አንድ ሐኪም ምንድን ነው?

እንግሊዝኛ ደግሞምንም እንግሊዝኛ

አንድ ሐኪም ምንድን ነው? ዶክተሮች ምን ዓይነት ናቸው አሉ? እርስዎ የትኛው መሄድ አለበት? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

What is a doctor? What kind of doctors are there? Which one should you go to? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

አንድ ሐኪም ምንድን ነው?

What is a doctor?

አንድ ሐኪም ምንድን ነው?

What is a doctor?

አንድ ሐኪም የታመሙ ሰዎችን ለማከም የሰለጠነ ነው ማን ሰው ነው. ወደ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ውስጥ, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workershealthcare providers” ወይም “medical providers.These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

A doctor is a person who is trained to treat sick people. In the USA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workers “healthcare providers” or “medical providers.” These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

ዶክተሮች ምን ዓይነት ናቸው አሉ?

What kind of doctors are there?

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

1. ቀዳሚ እንክብካቤ አቅራቢዎች

1. Primary care providers

2. ስፔሻሊስቶች
2. Specialists
3. የድንገተኛ ጊዜ የህክምና አገልግሎቶች

3. Emergency medical services

እርስዎ የጤና ችግር ላይ ይወሰናል እርዳታ ማየት ማን.

Who you see for help will depend on your health issue.

1. ቀዳሚ እንክብካቤ አቅራቢዎች

1. Primary care providers

ቀዳሚ እንክብካቤ አቅራቢዎች (የቤተሰቦ) መሠረታዊ ማቅረብ, በዕለት ተዕለት እንክብካቤ እና የጋራ የሕክምና ችግሮች ግለሰቦች እና ቤተሰቦች የጤና አገልግሎቶች ክልል. አንድ ችግር ጊዜ አንድ PCP አብዛኛውን ጊዜ እርስዎ ማየት የመጀመሪያ የሕክምና ሰው ነው.

Primary care providers (PCPs) provide basic, everyday care and a range of healthcare services to individuals and families for common medical problems. A PCP is usually the first medical person you see when you have a problem.

ማን የመጀመሪያ እንክብካቤ ሰጪ ሊሆን ይችላል?

Who can be a primary care provider?

የእርስዎ PCP ዶክተር ሊሆን ይችላል (በተጨማሪም በአሜሪካ ውስጥ አንድ ሐኪም ተብሎ), አንድ ሐኪም ረዳት ወይም ነርስ ፕራክቲሽነር. የእርስዎ ቤተሰብ አባላት በሙሉ ተመሳሳይ PCP ማየት ይችላሉ, ወይም ሁሉንም አካባቢያዊ የጤና ማዕከል የተመሠረቱ በርካታ ሰዎች ማየት ይችላሉ. You may see the same PCP for many years.

Your PCP may be a doctor (also called a physician in the US), a physician’s assistant or a nurse practitioner. All members of your family may see the same PCP, or you may see a number of people all based at your local health center. You may see the same PCP for many years.

በእርስዎ የቤተሰብ ሐኪም ማየት ነበር ጊዜ ጥቂት ምሳሌዎች ናቸው:

Here are a few examples of when you would see your family doctor:

  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care
  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care

እኔ የመጀመሪያ እንክብካቤ ሰጪ ማግኘት እንዴት?

How do I find a primary care provider?

በእርስዎ ማህበረሰብ ውስጥ የመጀመሪያ እንክብካቤ ሰጪ አለ ይሆናል. አብዛኞቹ ማህበረሰቦች የጤና ማዕከላት ወይም የጤና ክሊኒኮች አላቸው. ከጓደኛዎች እና ጎረቤቶች መጠየቅ ይችላሉ: “ምን እንመክራለን የሚችል ሐኪም ነው?”. የእርስዎ የሰፈራ ቢሮ ወይም ከአማካሪ ደግሞ ለመርዳት አንድ የቤተሰብ ሀኪም ማግኘት ይችላሉ. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

There will be a primary care provider in your community. Most communities have health centers or health clinics. You can ask friends and neighbors: “what is a doctor that you can recommend?”. Your resettlement office or mentor can also help you find a family doctor. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

የመከላከል እንክብካቤ

Preventative care

የእርስዎ የጤና ኢንሹራንስ የመከላከያ የጤና ጥቅሞችን ሊሰጥ ይችላል. እነሱን ለመጠቀም ይሞክሩ! እነዚህ የጤና ችግሮች በታዳጊ እንድታቆም ለማድረግ የሚያግዙ ፈተናዎች እና ሌሎች ፕሮግራሞች ናቸው. እነርሱ ከእናንተ የታመመ ስሜት አይደለም ወይም የተሳሳተ ነገር አስተዋልኩ ምንም እንኳ የጤና ላይ ቼክ-ባዮች ማግኘት የሚያጠቃልሉት. A wide variety of health screenings (ሙከራዎች) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

Your health insurance may offer preventative health benefits. Try to use them! These are tests and other programs that help to stop you from developing health problems. They include getting check-ups on your health even if you do not feel sick or have not noticed anything wrong. A wide variety of health screenings (tests) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

2. ስፔሻሊስቶች

2. Specialists

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. አንድ ስፔሻሊስት የሰውነት የተወሰነ አካል ስርዓት ወይም ክፍል ላይ የሚያተኩር አንድ የጤና ነው. ለምሳሌ, አንድ የቆዳ ሐኪም ቆዳ ይንከባከባል, አንድ ጋስትሮኧንተሮሎጂስት ሰውነቱ ይንከባከባል, እና አንድ የአጥንት ስፔሻሊስት አጥንት ያስባል.

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A specialist is a healthcare provider who focuses on a specific body system or part of the body. For example, a dermatologist cares for the skin, a gastroenterologist cares for the digestive system, and an orthopedist cares for bones.

እዚህ ስፔሻሊስት ማየት ነበር ጊዜ ጥቂት ምሳሌዎች ናቸው:

Here are a few examples of when you would see a specialist:

  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak
  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak

አንዳንድ ባለሞያዎች ብቻ ልጆች ወይም ሽማግሌዎች መያዝ. የተለያዩ ተጨማሪ ይወቁ types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Some specialists just treat children or elders. Learn more about the different types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Referrals to specialists

Referrals to specialists

አንድ ሪፈራል ሌላ የጤና አቅራቢ ማየት አንድ ምክር ነው (አንድ ስፔሻሊስት, ለአብነት). እርስዎ ስፔሻሊስት ማየት በፊት አንድ ሪፈራል ለ PCP ዎ መጠየቅ ሊኖርብህ ይችላል. ወደ ስፔሻሊስት ይህን ሊጠይቅ ይችላል ወይም ኢንሹራንስ ኩባንያ ይፈልገው ይችላል. አንድ ሪፈራል ስፔሻሊስት ጋር ቀጠሮ በፊት የሚያስፈልግ ከሆነ ለማየት የእርስዎን የጤና ኢንሹራንስ እቅድ ለመገምገም እርግጠኛ ሁን. ይህ መንገድ የእርስዎን ኢንሹራንስ ጉብኝት ይሸፍናል እርግጠኛ መሆን ትችላለህ.

A referral is a recommendation that you see another healthcare provider (a specialist, for instance). You may need to ask your PCP for a referral before you see a specialist. The specialist might require this or your insurance company might require it. Be sure you review your health insurance plan to see if a referral is required before making an appointment with a specialist. That way you can be sure your insurance will cover the visit.

3. የድንገተኛ ህክምና እንክብካቤ

3. Emergency medical care

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

አስቸኳይ እንክብካቤ እና መራመድ-በ ክሊኒኮች

Urgent care and walk-in clinics

አስቸኳይ እንክብካቤ እና መራመድ-በ ክሊኒኮች ብዙውን ጊዜ ምሽት ላይ እንዲሁም ቅዳሜና ሰዓት ያላቸው እና ቀጠሮ ያለ ጥቃቅን የሕክምና ችግሮች እንክብካቤ መስጠት. አድራሻዎች ማስታወሻ ውሰድ, ክፍት ሰዓቶች, እና አቅራቢያ የሚኖሩበትን ቦታ አስቸኳይ እንክብካቤ ክሊኒኮች መረጃ ያግኙ.

Urgent care and walk-in clinics often have evening and weekend hours and provide care for minor medical problems without an appointment. Take note of the addresses, open hours, and contact information for urgent care clinics near to where you live.

ከዚህ ቀጥሎ ጥቂት ምሳሌዎች አንድ አስቸኳይ እንክብካቤ ቢሮ መጎብኘት ትችላለህ ጊዜ ነው:

Here are a few examples when you might visit an urgent care office:

  • during a sporting event, የእርስዎ ልጅ ራሱን ከመምታቱ
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection
  • during a sporting event, your son hits his head
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection

ሆስፒታል ድንገተኛ ክፍል

Hospital emergency department

አንድ ሆስፒታል የድንገተኛ ክፍል ለሕይወት አስጊ እና አስቸኳይ የጤና ፍላጎቶች እንክብካቤ ይሰጣል. አብዛኞቹ የአደጋ መምሪያዎች ክፍት ናቸው 24 ሰዓታት በቀን, በሳምንት ሰባት ቀን. በአቅራቢያዎ ወደ ቤትዎ እርስዎ አካባቢ ማወቅ እና የድንገተኛ ክፍል መረጃ ያነጋግሩ እርግጠኛ ሁን.

A hospital’s emergency department provides care for life-threatening and urgent healthcare needs. Most emergency departments are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Be sure you know the location and contact information of the emergency department nearest to your home.

እዚህ ወደ ሆስፒታል መሄድ ነበር ጊዜ ጥቂት ምሳሌዎች ናቸው:

Here are a few examples for when you would go to the hospital:

  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg
  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg

ከሆነ ድንገተኛ ክፍል ይሂዱ, ይህ ለሕይወት አስጊ ድንገተኛ ካልሆነ በቀር አሁንም ሐኪም እንዲታዩ ይደረጋል በፊት ለበርካታ ሰዓታት መጠበቅ ሊኖርብን ይችላል.

If go to an emergency room, you may still have to wait for several hours before you will be seen by a doctor unless it is a life-threatening emergency.

የድንገተኛ ጊዜ የህክምና አገልግሎቶች

Emergency medical services

ድንገተኛ የሕክምና እርዳታ ነው ስልክ ቁጥር ለመደወል 911.

The phone number to call for emergency medical help is 911.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

ተጨማሪ እወቅ

Learn more

እርስዎ አጠገብ እገዛ ያግኙ

በከተማዎ ውስጥ አገልግሎቶች እና ሀብቶች ለመፈለግ FindHello ይጠቀሙ.

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