Sida loo ahaadaa qof asluub fiican oo ay leeyihiin dhaqan wanaagsan ee USA
Sidee ayaad ku ogaan waxa edeb dal cusub? dhaqamada kala duwan u dhaqmaan siyaabo kala duwan. Kuwani 10 Talooyin ku tusi doono asluubta wanaagsan ee USA.
How do you know what is polite in a new country? Different cultures behave in different ways. These 10 tips will show you good manners in the USA.
Halkan waxaa ku qoran qaar ka mid ah siyaabaha si ay u muujiyaan asluubta wanaagsan ee dalka Mareykanka. Waxay kaa caawin doona inaad si ay u muujiyaan ixtiraam iyo ahaadaa qof asluub fiican in Americans.
Here are some ways to show good manners in the United States. They will help you to show respect and be polite to Americans.
1. Waxaad dhahdaa “fadlan”
1. Say “please”
Dadka Maraykanka badidoodu yidhaahdaan “fadlan” marka ay doonayaan in ay wax. Tusaale ahaan, haddii aad ku amro cunto makhaayad, laga yaabaa inaad tiraahdo “Waxaan doonayaa maraq, fadlan”. Haddii aad weydiiso wax hana dhihina “Fadlan”, Americans malaynayo aad u edeb.
Most Americans say “please” when they want something. For example, if you are ordering food at a restaurant, you might say “I will have the soup, please”. If you ask for something and don’t say “Please”, Americans will think you are rude.
2. Waxaad dhahdaa “mahadsanid”
2. Say “thank you”
Americans odhan “Mahadsanid” badan. In qaar ka mid ah dhaqamada, dadku waxay yiraahdaan kaliya “mahadsanid” dhacdooyinka la taaban karo. In Maraykanka, waxaa caadi ah in la yidhaahdo “mahad” xitaa waji ka yar. Tusaale ahaan, haddii aad gacanta qof buug, waxay aad ugu mahad naqayaa laga yaabaa in. Isku day in aad xasuusato in la yidhaahdo “Mahadsanid,” gaar ahaan in qof kasta oo gacan ka ama isku dayaan in ay kaa caawin.
Americans say “Thank you” a lot. In some cultures, people only say “thank you” for significant events. In the United States, it is common to say “thanks” even for small gestures. For example, if you hand someone a book, they might thank you. Try to remember to say “Thank you,” especially to anyone who is helping or try to help you.
3. Waxaad dhahdaa “ka xumahay”
3. Say “sorry”
Maraykanka ayaa sidoo kale sheegay “ka xumahay” badan dadka dhaqamada kale. Tusaale ahaan, haddii uu qof si qalad ah kuuskuus aad galay waddada, waxaa laga yaabaa in ay la raali “iga raali ahow” ama “xumahay.” Americans, haweenka gaar ahaan American, mararka qaarkood waxay isticmaalaan ereyga “ka xumahay” si uu u muujiyo murugo wax kugu dhacay, in kastoo ay lug kuma dhacdo. Tusaale ahaan, kuu sheegi kartaa qof in aad buka todobaadkii ama in saaxiib dhintay. Si aad u noqoto nooc oo edeb, iyana waxay u jawaabi laga yaabaa in, “Waan ka xumahay.”
Americans also say “sorry” more than people in other cultures. For example, if someone accidentally bumps into you on the street, they may apologize with “excuse me” or “sorry.” Americans, especially American women, sometimes use the word “sorry” to express sadness for something that happened to you, even though they were not involved in the event. For example, you may tell someone that you were sick over the weekend or that a friend died. To be kind and polite, they might respond, “I’m so sorry.”
4. Dabool afkaaga marka aad daacsii ama qufac aad
4. Cover your mouth when your burp or cough
Dad badan oo Maraykan ka fiirsan waxa akhlaaq xumo in la sameeyo dhawaaq jirka ka hor dadka kale. Waxay isku day in aadan u gudbin gaaska, daacsii, ama ka dhigi dhawaaqyada kale ee jidhka ee dadweynaha ama dadka hortiisa ha iyagu ma og. Dadka qaar waxay ku marmarsiiyoodaan doonaa musqusha haddii ay u baahan yihiin in ay ku daacaan. Haddii aad Dhuusada ama daacsii, waa edeb in la yidhaahdo, “Raalli iga ahow.”
Many Americans consider it impolite to make bodily noises in front of other people. They try not to pass gas, burp, or make other bodily noises in public or in front of people they do not know well. Some people will excuse themselves to the bathroom if they need to burp. If you do fart or burp, it is polite to say, “Excuse me.”
5. Waxaad dhahdaa “hello” marka aad la kulanto dad cusub
5. Say “hello” when you meet new people
Marka aad la kulanto qof markii ugu horeysay, Americans caadi odhan, “Hello” ama, “hi, kulan wanaagsan.” Haddii aad leedahay qof kale aad la, waa edeb inay soo bandhigto qofka in sidoo. marka xigta ee aad la kulanto qofka, baad u odhan kartaa, “Nice in ay mar kale aad aragto,” ama, “Waxaan xasuustaa aad kulan bishii la soo dhaafay. Sidee tahay?”
When you meet someone for the first time, Americans typically say, “Hello” or, “Hi, nice to meet you.” If you have someone else with you, it is polite to introduce that person as well. The next time you meet the person, you can say, “Nice to see you again,” or, “I remember meeting you last month. How are you?”
6. Ha gacan haddii aadan ku raaxo
6. Don’t shake hands if you don’t feel comfortable
Dadka Maraykanka badidoodu gacantaada gariirin doonaa marka hadday idin la kulmaanna. Haddii aad dareento raaxo, aad had iyo jeer gacmahaaga wada gelin kara iyo madaxaaga ku soo foorariso weeraryahanka. Tani waa hab edeb leh si ay u muujiyaan aadan rabin inuu gacan qaado. Americans Qaar ka mid noqon doonaa mid aad u la yaabay, in aadan rabin inuu gacan qaado laakiin tani waa okay. Haddii aad tahay qof ka dhaqan halkaas oo rag iyo dumar ka baxsan qoyska ha midba midka kale uu taabto, sharax in edeb leh in qofka aad la kulmeysa. Uma baahnid in aad la sameeyo wax aad dareentid raaxo.
Most Americans will shake your hand when they meet you. If you feel uncomfortable, you can always put your hands together and lean your head forward. This is a polite way to show you don’t want to shake hands. Some Americans will be very surprised that you do not want to shake hands but this is okay. If you are from a culture where men and women outside of family do not touch each other, explain that politely to the person you are meeting. You do not need to do things that make you feel uncomfortable.
7. Istaag ugu yaraan cagta ah markii aad la hadasho qof cusub
7. Stand at least a foot away when you are talking to someone new
Americans u muuqdaan in ay rabaan boos shakhsi ah ku wareegsan ka badan dadka dhaqamada kale. In Maraykanka, dadka ugu badan ee ku saabsan hal lug gooni istaagi doonaa mid ka mid kale. Xataa dadka in koox la meel u dhaxeeya taagan. Haddii aad istaagi aad ugu dhow qof marka aad ku hadlaya, waxay u malayn kartaa inaad isagoo dagaal ama iska dhigin mid la yaqaan. Waxay dib ugu qaadan kartaa tallaabo oo tusi yaab khafiif ah ama Diido,. Kale oo Maraykan ah oo aad u jir ahaan iyo qaban karo gacantaada halka ay ka hadlayaan, ama idinku hab in marka ugu horeysa aad aragto. Haddii ay taasi ka dhigaysa in aad raaxo, waa iska caadi in ay dib ugu xoojinno.
Americans tend to want more personal space around them than people from other cultures. In the US, most people will stand about one foot apart from one another. Even people in a group stand with space between them. If you stand very close to someone when you are speaking, they may think you are being aggressive or overly familiar. They may take a step back and show mild surprise or disapproval. Other Americans are very physical and may hold your arm while they are talking to you or hug you when they first see you. If that makes you uncomfortable, it is okay to step back.
8. Eeg dadka indhaha marka aad la hadlay iyagii,
8. Look people in the eye when you are talking to them
Waxaan kugu dhiiri si ay u ilaaliyaan qaybo muhiim ah oo dhaqanka. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, dadka ay indhaha raadinta marka aad la hadleyso waa hal shay oo aad samayn karto si ay ula qabsadaan nolosha America. Americans u muuqdaan in ay eegto dadka indhaha marka ay ka hadlayaan. Miyeyna arkaynin waxa laga yaabaa inaad indhahaaga ku jira, waayo, wada hadalka oo dhan - qayb kaliya waxaa ka mid ah. Haddii uu qof ka hadlayaa aad iyo aad u ma uu fiirin doono iyaga at indhaha, waxay u malayn kartaa inaad isku deyeyso inaad ku dhuumato wax ama qarsoodi ah.
We encourage you to maintain important parts of your culture. However, looking people in they eyes when you talk is one thing you can do to adapt to life in America. Americans tend to look people in the eyes when they are talking. They may not look at you in the eyes for the entire conversation – just part of it. If someone talks to you and you will not look at them in the eyes, they may think you are trying to hide something or being secretive.
9. Oo saf u taagan
9. Stand in line
Dadka Maraykanka badidoodu waxaa wax lagu baraa ka da 'yar in ay sugaan markoodii in line a. Sidaas, haddii aad tahay dukaanka ama isku dayaya in ay soo iibsadaan tikidhada filim, laga yaabaa inaad arki doonaa line a. Guud ahaan, dadka saf mid mid. Mararka qaarkood waxaad ku arki kartaa qof “kaalinta a” qof kale, laakiin inta badan Americans ka filan in ay sugaan markoodii. Inkasta oo aad ku arki kartaa qof jarjar khadka (idinka soo hor jeedda tago), badi dadkii ku sugi doonaa markoodii. Tani waxay sidoo kale waa run haddii aad tahay Dayuurad. Dadka guud ahaan sugi inuu ka tago diyaarad ilaa uu jeedin ay isku xiga ee.
Most Americans are taught from a young age to wait their turn in a line. So, if you are at the store or trying to buy a movie ticket, you will probably see a line. Generally, people line up one by one. Sometimes you may see someone “hold a spot” for someone else, but mostly Americans expect to wait their turn. Although you may see someone cut into the line (go in front of you), the majority of people will wait their turn. This is also true if you are on an airplane. People generally wait to leave the airplane until it is their row’s turn.
10. albaabka hay furan yahay dadka kale
10. Hold the door open for other people
Dadka Maraykanka badidoodu qaban doonaa albaab furan adiga marka aad u gelaysaan / dhismaha ka soo baxaysa a. Haddii aad tahay nin ama naag, waa edeb albaabka qaban qofka aad ka dambeeya.
Most Americans will hold a door open for you when you are entering/exiting a building. Whether you are a man or a woman, it is polite to hold the door for the person behind you.
Wax dheeri ah baro