मजदुर’ अधिकार

अंग्रेजी पनिकुनै अंग्रेजी

You have certain rights to protect you at work. अमेरिकामा, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Read to learn more about workersrights in the USA.

You have certain rights to protect you at work. In the USA, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Read to learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.

Workers' rights - woman worker

Workers' rights - woman worker

The government in the USA has workers’ तपाईं गर्नुपर्छ कति पैसा भन्न कि अधिकार व्यवस्था. तपाईंको नियोक्ता तपाईं व्यवहार घण्टा कति तपाईं काम गर्न सक्छन् र कसरी व्यवस्था पनि हो. तपाईं काम गर्न को लागि तपाईंको कर्मचारी सुरक्षित र स्वस्थ स्थान प्रदान गर्नुपर्छ. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

The government in the USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

न्युनतम ज्याला

Minimum wage

संघीय सरकार सम्पूर्ण देशको लागि व्यवस्था बनाउँछ. राज्य सरकारहरूले आफ्नो राज्य अमेरिका मा व्यवस्था बनाउन. संघीय सरकार र हरेक राज्य एक न्यूनतम ज्याला सेट छन्. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. संघीय न्यूनतम ज्याला छ $7.25 प्रति घण्टा. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 प्रति घण्टा. तिमी सक्छौ learn more about workers’ अधिकार र धेरै भाषामा भुक्तानी.

The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 per hour. You can learn more about workers’ rights and pay in many languages.

राज्य न्यूनतम ज्याला

State minimum wage

कहिलेकाहीँ न्यूनतम राज्य ज्याला संघीय न्यूनतम ज्याला भन्दा उच्च छ. जस्तै, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 प्रति घण्टा. यी राज्य अमेरिका मा, हाकिमहरूले कामदारहरूको उच्च रकम भुक्तानी गर्नुपर्छ. तिमी सक्छौ find the minimum wage in your state.

Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount. You can find the minimum wage in your state.

न्यूनतम ज्याला र सुझावहरू

Minimum wage and tips

सुझाव ग्राहकहरु पैसा तपाईं आफ्नो सेवाको लागि धन्यवाद दिन हो. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. तपाईं रेस्टुरा वा काम काम यदि तपाईं जहाँ भन्दा बढी को सुझाव प्राप्त $30 एक महिना, त्यसपछि तपाईं एक रूपमा कार्यरत सकिन्छ “टिप दिनुभयो कर्मचारी।” टिप दिनुभयो कर्मचारीहरु कम्तीमा भुक्तानी हुनुपर्छ $2.13 प्रति घण्टा प्लस आफ्नो सुझाव. सुझाव भन्दा बढी हुनुपर्छ $5.12 प्रति घण्टा तपाईं अझै पनि संघीय न्यूनतम ज्याला कमाउन ताकि $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees यहाँ.

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.

बराबर ज्याला

Equal wages

केही देशहरूमा, पुरुष र महिला फरक भुक्तानी गर्दै. तर, अमेरिकी कानुन यो अनुमति छैन. तपाईं एक सह-कार्यकर्ता जस्तै काम गरिरहेका छन् भने, तपाईं नै भुक्तानी हुनुपर्छ. तपाईं पनि एउटै ओवरटाइम भुगतान प्राप्त गर्नुपर्छ, छुट्टी घण्टा, र बोनस. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

भेदभाव

Discrimination

भेदभाव व्यवस्था फरक पृष्ठभूमिका मानिसहरू लेना र सबैलाई समान व्यवहार गर्न हाकिमहरूले प्रोत्साहन. एक कर्मचारी तपाईं को किनभने लेना लागि यो अवैध छ:

Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:

  • लिङ्ग
  • दौड
  • धर्म
  • disability: शारीरिक समस्या वा रोग भएको
  • उमेर: हुनुको 40 वा पुरानो
  • राष्ट्रिय मूल: तिमी कता बाट आयौ
  • gender
  • race
  • religion
  • disability: having physical problems or an illness
  • age: being 40 or older
  • national origin: where you come from

तपाईं बारेमा थप पढ्न सक्नुहुन्छ laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

You can read more about laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

काम घाइते

Work injuries

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. काम गर्दा चोट भने, यसलाई तुरुन्तै तपाईंको प्रबन्धक बताउन धेरै महत्त्वपूर्ण छ. तपाईं पनि आफ्नो चोट उपचार गर्न डाक्टर फेला पार्न आवश्यक छ. मजदुर’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. आफ्नो उपचार र ज्याला केही आफ्नो कम्पनी द्वारा लागि भुक्तानी गर्न सकिएन.

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

गोपनीयता दायाँ

Right to privacy

तपाईंको कम्पनीले आफ्नो व्यक्तिगत कुराहरू हेर्न अनुमति छैन. आफ्नो पर्स, बैग, भण्डारण लकर, र ब्रीफकेस लागि मात्र हो. तपाईं मेल मा आफ्नो नाम छ कि प्राप्त गर्नुभयो भने, प्रबन्धकको पढ्न अनुमति छैन.

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

तपाईं कामको लागि कम्प्युटर प्रयोग गर्नुहुन्छ भने, आफ्नो मालिक आफ्नो इमेल हेर्न गर्न अनुमति दिएको छ. तपाईं फोन प्रयोग गर्नुहुन्छ भने, केही कम्पनीहरु आफ्नो फोन र सन्देशहरू सुन्न अनुमति. यो हरेक कम्पनी को लागि फरक छ. तपाईं कहिल्यै भन्न वा आफ्नो कम्पनी को बारेमा नकारात्मक कुरा लेख्न गर्नुपर्छ.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

अन्याय समापन

Unfair termination

अन्याय समापन तपाईं अवैध कारण लागि निकाल भयो भन्ने हो. के तपाईं किनभने विवेक आफ्नो काम हराउने लाग्छ भने, काम चोट, वा उत्पीडन, तपाईं एक वकील कुरा बारे विचार गर्नुपर्छ. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ अधिकार. तिमी सक्छौ find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ rights. You can find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

यदि तपाईंलाई लाग्छ कि अवैध कुराहरू आफ्नो कार्यस्थल मा भइरहेको छन्, तपाईंको कर्मचारी बताउन. तपाईंको कर्मचारी मदत गर्न सक्षम छैन भने, के भइरहेको छ लेख्न. तपाईं पछि यो जानकारी आवश्यक पर्दछ.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

कार्यस्थल सुरक्षा

Workplace safety

तपाईंको कर्मचारी पक्का आफ्नो कार्यस्थल सुरक्षित छ र खतरहरुको बिना गर्नुपर्छ. खतरहरुको तपाईं हानि गर्न सक्छ कि कुराहरू छन्, यस्तो रसायन वा असुरक्षित उपकरण वा उपकरण रूपमा. कहिलेकाहीं, आफ्नो काम तपाईं असुरक्षित कुरा गर्न आवश्यक छ. जस्तै, एक निर्माण कामदार अग्लो भवन मा चढ्नु हुन सक्छ. व्यवस्था अन्तर्गत, हाकिमहरूले कार्यस्थल मा संभावित खतराबाट बारेमा बताउन छ. तिनीहरूले पनि बुझ्न भाषा मा तपाईं तालिम छ. तपाईं महसुस वा हेर्न भने केही असुरक्षित छ प्रबन्धकको बारेमा थाहा छैन कि, तिनीहरुलाई भन. Find information about safety rights at work.

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them. Find information about safety rights at work.

अझै सिक

Learn more



यो पृष्ठमा जानकारी आउँछ अमेरिकी सरकार र अन्य विश्वसनीय स्रोतबाट. यो निर्देशन लागि निमित्त र सकेसम्म अक्सर अद्यावधिक. USAHello कानुनी सल्लाह दिन छैन, न त हाम्रो सामाग्री इरादा कुनै पनि कानुनी सल्लाह रूपमा लिइने गरिन्छ. तपाईँलाई नि: शुल्क वा कम लागत वकील वा कानुनी सहायता खोजिरहेको भने, हामी तपाईंलाई मदत गर्न सक्छ निःशुल्क र कम लागत कानुनी सेवा पाउन.

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