xuquuqda jinsi iyo aqoonsiga

Ingiriisi sidoo kaleNo Ingiriisi

dadka jinsi badanaa rabto in aad beddesho kaarka aqoonsiga ama laysanka darawalka marka ay bedesho jinsi. In qaar ka mid ah dalalka, waxaad xaq u leedahay sharci in arrintan loo sameeyo. Baro oo ku saabsan xuquuqda transgender iyo beddelo shahaadada aqoonsiga iyo dhalashada.

Transgender people usually want to change their identification card or driver’s license when they change genders. In some states, you have the legal right to do this. Learn about transgender rights and changing your ID and birth certificate.

Two people smiling and looking into the camera- transgender rights
Photo: IStock / GustavoFrazao
Two people smiling and looking into the camera- transgender rights
Photo: IStock/GustavoFrazao

dadka Trans iska leh jinsiga ah oo aan u dhigmin jinsi ah ay ku dhalatay. dadka Trans laga yaabo in aqoonsiga (ID) kaararka, diiwaanada maaliyadeed iyo caafimaadka, iyo waraaqaha kale ee aan u dhigma muuqashadii. Tani waxay ka dhigi kartaa nolosha adag. dadka Trans waxaa lagaa codsan karaa haddii ay "been" ama "iska" xaaladaha guud. Taas aawadeed, dad badan oo trans doortaan in ay magacooda iyo galmada beddeli ay ID.

Trans people belong to a gender that does not match the sex they were born with. Trans people might have identification (ID) cards, financial and health records, and other paperwork that do not match their appearance. This can make life difficult. Trans people may be asked if they are “lying” or “pretending” in public situations. Because of this, many trans people choose to change their name and sex on their ID.

xuquuqda Trans sheeg gobolka

Trans rights state by state

Gobol kasta wuxuu leeyahay sharciyo u gaar ah oo ku saabsan xuquuqda trans. Xuquuqdaas ayaa weli laga beddelo ama lagu qeexay in meelo badan oo. Qaar ka mid ah dalalka aynu dadka trans beddelo shahaadada dhalashada iyo ID. Qaar ka mid ah ma samayn. Waxaad ka eegi kartaa a khariidada shows in xuquuqda trans gobolka.

Each state has its own laws about trans rights. These rights are still changing or being defined in many places. Some states let trans people change their birth certificate and ID. Some do not. You can look at a map that shows trans rights by state.

Qaar ka mid ah dalalka loo ilaaliyo dadka trans takoorka. Takoorka waa marka qof ayaa la daryeelin si cadaalad ah sababta oo ah aqoonsiga. dalalka kale ee aan haysan sharciga takoorka.

Some states protect trans people from discrimination. Discrimination is when people are treated unfairly because of their identity. Other states do not have discrimination laws.

Sida loo beddelo shahaadada dhalashada

How to change your birth certificate

hay'adaha intooda badan in IDs arrin aan u baahnayn cadeyn u tahay in aad bedelay jinsigaaga marayo qaliin. Tan waxaa ku jira Mareykanka State, oo arrimaha baasaboorada iyo waraaqaha dhalashada. halkii, waxaad yeelan doontaa in ay bixiyaan cadeyn u tahay in aad lahayd daaweyn caafimaad si aad u bilowdaan guurka. Tani waxaa ka mid ah therapy hormone ama qalliin in aad bedesho weji. Waxaad caddeyn ka takhtarkaaga ka heli kartaa. Markaas aad awoodid bartaan sida loo beddelo shahaadada dhalashada.

Most agencies that issue IDs do not need proof that you have changed your sex through surgery. This includes the US State Department, which issues passports and birth certificates. Instead, you will have to provide proof that you have had medical treatment to start your transition. This can include hormone therapy or surgery to change your outward appearance. You can get this proof from your doctor. Then you can learn how to change your birth certificate.

Sidee in aad bedesho ID

How to change your ID

Dadka qaarkiis waxay doorbidaan in ay bedesho magaca ay ID. Tallaabada ugu horreysa waa in aad buuxiso codsi la maxkamadaha. (Codsi waa dokumenti in hoorsato isbedel). Tani waxay badanaa la samayn karaa online. Waxaad buuxin doontaa foomamka oo ku saabsan magacaaga isbedel iyo u dib u fiiriyo xaakin ah. Waxaa laga yaabaa inaad u baahan tahay inaad tagto maxkamada si hadal ah oo ku saabsan sababta aad u rabto in aad beddesho magacaada. Marxaladani waxay qaadan kartaa saddex bilood ama ka badan.

Some people want to change their name on their ID. The first step is to fill out a petition with the courts. (A petition is a document that asks for a change). This can usually be done online. You will fill out forms about your name change and have them reviewed by a judge. You may need to go to court to talk about the reason you want to change your name. This process can take three months or more.

Marka laguu ogolaado, waxaad u baahan doontaa inaad la xiriirto xafiiska nooc kasta oo ID si gooni gooni ah. Tusaale ahaan, waxaad u baahan doontaa inaad la xiriirto Waaxda Gaadiidka in la beddelo liisanka darawalnimada. sida caadiga ah aad u baahan tahay in ay bixiyaan lacag si ay bedesho magacaaga mar kasta oo. Tani waxay ku kacaysaa kartaa boqolaal doolar.

When you are approved, you will need to contact an office for each type of ID separately. For example, you will need to contact the Department of Motor Vehicles to change your driver’s license. You usually need to pay a fee to change your name each time. This can cost hundreds of dollars.

Way adkaan kartaa in la fahmo xuquuqda ID kala duwan iyo baahida. Lambda Legal iyo Xarunta Qaranka ee Labeeb Equality ku siin kara qalabka iyo macluumaadka aad u baahan tahay.

It can be hard to understand different ID rights and needs. Lambda Legal and the National Center for Transgender Equality can provide you with the materials and information you need.

xuquuqda Daryeelka Caafimaadka

Healthcare rights

Dhammaan dadka transgender leeyihiin qaar ka mid ah xuquuqda daryeelka caafimaadka aasaasiga ah.

All transgender people have some basic healthcare rights.

Takoorka

Discrimination

qof ama meel Marka aan u adeegin qof maxaa yeelay, iyagu waa kuwa iskaga gudba, inay tahay takoorid. Dhakhaatiirta iyo isbitaallada ma takoori karo. Iyagu ma ay baad u celin kartaa sababtoo ah waxaad tahay trans. Waxay sidoo kale ma kugu qasbi kara inaad hesho nidaamka aadan rabin.

When a person or place will not serve someone because they are trans, it is discrimination. Doctors and hospitals cannot discriminate. They cannot turn you away because you are trans. They also cannot force you to get procedures you do not want.

Privacy

Privacy

dadka jinsi xaq u leedahay inaad u gaarka ah. Haddii aad tahay trans, diiwaanada caafimaad iyo aqoonsiga jinsiga yihiin gaarka ah. Qarsoodiga waa eray in sidoo kale loo isticmaalaa. Tani waxay ka dhigan tahay in aan cidna la wadaagi karaan macluumaadka adiga oo aan ogolaansho. Waxaad weydiin kartaa dhakhaatiirta ma inaad qoyskaaga wadaagaan aqoonsigaaga, shaqadaada, aad dugsiga, iyo qof kasta oo kale. Haddii aad tagto cusbitaalka ama xarumaha caafimaadka, waxaad weydiisan kartaa dhakhtarkaaga in aan dhakhaatiirta iyo shaqaalaha kale ee ay wadaagaan aqoonsigaaga.

Transgender people have the right to privacy. If you are trans, your medical records and gender identity are private. Confidential is a word that is also used. This means that no one can share your information without your permission. You can ask doctors not to share your identity with your family, your job, your school, and any other person. If you go to a hospital or clinic, you can ask your doctor not to share your identity with other doctors and staff.

caymiska

Insurance coverage

Shirkadaha caymisku ma aad diidi kartaa caymiska, maxaa yeelay, waxaad tahay trans. sharciga dalka taageertaa dadka trans codsada caymiska. Laakiin aan aad loogu balan qaadayo caymiska, maxaa yeelay, waxaad tahay trans. Shirkadaha ma kuu sheegi karaan sababo kale.

Insurance companies can’t deny you insurance because you are trans. The national law supports trans people who apply for insurance. But you are not guaranteed insurance because you are trans. Companies can tell you no for other reasons.

Shirkadaha caymisku waxay leeyihiin si ay u daboosho adeegyada aasaasiga ah, Waxba ma ahan wixii aad jinsiga waa. Tusaale ahaan, haddii aad tahay qof dumar ah transgender, iyagu ma dhihi karo ma jiro nidaamka ah in uu yahay "waayo, dadkii." shirkadaha caymiska ma aha inay cover therapy hormone ama qalliin jinsiga adkaynaya. Laakiin dadka qaba Medicare waxaa loo ogol yahay in aad dalbato hormoonnada iyo qalliin jinsiga. Waad awoodaa akhri wax dheeraad ah oo ku saabsan caymiska, takoorka, iyo sida loo soo gudbisid ashtako.

Insurance companies have to cover basic services, no matter what your gender is. For example, if you are a transgender woman, they cannot say no to a procedure that is “for men.” Insurance companies do not have to cover hormone therapy or gender-affirming surgeries. But people with Medicare are allowed to apply for hormones and gender surgeries. You can read more about insurance, discrimination, and how to file a complaint.

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Learn more

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