ሠራተኞች’ መብቶች

እንግሊዝኛ ደግሞምንም እንግሊዝኛ

You have certain rights to protect you at work. ወደ ዩናይትድ ስቴትስ ውስጥ, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Read to learn more about workersrights in the USA.

You have certain rights to protect you at work. In the USA, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Read to learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.

Workers' rights - woman worker

Workers' rights - woman worker

The government in the USA has workers’ እርስዎ ማድረግ አለበት ምን ያህል ገንዘብ ይላሉ መሆኑን መብቶች ሕጎች. ቀጣሪዎ እንዴት እንደሚይዝ በርካታ ሰዓታት መስራት ይችላሉ እንዲሁም እንዴት ሕጎች አሉ. ለእርስዎ እንዲሰራ አሠሪህ ደህንነቱ የተጠበቀ እና ጤናማ ቦታ ማቅረብ አለባቸው. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

The government in the USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

ዝቅተኛ ክፍያ

Minimum wage

የፌዴራል መንግስት በመላው አገሪቱ ህጎች ያደርጋል. ስቴቱ መንግሥታት ግዛቶች ውስጥ ሕጎችን ማድረግ. የፌደራል መንግስት እና በእያንዳንዱ ሁኔታ አንድ አነስተኛ የመነሻ ደሞዝ አድርጌአለሁ. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. የፌደራል ዝቅተኛ ክፍያ ነው $7.25 በ ሰዓት. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 በ ሰዓት. ትችላለህ learn more about workers’ በብዙ ቋንቋዎች መብቶች እና ክፍያ.

The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 per hour. You can learn more about workers’ rights and pay in many languages.

መንግስት ዝቅተኛ ክፍያ

State minimum wage

አንዳንድ ጊዜ ሁኔታ ዝቅተኛ ደመወዝ የፌደራል ዝቅተኛ ደሞዝ በላይ ከፍ ያለ ነው;. ለምሳሌ, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 በ ሰዓት. በእነዚህ ግዛቶች ውስጥ, አሠሪዎች ሠራተኞች ከፍተኛ መጠን መክፈል አለበት. ትችላለህ find the minimum wage in your state.

Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount. You can find the minimum wage in your state.

ዝቅተኛ ክፍያ እና ጠቃሚ ምክሮች

Minimum wage and tips

ጠቃሚ ምክሮች ደንበኞች ገንዘብ የእርስዎ አገልግሎት ላመሰግናችሁ ናቸው. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. አንድ ምግብ ቤት ውስጥ ወይም ሥራ ውስጥ መስራት ከሆነ ከእናንተ ይልቅ ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ ምክሮች ማግኘት ቦታ $30 አንድ ወር, ከዚያም አንድ እንደ ተቀጣሪ ይችላል “ይነግራታል ሠራተኛ.” ይነግራታል ሰራተኞች ቢያንስ መከፈል አለበት $2.13 ሰዓት ሲደመር ያላቸውን ምክሮች በደቂቃ. ጠቃሚ ምክሮች የበለጠ መሆን አለበት $5.12 በሰዓት አሁንም ያለውን የፌደራል ዝቅተኛ ክፍያ ማግኘት ነው ስለዚህም $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees እዚህ.

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.

እኩል ደሞዝ

Equal wages

በአንዳንድ አገሮች ውስጥ, ወንዶች እና ሴቶች በተለየ መንገድ ይከፈላል. ቢሆንም, የአሜሪካ ሕጎች ይህ አትፍቀድ. አንድ አብሮ ሠራተኛ ሆኖ በተመሳሳይ ስራ እያደረጉ ከሆነ, አንተም ተመሳሳይ መከፈል አለበት. በተጨማሪም ተመሳሳይ የትርፍ ሰዓት ክፍያ ማግኘት አለባቸው, የእረፍት ሰዓት, እና ጉርሻ. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

አድልዎ

Discrimination

መድልዎ ህጎች ከተለያየ አካባቢ የመጡ ሰዎች መቅጠር እና ሁሉም ሰው ተመሳሳይ ማከም ቀጣሪዎች ማበረታታት. አንድ አሠሪ መካከል ስለ እናንተ መቅጠር አይደለም ሕገወጥ ነው:

Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:

  • gender
  • ዘር
  • ሃይማኖት
  • disability: አካላዊ ችግር ወይም በሽታ ያለው
  • ዕድሜ: መሆን 40 ወይም ከዚያ በላይ
  • ብሔራዊ ምንጭ: ከየት ነው የመጡት
  • gender
  • race
  • religion
  • disability: having physical problems or an illness
  • age: being 40 or older
  • national origin: where you come from

አንተ የበለጠ ማንበብ ይችላሉ laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

You can read more about laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

የስራ ጉዳቶች

Work injuries

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. የስራ እያለህ ጉዳት ከሆነ, ይህም ወዲያውኑ የእርስዎ አስተዳዳሪ መንገር በጣም አስፈላጊ ነው. በተጨማሪም ጉዳት ለማከም አንድ ሐኪም ማግኘት አለብዎት. ሠራተኞች’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. የእርስዎ ሕክምና እና ደመወዝ አንዳንድ በእርስዎ ኩባንያ ሊከፈል ይችላል.

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

የግል ወደ ቀኝ

Right to privacy

የእርስዎ ኩባንያ የግል ነገሮችን መመልከት አይፈቀድም. የእርስዎ ቦርሳ, ቦርሳዎች, ማከማቻ ሎከር, እና ቦርሳዎች ለእርስዎ ብቻ ናቸው. እርስዎ ላይ የእርስዎ ስም ያለው መልዕክት መቀበል ከሆነ, የእርስዎ አስተዳዳሪ ማንበብ አይፈቀድም.

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

ለስራ ኮምፒውተር የሚጠቀሙ ከሆነ, አለቃህ የእርስዎን ኢሜይሎች ለማየት ተፈቅዶለታል. አንድ ስልክ የሚጠቀሙ ከሆነ, አንዳንድ ኩባንያዎች የእርስዎን የስልክ ጥሪዎች እና መልዕክቶችን ለማዳመጥ የሚፈቀድላቸው. ይህ እያንዳንዱ ኩባንያ የሚሆን የተለየ ነው. ማለት ወይም ኩባንያ ስለ አሉታዊ ነገሮች ጻፍ ፈጽሞ አይገባም.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

ፍትሐዊ መቋረጥ

Unfair termination

ፍትሐዊ መቋረጥ አንድ ወጥ ምክንያት የተባረረ አገኘ ማለት ነው. አንተ ስለ መድልዎ የ ሥራ ያጡ እንደሆነ የምታስብ ከሆነ, የስራ ጉዳት, ወይም ትንኮሳ, አንድ ጠበቃ ጋር ሲነጋገር ማሰብ ይገባል. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ መብቶች. ትችላለህ find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ rights. You can find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

ብለህ የምታስብ ከሆነ ወጥ ነገሮች በሥራ ላይ እየተከሰቱ ነው, አሠሪህ መንገር. አሠሪህ መርዳት አይችልም ከሆነ, ምን እየተከሰተ እንደሆነ ይጻፉ. በኋላ ላይ ይህን መረጃ ሊያስፈልጋቸው ይችላል.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

የስራ ቦታ ደህንነት

Workplace safety

አሠሪህ እርግጠኛ ቦታህን የተጠበቀ ነው አደጋዎች ያለ ማድረግ አለባቸው. አደጋዎች ብትቀኑ የሚችሉ ነገሮች ናቸው, እንዲህ ያሉ ኬሚካሎች ወይም አደገኛ መሳሪያዎች ወይም ቁሳቁሶች እንደ. አንዳንድ ጊዜ, የስራ እናንተ ያልተጠበቀ ነገር ማድረግ ይጠይቃል. ለምሳሌ, አንድ የግንባታ ሠራተኛ ረዣዥም ሕንፃዎች ላይ ወጣሁና ሊኖረው ይችላል. ከሕግ በታች, አሰሪዎች በስራ ላይ ሊያስከትል የሚችለውን አደጋ በተመለከተ ለእርስዎ መንገር አለብኝ. እነርሱ ደግሞ እርስዎ መረዳት አንድ ቋንቋ ማሠልጠን አለኝ. እርስዎ ስሜት ወይም ካዩ ነገር በእርስዎ አስተዳዳሪ ስለ አያውቅም መሆኑን ያልተጠበቀ ነው, ይንገሯቸው. Find information about safety rights at work.

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them. Find information about safety rights at work.

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በዚህ ገጽ ላይ ያለው መረጃ የሚመጣው የአሜሪካ መንግስት እና ሌሎች ምንጮች የታመኑ. ይህ መመሪያ የታሰበ ነው እና በተቻለ መጠን ብዙውን ጊዜ የዘመነው ነው. USAHello ሕጋዊ ምክር ለመስጠት አይደለም, ወይም የታሰበ የእኛን ቁሳቁሶች ማንኛውም የህግ ምክር ሆኖ መወሰድ ናቸው. አንድ ነጻ ወይም ዝቅተኛ-ወጭ ጠበቃ ወይም ህጋዊ እርዳታ የሚፈልጉ ከሆነ, እኛ ሊረዳህ ይችላል ነጻ እና ዝቅተኛ-ዋጋ ሕጋዊ አገልግሎቶችን ለማግኘት.

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በከተማዎ ውስጥ አገልግሎቶች እና ሀብቶች ለመፈለግ FindHello ይጠቀሙ.

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