LGBT: مثلية،مثلي الجنس،ثنائي الجنس والمتحولين جنسيًا

الإنجليزية أيضالا الإنكليزية

LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender. In every country and society, many people belong to one of these communities. In the USA, LGBT people have the same rights and freedoms as everyone else, including the right to marry partners of the same sex.

من هم المثليين؟

LGBT

الأشخاص الذين يعرفون كجزء من مجتمع المثليات والمثليين وثنائي الميول الجنسي والمتحولين جنسياً (المثليين) ينتمون إلى جميع مناحي الحياة. يشمل LGBT الناس من جميع الأعراق والأصول والأعمار والحالة الاجتماعية والاقتصادية والجنسيات.

Who is LGBT?

LGBT هو المصطلح المستخدم للإشارة إلى الأشخاص الذين لديهم شركاء من نفس الجنس والأشخاص الذين ينتقلون بين الجنسين. كما يشمل أيضًا الأشخاص الذين يستطلعون أسئلة تتعلق بنوع جنسهم أو نشاطهم الجنسي.

People who identify as part of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) community come from different backgrounds. LGBT includes people of all races, ethnicity, ages, status, and nationalities. There are around 11 million LGBT people in the USA. This is about 5% of the population.

توافق معظم السلطات الطبية على أن عددًا صغيرًا من الأشخاص لديهم هوية جنسانية ، أو تعبير جنساني ، يختلف عن الجنس المحدد لهم. يُطلق على المتحوّلين للجنس المتحولين جنسياً أحياناً اسم “المتحولين جنسياً” إذا كانوا يرغبون في الحصول على مساعدة طبية للانتقال من جنس إلى آخر. في الولايات المتحدة بشكل متزايد ، هناك مسارات قانونية وطبية تمكن الأشخاص من الانتقال إلى النوع الذي يحددونه.

People who have same-sex partners and people who are transitioning between genders can be described as LGBT. LGBT also includes people who are not sure about their gender or sexuality. Some people change the words they use to describe themselves during their lifetime.

في معظم الولايات المتحدة ، تعتبر العلاقات الرومانسية بين شخصين بالغين من نفس الجنس مساوية للعلاقات بين الرجل والمرأة. في عام 2015 ، أعلنت المحكمة العليا الأمريكية (وهي أعلى محكمة في البلاد) أن الزواج بين شخصين من نفس الجنس قانوني.

Equal rights to marriage

تعاريف المثلية ,المثلي, ثنائي الجنس والمتحولين جنسياً

In 2015, the US Supreme Court (which is the highest court in the country) declared that marriages between two people of the same sex are legal. In most of the USA, romantic relationships between two people of the same sex are viewed as equal to those between a man and a woman. In some states, people are not all accepting of LGBT people. When you travel, learn what common opinions are so you can stay safe.

هنا هو شرح سريع لمعنى كل حرف أولي من كلمة LGBT:

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender definitions

لام: مثليه

Here is an explanation of each letter in LGBT:

امرأة تختبر الحب الرومانسي أو الجذب الجنسي لامرأة أخرى كشريك رومانسي
  • L: lesbian
    A woman who experiences romantic love or sexual attraction for another woman as a romantic partner
  • G: gay
    Most often used to describe a man who experiences romantic love or sexual attraction for another man. This term sometimes is used to refer to both males and females who experience romantic love or sexual attraction for a same-sex or same-gender partner.
  • B: bisexual
    A man or woman who experiences romantic and/or sexual attraction toward both males and females.
  • T: transgender or transexual
    Somebody who does not identify with the sex of the body they were born into. They may be in some stage of physical transition to fit their gender. This term is different than all the others because it does not refer to who a person is attracted to. Someone who is transgender can also be lesbian, for example.
ج: مثلي

Sometimes, you may see the term LGBT with more initials added. An example is LGBTIAA. This is what the other letters mean.

غالبا ما يستخدم لوصف الرجل الذي يواجه الحب الرومانسي أو الانجذاب الجنسي لرجل آخر كشريك رومانسي. يستخدم هذا المصطلح أحيانًا للإشارة إلى أي شخص ، ذكرا أو أنثى ، يواجه الحب الرومانسي أو الانجذاب الجنسي لنفس شريك الجنس.
  • Q: Queer/Questioning
    This term was used as an insult in the past. Now, is it used by many to talk about themselves. Queer is used by gay, bisexual, genderqueer, and transgender people. It means different things to different people. Overall, it means that your gender and sexuality are different than most people’s. Or that you might still be figuring out how you feel.
  • I: Intersex
    This is a term for a person who was born with parts that belong to both sexes. This might mean that their reproductive parts are mixed. Some may be male, while others are female. It could also mean that their genes belong to both sexes.
  • A: Asexual
    Someone who does not experience sexual attraction. Asexual people can date and be in relationships, but they do not have sex. This can also mean “allied”. This is a person who is not LGBT but supports the rights of people who are.
  • A: Ally
    An Ally is someone who identifies as heterosexual (also known as straight) but supports the LGBTQI community
ب: ثنائي الجنس
شخص ، رجل أو امرأة ، يختبر الجذب الرومانسي أو الانجذاب الجنسي أو السلوك الجنسي تجاه كل من الذكور والإناث ، أو الأشخاص من أي جنس أو هوية جنسية.

There are laws that prevent discrimination against LGBT people. Discrimination is hurtful language or behavior. Each state has its own laws and it is important to learn the laws in your city or town.

ت: المتحولين جنسياً

LGBT community

شخص لا يطابق جنس الجسد الذي ولد فيه والذي قد يكون في مرحلة ما من الانتقال الجسدي ليتناسب مع جنسه.

There are many spaces for LGBT people where you can find support and make friends with people like you. Each city has different groups, centers, parties, and even LGBT businesses. LGBT centers have resources and organize trans groups and events.

تعرف على المزيد حول المصطلحات التي يستخدمها الأشخاص للتحدث عن مشكلات LGBT هنا.

هل لديك أحد أفراد الأسرة من LGBT؟

Every June, the LGBT community celebrates their achievements and history.

PFLAG هي منظمة مكرسة لمساعدة الناس مع أفراد عائلة LGBT لمعرفة المزيد عن قضايا LGBT. على موقع الويب الخاص بهم ، يمكنك العثور على المزيد من الموارد التعليمية.

For transgender people

لديها Medlineplus أيضا مجموعة من الموارد ذات الصلة بقضايا الصحة LGBT معينة.

To find trans groups in your area, you can use Facebook or Google. Many groups are on Facebook. To look for groups online, use the words “trans” or “queer exchange” together with the name of your city or a nearby larger city.

لدى CDC صفحة بها موارد لأعضاء مجتمع LGBT.

Transgender people have some different experiences than lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. You can learn more about transgender people through these pages.

The transgender (also known as trans) community has special terms they use to talk about themselves and their experiences.

Transgender people have specific rights when getting healthcare. After changing their gender, they usually want to get new identification. This can include drivers licenses and birth certificates.

Employers and coworkers are legally not allowed to discriminate against trans people.

Gender reassignment is any medical procedure that helps transgender people match their physical sex to their gender.

For young people

LGBT young people can visit TrevorSpace. This is run by the Trevor Project, an organization for LGBT youth. TrevorSpace is a monitored site for young people to connect with LGBT people in their community.

Resources for LGBT people and their friends and family

Learn more

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