምግብ ለመጠበቅ ሥልጠና አግኝተዋል መሆኑን ያሳያል. በአንዳንድ ግዛቶች ውስጥ (ካሊፎርኒያ, ኢሊዮኒስ, አሪዞና, ዌስት ቨርጂኒያ, ቴክሳስ, እና ኒው ሜክሲኮ) ይህ የምግብ ተቆጣጣሪዎች ይህ ስልጠና እንዲኖራቸው የሚሆን ሕግ ነው;.

A good first step for getting a job in food service is to get a certificate for safe food handling. It shows that you understand food safety regulations and that you have been trained to keep food safely. In some states (California, Illinois, Arizona, West Virginia, Texas, and New Mexico) it is the law for food handlers to have this training.

የሚፈልጉትን ሰርቲፊኬት የምግብ ደህንነት ለ ANSI ዕውቅና ነው. የ ANSI-እውቅና ፕሮግራም ማግኘት ይኖርብዎታል. እነዚህ እውቅና ፕሮግራሞች መካከል አንዱ ነው ServSafe, ብሔራዊ ምግብ ማህበር የሚካሄድ ነው. ነገር ግን ሌሎች ብዙ እውቅና ፕሮግራሞች አሉ. Find food safety classes in your state or online food safety certificates.

The certificate you need is an ANSI Accreditation for Food Safety. You will need to find an ANSI-accredited program. One of these accredited programs is ServSafe, which is run by the National Restaurant Association. But there are many other accredited programs. Find food safety classes in your state or online food safety certificates.

ማብሰል እና አስተዳደር ስልጠና

Cooking and management training

አንዳንዶች ምግብ አብሳይ አዘውታሪዎች እና የምግብ አሰራር ስልጠና የተቀበሉ ቢሆንም, ሌሎች ያላቸውን ተሞክሮ ምግብ ቤቶች ውስጥ መሥራት አግኝቷል. ብዙ ግቤት-ደረጃ የሥራ ጋር መጀመር እና መሰላሉ ወደላይ ጠንክረው መስራት.

While some restaurant cooks and chefs have received culinary training, others gained their experience working in restaurants. Many start with entry-level positions and work hard to move up the ladder.

አንተ የምግብ ቤት አስተዳደር ውስጥ ፍላጎት ካለዎት, አንዳንድ ምስክርነቶች ያስፈልግዎታል. የሚገኙ ብዙ ሁለት ዓመት አስተዳደር እና አስተዳደር ኮርሶች አሉ. እርስዎ አጠገብ የማህበረሰብ ኮሌጅ ያግኙ.

If you are interested in restaurant management, you will need some credentials. There are many two-year management and administration courses available. Find a community college near you.

መስመር ላይ ይወቁ

Learn online

ምግብ ንግድ ስለ መስመር መማር በርካታ አጋጣሚዎች አሉ. የመስመር ላይ ትምህርት ቤቶች የ ግንኙነቶች ክህሎቶች ለመገንባት እና አንድ ምግብ ቤት ስለማስተዳደር ለማወቅ ይረዳናል. ለምሳሌ, Coursera offers online courses in food and beverage management.

There are many opportunities to learn online about the restaurant business. Online schools will help you build your communications skills and learn about managing a restaurant. For example, Coursera offers online courses in food and beverage management.

እርስዎ አጠገብ አንድ ክፍል አግኝ

Find a class near you

ሌላ ምን እኔ ያስፈልገናል ማድረግ?

What else do I need?

የስራ ፍለጋ ጀምር

Start your job search

Here some ways to start your job search:

Here some ways to start your job search:

  • Use your local employment center – በእያንዳንዱ ከተማ ውስጥ መንግስት የቅጥር ማዕከሎች ነጻ ናቸው. እነዚህ ምክር ይሰጣሉ እና የአካባቢ ስራዎች ዝርዝር ማስቀመጥ. እነዚህ ከስራ እና ስራ መተግበሪያዎች ጋር እርዳታ. እነዚህ በምግብ አገልግሎት ስራ ስልጠና እና ትምህርት ጋር መገናኘት ይችላሉ. አግኝ በአቅራቢያዎ የቅጥር ማዕከል.
  • Look online – snagajob.com is an employment site that helps people find hourly jobs in food service and other industries.
  • Use your local employment center – government employment centers in every city are free. They offer advice and keep a list of local jobs. They help with resumes and job applications. They can connect you with food service job training and education. Find your nearest employment center.
  • Look online – snagajob.com is an employment site that helps people find hourly jobs in food service and other industries.


The future of food service – be your own boss!

The future of food service – be your own boss!

በምግብ አገልግሎት ስራ እና የራስዎን ንግድ መጀመር ይፈልጋሉ? አንድ የምግብ ሙያ አለህ - ምናልባት አንድ ባህላዊ ምግብ ቤትዎ ሀገር?

Would you like to work in food service and start your own business? Do you have a food specialty – maybe a traditional food from your home country?

የምግብ አገልግሎት የምግብ መኪናየምግብ የጭነት ማብሰል እና የምግብ ለማገልገል የተንቀሳቃሽ ወጥ ናቸው. የምግብ መኪናዎች ትኩስ ምግብ የበሰለ እያገለገሉ, ብዙውን ጊዜ አንድ የጎሳ ጭብጥ ጋር - ቤትዎ ሀገር ምግብ አሜሪካውያን አዲስ እና አስደሳች ሊሆን ይችላል. በየዓመቱ, በሀገሪቱ ዙሪያ የምግብ የጭነት መኪናዎች ቁጥር እያደገ. እነዚህ ምግብ አማራጭ ሆኖ በጣም ታዋቂ ናቸው. አንተ ጥሩ የማብሰያ ወይም የሆነ ሰው አውቃለሁ ከሆነ ማን ጣፋጭ ምግብ ያበስላል,, በዚህ ሐሳብ ላይ የመተባበር ታላቅ ይሆናል. አንድ ምግብ የጭነት መኪና ደግሞ ጥሩ የቤተሰብ ንግድ ማድረግ ነበር. ስለ ስለ ያንብቡ ቅመም ኪችን ማስፋፊያ: ስደተኞች ማሠልጠን የምግብ መኪና ፈጣሪዎች ለመሆን. እንዴት ይወቁ start a food truck business.

Food service food truckFood trucks are mobile kitchens for cooking and serving food. Food trucks serve freshly cooked food, often with an ethnic theme – food from your home country can be new and interesting to Americans. Every year, the number of food trucks around the country grows. They are very popular as an alternative to restaurants. If you are a good cook or know somebody who cooks delicious meals, it would be great to collaborate on this idea. A food truck would also make a good family business. Read about the Spice Kitchen Incubator: training refugees to be food truck entrepreneurs. Learn how to start a food truck business.



ተጨማሪ እወቅ

Learn more

የስራ ፍለጋ ጀምር

ሥራ ማግኘት እንደሚችሉ ይወቁ እና ታላቅ ከቆመበት ለማድረግ.

አሁን ስራ እገዛ ያግኙ
ይህ ገጽ ሊረዳህ ኖሯል? ሳቂታ ፊት አዎ መኮሳተር ፊት አይ
የእርስዎ ግብረ መልስ እናመሰግናለን!