ሥራ ላይ ሴቶች

እንግሊዝኛ ደግሞምንም እንግሊዝኛ

Almost half the workforce in the USA is made up of women, But women at work can have problems. It is important to be prepared for some important issues. Learn what to do about the wage gap, sexism, sexual harassment and pregnancy discrimination.

Almost half the workforce in the USA is made up of women, But women at work can have problems. It is important to be prepared for some important issues. Learn what to do about the wage gap, sexism, sexual harassment and pregnancy discrimination.

a woman giving a presentation - women at work

a woman giving a presentation - women at work

ወንዶች ይበልጥ ገንዘብ ማድረግ እና ሥራ ላይ ሴቶች ይልቅ ብዙውን ጊዜ ከፍ ያግኙ. ሴቶች የሆኑ ጥቂት አስተዳዳሪዎች እና ፕሬዚዳንቶች አሉ. ከላይ መካከል 500 በዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ውስጥ ኩባንያዎች, ብቻ 5 መሪዎች መካከል በመቶ ሴቶች ናቸው.

Men make more money and get promoted more often than women at work. There are fewer managers and presidents who are women. Of the top 500 companies in the United States, only 5 percent of the leaders are women.

ሥራ ላይ ሴቶች የሚሆን የደመወዝ ክፍተት

The wage gap for women at work

A wage gap is a difference between how much men and women make. ሥራ ላይ ሴቶች ብዙውን ጊዜ ስለ የሚከፈሉት 20% ሰዎች ያነሰ. እነዚህ ብዙውን ጊዜ በተመሳሳይ ሥራ ለማድረግ ያነሰ ይከፈልዎታል. አንድ የደመወዝ ክፍተት ምክንያት መኖሩን:

A wage gap is a difference between how much men and women make. Women at work are often paid about 20% less than men. They often get paid less for doing the same job. A wage gap exists because:

  • ተጨማሪ ወንዶች ከፍ ያለ ክፍያ ስራዎች ውስጥ ይሰራሉ, እንደ ሕክምና እና ሕግ እንደ
  • ሴቶች አንዳንድ ጊዜ ልጆችን ለመንከባከብ ሥራ ማቆም አለብን
  • ሥራ ላይ ሴቶች ጭማሪ መጠየቅ ዕድላቸው ያነሰ ነው
  • More men work in higher paying jobs, such as medicine and law
  • Women sometimes have to stop work to take care of children
  • Women at work are less likely to ask for raises

Watch a video about the wage gap

Watch a video about the wage gap

What you can do about the wage gap

What you can do about the wage gap

የሙያ ስራዎች ለ, እናንተ የአባቴ ሞያተኞች ማግኘት ጊዜ ተጨማሪ ገንዘብ መጠየቅ ይችላሉ. እርስዎ አንድ ያስነሳል ይገባቸዋል እንደሆነ ይሰማቸዋል ጊዜ እናንተ ደግሞ ተጨማሪ መጠየቅ ይችላሉ.

For professional jobs, you can ask for more money when you get hired. You can also ask for more when you feel that you deserve a raise.

አስተዳዳሪዎች በሥራ ቦታ ሴቶች ወንዶች ያህል ጥሩ አይደሉም ማሰብ ይችላል. ቢሆንም, እነሱ መገንዘብ እንኳ ይህን እላለሁ ወይም ላይሆን ይችላል. አንተ ስራ ቦታ ትልቅ ክፍያ ክፍተት ማየት ከሆነ, የእርስዎ አስተዳዳሪ ወይም የሰው ኃብት መምሪያ ጋር መነጋገር. እርስዎ አስተዳዳሪ ከሆኑ, በሥራዎ ላይ ከሌሎች መሪዎች ጋር መነጋገር. በሥራ ላይ እርግጠኛ ሴቶች በማድረግ መነጋገር ማስተዋወቂያዎች እና አድሎዋዊ ተመሳሳይ ዕድል አልዎ. አንድ ጮሆ መጣመም ስልጠና ይጠቁሙ. This type of training teachers to treat everyone the same way.

Managers may think women in the workplace are not as good as men. However, they may not say this or even realize it. If you see a big pay gap where you work, talk to your manager or Human Resources Department. If you are a manager, talk to other leaders at your job. Talk about making sure women at work have the same chances for promotions and hiring. Suggest an unconscious bias training. This type of training teachers to treat everyone the same way.

ወሲብን

Sexism

ወሲብን በተለየ ወንዶች እና ሴቶች ለማከም ማለት ነው. ይህም ለማንም ሰው ሊከሰት ይችላል, but usually, it means that a woman at work is being treated in a negative way.

Sexism means treating men and women differently. It can happen to anyone, but usually, it means that a woman at work is being treated in a negative way.

ወሲብን ምሳሌዎች

Examples of sexism

  • አንድ ሴት ናቸው ምክንያቱም ከፍ እየተደረገ አይደለም
  • ሰዎች ስብሰባዎች ላይ ሲናገሩ ከጨረስክ ከመፍቀድ አይደለም
  • አለቃህ በ "ማር" እና "ፈርሜበት» ያሉ ስሞች ተብሎ እየተደረገ
  • Not being promoted because you are a woman
  • Men not letting you finish speaking in meetings
  • Being called names like “honey” and “sweetheart” by your boss

What you can do about sexism

What you can do about sexism

ከ ቻልክ, እያስቸገረዎት ሰው ጋር መነጋገር. አንተ የማይመች እንደሆኑ ይንገሯቸው እንዲሁም እነሱን ማቆም ይፈልጋሉ. እነዚህ ለማዳመጥ እና እነሱ እያደረጉ ወይም ምን እያሉ እንደሆኑ ማቆም ይችላል. እነሱ መስማት አይደለም ወይም ከእነሱ ጋር ማውራት የሚያሣይ ከሆነ, አለቃህ መንገር. Every company has a different way to stop or punish sexism. በጣም የሚመስለው, የሰው ሀብቶችን ዲፓርትመንት እነግራችኋለሁ አለቃህ (በተጨማሪም HR በመባል የሚታወቀው). እነዚህ ታዘናለች እየተደረገለት ነው ሰው ጋር መነጋገር, እና ሊያካትት ይችላል. አለቃህ አድልዎ ሰው ከሆነ, HR በቀጥታ መሄድ.

If you can, talk to the person who is bothering you. Tell them that you are uncomfortable and want them to stop. They might listen and stop what they are doing or saying. If they do not listen or you are scared to talk to them, tell your boss. Every company has a different way to stop or punish sexism. Most likely, your boss will tell the human resources department (also known as HR). They will talk to the person who is being sexist and may include you. If your boss is the one discriminating, go directly to HR.

ወሲባዊ ጥቃት

Sexual harassment

ወሲባዊ ትንኮሳ በማንኛውም ትኩረት ነው, ቋንቋ, ወይም አካላዊ እውቂያ እርስዎ የማይወዷቸውን. Sexual harassment by anyone is never okay. ሴቶች በአብዛኛው በሰዎች ወሲባዊ ትንኮሳን ሊያጋጥማቸው. ወሲባዊ ትንኮሳ ህገ ወጥ ነው.

Sexual harassment is any attention, language, or physical contact that you do not like. Sexual harassment by anyone is never okay. Women most commonly experience sexual harassment by men. Sexual harassment is illegal.

Examples of sexual harassment

Examples of sexual harassment

  • አንተ የማይመች እንዲሆን ዘንድ ለእናንተ ተመልከቱ መንገድ በተመለከተ አስተያየቶች
  • የማይወዱትን መሆኑን የሚነካ, ጨምሮ አብሮ በመመገብ
  • ወሲባዊ ድርጊቶችን እያደረጉ ሰዎች ስዕሎችን ወይም ቪዲዮዎችን ማጋራት
  • Comments about the way you look that make you uncomfortable
  • Touching that you do not like, including hugging
  • Sharing pictures or videos of people doing sexual acts

What you can do about sexual harassment

What you can do about sexual harassment

ወሲብን እንደ ተመሳሳይ ሂደት ይከተሉ. ሰው እና ከዚያ አለቃዎን ወይም የሰው ሀብቶችን መምሪያ ጋር ይነጋገሩ. ሥራ ላይ ሴቶች መካከል ወሲባዊ ትንኮሳ ከባድ ችግር ነው. የሰው ሀብቶችን እርስዎ ትንኮሳ ሰው ለመቅጣት ሊወስን ይችላል. ግለሰቡ ተባረረ ሊሆን ይችላል. የእርስዎ ኩባንያ ሊረዳህ የሌለው ከሆነ, አንድ ጠበቃ ማግኘት ያስፈልግዎታል.

Follow the same process as for sexism. Talk to the person and then your boss or human resources department. Sexual harassment of women at work is a serious problem. Human resources may decide to punish the person harassing you. The person could be fired. If your company does not help you, you may need to find a lawyer.

የእርግዝና መድልዎ

Pregnancy discrimination

Pregnancy discrimination means treating a woman differently because of her pregnancy or childbirth. የእርግዝና መድልዎ ጋር ኩባንያዎች ውስጥ ህጋዊ አይደለም 15 ሰራተኞች ወይም ከዚያ በላይ.

Pregnancy discrimination means treating a woman differently because of her pregnancy or childbirth. Pregnancy discrimination is not legal in companies with 15 employees or more.

Examples of pregnancy discrimination

Examples of pregnancy discrimination

  • ከዚያም እሷ ይፈልጋል ማጥፋት አንዲት ነፍሰ ጡር ሴት ማስገደድ ተጨማሪ ጊዜ መውሰድ
  • Firing someone for pumping breast milk in the office and not making a private space for pumping
  • አንድ ማስተዋወቂያ አንዲት ነፍሰ ጡር ሴት ከግምት አይደለም
  • Forcing a pregnant woman to take more time off then she wants
  • Firing someone for pumping breast milk in the office and not making a private space for pumping
  • Not considering a pregnant woman for a promotion

What you can do about pregnancy discrimination

What you can do about pregnancy discrimination

If your employers do not provide space for pumping breast milk, ይህን ለማድረግ እነሱን መጠየቅ. ካላደረጉ, በሚያምኗቸው ሰዎች ባልደረባዋ ጋር መነጋገር. እነሱ የራሳቸውን ቢሮ ካለዎት, እዚያ ፓምፕ ከቻሉ መጠየቅ. አብዛኞቹ የሥራ ቦታ በእርግዝና ጠፍቷል ሦስት ወር ያቀርባሉ. መስራት ተመልሰው መምጣት የሚፈልጉ እና ከሆነ ማጥፋት ተጨማሪ ጊዜ እንዲወስዱ ይገደዳሉ, talk to the human resources department. ተመልሰው መምጣት ሳይሆን ምርጫ አልነበረም መሆኑን ያስረዱ. Also talk to HR for any other pregnancy-related discrimination.

If your employers do not provide space for pumping breast milk, ask them to do so. If they do not, talk to a coworker who you trust. If they have their own office, ask if you can pump there. Most workplaces offer three months off for pregnancy. If you want to come back to work and you are forced to take more time off, talk to the human resources department. Explain that not coming back was not your choice. Also talk to HR for any other pregnancy-related discrimination.

Women at work can succeed!

Women at work can succeed!

ሴቶች በዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ውስጥ ያለውን ኃይል መካከል ግማሽ ናቸው. ይህ የኢኮኖሚ በጣም አስፈላጊ አካል ናቸው ማለት ነው. አንተ ለየት ያሉ ችግሮች ሊያጋጥማቸው ይችላል, ነገር ግን በሥራ ላይ ሴቶች አሁንም ሊሳካላቸው ይችላል. አንድ ሴት መድልዎ እየተደረገ መሆኑን ከተመለከቱ, እሷ ምንም ነገር ለመናገር ይፈሩ ይሆናል. የሚቻል ከሆነ አንተም እንዲህ ማድረግ ለ ደኅና ነው ከሆነ ለመርዳት ያቀርባሉ. ይህም በሥራ ላይ ሴቶች እርስ በርስ የሚያግዙ አስፈላጊ ነው.

Women are almost half of the workforce in the United States. This means you are a very important part of the economy. You may face special challenges, but women at work can still succeed. If you see that a woman is being discriminated against, she may be afraid to say anything. Offer to help if possible and if it is safe for you to do so. It is important that women at work help each other.

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