Kala duwanaanta ee dalka Mareykanka of America

Ingiriisi sidoo kaleNo Ingiriisi

Kala duwanaanta ka dhigan tahay isku dar ah waxyaabo kala duwan. Marka loo isticmaalo oo ku saabsan dadka, waxaa loola jeedaa dadka oo dhan ka soo jeeda kala duwan, da'doodu kala duwan, oo la aaminsan yahay kala duwan. tirada dadka Maraykanku waa mid aad u kala duwan - waxa ka mid ah dadka ka soo dhawaad ​​kasta oo dalka adduunka ugu. Maanta ee USA, Si kastaba ha ahaatee, erayga kala duwan is often used to mean only people of different races.

Diversity means a mixture of different things. When used about people, it means people of all kinds from different backgrounds, of different ages, and with different beliefs. The US population is very diverse – it includes people from nearly every country in the world. Today in the USA, however, the word diverse is often used to mean only people of different races.

Race

Race

Marka aad u guurto USA, waxaad la kulmi doontaa dadka jinsiyadaha badan. tartanka Ereyga waxaa guud ahaan loo isticmaalaa in lagu gudbiyo qofka midabka maqaarka ama asalkaad ka soo jeedo.

When you move to the USA, you will meet people of many races. The term race is generally used to refer to a person’s skin color or ethnic background.

White, dadka aan Hispanic yihiin inta badan ee USA. Dadka jinsiyadaha kale waxaa inta badan loo yaqaan “laga tirada badan yahay.” Isbaanishka, iyo Latino Americans waa kooxda labaad ee ugu weyn, ku xiga Americans Afrika iyo Aasiya. Kooxaha kale ee American jinsiyadda yihiin Americans Native, Alaskanka, Native Hawaiians, iyo jasiiradaha Pacific. Dad badan oo Maraykan yihiin isir isku qasan.

White, non-Hispanic people are the majority in the USA. People of other races are often called “minorities.” Hispanics and Latino Americans are the second largest group, followed by African Americans and Asians. Other American racial groups are Native Americans, Alaskan Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders. Many Americans are of mixed race.

Race waa mawduuc muranka ee USA, sababtoo ah taariikhda laga cabsado addoonsiga wadankan. African Maraykanka ayaa la dulmay taariikhda, oo ay ahayd daqiiqad aad u muhiim ah taariikhiga ah marka Barack Obama loo doortay Madaxweynaha ugu horeeyay ee madow ah.

Race is a controversial topic in the USA because of the terrible history of slavery in this country. African Americans have been oppressed through history, and it was a very important historical moment when Barack Obama was elected as the first black president.

Inkasta oo waa sharci darro in la takooro dadka ku saleysan jinsiyad, xaqiiqadu waxa ay tahay in ay wali jiraan dhibaatooyin badan oo la kulmay midab takoor ee USA.

While it is illegal to discriminate against people based on their race, the reality is that there are still many problems with racism in the USA.

Dadka qaarkood waxay dareemaan raaxo hadalka ku saabsan tartanka. Waxaa mararka qaar adag in la ogaado waxa aad wici dadka jinsiyada kaladuwan ka. Tusaale ahaan, Maraykanka qaar ka mid ah dhaxal ahaan Afrika waxay jecel yihiin in lagu qeexaa sida Americans Afrika, laakiin qaar kale waxay ka jecel yihiin shuruudaha madow ama qofka midabka. kaasaa run ah dadka ka soo jeeda koonfurta iyo Bartamaha America. Qaar ka mid ah tixgelin karaan naftooda Hispanic, qaar ka mid ah jeclaan in loogu yeedho Latino ama Latina, iyo kuwa kale oo la odhan kara caddaan ama door bidaan erey kale. Haddii aad u baahan tahay in lagu qeexo qof marka la eego ay tartanka sabab qaar ka mid ah, oo aadan hubin sida loo qeexo, waxaad ka codsan kartaa.

Some people feel uncomfortable talking about race. It is sometimes hard to know what to call people from different races. For example, some Americans of African heritage like to be defined as African Americans, but others prefer the terms black or person of color. The same is true of people from South and Central America. Some may consider themselves Hispanic, some like to be called Latino or Latina, and others may say white or prefer another term. If you need to describe someone in terms of their race for some reason, and you are unsure how to describe, you can ask them.

Waxaad ka heli laga yaabaa in ay la yaab leh in aad inta badan ka codsaday jinsiyaddaada. Haddii aad buuxinta waraaqaha, Waxaa laga yaabaa in lagu weydiiyo inaad calaamadee sanduuqa ah ayaa sheegay in haddii aad tahay Asian, madow, Hispanic, white, usiineysa in sababta aasaasiga ah ee su'aashan waa in ay la socdaan in barnaamijyada dowladda waxaa ku filan baahida of laga tirada badan yahay. Haddii aadan rabin in ay ka jawaabaan, aad had iyo jeer ka bixi kartaa su'aasha maran ama calaamadee sanduuqa oranaya “Inaad doorato iska soo jawaabin” ama “No Ma jawaabin.”

You may find it strange that you are often asked your race. If you are filling out paperwork, you may be asked to check a box that says whether you are Asian, black, Hispanic, white, etc.The primary reason for this question is to monitor whether government programs are adequately meeting the needs of minorities. If you do not want to answer, you can always leave the question blank or check the box that says “Choose not to reply” or “Prefer not to reply.”

Haddii aad isku aragto midab ee goobta shaqada, raadinta guryaha, ama mar kasta oo kale, Waad awoodaa email noogu oo waxaan isku dayi doonaa inuu kuu gudbiyo khayraad si ay kuu caawiyaan. Or, haddii aad si fudud u qabto wax su'aalo ah ama aad rabto inaad noo sheegto waayo-aragnimo dhaqanka, fadlan si xor ah u sidoo email noogu soo.

If you experience racism in the workplace, when looking for housing, or at any other time, you can email us and we will try to refer you to a resource to help you. Or, if you simply have questions or want to tell us about a cultural experience, please feel free to email us as well.

Socdaalka

Immigration

USA waxaa mararka qaarkood loo yaqaan a “iyo maddiibad salad” ama “barafka dheri.” Taas macnaheedu waxa weeye waxaa jira dad ka yimid dalalka kala duwan oo soo jeeda oo ku nool mid ka mid ah dalka. Taariikh, USA waxaa lagu magacaabaa “quruun soo guurey,” inkastoo ay jiraan Native Americans ku nool North America dheer ka hor muhaajiriinta Yurub ugu horeysay soo gaaray 1600kii.

The USA is sometimes referred to as a “salad bowl” or “melting pot.” This means there are people from many different countries and backgrounds living in one country. Historically, the USA is called “a nation of immigrants,” although there were Native Americans living in North America long before European immigrants first arrived in the 1600s.

maanta, qaar ka mid ah Americans leeyihiin fikrado ku saabsan soo galootiga. Inta badan ra'yiga, kuwaas oo ku salaysan yihiin cabsi ama qaldo fikradaha. Haajiriinta bixiyaan xoogga badan iyo faa'iidooyinka ay u USA. Sidoo kale, Maraykanka kuwaas oo soo gaari ka dhanka ah soo galootiga ka cabsan ama eexda ka dhanka ah jinsiyadaha kala duwan.

Today, some Americans have negative opinions about immigrants. Most of these opinions are based in fear or mistaken perceptions. Immigrants offer many strengths and benefits to the USA. Also, Americans who are prejudiced against immigrants have fear of or bias against different races.

dadka waayeelka ah

The elderly

In Maraykanka, shaqsiyaad ka weyn waa kuwa 65 iyo ka weyn. at 65, Americans joojin kartaa shaqada oo aad hesho lacagta hawlgabka, ama mushahar yar oo ka fariistay, oo ka socda dawladda.

In the US, older individuals are those 65 and older. At 65, Americans can stop working and receive a pension, or small retirement salary, from the government.

America waa ka duwan yahay dalalka kale oo badan sababtoo ah ka weyn Americans inta badan kali ama hay'adaha ku nool. About 29% of Americans ka badan 65 oo keliya ku noolaan., iyo 47% boqolkiiba haweenka ka weyn 75 oo keliya ku noolaan. kuwo kale oo badan ayaa ku nool guryaha ama xanaanada guryaha sare.

America is different than many other countries because older Americans often live alone or in institutions. About 29% of Americans over 65 live alone., and 47% percent of women over 75 live alone. Many others live in senior housing or nursing homes.

laga yaabaa inaad dareentid sida Americans, dhalinyarada gaar ahaan American, ma ixtiraamaan dadka waayeelka ah si la mid ah sida odayaasha sida loola dhaqmo dhaqankaaga. In USA, tani waxaa mararka qaarkood loo yaqaan a “Qarni farqiga.” Dadka dhallinyarada ah iyo jir ayaa laga yaabaa in fikrado kala duwan, sida ay sameeyaan dalalka kale, laakiin warbaahinta Mareykanka u egtahay in ay diiradda saaraan dhallinyarada.

You may feel like Americans, especially American youth, do not respect the elderly in the same way as elders as treated in your culture. In the USA, this is sometimes referred to as a “generation gap.” Young and old people may have different opinions, like they do in other countries, but American media tends to focus on youth.

Elder Americans inta badan la kulmaan dhibaatooyin dhaqaale iyo caafimaad. dhibaatooyin Kuwanu waa run, waayo, soo galootiga iyo qaxootiga ka weyn sidoo kale. Haddii aad tahay qof waayeel ah, laga yaabaa in aad ku fikiray USA siin lahaa daryeel dheeraad ah idiin ka badan aad qaadato. Laakiin waxaa laga yaabaa in aad u baahan tahay si ay shaqo u helaan in aad naftaada ku taageeri ee USA, sida waayeelka badan samayn. Laakiin waxaa jira barnaamijyo gaar ah si ay u caawiyaan dadka waayeelka ah, iyo haddii aad u baahan tahay caawimaad si aad u hesho mid ka mid ah, email noogu.

Elder Americans often face financial and health difficulties. These difficulties are true for older immigrants and refugees too. If you are an elder, you may have thought the USA would provide more care for you than you are receiving. But you may need to find work to support yourself in the USA, as many seniors do. But there are special programs to help seniors, and if you need help to find one, email us.

Takoorka

Discrimination

Takoorka waa marka aad si xun loola dhaqmay sababtoo ah asalka shakhsiyeed. Dadka takoori karo sababo badan, sida ay tartanka, midabka maqaarka, jinsiga, da, ama diin. Takoorka waa sharci darro in USA. Tani macnaheedu waa in dadka waa in loola dhaqmo si siman iyo fursadaha isku siiyey aan loo eegayn waxa ay ka soo jeedaan waa. Tusaale ahaan, ganacsi lama oggola in la takooro dadka waayeelka ah. Xitaa haddii qof duq ah, waa inay fursad isku mid ah si aad shaqo u hesho sida qof ka yar haddii ay si kale u qalma oo shuqulka qabto. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission US qeexayaa noocyo kala duwan oo takoor ah. Haddii aad aaminsan tahay in lagu takooray marka aad codsanaysid shaqo, waxaad soo gudbin kartaa a mas'uul ka ah takoorka. Waxay qaadan kartaa sano kiis in ay ka shaqeeyaan ay jidka marayo Nidaamka, si loo qorsheeyo si aad u hesho shaqo kale inta cabashadaada waxaa loo tixgaliyay.

Discrimination is when you are treated badly because of your personal background. People can be discriminated against for many reasons, such as their race, skin color, gender, age, or religion. Discrimination is illegal in the USA. This means people must be treated equally and given the same opportunities no matter what their background is. For example, a business is not allowed to discriminate against the elderly. Even if a person is old, they must have the same chance to get a job as a younger person if they are otherwise qualified to do the work. The US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission describes many different types of discrimination. If you believe you have been discriminated against when applying for a job, you can file a charge of discrimination. It can take years for a case to work its way through the system, so plan to find other work while your complaint is being considered.

dhaqanka aan haboonayn

Inappropriate behavior

Marka aad baraneyso dhaqan cusub, mararka qaar waxay noqon kartaa mid adag in la ogaado haddii dhaqanka qof idiin waa kala duwan yihiin dhaqanka ama haddii ay tahay mid aan habooneyn (qallafsan ama aan sax ah). Haddii aad weligiinba xaalad aad dareento raaxo, weydii qofka kale in ay joojiyaan dabeecadooda. Haddii qof sii dhaqanka ah ka dhigaya in aad raaxo, fadlan weydii saaxiib aad ku kalsoon American caawimo.

When you are learning a new culture, it can sometimes be hard to know if someone’s behavior towards you is a cultural difference or if it is inappropriate (rude or not proper). If you are ever in a situation where you feel uncomfortable, ask the other person to stop their behavior. If someone continues a behavior that makes you uncomfortable, please ask a trusted American friend for help.

Kuwanu waa isku qaadyo ku saabsan dhaqanka American - ma xaqiiqooyin, fikradaha kaliya inuu kaa caawiyo inaad si fiican u fahmaan sababta American ah oo laga yaabaa in lagu simaha hab ka duwan waxa aad loo isticmaalaa in lagu. siyaabo American iyo dhaqanka ma ka fiican ama ka xun yihiin siyaabo kale - oo kaliya oo kala duwan.

These are generalizations about American culture – not facts, just ideas to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way that is different to what you are used to. American ways and culture are not better or worse than other ways – just different.

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