Waa maxay dhakhtar?

Ingiriisi sidoo kaleNo Ingiriisi

Waa maxay dhakhtar? Waa maxay nooca dhakhaatiirta u jiraan? Taas oo ka mid ah waa in aad u tagto? Baro nooca dhakhtarkaaga ama bixiyaha caafimaadka in ay soo booqdaan.

What is a doctor? What kind of doctors are there? Which one should you go to? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

Waa maxay dhakhtar?

What is a doctor?

Waa maxay dhakhtar?

What is a doctor?

Dhakhtar waa qof loo tababaray in lagu daaweeyo dadka jirran. In USA, waxaa jira noocyo badan oo ka mid ah dhakhaatiirta iyo shaqaalaha kale ee caafimaadka. Americans wac shaqaalaha caafimaadka “daryeel caafimaad bixiyayaasha” ama “bixiyeyaasha caafimaadka.” Kuwani waa dad ku caawini marka aad jiran tahay ama dhaawac.

A doctor is a person who is trained to treat sick people. In the USA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workers “healthcare providers” or “medical providers.” These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

Waa maxay nooca dhakhaatiirta u jiraan?

What kind of doctors are there?

Waxaa jira saddex nooc oo ah bixiyeyaasha caafimaadka waxaa laga yaabaa in aad u baahan tahay:

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

1. bixiyayaasha daryeelka aasaasiga ah

1. Primary care providers

2. takhasuska
2. Specialists
3. adeegyada caafimaad oo degdeg ah

3. Emergency medical services

Yaa aad aragto caawimaad ku xirnaan doontaa arrin caafimaad.

Who you see for help will depend on your health issue.

1. bixiyayaasha daryeelka aasaasiga ah

1. Primary care providers

bixiyayaasha daryeelka aasaasiga ah (PCPs) siiyaan aasaasiga ah, daryeel maalmeedka iyo adeegyo kala duwan oo caafimaadka shaqsiyaadka iyo qoysaska loogu talagalay dhibaatooyinka caafimaad ee caadiga ah. sida caadiga ah PCP A waa qofka ugu horeeya oo caafimaad aad aragto marka aad qabto dhibaato.

Primary care providers (PCPs) provide basic, everyday care and a range of healthcare services to individuals and families for common medical problems. A PCP is usually the first medical person you see when you have a problem.

Yaa noqon kara bixiyaha daryeelka aasaasiga ah?

Who can be a primary care provider?

Your PCP laga yaabaa in dhakhtar (sidoo kale loo yaqaan dhakhtar ah ee Maraykanka), kaaliye dhakhtar ama dhakhtar kalkaaliye caafimaad. Dhammaan xubnaha qoyskaaga arki kartaa PCP isku mid ah, ama aad u aragto in tiro ka mid ah dadka oo dhan ku salaysan xarunta caafimaadka ee xaafaddaada. Waxaad arki kartaa PCP isku mid ah oo sannado badan.

Your PCP may be a doctor (also called a physician in the US), a physician’s assistant or a nurse practitioner. All members of your family may see the same PCP, or you may see a number of people all based at your local health center. You may see the same PCP for many years.

Halkan waxaa ku qoran dhowr tusaale oo marka waxaad arki lahayd dhakhtarka qoyskaaga:

Here are a few examples of when you would see your family doctor:

  • waayo caafimaad oo sannadle ah jeeg-up
  • haddii aad wiilkaaga ama gabadhaada lahaa caabuq dhegta ah
  • marka aad si fiican u dareemi ma laakiin ma aha in xaalad deg deg ah
  • haddii aad u baahan yahay si aad u hesho tallaalada si aad u dalbato jinsiyadda
  • daryeelka ka hortag ah
  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care

Sidee baan u heli bixiyaha daryeelka aasaasiga ah?

How do I find a primary care provider?

Waxaa jiri doona bixiyaha daryeelka aasaasiga ah ee bulshada. bulshada intooda badan waxay leeyihiin xarumo caafimaad ama xarumaha caafimaadka. Waxaad codsan kartaa in aan saaxiibbadeeda iyo derisyadeeda: “waxa dhakhtar in aad ku talin karaa?”. Xafiiska dejinta ama mentor sidoo kale kaa caawin waxaad ka heli kartaa dhakhtarka qoyska. Ama waxaad ka eegi kartaa FindHello waayo, daryeel caafimaad bixiyayaasha.

There will be a primary care provider in your community. Most communities have health centers or health clinics. You can ask friends and neighbors: “what is a doctor that you can recommend?”. Your resettlement office or mentor can also help you find a family doctor. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

daryeelka ka hortaga

Preventative care

caymiska caafimaadka waxaa laga yaabaa inay bixiyaan faa'iidooyin caafimaad oo ka hortag ah. Isku day inaad u isticmaashaa! Kuwani waa baaritaan iyo barnaamijyo kale oo caawiya in aad joojiso ka dhibaatooyinka caafimaadka. Waxay ka mid ah helitaanka baaritaan ku saabsan caafimaadkaaga, xitaa haddii aadan ku xanuunsan ama aad wax qalad ah ma dareentay. kala duwaan ee baaritaanka caafimaadka (imtixaanada) waxaa laga heli karaa for free. Ogow oo baaritaanka lagu daboolay by ugu qorshaha caymiska caafimaadka.

Your health insurance may offer preventative health benefits. Try to use them! These are tests and other programs that help to stop you from developing health problems. They include getting check-ups on your health even if you do not feel sick or have not noticed anything wrong. A wide variety of health screenings (tests) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

2. takhasuska

2. Specialists

Waxa laga yaabaa in bixiyaha daryeelka aasaasiga ah kuu soo diri takhasus ah dhaawacyada iyo xanuunada qaarkood. takhasus A waa bixiyaha daryeelka caafimaadka kaas oo diiradda saarayaa nidaamka jirka gaar ah ama qayb ka mid ah jirka. Tusaale ahaan, dermatologist a daryeela maqaarka, dheefshiidka ayaa ah uu xannaaneeyo, waayo nidaamka dheefshiidka, iyo orthopedist ah uu xannaaneeyo, waayo lafaha.

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A specialist is a healthcare provider who focuses on a specific body system or part of the body. For example, a dermatologist cares for the skin, a gastroenterologist cares for the digestive system, and an orthopedist cares for bones.

Halkan waxaa ku qoran dhowr tusaale oo marka waxaad arki lahayd takhasus leh:

Here are a few examples of when you would see a specialist:

  • aad qabto dhibaatooyin caloosha, iyo PCP kuu soo diro imtixaanka
  • bar ah maqaarka ayaa qaab is beddelay ama midabka
  • wiilkaaga ama gabadhaada ayaa bilaabay inuu hadlo,
  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak

Qaar ka mid ah takhasuska oo kaliya lagu daweeyo carruurta ama odayaasha. badan oo ku saabsan kala duwan ka Baro noocyada kala duwan ee dhakhtarrada laga yaabaa in aad la kulanto in USA.

Some specialists just treat children or elders. Learn more about the different types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Tilmaamid khabiiro

Referrals to specialists

gudbinta A waa talo ah in aad aragto daryeel caafimaad bixiye kale (takhasus leh, tusaale ahaan). Waxaa laga yaabaa inaad u baahan tahay inaad weydiiso PCP gudbin ka hor aad aragto dhakhtar takhasus u leh. takhasuska u baahan yihiin laga yaabo in this ama shirkadda caymiska aad u baahan tahay waxaa laga yaabaa. U hubso in aad dib u eegto qorshahaaga caymiska caafimaadka si aad u aragto haddii gudbinta waxaa loo baahan yahay ka hor inta ballan takhasus u leh. Sidaas waxaad noqon kartaa hubiyo in aad caymiska dabooli doonaa booqashada.

A referral is a recommendation that you see another healthcare provider (a specialist, for instance). You may need to ask your PCP for a referral before you see a specialist. The specialist might require this or your insurance company might require it. Be sure you review your health insurance plan to see if a referral is required before making an appointment with a specialist. That way you can be sure your insurance will cover the visit.

3. daryeel caafimaad oo degdeg ah

3. Emergency medical care

Maxaa dhacaya haddii qof qoyskaaga ka noqdo buka maalintii hore u badatay ama ka weyn isbuucaan? Maxaa dhacaya haddii aad qabto cudur khatar ah oo u baahan daryeel degdeg ah? Samaynta ballan la PCP laga yaabaa in aanay suurto gal. Laakiin waxaa jira meelo kale si ay u helaan gargaar deg deg ah:

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

daryeelka degdegga ah iyo xarumaha socon-in

Urgent care and walk-in clinics

daryeelka degdegga ah iyo xarumaha socon-in inta badan saacadaha habeenkii iyo weekend iyo in la siiyo daryeelka dhibaatooyinka caafimaad ee yaryar ballan la'aan. Qaado note of cinwaanada, saacadood furan, iyo macluumaadka rugaha daryeelka degdegga ah kala xiriir dhow in ay meesha aad ku nooshahay.

Urgent care and walk-in clinics often have evening and weekend hours and provide care for minor medical problems without an appointment. Take note of the addresses, open hours, and contact information for urgent care clinics near to where you live.

Halkan waxaa ku qoran tusaalooyin yar oo aad markii laga yaabo booqo xafiiska daryeelka degdegga ah:

Here are a few examples when you might visit an urgent care office:

  • inta lagu guda jiro dhacdada sports ah, wiilkaaga ku dhufan madaxiisa
  • aad leedahay qufac aad u xun oo aad u malaynayso in laga yaabo in aad qabto infekshan
  • during a sporting event, your son hits his head
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection

waaxda gurmadka degdegga ah ee cusbataalka

Hospital emergency department

waaxda gargaarka degdegga ah ee isbitaalka A ee ay daryeel u ah nolosha-halis iyo baahida daryeel caafimaad oo degdeg ah. waaxyada gurmadka degdegga ah intooda badan waxay furan yihiin 24 saacadood maalintii, toddoba maalmood toddobaadkii. U hubso in aad ogtahay meesha iyo macluumaadka ee waaxda gargaarka degdegga ah kala xiriir dhow gurigaaga.

A hospital’s emergency department provides care for life-threatening and urgent healthcare needs. Most emergency departments are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Be sure you know the location and contact information of the emergency department nearest to your home.

Halkan waxaa ku qoran tusaalooyin yar marka aad isbitaalka tegi lahaa:

Here are a few examples for when you would go to the hospital:

  • ilmaha ama ilmaha uu leeyahay qandho aad u dheer oo ku saabsan todobaadkan
  • naagtaada socoto shaqada galay
  • ninkaaga ayaa jabiyay lugtiisa
  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg

Haddii aad qolka deg-deg ah, laga yaabaa in aad wali u leeyihiin in ay sugto dhowr saacadood ka hor inta aanad la arki doonaa dhakhtar haddii aanay ahayn xaalad degdeg ah oo naf-gooyada ah.

If go to an emergency room, you may still have to wait for several hours before you will be seen by a doctor unless it is a life-threatening emergency.

adeegyada caafimaad oo degdeg ah

Emergency medical services

lambarka telefoonka ayaa kaalmo u wacan caafimaad oo degdeg ah waa 911.

The phone number to call for emergency medical help is 911.

USA waxay leedahay nidaam wanaagsan oo adeegyo caafimaad oo degdeg ah. Waxaa ka mid ah daryeelka by gurmadka caafimaad oo tababaran oo Ambalaasyada dadka qaado isbitaallada. adeegyada caafimaad oo degdeg ah inta badan ama booliiska iyo wasaaradaha la dirirka shaqeeyaan. Mararka qaarkood ay maamusho isbitaalada ama shirkado gaar ah.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

Wax dheeri ah baro

Learn more

Raadi caawimo kuu dhow

Isticmaal FindHello in la raadiyo adeegyo iyo ilo ee magaalada aad ku.

Bilow raadintaada
this page Ma caawin? Smiley wejiga Haa wejiga u kuuso No
Waad ku mahadsan tahay ra'yi-celin!