Substance use disorders
isticmaalka Maandooriyaha xanuunada waxaa sidoo kale loo yaqaannaa “ku xadgudubka mukhaadaraadka.” Waxay dhacaan marka aad cabto khamro badan ama ha qaadan daroogo aad u tiro badan. Your isticmaalka daroogada iyo khamriga dhaawacdaa jirkaaga iyo noloshaada u waxyeeleysay siyaabo xun.
Substance use disorders are also called “substance abuse.” They happen when you drink too much alcohol or take too many drugs. Your use of drugs and alcohol hurts your body and affects your life in bad ways.
In USA, dadka ku odhan “aflagaadeeyay” drugs or alcohol when they mean using them too much, ama si xun u. isticmaalka mukhaadaraadka, ku xadgudubka qamriga, and substance use disorder are ways of saying you drink too much alcohol or take too many drugs.
In the USA, people say “abusing” drugs or alcohol when they mean using them too much, or badly. Substance abuse, alcohol abuse, and substance use disorder are ways of saying you drink too much alcohol or take too many drugs.
isticmaalka Maandooriyaha disorder saameeyaa caafimaadka iyo nolosha. Marka aad ku tiirsan maandoriyaha ama qamriga, aad dareento sidii aadan ku noolaan karaan iyaga oo aan.
Substance use disorder affects your health and life. When you are dependent on drugs or alcohol, you feel like you cannot live without them.
Symptoms of substance use disorders
Symptoms of substance use disorders
Calaamaduhu waa dareenka iyo isbedel aad qabto sababta oo ah cudurka. Qaar ka mid ah calaamadaha adeegsiga maandooriyaha cudurka yihiin:
Symptoms are the feelings and changes you have because of the illness. Some of the symptoms of substance use disorder are:
- Dulqaadanayn khamriga ama daroogada
Dulqaadanayn macnaheedu waa in aad u leeyihiin in ay cabto khamriga dheeraad ah ama ha qaadan daroogo dheeraad ah si ay u dareemaan saamaynta.
- Dhibaatooyinka la xiriira ka bixitaanka
-Barashadu waa marka aad dareento xanuun, maxaa yeelay, aad joojiso cabitaanka aalkolada ama qaadashada daroogada. Waxaad dareemi jiran sababta oo ah jidhkaaga waxaa loo isticmaalaa in isagoo khamri ama daroogo ku sugan.
- Dhibaatooyinka leh u lahayn in ay daroogada iyo khamriga
Way adag tahay si aad u diiday inuu cabbo badan ama qaadato badan oo daroogada.
- Ma ka qayb qaadanaya noloshaada caadiga ah
Waad joojin hawlaha muhiim socday (qoyska, shaqada, ciyaaraha) sababta oo ah isticmaalka khamriga ama daroogada.
- xitaa ma joojinta markii wax xun
Waxaad sii wadaan in ay khamriga cabbaan ama ha qaadan daroogo inkastoo aad u ogaato waxa la saamayn xun ku noloshaada. Saamaynta xun yihiin marka ay wax ka dhigaa wax ka sii xun. Tusaale ahaan, cabitaanka aalkolada aad u badan si aad u dareemeynin aad u xanuunsan, laakiin aad sii anyways cabbi.
- Tolerance for alcohol or drugs
Tolerance means you have to drink more alcohol or take more drugs to feel the effects.
- Problems with withdrawal
Withdrawal is when you feel sick because you stop drinking alcohol or taking drugs. You feel sick because your body is used to having the alcohol or drugs in it.
- Problems saying no to drugs and alcohol
It is difficult for you to not drink a lot or take a lot of drugs.
- Not taking part in your normal life
You stop going to important activities (family, work, sports) because of your alcohol or drug use.
- Not stopping even when things are bad
You continue to drink alcohol or take drugs even though you know it is having a negative effect on your life. Negative effects are when something makes something worse. For example, drinking too much alcohol makes you feel very sick but you continue to drink anyways.
Haddii aad qabtid jirro adeegsiga maandooriyaha ah, waxaad heli kartaa dhibaatooyin badan oo. Qaar ka mid ah dhibaatooyinka waa kuwan:
If you have a substance use disorder, you can have many problems. Some of these problems are:
- Waxaad naftaada ama qof kale dhaawici kara.
- Waxaad bilaabaan inay leeyihiin dhibaatooyin caafimaad. Tusaale ahaan, haddii aad cabtid wax badan oo khamriga aad leedahay karaa dhibaatooyin ku leh beerkaaga, maskaxda, wadnaha, ama caloosha.
- Your isticmaalka khamriga ama daroogada ka dhigaysa aad joojin kartaa sameynta howlaha caadiga ah. Tusaale ahaan, aad joojisid in kulan ciyaaraha ilmahaaga socday sababta oo ah isticmaalka khamriga ama daroogada.
- Your isticmaalka khamriga ama daroogada saamayn ku shaqadaada iyo qoyskaaga. Tusaale ahaan, aadan inay ka shaqeeyaan sababta oo ah isticmaalka khamriga ama daroogada ma tagaan.
- You can hurt yourself or someone else.
- You begin to have health problems. For example, if you drink a lot of alcohol you can have problems with your liver, brain, heart, or stomach.
- Your use of alcohol or drugs makes you stop doing normal activities. For example, you stop going to your child’s sports games because of your alcohol or drug use.
- Your use of alcohol or drugs affects your work and your family. For example, you do not go to work because of your alcohol or drug use.
Reasons for substance use disorders
Reasons for substance use disorders
Waxaa jira sababo badan oo aad ku yeelan kartaa disorder adeegsiga maandooriyaha ah. Qaar ka mid ah sababaha kuwanu waa:
There are many reasons why you can have a substance use disorder. Some of these reasons are:
- Khamriga iyo daroogada waa mid aad u heli karaa halka aad ku nooshahay. Tusaale ahaan, magaalo Mareykanka ayaa baararka badan. Dad badan waxay jecel yihiin in si gudban ka tago saaxiibadood. Cabitaanka khamriga waa wax dadka qabaa waa madadaalo, iyo waa sharci. Waa ay fududahay in khamri aad u hesho sababtoo ah waa qayb ka mid ah nolosha.
- Haddii mid ka mid ah waalidiinta aad leedahay ama disorder adeegsiga maandooriyaha ah, waxaa ka hawl yar in aad leedahay mid ka mid ah.
- Waxaad Caado ka dhigo. caado waa wax aad si joogto ah u sameeyaan sida cadayashada ilkaha ka hor inta aadan seexan. Tusaale ahaan, haddii la cabo khamriga si aad u dareemeynin yar carabka ku adkeeyay iyo si aad u dareemeynin faraxsanaan, laga yaabaa in aad bilowdo in aad cabto, maxaa yeelay, marar badan aad jeceshahay sida laga dareemayo.
- Lahaanshaha caqabad kale oo caafimaadka maskaxda. Haddii aad qabto cudur kale caafimaadka maskaxda, laga yaabaa in aad u isticmaalaan qamriga ama maandooriyaha si ay is-Dawada. Is-Dawada waa marka aad u isticmaalaan qamriga ama maandooriyaha si ay u dareemaan wanaagsan.
- Alcohol and drugs are very available where you live. For example, cities in the United States have many bars. Many people like to go to bars with their friends. Drinking alcohol is something that people think is fun, and it is legal. It is easy to get alcohol because it is a part of life.
- If your one of your parents has or had a substance use disorder, it is easier for you to have one.
- You make it a habit. A habit is something you do regularly like brushing your teeth before you go to sleep. For example, if drinking alcohol makes you feel less stressed and makes you feel happier, you might start to drink more often because you like the way it feels.
- Having another mental health challenge. If you have another mental health illness, you might use alcohol or drugs to self-medicate. Self-medicate is when you use alcohol or drugs to feel better.
Wax dheeri ah baro