Sidee si ay u bilaabaan ganacsi

Ingiriisi sidoo kaleNo Ingiriisi

Weligaa ma doonayay in ay bartaan sida si ay u bilaabaan ganacsi? Lahaanshaha iyo ordaya waa ganacsi hab fiican si ay u noqon madax-bannaan. Waxa kale oo aad noqon doontaa mid ka hawlan bulshadaada.

Have you ever wanted to learn how to start a business? Owning and running is a business a great way to be independent. You will also become more engaged in your community.

Sida loo sameeyo ganacsi: Macluumaad loogu talagalay qaxootiga iyo soo galootiga ah ganacsatada

How to make a business: Information for refugee and immigrant entrepreneurs

Halkan waxaa ku qoran toban derejo si ay kuu caawiyaan, haddii aad go'aansato in aad bilowdo ganacsi kuu gaar ah.

Here are ten steps to help you if you decide to start a business of your own.

Sida loo sameeyo ganacsi: Macluumaad loogu talagalay qaxootiga iyo soo galootiga ah ganacsatada1. Raadi fikradaada

How to make a business: Information for refugee and immigrant entrepreneurs1. Find your idea

Ka bilow fikrad aad u fiican! Waxaa muhiim ah in ay la yimaadaan fikrad ee asalka ah. Sabab kale si ay u bilaabaan ganacsi waa haddii aad aragto dalabka ama baahida loo qabo in aan la kulmay. Samaynta cilmi suuqa ayaa kuu sheegi doona haddii ay jirto baahida ah alaabtaada ama adeeggaaga. Ururiya macluumaad ku saabsan warshadaha, macaamiisha, iyo meelaha ugu fiican si aad u bilowdo. Tusaale ahaan cilmi baaris suuqa yihiin sahan, waraysiyo, iyo kooxaha.

Start with a great idea! It’s important to come up with an original idea. Another reason to start a business is if you see a demand or need that is not being met. Conducting market research will tell you if there is a demand for your product or service. Gather information about the industry, the customers, and the best places for you to start. Examples of market research are surveys, interviews, and focus groups.

2. Qiimee oo aad u hagaajisid xirfadaha

2. Assess and improve your skills

Ka hor inta aadan baran sida loo bilaabo ganacsi, naftaada weydii: waa maxay xirfadaha? Maxaad jeclaan samaynaya? Waa in aadan u tagaan ganacsiga oo kaliya in ay lacag sameeyaan, sidaas darteed soo qaado meel in aad daneyneyso in. Markaas si daacad ah loo qiimeeyo haddii aad leedahay nooc xirfad loo baahan yahay in ay sii wadaan shirkad. Ma leedahay aqoon iyo waayo-aragnimo ku filan? Haddii aad, aad quusin karaa shaqada iyo ka badan u ogaan marka aad dhaaftid. Laakiin haddii aadan haysan wax xirfad ah ama aqoon ku filan, waxaa jira khayraadka si ay kuu caawiyaan. Waxaad aadi kartaa maktabadda degaankaaga si aad u amaahatid buugaagta maamulka ganacsiga, waxaad qaadan kartaa fasalada online, oo aad ku biiri kartid dhacdooyinka ganacsi.

Before you learn how to start a business, ask yourself: what are your skills? What do you like doing? You shouldn’t go into business just to make money, so pick an area that you have an interest in. Then honestly assess if you have the necessary skill sets to run a company. Do you have enough knowledge and experience? If you do, you can dive into the work and learn more as you go along. But if you don’t have any skills or enough knowledge, there are resources to help you. You can go to your local library to borrow books on business administration, you can take online classes, and you can join entrepreneurship events.

3. Qor qorshe ganacsi

3. Write a business plan

qorshaha waxqabadka ganacsiga A waa hage in qorayaa hadafyadaada iyo sida aad u qorshaynaysid in ay iyaga gaadho. Waxaa muhiim ah maxaa yeelay waxa ay tilmaamaysaa waxyaalaha muhiimka ah ee qorshahaaga. Haddii aad u baahan tahay lacag si aad u bilowdo, aad muujin kartid qorshahaaga ganacsi dadka waxaa laga yaabaa in diyaar u ah inay dhaqaale ahaan aad u taageeraan. Baro sida loo qoro qorshe ganacsi.

A business plan is a guide that outlines your goals and how you plan to achieve them. It is essential because it identifies the key elements of your plan. If you need funds to get started, you can show your business plan to people who may be willing to support you financially. Learn how to write a business plan.

4. Soo qaado magaca iyo goobta

4. Pick a name and location

Magacaaga kaa caawin kara inaad ka kun ee ganacsiyada kale Istaaga. Mid ka mid ah habka aad ku taagan kartaa waa in aad doorato magaca ah in ay fududahay in dadku xusuusan. magacyada qaar ka mid ah waa ay fududahay in la xasuusto sababta oo ah waxay u sheegi macaamiisha dhab ahaan waxa ay samayn (tusaale Suuqa Dover Fish). Qaar kale waxay istaagi kartaa sababtoo ah waa gaaban oo uu faham ay yihiin (tusaale Amazon).

Your name can help you stand out from thousands of other businesses. One way you can stand out is to choose a name that’s easy for people to remember. Some names are easy to remember because they tell customers exactly what they do (eg Dover Fish Market). Others may stand out because they are they are short and snappy (eg Amazon).

Waxa kale oo aad dooran kartaa dhigyo, ama dhegeeda, kaas oo noqon kara qawl iibinta gaar ah (USP). USP waa istaraatijiyad aad isticmaali karto si aad u kala saaro dadka kale. Waa in aysan noqon mid gaar ah si aad u, oo aad u leeyihiin in ay noqon in ay u caddeeyaan oo u soo dejin awood. Waa weedh gaaban in dadka xasuusan karo oo waa sheegtaa lacagta in macaamiisha ay ka heli doontaa.

You can also choose a slogan, or tagline, which can be your unique selling proposition (USP). USP is a strategy you can use to distinguish you from everybody else. It should be unique to you, and you have to be able to prove it and execute it. It must be a short phrase that people can remember and should state the benefit that the customers will get.

Waxa kale oo aad u baahan tahay si aad u ogaato goobta saxda ah. Mararka qaarkood, meel jaban laga yaabaa in ugu fiican si aad lacag badbaadiyo marka hore. Xaaladaha kale, ma waxaad ku guulaysan doonaa haddii aad ku sugan tahay Ra'iisul meel dadka aad ka arki kartaa.

You also need to find the right location. In some cases, the cheapest location may be the best so that you save money at first. In other cases, you won’t succeed unless you are in a prime location where people can see you.

5. Dooro qaab-dhismeedka ganacsi

5. Choose your business structure

Waxaa jira dhawr nooc oo ganacsi ee dalka Mareykanka. Waxay leeyihiin shuruudaha kala duwan iyo qaab-dhismeedka. Kuwa ugu badan waxay kala yihiin qofeed, iskaashi, shirkad, iyo shirkadda liability kooban. Dhamaan iyaga ka mid ah waxay leeyihiin faa'iidada iyo khasaaraha. Waxa ugu muhiimsan waa in ay fahmaan waxa u baahan yihiin iyo doorashada qaabka saxda ah oo ku haboon baahidaada. Baro wax badan oo ku saabsan qaabdhismeedka ganacsiga.

There are several types of businesses in the United States. They have different requirements and structure. The most common ones are sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and limited liability company. All of them have pros and cons. The important thing is to understand what your needs are and choosing the right structure to fit your needs. Learn more about business structures.

6. Diiwaangeli ganacsi

6. Register your business

Waxaa jira dhawr wax laga yaabaa in aad u baahan tahay inaad samayso si aad u diiwaan galiso ganacsiga:

There are several things you may need to do to register your business:

  • Diiwaangeli magaca ganacsi la gobolkaaga, sidaa darteed waxa uu noqonayaa unug sharci iyo (xaaladaha inta ugu badan) joojin doonaa kuwa kale ee gobolka ka ganacsi magac la mid ah. Baro sida loo diiwaan ganacsigaaga.
  • Codso aad federaalka iyo gobolka tirada ID canshuurta. Waxaad u baahan doontaa tirada si ay u bixiyaan canshuur. Lambarka ID canshuurta federaalka waxaa kaloo loo yaqaan aad Lambarka Aqoonsiga Shaqeeyaha (A) oo la soo saaray by IRS. Lambarka ID canshuurta gobolka waa bixinta cashuurta gobolka iyo la soo saaray by gobolkaaga. (mulkiilayaal Sole uma baahna lambarka aqoonsiga gobolka.) Hel aad lambarada aqoonsiga ganacsiga.
  • Ganacsiyo badan u baahan liisamada iyo ogolaashaha si sharci ah ku shaqeeyaan. Baro ruqsadaha gobolka iyo federaalka iyo ruqsadaha.
  • Ma u baahan tahay si ay u ilaaliyaan magaca shirkadda aad, alaabta, ama adeegyada? Waad awoodaa summad si cid kale oo dalka Mareykanka ah iyaga adeegsanayaa. Sidoo kale waa inaad hubiso si loo hubiyo in aadan isticmaalaya magac calaamadaysan by ganacsi kale. Baro alaabooyinka.
  • Register your business name with your state, so it becomes a legal entity and (in most cases) will stop others in the state from doing business under the same name. Learn how to register your business.
  • Apply for your federal and state tax ID numbers. You will need these numbers to pay taxes. Your federal tax ID number is also called your Employer Identification Number (EIN) and is issued by the IRS. Your state tax ID number is for paying state taxes and is issued by your state. (Sole proprietors do not need a state ID number.) Get your business ID numbers.
  • Many businesses need licenses and permits to operate legally. Learn about state and federal permits and licenses.
  • Do you need to protect the name of your company, goods, or services? You can trademark these so nobody else in the United States uses them. You should also check to make sure you are not using a name trademarked by another business. Learn about trademarks.

7. Maal aad u ganay cusub

7. Finance your new venture

Helitaanka lacag si ay u maal-ganacsigaaga waa weyn ugu tartami ganacsadaha ah. Waxaa laga yaabaa inaad awoodo inuu isticmaalo khayraadka sida kaydka, ama maalgashi qoyska iyo saaxiibada. Ama waxaad ka codsan kartaa amaah ka bangi. Tani waa meesha ugu at kaas oo aad ka heli Dhiniciisa Midig, si loo caawiyo maaraynta mustaqbalka dhaqaale iyo furatid xisaab bangi ganacsi. Waad awoodaa akhri macluumaad aasaasi ah oo ku saabsan bangiyada iyo bartaan oo ku saabsan amaahda.

Finding the money to finance your business is a big challenge for an entrepreneur. You may be able to use resources such as your savings, or investment from family and friends. Or you may apply for a loan from a bank. This is the point at which you find the right bank to help manage your financial future and open a business bank account. You can read basic information about banks and learn about loans.

8. Fur ganacsigaaga

8. Open your business

Iyada oo ku xidhan ganacsigaaga, laga yaabaa in aad u baahan tahay xafiis, dukaanka, meel warshad, ama nooc kale oo ka mid ah dhismaha. Waxaa laga yaabaa inaad u baahan tahay inaad go'aan ka gaadhid hadii aad iibsato doonaa ama kiraysan bannaan ee ganacsigaaga.

Depending on your business, you may need an office, store, factory space, or other type of premises. You may need to decide if you will purchase or lease the space for your business.

Waxaad u baahan doontaa si adag u shaqeeyaan si ay u samaystaan ​​wax kasta sidaa daraadeed waxa uu ka codsanaysaa macaamiishaadu. Waxaad xitaa qabsan kartaa xirfadle in uu kaa caawiyo in aad si aad ugu qorshayso aad dukaanka ama xafiiska.

You will need to work hard to set up everything so it is appealing to your customers. You may even hire a professional to help you to design your store or office.

Macaamiisha raadinayso waayo-aragnimo ah marka ay shopping ama xitaa in ay xafiis. Laakiin haddii aad kaliya laga bilaabo baxay, waa ka sii muhiimsan in ay leeyihiin adeegga macaamiisha weyn.

Customers are looking for an experience when they go shopping or even to an office. But if you are just starting out, it is even more important to have great customer service.

9. Raadi dadka xaq u

9. Find the right people

Waa maxay nooca shaqaale aad u baahan tahay si ay u soo nooleeya ganacsigaaga? xubnaha qoyska, saaxiibo, iyo la-hawlgalayaasha ganacsiga noqon kartaa hanti weyn marka aad bilaabin soo baxay. Waxaa laga yaabaa inaad u baahan tahay geeddi-socodka ah qorista si aad u hesho shaqaale dheeraad ah. Haddii aad qaadato waqti si aad u hesho dadka xaq u, waxay bixin doontaa saami aad ganacsi.

What kind of workforce do you need to bring your business to life? Family members, friends, and business partners can be a great asset when you are starting out. You may need a hiring process to find more employees. If you take the time to get the right people, it will pay dividends for your business.

10. Suuq-geynta iyo iibka

10. Marketing and sales

Ujeeddada asaasiga ah ee ganacsiga waa in la abuuro wax qiime leh oo u dhiib dadka beddelkeeda lacag. Suuq-geynta iyo iibka yihiin oo kaliya baabuurta ee xidhiidhka iyo bixinta qiimaha in macaamiisha aad. Haddii alaabta ama adeegyada aad idinka samatabbixin la heer sare ah, soocin, iyo adeeg wanaagsan macaamiisha, oo aad ka heli doonto macaamiisha oo aad guul ka mid ah ganacsiga!

The basic purpose of business is to create something of value and give it to people in exchange for money. Marketing and sales are just the vehicles of communicating and delivering that value to your customers. If you deliver your products or services with excellence, distinction, and good customer service, you will gain customers and make a success of your business!

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