Waa maxay heerarka nidaamka waxbarasho ee Maraykanka?
In USA, dugsiyada dadweynaha bilaabo da'da u dhaxaysa 4 iyo 6 iyo sii ilaa 16 in 18 sano jir ah. Waxa kale oo aad u diri kartaa carruurtaada in ay ka hor-dugsiga da'da hore. Baro oo ku saabsan heerarka kala duwan ee nidaamka waxbarasho ee Maraykanka. Baro waxa meelaynta ay tahay iyo sida dugsiyada meel ilmahaaga.
In the USA, public school starts between the age of 4 and 6 and continues until 16 to 18 years old. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.
Sida ku cad sharciga Mareykanka, carruurta waa in ay dugsiga u tagto tiro cayiman oo sano da 'gaar ah oo u dhexeeya. The da 'iyo tirada sano kala duwan gobol ka gobol. Waad awoodaa ogaato da'doodu u ah iyo tiro ka mid ah sano ee gobolkaaga.
Under US law, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. You can find out the ages and number of years in your state.
in habka waxbarashada ee dugsiyada dawladda Maraykanka
The education system in US public schools
waxbarashada ilmanimada hore
Early childhood education
waxbarashada Early waa erey loo isticmaalo in ay ka hadlaan carruurta yaryar loo bandhigi waxbarashada. Xataa marka ilmahaagu yahay ilmo, waxaa muhiim ah si ay u caawiyaan akhriyey iyaga, gabyi iyaga iyo caawiyaan inay bartaan labadaba afka hooyo iyo English. Waxaa jira cilmi in shows carruurta ku hadla laba luqadood ama ka badan (waa “Billingual”) waxay leeyihiin faa'iido badan carruurta ku hadla hal luqad oo kaliya. xarumaha waxbarashada caruurnimada hore iyo xarumaha xanaanada ayaa diyaar u ah carruurta yaryar iyada oo carruurta da'da afar ama shan.
Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (are “billingual”) have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.
Preschool ka caawisaa caruurta (da'doodu tahay saddex iyo afar) horumarinta. Dugsiyada qaarkood waxay carruurta ee preschool ku bilaaban doona 2 iyo badh. Preschool ka caawisaa iyaga oo diyaar u ah dugsiga ee shan jir ama lix. Mid ka mid ah doorasho barbaarinta waxaa loo yaqaan Head Start. carruurta iyo barbaarinta carruurta da'doodu u-soo jeeda qoysaska dakhligoodu hooseeyo dhigan karaan barnaamijyada Head Start. Head Start waa preschool-jaban ay maamusho dowladda. Waxaad ka raadin kartaa a barnaamijka Head Start kuu dhow.
Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.
Carruurtu waxay badanaa bilaabaan dugsiga hoose la kindergarten (K) at tahay shan sano jir oo ay sii wadaan ilaa fasalka shan ama lix. Waxay ka tago dugsiga hoose ku wareegsan da'da toban ama kow iyo toban. Carruurtu waxay bartaan maaddooyin badan oo ka mid ah macalinka hal fasal.
Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.
Dugsiga dhexe (sidoo kale loo yaqaan dugsiga sare)
Middle school (also called junior high school)
dugsiga dhexe ee bara ardayda fasalada lix iyada oo siddeed. Waxay ku dhowaad da'doodu toban in ay yihiin 14. ardayda dugsiga dhexe ee caadiga ah beddelato ka fasalka fasalka. Waxaa laga yaabaa in macalimiinta badan oo kala duwan hal maalin dugsi. Bulshooyinka yaryar, carruurta aan udhaqaaqi doona dugsiyada si ay u tagaan dugsiga dhexe. Waxay hayn doonaa dugsiga hoose socday.
Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.
Ardayda dhigtaan dugsiga sare u dhexeeya da'aha 14 oo sida caadiga ah 17 ama 18. Fasallada waxaa lagu habeeyay by maaddooyinka. waxaa laga yaabaa in ardayga A leeyihiin macallimiin badan oo hal maalin. Ardayda qaar waxay qaadan kartaa fasallada sare. Ardayda qaar waxay qaadan kartaa fasallo loogu diyaariyo shaqada ama kulliyadda. Dugsiyada sare waxay leeyihiin kooxaha, hawlaha, ciyaaraha, nidaamyada shaqada-barashada, iyo hawlaha kale ee.
Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.
meelaynta dugsiga ee nidaamka waxbarasho ee Maraykanka
School placement in the American education system
School hab meelaynta go'aan kaas oo fasalka ardayga lagu qori doonaa. Waxa kale oo macnaheedu noqon karaa meesha dugsiga meelo arday ay fasalka gudahood.
School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.
Arday badan oo qaxooti laga yaabaa in uu seegay dugsiga inta ay xerada ku jiray ama ka cararaya dalkooda. Waxaa laga yaabaa heer fasalka ka duwan yahay arday caadiga American ah oo isku da '. Ardayda qaar waxaa laga yaabaa at heerka fasal sare ah, laakiin aadan ku hadlin Ingiriis weli. ardayda Kuwa yaabaa in ay dhibaato fasalada adag ilaa iyo inta ay Ingiriisi fiican u bartaan. Dugsiyada ee Maraykanka mararka qaar meel ardayda fasalada khalad.
Many refugee students may have missed school while they were in camp or fleeing their country. They may be at different grade levels than a typical American student of the same age. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Those students may have trouble in harder classes until they learn English better. Schools in the US sometimes place students in the wrong grades.
Sidee dugsiyada dhigi doonaa ilmahaygu?
How will schools place my child?
Ardaydu waxay qaadan karaan imtixaanada qaar ka mid ah ka hor bilowga sannad dugsiyeedka ama bilowga aad sanad dugsiyeedka. Imtixaanada waxa la qoro laga yaabaa in. Waxay laga yaabo in ay qof weyn akhri su'aalaha si ardayga. Waa kala duwan ee degmada dugsi kasta.
Students may take some tests before the start of the school year or at the very beginning of the school year. The tests might be written. They might have an adult read questions to a student. It is different for every school district.
Haddii aad u malaynayso in ilmahaaga lagu meeleeyo fasalka qaldan, waxaad la hadli kartaa macalinka, maamulaha, ama shaqaalaha dugsiga baaro iyo kaalinta aad ilmaha.
If you think your child is placed in the wrong grade, you can talk to the teacher, principal, or the school staff who tested and placed your child.
- Weydii, "Muxuu ahaa sababaynta?"Dugsiga ayaa kaa caawin kara inaad fahamto go'aankooda.
- Sharax sababta aad u malaynayso in meelaynta waa khalad. Waxaa laga yaabaa in ay baddasho meelaynta haddii ay raacsan tahay sababaha aad.
- Ask, “What was your reasoning?” The school can help you understand their decision.
- Explain why you think the placement is wrong. They may be able to change the placement if they agree with your reasons.
Sidee dugsiga go'aan fasalka heerka ilmahayga qaadataa?
How does the school decide which class level my child takes?
Waxaa jira sababo badan oo dugsiga ka Doortaa heer ardayga. Kuwani waa sababaha caadiga ah:
There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. These are common reasons:
- Sida ugu wanaagsan ee ardayga fahamsan Ingiriisi ama dhibcaha imtixaanka ay
- talooyinka waalidka / mas'uulka
- dhibcaha imtixaanka Heerarka, sida ku haboon
- Doonitaanka buuxiyaan shaqooyinka adag
- xiisaha Ardayga ama dhiirogelin
- Macallimow ama la-taliyaha talo
- Noocyo ka mid ah shaqada ardayga
- How well the student understands English or their test scores
- Parent/guardian recommendations
- Standardized test scores, as appropriate
- Willingness to complete challenging assignments
- Student interest or motivation
- Teacher or counselor recommendation
- Samples of student work
fasalka isla, heerka kala duwan
Same grade, different level
Dugsiyada dhexe iyo sare waxay leeyihiin fasalo in la baraa heerar kala duwan ee fasalka la mid ah. Qaar ka mid ah waa adag iyo qaar ka mid ah ay yihiin sahlan. Magacyada koorsooyinka mararka qaarkood lagu qeexo heerka dhib. erayada la beddelo ku xiran tahay dugsiga degmada.
Middle and high schools have classes that are taught at different levels in the same grade. Some are harder and some are easier. The names of the courses sometimes describe the level of difficulty. The words change depending on the school district.
Magacyada fasallada si sahlan ama isticmaal heer fudud Ingiriisi:
Names for classes that are easier or use easier English levels:
- xirfadaha aasaasiga ah
- Basic skills
Magacyada fasalada heer caadiga ah ee fasalka:
Names for classes at a typical level for the grade:
- joogtada ah
Magacyada fasalada heer sare ama sare:
Names for classes at a higher or advanced level:
- GTE (Hibada iyo waxbarasho tayo leh)
- meelaynta Advanced (of)
- IB (International Baccalaureate)
- GTE (Gifted and talented education)
- Advanced placement (AP)
- IB (International Baccalaureate)
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