sharciyada iyo xeerarka Animal xayawaanka

Ingiriisi sidoo kaleNo Ingiriisi

Americans ku qaataan lacag aad u badan si loo ilaaliyo cidlada xoolaha iyo in la dhiso xadiiqooyinka. beeraha iyo ranches ay kor u xayawaanka in ay soo saaraan cunto. Oo qaar badan oo Maraykanka ka fekeraan xayawaannada ay, sida caadiga ah bisadaha iyo eyda, oo qayb ka ah qoysaskooda. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, waxaa jira qaar ka mid ah xeerarka xoolaha iyo xayawaanka aad u baahan tahay in la raaco si looga fogaado in ganaax ama is xayawaanka aad idinka qaaday.

Americans spend a lot of money to preserve wilderness for animals and build zoos. Their farms and ranches raise animals to produce food. And many Americans think of their pets, usually cats and dogs, as part of their families. However, there are some livestock and pet rules you need to follow to avoid fines or getting your animals taken away from you.

Dogs as pets, photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec.
Sawirka Matt Stenovec
Dogs as pets, photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec.
Photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec

Halkan waxaa ku qoran qaar ka mid ah xeerarka in ay raacaan xoolo iyo xayawaanka ee USA.

Here are some rules to follow with animals and pets in the USA.

Butros ku taliyaa in guryaha

Pet rules in apartments

maamulayaasha guri badan ama mulkiilayaasha hana u oggolaan in xayawaanka. Haddii ay sameeyaan, waxaa laga yaabaa in ay leeyihiin sharciyo xayawaanka gaar ah waa in aad raacdo ama ay ka qaadaan doonaa deposit badan oo ammaanka ama kirada dheeraad ah si niyad xayawaanka on hantidooda. Ka hor inta helitaanka xayawaanka ka mid ah nooc kasta oo, hubi mulkiilahaagu. Qaar ka mid ah u ogolaan doonaa bisad, laakiin ma eey, Qaar kale u oggolaan doona eeyaha yar. Qaar ka mid ah u ogolaan doonaa shimbir qafis, SOS a, taangiga ka mid ah kalluunka dahab ah, beer qudhaanjada, ama xataa mas cawska ah, laakiin ma eey ama bisad. xayawaanka sun ah ama cadaw ah nooc kasta oo aan ahayn mid la aqbali karo. Jabinta xeerarka mulkiile ee lagu hayo xayawaanka tirtiri kartaa heshiis oo keeni karta in khasaaraha ka mid ah gurigaaga.

Many apartment managers or landlords do not allow pets. If they do, they may have specific pet rules you must follow or they will charge a large security deposit or extra rent to discourage animals on their property. Before getting a pet of any kind, check with your landlord. Some will allow a cat, but not a dog, Others will allow small dogs. Some will allow a caged bird, a hedgehog, a tank of gold fish, an ant farm, or even a grass snake, but not a dog or cat. Poisonous or vicious animals of any kind are not acceptable. Violating a landlord’s rules on keeping pets can void your contract and result in the loss of your home.

Haddii aad ku raaxaysato shirkadda xoolaha, laakiin ma waxaa loo ogol yahay in ay iyaga ku hay gurigaaga, fiirsan tabarucidda hoy xayawaan ama bilaabista ganacsi yar sida xayawaan Wadaha, Tababaraha ama groomer.

If you enjoy the company of animals, but aren’t allowed to keep them in your home, consider volunteering for an animal shelter or starting a small business as an animal walker, trainer or groomer.

taranta xoolaha la xadiday ee degaanada badan, sidaas darteed hubi in aad dawladda hoose ka hor ogolaanshaha aad eey ama bisad leedahay dhallaanka; iibinta xayawaanka ayaa sidoo kale nidaaminaya meelaha qaarkood. Waxaa jira badan oo ku saabsan dukaamada xayawaanka, hoyga iyo meelaha quduuska ah ee hoos ku.

Animal breeding is restricted in many locales, so check with your local government before letting your dog or cat have babies; the sale of pets is also regulated in some areas. There is more about pet shops, shelters and sanctuaries below.

therapy, adeeg iyo caawimaad xoolaha

Therapy, service and assistance animals

Dadka qaarkood ee USA waxay leeyihiin xoolaha in ay caawiyaan, lugu daro:

Some people in the USA have animals to assist them, including:

  • hanuuniyo eeyaha iyo fardo ku Indho Beeleen oo Dhago
  • “heegan” eeyaha loogu talagalay dadka qaba cudurka macaanka qalal iyo
  • caawiyeyaasha daanyeer daryeelka shakhsi ahaaneed ee dadka naafada ah
  • xayawaanka raaxada sida bakaylaha, shimbiraha, bisadaha, iyo eeyaha si loola dagaallamo walwalka
  • ilaalinta ama watch eeyaha (iyo xataa doofaarro) si ay u ilaaliyaan khataraha kale
  • guide dogs and horses for the blind and deaf
  • “alert” dogs for people with seizures and diabetes
  • monkey assistants for personal care of the disabled
  • comfort pets like rabbits, birds, cats, and dogs to combat anxiety
  • protection or watch dogs (and even pigs) to guard against other risks

Ha la yaabin si ay u arkaan eeyaha in isbitaalada, dhakhaatiirta’ xafiisyada, guryaha waayeelka, suuqyada, garoomada diyaaradaha iyo firdows. Inta badan waa kuwo dabacsan, laakiin marnaba salaaxid eey oo aan marka hore ogolaansho ka hesho Handler ah.

Don’t be surprised to see dogs in hospitals, doctors’ offices, nursing homes, shopping malls, airports and parks. Most are quite gentle, but never pet a dog without first getting permission from the handler.

Haddii dhakhtar ayaa kuu qoray daaweynta ama kaalmada xayawaanka ah, oo aad loo tababaray daryeelka xayawaanka in, mulkiilaha sida caadiga ah waxa uu leeyahay si ay u aqbalaan. Laakiin waa in aad haysato waraaqaha rasmiga ah ee caddaynaya xayawaanku yahay aqoon iyo loo baahan yahay in lagugu badbaadiyo, oo waa in ay marnaba noqon khatar ku tahay qof kasta oo kale.

If a doctor has prescribed for you a therapy or assistance pet, and you have been trained in the care of that pet, the landlord usually has to accept it. But you must have official paperwork proving the animal is qualified and required to keep you safe, and it must never be a threat to anyone else.

Police iyo shaqaalaha badbaadinta inta badan isticmaalaan eeyaha iyo fardo si aad u hesho dadka lumay ama in la xakameeyo xaalado khatar ah. Marka aad aragto qof eey ama faras shaqeeya, waxaa fiican inaad addeecdaan wixii amarro iyo ma kala go'do ama aad u hesho oo jidka.

Police and rescue personnel often use dogs and horses to find lost people or to control dangerous situations. When you see someone working with a dog or horse, it is best to obey any orders and not interrupt or get in the way.

Licensing iyo xeerarka kale ee xayawaanka

Licensing and other pet rules

bulshada badankoodu waxay leeyihiin xeerar xayawaanka in aad u baahan tahay in ay xoolo caafimaad qaba. Waxay ku warsan in xayawaanka Saaxiibkiis sida eyda iyo bisadaha la tallaali waayo raabiyada iyo shati, si ay u la fuulaan kartaa cudur-free oo ku soo laabtay haddii lagu helo orodka dabacsan. Magaalooyinka qaar waxay u baahan yihiin xayawaanka in la dhufaantid, ama “go'an,” sidaas darteed ma waxay soo saari kartaa. ganaax Large lagu soo oogi karo iyo xayawaanka aad laga qaadi haddii shuruudahan aan la buuxin.

Most communities have pet rules that require you to keep animals healthy. They ask that companion animals like dogs and cats be vaccinated for rabies and licensed, so they can be presumed disease-free and returned if found running loose. Some cities require pets to be neutered, or “fixed,” so they cannot reproduce. Large fines can be charged and animals taken away from you if these requirements are not met.

Sharciga wuxuu leeyahay xayawaanka waa kulaylka ka leeyihiin hoyga, qabow, roobka iyo barafka. Ka hubi waaxda booliska ama xafiiska gacanta xoolaha wixii faahfaahin ah. Haddii aad isku aragto xayawaankaaga waa la la'yahay, hubi xaafadda, wac booliiska ama gacanta xoolaha, oo ilaa ogeysiisyada, iyo monitor “xayawaanka helay” websites.

The law says pets must have shelter from the heat, cold, rain and snow. Check with your police department or animal control office for details. If you notice your pet is missing, check the neighborhood, call police or animal control, put up notices, and monitor “found pet” websites.

Haddii aad xayawaanka la ururiyo by booliska, waxaad yeelan doontaa in la caddeeyo waxa idinkaa iska leh by saara diiwaangelinta iyo tallaalka shahaadooyinka, iyo waxaa laga yaabaa inaad bixiso ganaax badan, mararka qaarkood sida ugu badan ee $100, si ay dib ugu heli xayawaankaaga. Haddii aadan sheegan xayawaankaaga dhowr maalmood gudahood, xayawaanka la dilay waxaa laga yaabaa in (euthanized, “hoos u dhigay” ama “u seexan”).

If your pet is collected by police, you will have to prove it is yours by producing registration and vaccination certificates, and you may have to pay a considerable fine, sometimes as much as $100, to get your pet back. If you do not claim your pet within a few days, the pet may be killed (euthanized, “put down” or “put to sleep”).

Meelaha baadiyaha ah, shati xayawaanka waxaa laga yaabaa in aan loo baahan yahay, laakiin rabeysan oo dhan tirada iyo noocyada waa wali waa la tallaali, kormeerayo ama ku jira. Haddii xayawaan waxaa ka dhumaya xero ah oo sababa shil, Milkiilaha xoolaha ee lagu qaadi karaa bixinta oo dhan magdhow ah. Tani waa si gaar ah halis ah xoolo badan oo u ekaa fardo iyo lo'da, laakiin xayawaanka xitaa kuwa yaryar keeni kartaa darawallada in ay leexan oo shil. Haddii aad gaari waddo oo kala kulmaan neef xayawaan ah ee Jidka, sii toos ah wheel iyo hoos. Signal iyo guurto dhinaca wadada haddii aad ku dhuftey xayawaan. Faahfaahin dheeraad ah oo arrintan ku saabsan ee hoos ku, under “xoolaha Xoolaha iyo beeraha.”

In rural areas, pet licensing might not be required, but domesticated animals of all sizes and types still must be vaccinated, supervised or contained. If an animal gets out of an enclosure and causes an accident, the animal’s owner can be charged with paying for all the damages. This is particularly serious with large animals like horses and cows, but even smaller animals can cause drivers to swerve and crash. If you are driving and encounter an animal in your path, keep the wheel straight and slow down. Signal and move to the side of the road if you hit an animal. Read more about this below, under “Livestock and farm animals.”

kharashka xayawaanka

Pet expenses

Waxaa aad u fiican in lagu bixiyo neutering, talaal iyo Oggolaanshaha afka hore. kharashka kuwa caadi ahaan ay maamulaan oo ku saabsan $400, ku xiran tahay xajmiga iyo galmada ee xayawaanka. Intaas ka dib qiimaha quudinta iyo daryeelka xayawaanka celceliska ku saabsan yahay $600 sanadkiiba. Iibso agagaarka kharashka yar rugaha caafimaadka xoolaha iyo dhacdooyinka xilliyeed kor u korsato xoolaha qiime jaban.

It is best to pay for neutering, vaccinations and licensing up front. Those costs typically run about $400, depending on the size and sex of the animal. Thereafter the cost of feeding and caring for the average pet is about $600 per year. Shop around for low-cost veterinary clinics and seasonal events that promote low-cost animal adoption.

maamuuska xayawaanka Good

Good pet protocol

Ma aha qof kasta jecel yahay xayawaanka ama ansixiyaan iyaga ka mid ah oo ku nool guryaha iyo fuushan baabuur. Dadka qaarkood waxay ka cabsadaan of ama xasaasiyad iyaga. Ha martida gurigaaga og tahay inaad qabtid xayawaanka oo weydii haddii ay wax dhibaato ah ka hor inta ay yimaadaan. Waa inaad edeb leedahay in ay ku riday xoolaha qol kale marka guests booqanaya, iyo haddii xayawaanka ku naceen shisheeyayaal, waxa uu ku laab talinayaa. Dad badan oo eeyaha ammaanka, sidaa darteed ma si kibir ah in ay soo booqdaan qof aan martiqaad. Haddii adiga ama qof kale uu qaniino by eey, aad u hesho daryeel caafimaad oo dhakhso iyo soo sheegtaa booliiska si ay u ilaaliyaan karo khatar ku tahay caafimaadka guud.

Not everyone likes animals or approves of them living in homes and riding in cars. Some people are afraid of or allergic to them. Let guests to your home know you have pets and ask if they have any problems before they arrive. It’s polite to put animals in another room when guests are visiting, and if the pets dislike strangers, it’s doubly recommended. Many people keep dogs for security, so don’t presume to visit someone without an invitation. If you or someone else is bitten by a dog, get prompt medical attention and report it to police so they can guard against a potential threat to public health.

bulshada intooda badan waxay u baahan yihiin eyda iyo bisadaha labadaba la leashed ama joojiyey markii guriga ama dayrka ka baxsan si looga hortago in dhibtaada dadka kale oo ay u ilaalin gaar ah.

Most communities require both dogs and cats be leashed or restrained when outside the home or yard to prevent them from bothering others and for their own protection.

Butros Sharuucda dhaawacyo iyo xadgudub

Pet rules for injuries and abuse

Haddii xayawaanka ayaa waxaa haleelay gaari, xoolaha wareeriyay, ama qaniino qof halka ambaday u gaaraan, booliiska ayaa laga yaabaa in ay dilaan si loo ilaaliyo dadweynaha. Mararka qaarkood xayawaan ku dhaawacmay ayaa la hoos gelin haddii aanay jirin mid si loogu bixiyo daryeel caafimaad. laga yaabaa in lagugu soo dalaco wixii magdhow iyo kharashyada. xayawaanka A orday sidoo kale noqon kartaa dhibanaha of a xayawaanka ugaadha uubato yar ama kuwa kale, ama qaaday in qof marnaba sheegay in.

If your pet has been hit by a car, bothered livestock, or bitten someone while wandering unsupervised, the police may have to kill it to protect the public. Sometimes an injured animal is put down if there is no one to pay for medical care. You probably will be charged for any damages and expenses. A runaway pet can also become the victim of a coyote or other prey animal, or taken in by someone who never reports it.

xayawaanka Companion waa in aan lagu xadgudbin, Haddii dhaawac ee USA, oo waa dambi aad u culus ku dhowaad meel kasta u leedahay neef xayawaan ah kudin. Sharci fiican raacay by milkiilayaasha badan xayawaanka ma aha in wax la xoolaha saaxiibka in aadan sameyn lahaa ilmo samayn. tixgelin kale waa in ay ogaadaan in haddii aad gaajaysan tahay, oomman, kulul ama qabow, xayawaanka saaxiibkaa malaha waa, aad, si aad wax kasta oo raaxo siiyaan naftaada waa in la kordhiyay in xayawaanka.

Companion animals must not be abused, hurt or injured in the USA, and it is a serious crime nearly everywhere to have sex with an animal. A good rule followed by many pet owners is never to do anything to a companion animal that you would not do to a child. Another consideration is to realize that if you are hungry, thirsty, hot or cold, your companion pet probably is, too, so whatever comfort you provide for yourself should be extended to a pet.

xoolaha Xoolaha iyo beeraha

Livestock and farm animals

xoolo badan oo kala duwan waa la kiciyey on beeraha iyo ranches ee USA, oo ay ku jiraan sac, fardo, idaha, riyaha, doofaarro, digaagga, bakaylaha, gorayada, llamas, qoraafiga, iyo Kalluunka iyo xayawaanka qolofleyda. xoolaha intooda badan waxaa lagu hayaa in ay soo saaraan cunto, laakiin qaar ka mid ah waxaa lagu hayaa waxbarashada ama raaxo. Qaar kale waxay ku nool yihiin goobo ama hoy meesha xayawaanka aan lagu dili karin oo cunay.

Many different animals are raised on farms and ranches in the USA, including cows, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, rabbits, ostriches, llamas, bison, and fish and shellfish. Most animals are kept to produce food, but some are kept for education or pleasure. Others live in refuges or shelters where the animals cannot be killed and eaten.

Cunista xoolaha

Eating animals

Maraykanka intooda badan waa cuna hilibka, laakiin ilaa 10% ee dadka ka mid ah waxay leeyihiin xoog leh diinta, sababaha deegaanka ama caafimaadka cunidda khudaarta kaliya. Dadka qaarkood waxay cuni doonaan kalluunka iyo digaaga, laakiin ma “cas” hilib (lo'da ama weylaha lo'da, hilibka doofaarka ka doofaarro, ama wan yar oo mutton ka idaha). Qaar ka mid ah magaalada deggan ee sii digaagga for ukunta, halkaas oo loo oggol yahay.

Most Americans are meat eaters, but up to 10% of the population either have strong religious, environmental or health reasons for eating only vegetables. Some people will eat fish and poultry but no “red” meat (beef or veal from cows, pork from pigs, or lamb and mutton from sheep). Some city-dwellers keep chickens for eggs, where allowed.

Sababo la xiriira doorashada ee hilibka ariga ka mid ah qaxooti badan, tiro ka mid ah beeraha ariga ayaa la aasaasay. Cunista hilibka faraska waxaa guud ahaan Wajiguu u dul ee USA, oo waa sharci darro in bulshada ugu cuni faras, eyga, cat, ama xayawaan kale oo guud ahaan ama dhaqan ahaan u dhawray sida xayawaanka ama saaxiibka. Xamaam ama dabagaalaha qabtay duurjoogta ah waxaa laga yaabaa in OK in la cuno, laakiin marnaba ma qaadi xoolaha sida ee park dadweynaha.

Due to the preference for goat meat among many refugees, a number of goat farms have been established. Eating horse meat is generally frowned upon in the USA, and it is illegal in most communities to eat horse, dog, cat, or any other animal generally or traditionally kept as a pet or companion. Pigeons or squirrels caught in the wild may be OK to eat, but never catch such animals in a public park.

xayawaanka Farm

Farm animals

Meelaha baadiyaha ah, waad arki kartaa, ishkinkii lo'da ama idaha qabka waday waddooyinka by dadka lugaynaya iyo baabuurta, eeyaha ka shaqeeya dhinacyada ay. lo ', kuwaas oo sii xaq Jidka. Joogso oo sug dhaqatada si aad ugu ruxruxaa marayo, oo si tartiib ah sii wadi. Ha Honk aad geeska ama aad keeni kartaa isriixidda a. Haddii xayiran guuto, dariishadaha soo giringiriyey, hana noqon mid aad u la yaabay, haddii sheepdog a fuulaa badan gaariga si aad u samayn ay shaqo.

In rural areas, you may see herds of cows or sheep being being moved along roads by people on foot and in vehicles, with dogs working at their sides. Give these herds the right of way. Stop and wait for the herders to wave you through, and proceed slowly. Don’t honk your horn or you could cause a stampede. If stuck in a throng, keep your windows rolled up, and don’t be too surprised if a sheepdog climbs over your car to do its job.

Beeralayda ayaa muddo dheer ku tiirsanaayeen bisadaha ka mid ah badar iyo abuur si ay u sii jiir. Masaska ayaa sidoo kale jecel yihiin in ay cunaan jiirka (in kastoo inta badan masaska hooyo ma aha jeclaan of bisadaha), sidaas cat beer iska haysan kartaa labada jiirarka iyo masaska. Waxaa ugu fiican si loo hubiyo in bisadaha xitaa beeraha (ama “Mouser” sida ay mararka qaarkood loo yaqaan) la tallaalo iyo dhufaantid.

Farmers have long depended on cats to keep mice out of their grains and seeds. Snakes also like to eat mice (though most native snakes are not fond of cats), so a farm cat can keep away both mice and snakes. It is best to make sure even farm cats (or “mousers” as they are sometimes called) are vaccinated and neutered.

Racing iyo dagaal

Racing and fighting

fardo iyo eeyaha Labadaba waxaa u orotameen Isboortiga, laakiin kaliya in a dalalka yar. Dad badan ayaa u malaynaysaa in taasu waa naxariisdarro xayawaanka iyo khatarta ah, waayo, dadka sharad jinsiyadaha ee, si ay sharcigeeda sameeya dawlada. Ma jirto meel dogfighting sharci, iyo ciqaab fal dambiyeed aad u daran ayaa jira kuwa qabsaday gelinaya xoolaha iyo dadka halista. Ciyey-dagaal waa sharci darro meel kasta Louisiana iyo New Mexico marka laga reebo, oo waxaa si weyn loo ma taageersana xitaa waxaa.

Both horses and dogs are raced for sport, but only in a few states. Many people think this is cruel to the animals and risky for the people betting on the races, so they are regulated by governments. Nowhere is dogfighting legal, and severe criminal penalties exist for those caught putting animals and people at risk. Cock-fighting is illegal everywhere except Louisiana and New Mexico, and it is not widely supported even there.

xayawaanka qalaad

Exotic animals

Labaatan dalalka leeyihiin sharciyo xayawaanka in la mamnuuco xayawaanka qalaad, sida xamaarato waaweyn, shabeelka iwm. In ka meelaha ay yihiin kuwo sharci ah, kuwan “exotics” waa in ay haystaan ​​ruqsadaha iyo shatiyada iyo in si taxadar leh kormeero si looga hortago in ay ka sii galay deegaanka dabiiciga ah ama abuurista dhibaatooyinka xoolaha ee hadda jira iyo milkiilayaasha ay. masaseed Burma, tusaale ahaan, keenay USA by ururiya oo la sii daayay ama baxsaday, ayaa la ogaaday inay cunaan xayawaanka xaafadda iyo duur-joogta degaanka.

Twenty states have pet rules that ban exotic animals, such as large reptiles, tigers etc. In the places where they are legal, these “exotics” must have permits and licenses and be carefully supervised to prevent them from getting into the natural environment or creating problems for existing animals and their owners. Burmese pythons, for example, brought into the USA by collectors and released or escaped, have been known to eat neighborhood pets and local wildlife.

Gadashada xayawaanka

Buying a pet

Qaar ka mid ah dukaamada iibiyaan xayawaanka, inta badan eeyaha, bisadaha, jiirka yar yar iyo shimbiraha, laakiin sidoo kale waxa fashion ugu dambeeyey. xayawaanka cusub qaarkood waa la rijeynaya in xaaladaha aan naxariis lahayn si ay u qanciso jajuubi ugu dambeeyay abuuray by filim ama isbeddello kale. xayawaanka Dhanka kale waxaa lagu soo dejiyey in guryo la'aanta guryaha daryeelka. Haddii aad rabto in aad xayawaanka, ka fikir in uu hoy xoolaha ee degaankaaga socday halkii dukaanka xayawaanka.

Some shops sell pets, mostly dogs, cats, small rodents and birds, but also whatever is the latest fashion. Some new pets are being bred in cruel conditions to satisfy the latest whim created by a movie or other trend. Meanwhile pets are being put down in shelters for lack of caring homes. If you want a pet, think about going to your local animal shelter instead of to a pet shop.

Bandhigyada iyo bandhigyo

Shows and exhibitions

Dadka qaarkood ee USA, kuwaas oo run ahaantii ku faani bisadaha ay, eeyaha, shimbiraha qalaad, iyo fardo si joogto ah u kulmaan si ay u muujiyaan xoolahooda. Waxay leeyihiin ururada iyo majaladaha horumarinta hiwaayad. Ardayda waxaa si firfircoon uga qayb geli karaa oo muujinaya xayawaanka beeraha iyo xoolaha. Dad badan waxay jecel yihiin in ay muujiyaan talantigii ka mid ah eeyaha ugaarsiga iyo ido-dhaqashada ee ay tartamada oo loo yaqaan “tijaabooyin.” Haddii aad u tagto, daawado sida dadka kale u dhaqmi agagaarka xayawaanka, iyo aragto in milkiilayaasha ugu aadan rabin shisheeyayaal taabashada xoolahooda.

Some people in the USA who are really proud of their cats, dogs, exotic birds, and horses meet regularly to show their animals. They have associations and magazines promoting their hobby. Students can be actively involved in showing farm animals and livestock. Many people like to demonstrate the talent of their hunting and sheep-herding dogs at competitions called “trials.” If you go, watch how others behave around the animals, and notice that most owners do not want strangers touching their animals.

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